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PHILOLOGICAL
QUARTERLY

A Journal Devoted to Scholarly Investigation in the

Classical and Modern Languages and Literatures

VOLUME IV

1925

1

PUBLISHED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA

IOWA CITY, IOWA

Issued in January, April, July, and October. Subscription price, $2.00 a year; single copies, 60 cents postpaid. Contributions should not exceed 8000 words in length. Reviews will ordinarily be limited to 500 words. All communications are to be addressed to the Editor, Hardin Craig, Iowa City, Iowa.

Editor
HARDIN CRAIG

Associate Editors CHARLES BUNDY WILSON, Germanic Languages and Literatures Roy C. FLICKINGER, Classical Languages and Literatures THOMAS A. KNOTT, English and Comparative Literature CHARLES E. YOUNG, Romance Languages and Literatures

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ARTICLES

Chaucer's Doctor of Phisyk

Walter Clyde Curry 1

Odyssey, Seventh Book, as Known to

Petrarch

Albert Stanburrough Cook 25

Horace's Influence on Dryden

Amanda M. Ellis 39

Die Neuhochdeutsche Sprachforschung,

Ihre Ergebnisse und Ziele

Karl von Bahder 61

The Homeric Question and the Popular Poetry

of Serbia

N. Vulich 71

L'Américain Dans le Théâtre Français Maurice Baudin 75

A Note on Richard M. Meyer

Bonno Tapper 91

The Ethics of King Lear

Hardin Craig 97

Grimmelshausen's Simplicius Simplicissimus and

Defoe's Robinson Crusoe

Erwin Gustav Gudde 110

The Influence of Ossian in Spain

E. Allison Peers 121

The Adventures of Hamlet's Ghost

Thornton S. Graves 139

Veni, Vidi, Vici

Monroe E. Deutsch 151

Caesar's Thrasonical Boast

Harold W. Gilmer 157

On the Etymology of Hamlet

Kemp Malone 158

The Reputation of the “Metaphysical Poets"

during the Age of Pope

Arthur II. Nethercot 161

Two Ancient Parellels to Aucassin et Nicolette,

VI, 34-40

Alexander Haggerty Krappe 180

Celtic Tradition and the Vita Merlini

John J. Parry 193

Oswald the Reeve

H. Y. Moffett 208

Discours à Cliton

Colbert Searles 224

Henry Nelson Coleridge, Expositor of

Romantic Criticism

Walter Graham 231

Concerning a Passage in Heine's Harzreise C. H. Ibershoff 239

Notes on Sixteenth Century Spanish

Narrative Poets

John Van Horne 241

Carlyle's American Public

Frank Luther Mott 245

An Early Reference to Anton Graff's

Portrait of Lessing

Edwin H. Zeydel 265

Non-recurrence in Vocabulary as a Test

of Authorship

R. B. Steele 267

Johnson's Dictionary Reviewed by his

Contemporaries -

Stanley Rypins 281

Shakespeare's Depiction of Passions

Hardin Craig 289

D'Urfé's L'Astrée and the “Proviso

Scenes in Dryden's Comedy

Kathleen M. Lynch 302

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BOOK REVIEWS

PERCY H. HOUSTON, Doctor Johnson. A Study in Eigheenth Century

Il umanism (B.V. Crawford).-MARCEL Hoc, Le Déclin de l'Hu-

manisme Belge, Étude sur Jean Gaspard Gevaerts, Philologue et

Poète, 1593-1666 (A.J. Dickman).-MARION Y.H. AITKEN, Étude

sur le Miroir ou les Évangiles des Domnées de Robert de Gretham,

suivié d'extraits inédits (Lucy M. Gay):-LOUIS ALLARD, LO

Comédie de Moeurs en France au XIX siècle (C.E.Y.).-T. AT-

KINSON JENKINS, La Chanson de Roland (C.E.Y.).—SiR SIDNEY

LEE and F.S. BOAS, The Year's Work in English Studies1922

(T.A.K.), -H.W. FOWLER, The Split Infinitive. OTTO JESPERSEN,

Logic and Grammar (T.A.K.).—WALTER FISCHER, Die Briefe

Richard Monckton Milnes' an Varnhagen von Ense, 1844-1854

(T.B. Liljegren)

