The State of the Poor; Or, An History of the Labouring Classes in England, from the Conquest to the Present Period: In which are Particularly Considered, Their Domestic Economy, with Respect to Diet, Dress, Fuel, and Habitation; and the Various Plans Which, from Time to Time, Have Been Proposed, and Adopted, for the Relief of the Poor: Together with Parochial Reports Relative to the Administration of Work-houses, and Houses of Industry; the State of Friendly Societies; and Other Public Institutions ...
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This is an invaluable survey of the conditions of paupers in England the middle of the 1790s, years of war. Included are many brief budget/case studies of labourers' and mechanics' families: their annual incomes and their expenditures. Descriptions of Workhouses include rules and budgets as well as menus and accounts.
Eden, one of three distinguished brothers, was a disciple of Adam Smith and, clearly, an evangelical Anglican. Both of these sets of principles, dominant during the C19th, are detectable in his work.
Google does a marvellous job making texts of this sort widely available (A second hand copy sells for about $1500, abnd they are very rare. An abridgement of the Three Volumes sells for about $250.)
Unhappily the final volume, with appendices seems to be missing. The survey of the county of Surrey ends before it has begun. It would be a great service to digitise the balance of this work and make, what is a seminal book in the studies of pauperism, the standard of living, diets and the industrial revolution, not to mention the development of the utilitarian ideology, complete.