This text aims to translate the methods of statisticians into ecological English, so that students may readily apply these methods to the real world. The book offers a balance of material on animal and plant populations and teaches students of ecology how to design the most efficient tests in order to obtain maximum precision with minimal work. Rather than emphasizing the derivation of mathematical formulae, the text emphasizes the use of statistics, and focuses on how to measure ecological parameters such as population size and species diversity. Students learn effective ways to set up field experiments and observations and the different methods that work best for different situations.
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abundance aerial analysis aphids assumption bias block boundary strip calculations capture caught Chapter clumped cluster coefficient of variation confidence interval confidence limits defined density estimate discussed ecological ecologists equal catchability equation estimate of population estimate population example experimental design Figure finite formula frequency distribution illustrates level of precision line transect mark-recapture marked animals nearest neighbor negative binomial distribution nested niche breadth null hypothesis number of animals number of individuals number of samples number of species observed obtained organisms parameters Petersen plants plot Poisson distribution population density population estimate probability problem procedure Program-group proportion quadrat counts random points random sampling ratio recaptures regression replicates resource sample size sample sizes sampling unit Schnabel Seber similarity simple random sampling spatial pattern standard deviation standard error statistical stratified stratum study area survival rate systematic sampling Table techniques Total number transformation variable variance