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Champagóre.-Architecture.-Mohammed Galaijo.-His Residence.-His for-
mer State.-His new Settlement.-His Court.-—The Gurma and the Songhay.-
Songhay Towns.—Torrent Górebi.-Champaláwel and its Governor.-Güro Ca-
ravan.- Smelting Furnaces.- Bangapelle.— Elephant Traces.— Bosebángo.-
River Sírba.- Frail Raft.-Smoking Disposition.—Mode of carrying Water.--
Country beyond the River.-Bundóre.-Denga.—Fine Timber for Boat-building.

-Sebba, Capital of Yágha.-Description of Huts.-Reception by Governor.-

· Provisions.-Holiday.-- The Kádhi...

............... Page 179

pitable Reception.—Dóre, Capital of Libtáko.-Importance of Market of Dóre.-

Difficulty of supplying my Wants.- Mósi Traders. -Drought.-Anarchy.—Vari-

ous Names of Dóre.-Interesting Relations of Water Communication.-Political

Situation.-Delay.-News from Timbuktu.—Unlucky Fate of a Letter....... 197

CHAPTER LXII.

CNSETTLED PROVINCES OBSTRUCTED BY NATURE AND INFESTED BY MAN. — ÁRIBÍN-

DA.—HÓMBORI.

Cncertain Distance from Timbuktu.-Departure from Dóre.—The Ponds, or “Wén-

du.”—Providentially detained in Wúlu.-Numerous Sheets of Water.--Difficult

Water-course.-Serious Encounter.-Crossing a Swamp.-A'ribínda.--Filiyo, a

Songhay Village.-Independent Character of Inhabitants.— Tínge.- Ground-

plan of Dwelling.-Character of Inhabitants.-Habits of Industry.-IIeavy Rains.

-Caillie's Kissour.-Fulbe Cattle-breeders.-Hómbori.—The Black Worm.-

Kubo.—District Tondi.—Craftiness of El Waláti.—March of Red Worms.- Iso-

lated Mounts.-Native Dwellings.-Dúna.—Governor of Dalla.—Mundóro.-

Curious Thatchwork.-Hómbori Range.- Variety of Huts of I'sayé.-Approach

Hómbori Mountains.-Castellated Mounts.—Bóne.......

............. 207

CHAPTER LXIII.

PMOSHAGII OR TAWÁREK ENCAMPMENTS SOUTH OF THE NIGER.--LAKES AND BACK-

WATERS OF THE GREAT RIVER.

Visit Encampment.--Tawárek Tents and Comforts.-A Cascade.-Apparel.-Con-

duct of El Waláti.—District of Imeggélelé.-Native Horse-dealers.-Bélé, Chief

of the Haw-n-A'dak.–Tawárek Women and Boys.—Presents.--Camels knock-

ed up.-District of Minta.Bambara or Hudári.---Its Importance.- Personal

Relations. The Mehedí expected.—The Chief Somki........... ............... 235

CHAPTER LXIV.

THE NETWORK OF CREEKS, BACKWATERS, AND LAKES BELONGING TO THE NIGER.-

SARAYÁMo.-NAVIGATION TO KÁBARA.

Creek of Bárbara.-Character of Bambara.—Great Heat.-Indiscreet Inquiries.-

Lake Nyéngay.-Character of Country.—Somki's Camp.—Mohammed Bonyá-

mi.-Town of Sarayámo.- Various Performances.-Embark on the Creek.-

Character of Creek.-Good Fish.–Very winding Course.-Wide open Branch.-

Animated Scenery.— Town of Banáy.—Island of Kóra.–Sanyáre.—Enter the

principal Branch of Niger.-Majestic Scenery .........

.................. 249

FINAL AND REAL START.--CREEKS ON THE NORTHERN BANK OF THE NIGER. -

GHÉRGO.-BAMBA.

Real Start.-Leave Ulc-Tehárge.-A welcome Parcel.-Gigantic Retem.-Fe-

males of the Welád Molúk.-Peaceable Tolba.- Wild Hog.-Zangway.-The

Creeks.-E'm-n-kúris.—Tamizgida.-Ghergo.-Hospitality of the Kél-antsár.--

Crossing Creeks.--Approach to Bámba.-Scenery of the River.—The Rumá. ---

Smoking - The Cocks of Bamba.- Sidi Mohammed's Family.- Scarcity of

Supplies ...............

............ Page 431

CHAPTER LXXVI.

THE DESERT.-COUNTRY ALONG THE BORDER OF THE RIVER.-GREATEST NARROW-

ING.--SOUTHEASTERLY BEND.

A Night March through Swamps.- Terárart, northernmost Creek of the Niger.-

“Tahónt-n-eggish."-Various Personalities.-The Chief Sadáktu.—Hot Camp-

ing-ground.-A poisonous Spider.- Encampment of Sidi Ilemin.—Beginning of

the rocky District.-Tin-sherifen.—The Kel e' Súk.—Tawárek Ladies.--The

River at Tin-sherifen.-Rocks in the River.-Cry of the young Zangway... 448

CHAPTER LXXVII.

