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boar, we may presume, was a very the carving of a boar's head in stone, common sigo in the reigo of Richard which is placed in front at the juncIII. (though it was probably at that ture of the two houses. Here Sbak. time most frequently represented speare has placed our hostess Quickwhite) in compliment to that Mo- ley; and here has laid those scenes parch, wbose crest and one of whose of unrivalled wit and humour besupporters it was. In his reign, ope tween the “ true prince”. Hal, William Collingbourn was executed imitated unimitable” Falstaff, with for beiog the author. of some verses 'their companions, Bardolph, Nym, on the King and bis Ministers Sir Rin Peto, and Poins. chard Ratcliffe, Sir William Catesby, The scene of Goldsmith's excellent and Lord Lovell, which began : Essay, No. 19, is also laid in this “The Cat, the Rat, and Lovel our dogge, place, Řule all Englonde under an Hogge."

The Bolt-In-Tun, a large coach And Shakspeare makes Richmond ino, in Fleet-street, Londoo, obtaius characlerize his rival as

its name from a carviog in stone “A wretched bloody and devouring boar.” the house. This device was probably

which was once placed in the front of When Richard passed through Lei taken from the Priory of St. Barthocester inmediately before the bat. lomew, Smithfield, at its dissolution, tle of Bosworth Field, he slept at an or from some building erected by the inn, which, according to tradition, Jast Prior William Bolton, whose rewas called the White Boar, but af. bus it was; and at whose old mansion ter the battle the landlord changed Canonbury House it still remains. it to the Blue Bear, a name which The BOWLING-GREEN. The SKIT. it has ever sioce retained (though TLE-GROUND. These two signs gedelong disused as a public-house) and rally, but not always, denote, that wbich has also given its appella- such places of amusement are attachtion to the lane in which it is placed. ed to the ions. Richard added to the College of John Taylor, the water poet, in his Heralds, a pursuivant at arms, call. works, says, that being asked who ined, after his crest, Blanch-Sanglier, vented the game of bowls, he replied, who had the mournful office of carry “No doubt the philosopher Bias." ing his brave master's dead body, in It is said (aud I almost fear that it a mapper most dishonourable to the may be found in “Honest Joe Miller”) conqueror, perfectly naked, the feet that Charles II. who was very fond hanging on one side, and the hauds on of the green, having placed bis bowl the other, on the back of a horse to pear to the Jack, exclaimed, “ My Leicester, where it was interred. soul to a horse-t-d nobody beats Henry VII.abolished the title of Blanch that!” to which the witty Rochester Sanglier, and instituted that of Rouge replied, If your Majesty will lay Dragon, the armorial bearing of the odds, I'll take you." Welsh Princes from whom he was de. lo Ode xvi. of“ Horace in London.” scended. The change from the white “ Happy, for rural business fit, to the blue boar would appear strange, Who merely tills his mother wit, as the latier was also a cognizance In humble life he settles, of York, was it uot known that it Unskill'd in repartee to shine, was also the crest of those zealous He ne'er exclaims Descend ye nine !" Lancastrians, the De Veres, of whom - But when he plays at skittles.the Earl of Oxford commanded the The BoxerS. The WRESTLERS, front line of Richmond's arwy at I am no enemy to those exhibitions Bosworth on the memorable August of hardihood and prowess which these 22, 1485. This family was a younger signs are intended to represent. That branch of the powerful house of truly English statesman Mr. Wind. Blois, and owned the Lordship of Vere ham, in a letter published in the Meor Terr Vere in Zealand. Their crest, moir of his Life by Amyot, prefixed a boar passant Azure, armed and to bis “

Speeches,” says,

“ A smart bristled Or, was allusive; Vereor Veer contest this between Maddox and in Dutch signifying boar.

Richman! Why are we to boast so Boar's Head. The tavern of this much of the native valour of our naine of immortal memory in East troops, as shewn at Talavera, at Vi. Cheap, is now converted into two miera, and at Maida, yet to discour. private dwellings, but still exbibits age all the practices and habits which


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tend to keep alive the same senti who erected the conduit there, and ments and feelings? The sentiments whose epitaph was written by Milton, that filled the minds of the three He used to supply the students with thousand spectators who attended the horses, but, to give every borse its two pugilists, were just the same in due proportion of rest and labour, kind as those which inspired the higher would never let one out of its regular combatants on the occasions above turn; whence originated the proverb enumerated. It is the circumstances of “Hobson's choice, this or none." only in which they are displayed, that The Bull and Gate in Holborn, remake the difference.