G.D. IIADZSITS and D.M. ROBINSON, Our Debt to Greece and Rome

(Seneca, R.M. GUMMERE; Virgil, J.W. MACKAIL; Horace, G.
SHOWERMAN; Greek Biology and Medicine, H.O. TAYLOR) (B.L.
U.).-W.A. NITZE and E.P. DARGAN, A History of French Liter-
ture (C.E.Y.).—M.G. Bach, Wieland's Attitude toward Woman
and her Cultural and Social Relations (C.B.W.).—LANE COOPER,
An Aristotelian Theory of Comedy with an Adaptation of the
Poetics and a Translation of the Tractatus Coislinianus' (H.
C.).-B.A.P. VAN DAM, The Text of Shakespeare's Hamlet (H.
C.).-A.M. WITHERSPOON, The Influence of Robert Garner on
Elizabethan Drama (H.C.).C.W. CAMP, The Artisan in English
Literature (H.C.).-G. MEHLIS, Die Deutsche Romantik (E.H.
Zeydel).-E.A. PEERS, Angel de Saavedra, Duque de Rivas (R.E.
House).-H. SCHOEFFLER, Protestantismus und Literatur (B. Tap-

per).-C.B. TINKER, Letters of James Boswell (E.N.S. Thompson)
N.C. Arvin, Eugene Scribe and the French Theatre, 1815-1860 (C.E.Y.).

-P. STUDER and E.R.G. WATERS, Historical French Reader, Me-
dieval Period (C.E.Y.).-D.M. ROBINSON, Sappho and Her In-

fluence (Charles Heald Weller)

EMIL ERMATINGER, Gottfried Kellers Leben, Briefe und Tagebücher

(Erwin Gustav Gudde).-JOHN W. DRAPER, William Mason.

A Study in Eighteenth Century Culture (Bartholow V. Craw.

ford).-WILLIAM EBEN SCHULTZ, Gay's Beggar's Opera. Its

Content, History, and Influence (Bartholow V. Crawford). -

NORREYS J. O'CONOR, Changing Ireland. Literary Backgrounds

of the Irish Free State (E. N. S. Thompson).-ARTHUR STAN-

LEY PEASE, M. Tulli Ciceronis de dir "atione libri, with Com-

mentary (B. L. U.).-REMIGIO SABBA: 'I, Giovanni da Reven-

na, insigne figura d'umanista (1343?-16 V (B. L. U.).—T. K.

WHIPPLE, Martial and the English Epi Im from Sir Thomas

Wyatt to Ben Jonson (E. N. S. Thompst

182

287

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Commentators are happily agreed, it would seem, that Chaucer's Doctor of Phisyk is possessed of sufficient erudition and experience to rank him among the foremost theoretical and practising physicians of his time. Indeed, he has no peer when it comes to speaking of physic and of surgery. He has "dronkyn of that swete drynke of Astronomye" so deeply that he is able to diagnose any malady with respect to both the ultimate or primary causes emanating from the stars and the immediate causes residing in various compoundings of hot, cold, moist, and dry humours in the blood; and having located the seat of trouble in the human system, he skilfully employs the principles of natural magic in the making of appropriate astrological images and in the compounding of medicines for the purpose of effecting cures. He has a wide acquaintance with the works of ancient and mediaeval authors upon medicine, having the distinction of being, perhaps, the only physician who has ever perused the writings of that mythical founder of medicine, Esculapius. For years he and his apothecaries have worked together in brotherly fashion to their mutual benefit-against the ravages of the Black Death and other diseases; and such have been his thrift and temperance that he is blessed with superior physical comforts in the way of good health and distinctive wearing-apparel. His thinking is but little upon the Bible. It has seemed to me possible that Skeat, Morris, and others2 have not done justice quite to his learning and to the

1 Skeat, Oxford Charoer, C.T., A, 410-444.

2 Skeat, op. cit., V, 40-42; E. E. Morris, “The Physician in Chaucer," An English Miscellany, pp. 338 ff.; Hinckley, Notes on Chaucer, pp. 31-36; Hammond, A Bibliographical Manual.

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