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Whose ample Lawns are not asham’d to feed 185
The milky heifer and deserving steed;
Whose rising Forests, not for pride or show,
But future Buildings, future Navies, grow :
Let his plantations stretch from down to down,
First shade a Country, and then raise a Town. 190

COMMENTARY. Planting, the private advantage of the neighbourhood is first promoted, till, by time, it rises up to a public benefit :

Whose ample Lawns are not asham'd to feed
The milky heifer and deserving steed;
Whose rising Forests, not for pride or show,

But future Buildings, future Navies grow. On the contrary, the wonders of Architecture ought first to be bestowed on the public:

Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend,
Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend ;
Bid the broad Arch the dang’rous flood contain ;

The Mole projected break the roaring main. And when the public has been properly accommodated and adorntd, then, and not till then, the works of private Magnificence may take place. This was the order observ'd by those two great Empires, from whom we received all we have of this polite art: We read not of any Magnificence in the private buildings of Greece or Rome, till the generosity of their public spirit had adorned the State with Temples, Emporiums, Councilhouses, Common-Porticos, Baths, and Theatres,

NOTES. fufficiently admired. But the , deed, it is the idea under which Expression is equal to the it may be properly considered : Thought. This sanctifying of For wealth employed according expence gives us the idea of

to the intention of Providence, something consecrated and set is its true consecration; and apart for ficred uses; and in- the real uses of humanity

EP. IV. You too proceed ! make falling Arts your care, Erect new wonders, and the old repair; Jones and Palladio to themselves restore, And be whate'er Vitruvius was before : Till Kings call forth th' Ideas of your mind, 195 (Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd,) Bid Harbors open, public Ways extend, Bid Temples, worthier of the God, ascend; Bid the broad Arch the dang'rous Flood contain, The Mole projected break the roaring Main; 200

NOTES. were certainly first in its in- prince. This Poem was pubtention.

lished in the year 1732, when Ver. 195, 197, &c. 'Till some of the new-built churches, KingsBid Harbors open,&c.] by the act of Queen Anne, were The poet after having touched ready to fall, being founded in upon the proper objects of Mag- boggy land (which is satirinificence and Expence, in the cally alluded to in our author's private works of great men, imitation of Horace, Lib. ii. comes to those great and pub- Sat. 2. lick works which become a

Shall half the new-built Churches round thee fall) others were vilely executed, executed, even to the enthro’ fraudulent cabals between trances of London itself: The undertakers, officers, &c. Da. proposal of building a Bridge genham-breach had done very at Westminster had been peti. great mischiefs į many of the

tion'd against and rejected ; Highways throughout England but in two years after the pubwere hardly paslable ; and most lication of this poem, an Act of those which were repaired by for building a Bridge pass’d thro' Turnpikes were made jobs for both houses. After many deprivate lucre, and infamously l bates in the committee, the

Back to his bounds their subject Sea command,
And roll obedient Rivers thro' the Land :
These Honours, Peace to happy Dritain brings,
These are Imperial Works, and worthy Kings.

NOTE s.
execution was left to the car- one ; to which our author al-
penter above-mentioned, who ludes in these lines,
would have made it a wooden

Who builds a Bridge that never drove a pile ?

Should Ripley venture, all the world would smile.
See the notes on that place. P.

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MORAL ESSAY S.

E P I S T L E V.

To Mr. ADDISON.

Occasion’d by his Dialogues on MEDAŁS.

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E E the wild Waste of all-devouring years !

How Rome her own sad Sepulchre appears, With nodding arches, broken temples spread! The very Tombs now vanish'd like their dead!

NOTES THIS was originally writ- EPIST. V.] As the third ten in the year 1715, when Epistle treated of the extremes Mr. Addison intended to pub- of Avarice and Profufion; and lith his book of medals; it the fourth took up one partiwas sometime before he was cular branch of the latter, fecretary of State ; but not pub- namely, the vanity of expence lished till Mr. Tickell's Edition in people of wealth and quality, of his works ; at which time and was therefore a corollary the verses on Mr. Craggs, which to the third ; so this treats of conclude the poem, were ad- one circumstance of that Vaded, viz, in 1720. P. nity, as it appears in the com

mon collectors of old coins;

Imperial wonders rais'd on Nations spoil'd,

5 Where mix'd with Slaves the groaning Martyr toild: Huge Theatres, that now unpeopled Woods, Now drain'd a distant country of her Floods : Fanes, which admiring Gods with pride survey, Statues of Men, scarce less alive than they! Some felt the filent stroke of mould'ring age, Some hostile fury, some religious rage. Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal conspire, And Papal piety, and Gothic fire.

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NOTES. and is, therefore, a corollary | wonder how this circumstance to the fourth.

came to find a place here. But Ver. 6. Where mix'd with let him compare it with ý 13, slaves the groaning Martyr tvild] 14, and he will see the ReaThe inattentive reader might | son,

Barbarian blindness, Christian zeal conspire,

And papal piety, and gothic fire. For the Slaves mentioned above | miring Gods with pride survey,] were of the same nation with These Gods were the then Tythe Barbarians here: and the rants of Rome, to whom the Christians here, the Succeffors Empire raised Temples. The of the Martyrs there: Provi- epithet, admiring, conveys a dence ordaining, that these strong ridicule; that passion, should ruin what those were in the opinion of Philososo injuriously employed in rear- phy, always conveying the ing: for the poet never loseth ideas of ignorance and mifight of his great principle. fery : VER.

9.

Fanes, which ad-
Nil admirari prope res est una, Numici,

Solaque quee pollit facere & servare beatum. Admiration implying our ignorance of other things ; fridi, our ignorance of ourselves.

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