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A Journal Devoted to Scholarly Investigation in the
Classical and Modern Languages and Literatures
PUBLISHED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA
IOWA CITY, IOWA
Issued in January, April, July, and October. Subscription price, $2.00 a year; single copies, 60 cents postpaid. Contributions should not exceed 8000 words in length. Reviews will ordinarily be limited to 500 words. All communications are to be addressed to the Editor, Hardin Craig, Iowa City, Iowa.
Associate Editors CHARLES BUNDY WILSON, Germanic Languages and Literatures Roy C. FLICKINGER, Classical Languages and Literatures THOMAS A. KNOTT, English and Comparative Literature CHARLES E. YOUNG, Romance Languages and Literatures
PERCY H. HOUSTON, Doctor Johnson. A Study in Eigheenth Century
Il umanism (B.V. Crawford).-MARCEL Hoc, Le Déclin de l'Hu-
Richard Monckton Milnes' an Varnhagen von Ense, 1844-1854
G.D. IIADZSITS and D.M. ROBINSON, Our Debt to Greece and Rome
(Seneca, R.M. GUMMERE; Virgil, J.W. MACKAIL; Horace, G.
per).-C.B. TINKER, Letters of James Boswell (E.N.S. Thompson)
-P. STUDER and E.R.G. WATERS, Historical French Reader, Me-
fluence (Charles Heald Weller)
Commentators are happily agreed, it would seem, that Chaucer's Doctor of Phisyk is possessed of sufficient erudition and experience to rank him among the foremost theoretical and practising physicians of his time. Indeed, he has no peer when it comes to speaking of physic and of surgery. He has "dronkyn of that swete drynke of Astronomye" so deeply that he is able to diagnose any malady with respect to both the ultimate or primary causes emanating from the stars and the immediate causes residing in various compoundings of hot, cold, moist, and dry humours in the blood; and having located the seat of trouble in the human system, he skilfully employs the principles of natural magic in the making of appropriate astrological images and in the compounding of medicines for the purpose of effecting cures. He has a wide acquaintance with the works of ancient and mediaeval authors upon medicine, having the distinction of being, perhaps, the only physician who has ever perused the writings of that mythical founder of medicine, Esculapius. For years he and his apothecaries have worked together in brotherly fashion to their mutual benefit-against the ravages of the Black Death and other diseases; and such have been his thrift and temperance that he is blessed with superior physical comforts in the way of good health and distinctive wearing-apparel. His thinking is but little upon the Bible. It has seemed to me possible that Skeat, Morris, and others2 have not done justice quite to his learning and to the
1 Skeat, Oxford Charoer, C.T., A, 410-444.
2 Skeat, op. cit., V, 40-42; E. E. Morris, “The Physician in Chaucer," An English Miscellany, pp. 338 ff.; Hinckley, Notes on Chaucer, pp. 31-36; Hammond, A Bibliographical Manual.