presented by a bull and a gate, is a «He tbat the world subdued had been corruption of the Gate of Boulogne," But the best wrestler on the green.' a gate at Calais on the road to Bou. There is no sense in the answer always logue; and the Bull and Mouth, a made to this, 'Are no men brave but large coach inn, which has conferred

its owu name on the street in which boxers ?' Bravery is found in all habits, classes, circumstances, and con

it is placed, and exhibits a bull standditions. But have babits and institu. ing by the side of a monstrous hu. tions of one sort po tendency to form

man mouth, almost as large as the it more than of another? Longevity bull itself, is a similar corruption of

the mouth or harbour of Boulogne, is found in persons of babits the most opposite; but are not certain habits

and the sigo was probably intended more favourable to it than others? originally as a compliment to Henry The courage does not arise from mere

VIII. who took that sea.port in 1544. boxing, from the mere beating or

The Bush, the principal tavern being beat; but from the sentiments

at Bristol, and the Ivy Bush, the excited by the contemplation and cul.

head inn at Carmarthen, originated tivation of such practices. Will it

in the aptient practice of hanging a make po difference in the mass of a

bush at the door of those houses that people, whether their amusements are

sold wine, whence the proverb, good

wine needs no bush. - Ivy was proall of a pacific, pleasurable, and effeminate pature, or whether they are

perly chosen for the doors of Vintof a sorttbatcalls forth a continued ad

ners, that plant being dedicated to miration of prowess and hardihood?" Bacchus, whose thyrsus it entwined. This, I own, appears to me unanswer

An innkeeper in Aldersgate-street, able; and the subsequent conduct of London, when Charles I. was behead our soldiers at Salamanca, Vittoria, ed, had the carved representation of the Pyrennees, Ortez, Toulouse, and

a bush at his house painted black, and at Waterloo, with the signal heroism

the taverv was long afterwards known of poor Shaw the life-guardsman of by the name of the Mourning Busk pugilistic notoriety, surely will not

in Aldersgute, wish that the sign detract from its force.

were revived, as a memorial of a Cornwall is celebrated for athletic

man who had the courage so conspiexercises, particularly wrestling. A cuously to display his loyalty at such “ Cornish hug" has been long pro

a time to an unfortunate Sovereignverbial.

more sinned against than sinning.” The Bull. Bull's HEAD. Bull

Yours, &c.

HINYBORO, AND GATE. BULL AND Mouth. The bull is a very frequent armorial bear

Mr.URBAN, Abbots Roding, Feb.25, ing, and an equally frequent sign.

“Focunda culpæ sæcula.” We see it of almost all colours at our inns; but the black, red, and pied, ed streets of the Metropolis, are the prevailing. We learn from or whether we are the bumble tenants Mr. Ellis's memorandum, which has of the village who are passing our been before referred to, that the days at a distance from the busy Black Bull was one of the cognizances world in privacy and retirement, such of the house of York. The Red Bull

as we possess in this sequestered vale was the sign of one of the principal from which I am now addressing you; antient theatres. The Bull in Bishops- painful is the tale, and melancholy to gate-street, has acquired some cele- narrate—that we are in each situabrity as the London residence of Tho- tion encircled by thieves avd robbers, mas Hobson the Cambridge carrier, and by bloody-minded men, who are


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strangers to all the finer feelings of simplest of methods to render every our nature: possessing merely the man's house his castle of defence and external form, the outward and vi- securily; and to defeat the cruelty sible sign of a human being.

and violence of the desperate villain, There has been no age of the world who spares neither the feebleness of so prolific in the parturition of crimes age, the tenderness of sex, or the of every description, as the age in helpless state of infancy. With this which we live. There are even in view I shall beg leave to throw out fants, who rob by day; whilst the for public consideration a measure, inore experienced are waiting only for easy in its adoption, and bidding fair the darkness of the night for the dia in its consequences to protect from bolical purpose of seeking whom they the danger of robbery, and murder, may devour.

