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rent coin is at rest, and partaking the fate of our mas. ter ; being in a few moments valued at a crown, a pound, or a sixpence, according to the situation in which the fortune of the cards placed us. I bad at length the good luck to sce my master break; by which means I was again sent abroad under my primitive denomination of a Shilling.

I shall pass over many other accidents of leas moment, and hasten to that fatal catastropbe when I fell into the bands of an artist, who conveyed me under ground, and with an unmerciful pair of sheers cut off my titles, clipped my brims, retrenched my shape, rubbed me to iny inmost ring; and, in short, so spoiled and pillaged me, that he did not leave me worth a groat. You may think what a confusion I was in to sce myself thus curtailed and disfigured. I should have been asbamed to have shown my head, had not all my old acquaintance been reduced to the same shameful figure, excepting some few that were punch. ed through the belly. In the midst of this general calamity, when every body thought our inisfortune irretrievable, and our case desperate, we were thrown into the furnace together, and, as it often happens with cities rising out of a fire, appeared with greater beauty and lustre than we could ever boast of before. What has bappened to me since this change of sex which you now see, I shall take some other opportunity to relate. In the mean time, I shall only repeat two adventures, as being very extraordinary, and neither of them having ever happened to me above once in my life. The first was, my being in a poet's pocket, who was so taken with the brightness and novelty of my appearance, that it gave occasion to the finest burlesque poem in the British language, intitled from me, The

Splendid

Splendid Shilling. The second adventure, which I must not omit, happened to me in the year one thousand seven hundred and three, when I was given away in charity to a blind man; but indeed this was by mistake, the person who gave me having thrown me heed.' lessly into the hat among a pennyworth of farthings.

ADDISON

COURT OF Honour. No. 250. I Last winter erected a court of Justice for the correcting of several enormities in dress and behaviour, which are not cognizable in any other courts of this realm. The vintner's case, which I there tried, is still fresh in every man's memory. That of the petticoat gave also a general satisfaction, not to mention the more important points of the cane and perspective; in which, if I did not give judgments and decrees according to the strictest rules of equity and justice, I can safely say, I acted according to the best of my understanding. But as for the proceedings of that court, I shall refer my reader to an account of them, written by iny secretary, which is now in the press, and will shortly be published under the title of Lillie's Reports.

As I last year presided over a court of Justice, it is my intention this year to set myself at the head of a court of Honour. There is no court of this nature any where at present, except in France; where, according to the best of my intelligence, it consists of such only as are marshals of that kingdom. I am likewise informed, that there is not one of that honourable board at present, who has not been driven out of the field by the duke of Marlborough : but whether this be only an

accidental

accidental or a necessary qualification, I'must confess I am not able to determine.

As for the court of Honour of which I am here speaking, I intend to sit myself in it as president, with several meni of honour on my right hand, and women of virtue on my left, as my assistants. The first place on the bench I have given to an old Tangereen captain with a wooden leg. The second is a gentleman of a long twisted periwig without a curl in it, a muff with very little hair upon it, and a threadbare coat with new buttons; being a person of great worth, and second brother to a man of quality. The third is a gentleman-usher, extremely well read in romances, and grandson to one of the greatest wits in Germany, who was some time master of the ceremonies to the duke of Wolfembuttel.

As for those who sit further on iny right hand, as it is usual in public courts, they are such as will fill up the number of faces upon the bench, and serve father for ornament than use.

The chief upon my left hand are, . An old maiden lady, that preserves some of the best blood of England in her veins.

A Welsh woman of a little stature, but high spirit.

An o!d prude, that has censured every marriage for these thirty years, and is lately wedded to a young rake.

Having thus furnished my bench, I shall establish correspondencies with the Horse-guards, and the veterans of Chelsea-college ; the former to furnish me with twelve men of honour as often as I shall have occasion for a grand jury, and the latter, with as many good men and true for a petty jury.

As for the women of virtue, it will not be difficolt

for

for me to find them about midnight at crimp and basset.

Having given this public notice of my court, I must further add, that I intend to open it on this day seven, night, being Monday the twentieth instant; and do hereby invite all such as have suffered injuries and affronts, that are not to be redressed by the common laws of this land, whether they be short bows, cold salutations, supercilious looks, unreturned smiles, distant behaviour, or forced familiarity; as also all such as have been aggrieved by any ambiguous expression, accidental justle, or unkind repartee ; likewise all such as have been defrauded of their right to the wall, tricked out of the upper end of the table, or have been suffered to place themselves, in their own wrong, on the back seat of the coach : these, and all of these, I do, as I above said, invite to bring in their several cases and complaints, in which they shall be relieved with all imaginable expedition.

I am very sensible that the office I have now taken upon me will engage me in the disquisition of many weighty points, that daily perplex the youth of the British nation, and therefore I have discussed several of them for my future use; as, how far a man may brandish his cane in telling a story, without insulting his hearer? What degree of contradiction amounts to the lie? How a man shall resent another's staring and cocking a hat in his face? If asking pardon is an atonement for treading upon one's toes? Whether a man may put up a box on the ear, received from a stranger in the dark? Or, whether a man of honour may take a blow of his wife ? with several other subtilties of the like nature. .

For my direction in the duties of my office, I have VOL. I.

furnished

K

furnished myself with a certain astrological pair of scales, which I have contrived for this purpose. In one of them I lay the injuries, in the other the reparations. The first are represented by little weights made of a metal resembling iron, and the other of gold. These are not only lighter than the weights made use of in Avoirdupois, but also than such as are used in Troy-weight. The heaviest of those that represent the injuries amount but to a scruple, and decreasc by so many sub-divisions, that there are several imperceptible weights which cannot be seen without the help of a very fine microscope. I might acquaint iny reader, that these scales were made under the inMuence of the sun when he was in Libra, and describe many signatures on the weights both of injury and reparation : but as this would look rather to proceed from an ostentation of my own art than any care for the public, I shall pass it over in silence.

ADDISON.

COURT OF ITONOUR, No. 253.

Extract of the Journal of the Court of Honour, 1710. Die Luna vicesimo Novembris, horâ nona antemeridiana.

The court being sat, an oath prepared by the CenHor was administered to the assistants on his right hand, who were all sworn upon their honour. The women on his left hand took the same oath upon their reputation, Twelve gentlemen of the horse-guards were impanelled, having unanimously chosen Mr. Alexander Truncheon, who is their right-hand man in the troop, for their foreman in the jury. Mr. Truncheon

immediately

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