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rather ruined, than promoted the interest they aim at, (which hath always been the case of many great sufferers) they only serve to recoinmend them to the children of violence or folly.

I have by me a bundle of memorials presented by several cavaliers upon the restoration of King Charles II. which may serye as so many instances to our present purpofe.

Among several persons and pretenfions recorded by my author, he mentions one of a very great e. ftate, who, for having roasted an ox whole, and distributed a hogshead upon King Charles's birthday, desired to be provided for, as his Majesty in his great wisdom thall think fit.

Another put in to be Prince Henry's Governor, for having dared to drink his health in the worst of times.

A third petitioned for a colonel's commiffion, for having curled Oliver Cromwell, the day before his death, on a publick bowling-green.

But the most whimsical petition I have met with is that of B. B. Efq; who defired the honour of Knighthood, for having cuckolded Sir T. W. a notorious Roundhead.

There is likewise the petition of one, who, having let his beard grow from the martyrdom of King Charles I. until the restoration of King Charles 11. defired in consideration thereof to be made a privyo counsellor.

I must not omit a memorial, fetring forth that the memorialist had with great dispatch, carrieri a letter from a certain Lord to a certain Lord, wherein, -as it afterwards appeared, measures were concerted for the restoration, and without which he verily believes that happy revolution had never been effected; who thereupon humbly prays to be made Postmaster-general.

A certain gentleman, who seems to write, with a great deal of spirit, and ufes the words Galan

try

try and Gentleman-like very often in his petition, begs (that in confideration of his having worn his Chat for ten years past in the royal cavalier-cock, to his great danger and detriment) he may be made a captain of the guards.

I shall close my account of this collection of me morials, with the copy of one petition at length, which I recommend to my reader as a very valu. able piece.

The Petition of E. H. Efq; humbly foeweth, :: THAT your

Petitioner's father's brother's uncle, Colonel W. H. lost the third finger of his left < hand at Edgehill fight...

· That your petitioner, notwithstanding the small. ness of his fortune (he being a younger brother) • always kept hospitality, and drank confufion to " the Roundheads in half a score of bumpers every Sunday in the year, as several honest gentlemen

(whose names are underwritten) are ready to
testify.
'" That your Petitioner is remarkable in this

country, for having dared to treat Sir P. P: a * curfed sequestrator, and three members of the

affembly of Divines, with brawn and minced pies
upon New-year's day.
• That your faid humble Petitioner hath been

five times imprisoned in five several county gaols, • for having been a ringleader in five different

riots; into which his zeal for the royal caufe hur(ried him, when men of greater estates had not the courage to rise.

· That he the said E. H. hath had fix duels and " four and twenty boxing matches in defence of his

Majesty's title ; and that he received such a blow upon the head at a bonfire in Stratford upon A

von, as he hath been never the better for from • that day to this, • That your Petitioner hath been so far from

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(improving his fortune, in the late damnable

times, that he verily believes, and hath good rea' fon to imagine, that if he had been master of

an estate, he had infallibly been plundered and * fequeftred.

Your petitioner, in confideration of his faid s merits and sufferings, humbly requests that he

may have the plac: of receiver of the taxes, col. * lector of the customs, clerk of the peace, deputy « lieutenant, or whatsoever else he shall be thought qualified for.

. And your petitioner shall ever pray, co

N° 630. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8.

Favete linguis

Hor. Od. i. 1. iii, ver. 2. With mute attention wait. AVING no spare time to write any thing of 'my

own, or to correct what is sent me by others, I have thought fit to publish the following letters. ISIR,

Oxford, Nov. 22. If fo

that fatisfaction which the learned world must receive in reading one of your speculations, by publishing this endeavour, -you will very much oblige and improve one, who has the boldness to hope, that he may be admitted into the number of your correspondents.

• I have often wondered to hear men of good + sense and good nature profess a dislike to music,

when, at the same time, they do not fcruple to own, that it has the most agreeable and improve

ing influences over their minds : It seems to me san unhappy contradiction, that those persons VOL. VIII. Сс

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• should have an indifference for an art, which • raises in them such a variety of sublime plea

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However, though some few, by their own, or • the unreasonable prejudices of others, may be led ' into a distaste for those musical societies, which

are erected merely for entertainment; yet fure

I may venture to say, that nɔ one can have the • least reason for diffaffection to that folemn kind • of melody, which consists of the praises of our • Creator.

• You have, I presume, already prevented me in an argument upon this occafion (which some di• vines have successfully advanced upon a much

greater) that musical sacrifice and adoration has ' claimed a place in the laws and customs of the • most different nations; as the Grecians and Ro

mans of the prophane, the Jews and Christians • of the facred world, did as unanimously agree in ' this, as they disagreed in all other parts of their oeconomy.

. I know there are not wanting some who are of • opinion, that the pompous kind of music which

is in use in forcign churches is the most excellent, as it most affects our senses. But I am swayed

by my judgment to the modesty which is observed ' in the mutical part of our devotions. Methinks

there is something very laudable in the custom of a Voluntary before the first leffon ; by this we are fupposed to be prepared for the admission of those

divine truths, which ve are shortly to receive. . We are then to cast all worldly regards from off

our hearts, all tunults within are then becalmed, • and there thould be nothing near the soul but * peace and tranquillity. So that in this short of

fice of praise, the man is raised above himself, • and is almost lost already amidst the joys of fu- .

turity. . I have heard fome nice observers frequently

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• commend the policy of our church in this parti

cular, that it leads us on by such easy and regular

methods, that we are perfectly deceived into picty. • When the spirits begin to languish (as they too ' often do) with a constant series of petitions, the • takes care to allow them a pious respite, and re• lieves them with the raptures of an anthem. Nor

can we doubt that the fublimest poetry, foftcoci in the most moving strains of music, can

fail of humbling or exalting the foul to any pitch • of devotion. Who cản hear the terrors of the

Lord of hosts described in the most expressive

melody, without being awed into a veneration ? • Or who can hear the kind and endearing attri.

butes of a merciful Father, and not be softcned o into love towards him?

As the rising and finking of the passions, the casting soft or noble hints into the foul, is the • natural privilege of music in general, so more par'ticularly of that kind which is employed at the

altar. Those impressions which it leaves upon • the spirits are

inore deep and lasting, as the • grounds from which it receives its authority are « founded' more upon reason. It diffuses a calm-

nefs all around us, it makes us drop all those ( vain or irmodeft thoughts which would be an • hindrance to us in the performance of that great

duty of thanksgiving, which, as we are informed

by our Almighty Benefactor, is the most accep<table turn which can be made for those infinite

ftores of blessings which he daily condescends to

pour down upon his creatures. When we make • use of this pathetical method of addressing cur• selves to him, we can scarce contain from rap. • tures! The heart is warmed with a fublimity of

goodness! We are all piety, and all love! • How do the blefied fpirits rejoice and

der, to behold unthinking man prostrating his • soul to his dread Sovereign in such a warmth Сс?

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