our friends and our fainilies. In adverting to the horrid crime of In hope of giving probability of murder, when we recollect the nu success in defeating, the lurking vil. merous acts by which man's blood lain, who, having left the paths of has been shed by man within a very honest and industrious labour, has short space of time, so that the fre. made robbery his trade; who with a quency of murder may be said full prying eye surveys where and by köften to have been by wholesale what means he shall make his attack quis temperet a lacrymis ? Harder with good effect, well knowing at than the nether millstone must be the what receiving-house he can exchange heart, and unfeeling begond all expres. bis stolen goods, and receive the tenih sion, whose sympathetic pity and part of their value, or much less it compassion has not been excited by the may be; I would recommend to every heavy affliction into which the sur householder to retain in their service viving branches of the family bave a faithful creature, inore vigilant than been thrown by the wicked and cruel any of the most faithful guardians of assassination of a father and mother, ibe night. To families resident in of a brother and sister. The savage town or country, I would recommend murders which have been committed an animal in God's creation, to wbich within our memory, at Chiselburst, Divine Providence seems to have in. at Ratcliff Highway, and more re terwoven in his nature a peculiar sense, cently at Guilford, and at Green an attachment to the person, and a wich-not excluding numerous other fidelity of service to his master, beinstances, where the Coroner's In- yond any other part of the animal quest has failed in discovering the un creation. This centinel of the night known murderer, or where the felon would suffer po footstep of any indihas died by the hands of the execu vidual to pass unnoticed. Unterrified tioner-how greatly would society by danger he would suffer no theft, or stand indebted to any one individual robbery, or murder, to be commitin the community, whose enlightened ted, without raising from the deepest mind by heavenly wisdom could point sleep every individual in the house. out the happy means of restraining Even the smallest in size would defy within their proper channel the lur the strength and power of the boldest bulent passions of mankind; or of and most daring of villains. No bribe coercing, by the introduction of mo would lempt him to betray his trust, ral habits, the ferocious disposition of or to silence the expressive language, man, who, not having the fear of which loudly bespoke by sounds the God before his eyes, delights in scat most intelligent that he could utter; tering fire-brands, arrows, and death! announcing, that the castle was not

Much as it may be to be wished, only besieged, but that the walls that to accomplish so benevolent a were scaled, and a forcible entry design, soine plan might be suggested made. and adopted for the bappiness of man Of the certain and ivfinite use of a kind in yeneral; yet it confessedly little dog within doors, the late Sir will be allowed, ihat the attempt John Fielding—who though deprived would not be less difficult of success of the blessing of sighl---yet mores than the task and labour of cleansing hominum multorum vidit--who was the Augean stable. Still some ame thoroughly conversant in the habits lioration might follow the good de of thieves and vagabonds, and pogues sign of any one in devising even the of every description has been known



to aver, that there could be po se whether the alarm was deserving of curity within the doors of our houses attention, I quickly found, that not of equal value and depeodeuce as

false was the notice which he so that to be placed upon one of these clamorously gave. Upon discoverfaithful animals.

ing that the robbery in action was in In confirmation of an opinion so one of the out-buildings, I deemed decisive, and so justly to be relied it most prudent, being less in size than upon, from the wisdom and expe. most men, not to venture beyond the rience of the Justice, let me bring threshold of my door, to cope with forward to notice the following ex the strong arın of some more musperimental fact: In the absence of cular assailant. In the morning I a family from their resideoce in the discovered that I had sustained some country, some thieves entered the loss'; but cousoled myself in reflecthouse by night: the servants were ing, that I had a more valuable prosleeping above in perfect security, perty in possession, the mens suna without apprehension of danger-pot in corpore suro.

That in the scale of so the little spaniel that was lèft be- profit and loss, I retained on bind í nothing could stop its cla. side an uninjured frame of body; and morous notes, or détaip it from in- that on the other, a little well-regu. cessantly running to and fro, to call Jated temper of mind would shortly from their apartments the sleeping reconcile me to bear, with Christian servants. The robbers were of course philosophy, the loss of a few pounds, disturbed ; and the fearful servants, shillings, and pence. not daring to venture the safety of To such recommendation in favour their persons by encountering the of dogs, as the best of centinels,let me midnight robber, discovered in the add the bistory of a remarkable pormorning that they had carried away trait, which I remember to have seen from one of the lower apartments a many years ago at Ditchley, the seat few articles of dress.

of the late Earl of Litchfield. The There can be no doubt, but one of portrait represented an ancestor of • these little creatures, admitted within ihe family with a large dog by bis our houses, fed, nourished, and in- side, and an inscription over him, structed—for docile to ao inconceiv. containing the following parrative: able degree is the creature, with ex That Mr. Lee* having been confined emplary, gratitude worthy of the by indisposition to his bed-chamber, more rational being to follow-would the mastiff dog made his way into his shed the last drop of his blood to de- chamber. The servants in vain eafend the family under whose roof he deavoured to remove him; but the was caressed, and foodly treated. growling dog resisting all their efThe dog, which gathers up ihe crumbs forts, Mr. Lee signified his pleasure, under my table, 80 expressively that the dog might remain in the watches my eye, and every motion The history goes on to show, that I make, that mutual becomes as our conductor through the differmy reliance and dependance upon the ent apartments informed us, that in unfeigned sincerity of his actions. So the dead of night an assassin entered far from being capable of betraying the chamber, and was instantly seized bis trust from want of vigilance and by the dog. The noise and alarm courage, that I am fully persuaded, quickly brought assistance to the spot. he would sacrifice bis life to protect The confession of the villain was, mine. The dark assassin, who should that expecting to have found Mr. rashly approach my bedside with a Lee in his sick-bed, helpless and dedagger in his hand, he would seize by fenceless, his intention was to rob and the ibroat, though the villain should murder biin. piunge the weapon in his breast. That these dumb beasts speak a

