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following manner: "That his hat, which vas the in. strument of offence, should be forfeited to the court; that the criminal should go to the warehouse from. whence he came, and thence, as occasion should rea quire, proceed to the Exchange, or Garraway's coffeehouse, in what manner he pleased; but that neither he nor any of the family of the Plums should hereafter appear in the streets of London out of their coaches, that so the footway might be left open and undisturbed for their betters.'
Dathan, a pedling Jew, and T. R- , a Welshman, were indicted by the keeper of an alehouse in Westminster, for breaking the peace and two earthu mugs, in a dispute about the antiquity of their families, to the great detriment of the house, and disturbance of the whole neighbourhood. Dathan said for himself, that he was provoked to it by the Welshman, who pretended that the Welsh were an antienter people than the Jews; whereas, says he, I can show, by this genealogy in my hand, that I am the son of Mesheck, that was the son of Naboth, that was the son of Shalem, that was the son of - The Welshman here interrupted him, and told him that he could produce Shennalogy as well as himself ; for that he was John ap Rice, ap Shenken, ap.Shones. IIe then turned himself to the Censor, and told him in the same broken accent, and with much warmth, that the Jew would needs uphold that king Cadwallader was younger than Issachar. Mr. Bickerstaff seemed very much inclined to give sentence against Dathan, as being a Jew; but fiuding reasons, by some expressions which the Welshman let fall in asserting the antiquity of his family, to suspect that the said Welshman was a PræAdamite, he suffered the jury to go out, without any
previous previous admonition. After some time they returned, and gave their verdict, that it appearing the persons at the bar did neither of them wear a sword, and that consequently they had no right to quarrel upon a point of honour, to prevent such frivolous appeals for the future, they should both of them be tossed in the same blanket, and there adjust the superiority as they could agree on it between themselves. The Censor confirmed the verdict. '
Richard Newman was indicted by major Punto, for having used the words - Perhaps it may be so,' in a dispute with the said major. The major urged that the word "perhaps' was questioning his veracity; and that it was an indirect manner of giving him the lie. Richard Newman had nothing more to say for himself, than that he intended no such thing; and threw himself upon the mercy of the court. The jury brought in their verdict special.
Mr. Bickerstaff stood up, and, after having cast his cyes over the whole assembly, hemmed thrice. He then acquainted them that he had laid down a rule to himself, which he was resolved never to depart
from, and which, as he conceived, would very much · conduce to the shortening the business of the court ;
I mean, says he, never to allow the lie being given by construction, implication, or induction, but by the sole use of the word itself. He then proceeded to show the great mischiefs that had arisen to the English nation from that pernicious monosyllable; that it had bred the most fatal quarrels between the dearest friends; that it had frequently thinned the guards, and made great havoc in the army; that it had sometimes weakened the city trained bands; and, in a word, had destroyed many of the bravest men in the isle of Great
Britain. . For the prevention of which evils for the fu. ture, he instructed the jury to present the word itself as a nuisance in the English tongue ; and further promised them, that he would, upon such their preferment, publish an edict of the court, for the entire banishment and exclusion of it out of the discourses and conversations of all civil societies.
This a true copy,
Charles Lillie. Monday next is set apart for the trial of several female causes.
"N. B. The case of the hassoc will come on be. tween the hours of nine and ten.'
ADDISON AND STEELE.
ALLEGORY ON DIFFERENT RELIGIONS. No.257.
Every nation is distinguished by productions that are peculiar to it. Great Britain is particularly fruitful in religions, that shoot up and tourish in this climate more than in any other. We are so famous abroad for our great variety of sects and opinions, that an ingenious friend of mine, who is lately returned from his · travels, assures me there is a show at this time carried up and down in Germany, which represents all the religions of Great Britain in wax-work. Notwithstanding that the pliancy of the matter in which the images are wrought makes it capable of being moulded into all shapes and figures, my friend tells me that he did not think it possible for it to be twisted and tortured into so many screwed faces, and wry features, as appeared in several of the figures that composed the show. I was indeed so pleased with the design of the German artist,
that I begged my friend to give me an acconmt of it in all ira particulars; which he did after the following manner,
I have oftery, says he, been pretenit at a show of elephants, carncs, droindaries, and other strange (ca. tures, but I never saw so great an a sembly of spectators as were met together at the opening of this great piece of wax-work. We were all placed in a large hall, according to the price that we paid for our sais: the curtain that hung before the show was made by a manter of tapestry, who had woven it in the figure of a monstrous hy dra that had several beads, which brandished out their tongries, and seemed to bins at each other. Some of these heads were large and entire; and where any of them had beenlopped away, there sprouted up several in the room of them; insomuch that, for one head cut off, a man might see ten, twenty, or a handred of a smaller size creeping through the wound. In short, the whole picture was nothing but confusion and bloodshed. On a sudden, says my friend, I was startled with a flourish of many musical instruments that I had never heard before, which was followed by a short tunc, if it might be so called, wholly made up of jars and discorda. Among the rest there was an organ, a bagpipe, a groaning board, a stentorophonic trumpet, with several wind instruments of a most disagrecable sound, which I do not so inuch as know the names of. After a phort Huurinh the curtain was drawn up, and we were presented with the most extraordinary assembly of ligures that ever entered into a man's imagi. nation. The design of the workman was so well expressed in the dumb show belore time that it was not hard for an Englishman to comprehend the meaning of it.
The principal figures were placed in a row, consisting of seven persons. The middle figure, which immediately attracted the eyes of the whole company, and was much bigger than the rest, was formed like a matron, dressed in the habit of an elderly woman of quality in queen Elizabeth's days. The most remarkable parts of her dress were the beaver with the steeple crown, the scarf that was darker than sable, and the lawn apron that was whiter than ermine. Her gown was of the richest black velvet, and just upon her heart she wore several large diamonds of an inestimable value, disposed in the form of a cross. She bore an inexpressible cheerfulness and dignity in her aspect; and, though she seemed in years, appeared with so much spirit and vivacity, as gave her at the same time an air of old age and immortality. I found my heart touched with so much love and reverence at the sight of her, that the tears ran down my face as I looked upon her; and still the more I looked upon her, the more my heart was melted with the sentiments of filial tenderness and duty. I discovered every moment something so charming in this figure, that I could scarce take my eyes off it. On its right hand there sat the figure of a woman 60 covered with ornaments, that her face, her body, and her bands, were almost entirely hid under them. The little you could see of her face was painted ; and, what I thought very odd, had something in it like arti. ficial wrinkles; but I was the less surprised at it, when I saw upon her forehead an old-fashioned tower of gray hairs. Her head-dress rose very high by three several stories or degrees; her garments had a thousand colours in them, and were embroidered with crosses in gold, silver, and silk : she had nothing on, só much as a glove or a slipper, which was not marked with this