The Satirical Gaze: Prints of Women in Late Eighteenth-century England

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Clarendon Press, 2004 - Art - 281 pages
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This is the first scholarly study to focus on satirical prints of women in the late eighteenth century. This was the golden age of graphic satire: thousands of prints were published, and they were viewed by nearly all sections of the population. These prints both reflected and sought to shape contemporary debate about the role of women in society. Cindy McCreery's study examines the beliefs and prejudices of Georgian England which they revealed.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Late EighteenthCentury England
3
Women in Late EighteenthCentury England
4
Women in Satirical Prints
6
State of the Field
7
Structure of the Book
10
Satirical Prints of Women and the London Art Market
13
Scope of the Art Market
14
Women in the Classroom and on the Playing Field
133
Feminine and Unfeminine Fashions and Female Sexual Power
139
Women as Politicians
141
Conclusion
147
Women at Home and Abroad I Aristocratic Adulteresses and Patriotic Wives
148
Attitudes to Marriage
149
Aristocratic Adulteresses
153
Aristocratic Wives Social Influence
167

Production and Distribution
19
Consumption and Response
30
Conclusion
38
Women in the Street Prostitutes and Market Vendors
39
Traditional Views of Prostitutes
40
Prostitutes Market Vendors and the London Landscape
45
Prostitutes as Outsiders
57
Prostitutes as Victims
71
Conclusion
77
Women on the Stage Courtesans and Scandalous Actresses
80
Definitions
81
The Visual Tradition
84
Kitty Fisher and her Successors
86
Courtesans and Scandalous Actresses in the 1780s and 1790s
99
Courtesans and the Limits of Social Acceptance
105
Conclusion
113
Women in Male Roles Literary Ladies and Masculine Politicians
115
Women as Muses Artists Writers and Performers
116
Victimized and Exemplary Wives
173
Conclusion
182
Women at Home and Abroad II Fashionable Mammas and Natural Mothers
185
Attitudes to Motherhood
186
Fashionable Motherhood
187
Powerful Mothers
195
Powerless Mothers
202
Conclusion
210
Women over 35 Old Maids Merry Widows and Cosy Wives
212
Marital and Social Categories
213
Fashion and Women over 35
229
Single Old Aristocratic Women
237
Conclusion
249
Conclusion
252
Bibliography
256
Index
273
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Dr. Cindy Mcreery is currently Vice-Chancellor's Postdoctural Research Fellow in the School of History at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. She has published articles on eighteenth-century British prints, including political and social caricatures and maritme engravings. She is currently preparing a monograph on eighteenth-century British caricatures of women, and is researching the representation of Australian and New Zealand port communities in eighteenth and nineteenth century engravings.

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