TÓSAYE, OR THE NARROWING OF THE RIVER.-BURRUM; ANCIENT RELATION TO

EGYPT. --GREAT SOUTH-SOUTHEASTERLY REACH.

Incident in African Warfare.-Island of Adar-n-Háut.-Burrum.-Intercourse

with Egypt.-Slow Progress.-Intercourse by Water between Gógó and Bámba.

-River between steep Cliffs.-Morals of the Kel e' Súk.—The Tin-ger-E'ge-

desh.-Curiosity of the Women.-Mount Tóndibi. — Appearance of our Party.-

Swampy District Abuba.—The Ibawájiten.—Great Breadth of the River.- First

Sight of Gúgó. — Appearance of Industry............

... 461

CHAPTER LXXVIII.

THE ANCIENT CAPITAL OF SONGHAY, AND ITS NEIGHBORHOOD.

Gógó and Timbuktu.—General Description of Gógó.- Rich Vegetation. The

Mosque.—Meeting of native Chiefs.-Khozématen and Hanna.--The Gá-béro.-

Their Hospitality. -- Encamp in Barno. — Hippopotami. — Return to Gógó. -

Preparations to leave Gógó.--Arrival of the Chief Thakkefi.--His Proposal.-

Survey of the River............

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 479

CHAPTER LXXIX.

SEPARATION FROM THE SHEIKH.-CROSS THE RIVER TO THE SOUTHWESTERN SIDE.

-VARIOUS ENCAMPMENTS.-RIVER STUDDED WITH ISLANDS.—ANSONG IIO.

Separation from the Sheikh.-Bornu-gungu.— The Gá-bibi.-Unsettled Districts.-

Tóngi.--Barbarous Custom.—A'dar-andúrren.-Island Ansóngho.-Iron Gates

of Akarámby.-Rocky Character of River.-Burre.--Fülbe Settlers. -Rapids.-

Tiboráwen.-Wild Scenery.—The I'melíggizen.- Island Kátubu.-A River Ar-

chipelago.— Wild River Scenery at E'm-n-íshib. - Parting with Mohammed the

Kél e' Suki ...........

................ 494

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CHAPTER LXXX.

DENSER POPULATION BEGINS.

Difficulty of determining the Water-courses.—Granite Boulders.- Ayóru and its

[blocks in formation]

Cultivation.-Kendáji and its Chief.—A fertile District.-Camp of Erátafáni.-

Doubtful Escort.-Rocky Nature of River-bed.–Sinder, the Corn Market.-State

of Hausa.—Date Palms.- Mohammed Saleh.-Rich Country.--Azemay.-First

Háusa Salute.-The Kortita. — The River Sirba.-Wántila.-An alarming Ad-

venture.-Cotton Plantations.--Bírni.-Island of Bé-gungu.-Margin and Cliffs

of the River.- Arrival at Say..............

............ Page 508

CHAPTER LXXXI.

SECOND RESIDENCE IN SAY.—JOURNEY THROUGH DÉNDINA AND KEBBI.

Audience with the Governor.—Market of Say.-Inundated State.-Leave Say.-

Tanna.- Minge.-Támkala and its reduced Condition.-Audience with Abú el

Hassan.-His Position.-A Háusa Nobleman.-Friendly Reception in Gárbo.-

A Storm.—Town of Kalliyul.-Isolated Specimens of the Oil Palm.-Debe.-

Pernicious Effect of Water.—Town of Tilli.--Sickness of Señi.—The swampy

Gulbi-n-Sókoto.—Birni-n-Kebbi.-Swampy Valleys.-Jéga.-Cheering Recog-

nition.- Arrival at Gando..........

............. 534

CHAPTER LXXXII.

SECOND STAY IN GANDO, SÓKOTO, AND WORNÓ.

Awkward Fate of a Letter.-Abundance of Rains.- Leaving Gando.- Variety of

Vegetation.-Effect of Rains.- Arrival at Sókoto.—Unofficial News of Vogel's

Party.-Swollen Torrent of Sokoto.-Kind Reception at Wurno.-State of In-

security.-Prices of Market.-Present from 'Aliyu.—Sickness.—Sad Condition

of Negroland.—Leave taking.–New Route.—Gulbi-n-Rába.-Long March to

Gandi.-Another long March.-Moríki.-Dúchi.-Town of Kámmané.-Another

unsafe Wilderness.—Take Leave of Ghaladíma.--Arrival in Kanó............ 553

CHAPTER LXXXV.

REAL START.-SMALL PARTY.

Ms Camels.- Real Start.-First Day's March.-Kánembú Hamlets.-Ngégimi.-

Small Alarm.—Treatment of Slaves.—The Well Bedwáram and Macguire's
Death.-Desert of Tintúmma.-A'gadem.-Fatigue in the Desert.-Crystallized

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