* This is the portrait of Sir Henry language easy to be understood, with Lee, who is mentioned by Pennant, in

bis “ London ” and who has given a the smallest attention to their notes, portrait of Sir H. Lee, and his trusty is evident to demonstration. Not

dog. Sir H. Lee was buried at Quarenvery long since I was awakened, in

dou Chapel, Bucks, (see our last Vothe course of the night, from a very lume, part ii. pp. 106, 489.).— A good sound sleep by the barking of iny dog. drawing of Sir H. Lee's Monument would Rising from my pillow to ascertain Le very acceptable. Edit.


It will not be expected that I and place in its stead, by the removal should solve the improbability of this of blindness, discernment. To obtain historical parrative; or, with the discernment, not only natural talents, strong prejudice which I retain for the but education by industrious applicaionate sagacity of the canine, race, tion must form and strengthen thema that I should vouch for the authenti for its important and judicial desticity of the fact so related. At the nation. We are told by the happiest same time it may be asserted to have observer of intellectual nature, that been very possible, without having the first instructive impressions should recourse to the miraculous interpo- be observed with a sacred care, for sition of the Deity in this particular all impressions first communicated instance, that in the chapter of acci- will adhere with unalterable tinge dents it might have so happened, that through life, the Dog, without any foresigbl or Quæ semel est imbuta recens servabit any invisible direction from a supe

odorem rior power, found access to the cham Testa diu." ber, from which he would suffer no The best selections of Greece and one to counpel him to retreat. And it Rome have, in every good English might likewise so have bappened with writer, left the characters of their out any preconcerted cause and effect, genius and their virtue, though cloththat, by a peculiarity of co-inciding ed in varied language, to be recogcircumstances, the villain had acci- nised in all the pages stamped with dentally designated that particular universal approbation. The chastity night for the purpose of carrying his of thought, the unincumbered neai. infamous plan into execution.

ness of expression, rarely flow patuTo these thoughts, suggested to rally from the uotaught writer; give us comfort and security in our though the fire of genius, and the respective habitations to add cour acuteness of reipark may; but yet age to the weak and timid, by taking they inevitably betray the regretted under their protection a guardian deficiency of education, with the same faithful and true, fearless and un feature that they shew the gift of daunted in the midst of danger, be heaven. The Critic must condescend the attack ever so bold and desperate; to the trammels of education for his I shall close the subjectma subject of acquirement of knowledge; he must no small interest to our domestic then collect, and afterwards learn to peace and safety--with the coinmen- separate, his treasures. He must datory advice of Horace :

view the upbounded original of Na• Vive, yale. Si quid novisti rectius ture, before he can appreciate, by istis,

praise or censure, the delineation of Candidus imperti : si non, his utere ihe author. These qualitications are


silently, though powerfully implied: Yours, &c. WM. CHARLES DYER. these are the rudiments of judgment

-but to be a Critic, he must have a 6 THE DETECTED."-No, Ill. still higher gift, not to be acquired " Judicis argutum."

but to be improved by education, “ The logic sharpness of the criticmind.” Taste; taste is to judgment, what ge

THE moral candour of Critic feels nius is to sense. THE

ings being defined, the only thing Composition is the most useful exthat remains to be done is, by appli- ercise for the Critic's mind-it will cation, the practical utility of that shew the difficulty of forming that inorality, in the perusal of any con work wbich he has to view, and to position whose merits or demerits are appreciate ; this will give him literary to be the subject of analytical inves- charity; and when he has recognised, tigation. Before the atteinpt is made from the stores of his learning, the of the judicial part, with perspicuity happier adoption of some otherwise or severity the mind, in candid silence, cheerless and dull passage from a to itself ought to adıninister a power- classic author, he will be able to do ful, perhaps unpleasant interrogatory, justice to the protector of a found“ Can I compose as well as this " ling restored to suspended animation, and the answer upon most occasions and perhaps to a longevity of repuwill disarm the feelings of severity, tation. Composition, when, in acaGUNT. MAG. April, 1818.



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