Voyages of Discovery and Research Within the Arctic Regions, from the Year 1818 to the Present Time

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Cambridge University Press, May 11, 2011 - History - 564 pages
Sir John Barrow (1764-1848) was Second Secretary to the Admiralty for forty years. He was responsible for promoting polar exploration, and published two books on the subject for general readers. A Chronological History of Voyages into the Arctic Regions appeared in 1818, and this 1846 publication continues the story. Drawing on the explorers' own accounts, Barrow describes twelve voyages connected with the search for the North-West Passage. These include two voyages by Sir John Ross, four by Sir William Parry, and two by Sir John Franklin (whose last, fatal expedition was under way when the book was published). Barrow documents the Arctic landscape, fauna and climate, the explorers' clothes and provisions, scurvy (cured by preserved gooseberries and freshly grown mustard and cress), frostbite (necessitating amputations), on-board entertainments, and encounters with 'Esquimaux', providing fascinating insights into the realities of polar expeditions in the mid-nineteenth century.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER
1
COMMANDER JOHN ROSS
19
CHAPTER
56
CHAPTER IV
76
To Spitzbergen and GreenlandHammerfest and Drontheim
125
CHAPTER VI
144
CHAPTER VII
213
CHAPTER VIII
233
CHAPTER IX
282
Journey through North America to the Polar Sea and along
331
CHAPTER XI
408
CHAPTER XII
461
Through North AmericaDown a River not before navigated
470
CHAPTER XIII
486
CHAPTER XIV
508
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