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And, for his own part, he believed most the maintaining of a standing army of firmly, before God, that these continual 100,000 men, when the revenue did not, and unjustifiable Suspensions of the Ha by many millions, cover the expenditure. beas Corpus would (unless the House He saw no reason for our now keeping an of Commons should do its duty, which it army in France. had not hitherto done) end in the complete The Earl of Liverpool said, when the ruin of our liberties.

proper time came, he would be ready to Mr. Bathurst, Mr. H. Sumner, and the shew that the view which the Noble Lord Attorney-general, opposed the motion ; took of our financial situation was erro. which was supported by Mr. Bennet and neous. As to the issue of Exchequer Bills, Mr. Phillips.

it should be recollected that the interest Mr. Lambe wished an inquiry to take on them was little more than 2 per cent. place in an open Committee.

Every possible effort had been made, and On a division, the motion was negatived still was making, to reduce our Establishby 167 to 58.

ments to the lowest scale; but the pur

poses of economy would not be promoted House of LORDS, Feb. 18.

by withdrawing our troops from a country The Royal Assent was given, by Com where no expence was incurred

With remission, to the Irish Grand Jury Present gard to the revenue, he assured the Noble ments Suspension Bill.

Earl that it more than covered the expen

diture. In the Commons, the same day, Mr. In answer to some observations from Alderman Wood, with a view to the justifi Lord Lauderdale, Lord Liverpool explained cation of the conduct of the City Magis- that, in the assertion just made, he intrates, moved for a Select Committee to cluded the Sinking Fund as part of the inquire into the state of the prisons in the revenue. City of London.

Lord King observed, that it now appearAfter some observations, from Mr. Ben. ed that the Sinking Fund was only nominal, net, Sir W. Curtis, and Mr. Warre, the mo and did not discharge a shilling of the nation was agreed to.

tional debt. A Petition from Gloucester was pre Lord Liverpool conceived this idea of sented against the use of Climbing Boys in the Noble Lord to be erroneous; and was sweeping chimneys.

fully of opinion that we had a real and Lord Milton was of opinion that Mr. efficient Sinking Fund, notwithstanding Bennet's Bill on this subject went too far that he had included it in the revenue. at present; there being many chimneys The Bill then went through the Commit. which could not be swept but by boys. tee, as did the Malt Duty Bill. The better way would be, to give a bounty Lord Carnarvon, at great length, conon the use of machines, and to lay a tax tended that the Petitions of Drummond, on the use of climbing-boys, which would Knight, Mitchell, &c. sufferers under the afford time for altering the chimneys, and Habeas Corpus Suspension Act, should be effect, at length, the total discontinuance referred to the Secret Committee, and conof climbing-boys.

cluded with a motion to that effect. Mr. Bennet and Mr. Littleton thought The motion was supported by Lord that the two years already given were suffi- King, the Marquis of Lansdowne, Lords cient for altering the chimneys alluded to, Grosvenor and Holland; and opposed by which were exactly those that were the Lords Sidmouth, Bathurst, and Liverpool. most dangerous to the boys.

The motion was negatived without a Mr. G. Bankes moved for leave to bring division. in a bill for making the buying of Game penal as well as the selling of it.

In the Commons, the same day, Mr. Mr. Curwen and Mr. Warre opposed the Curwen, after a long and general convermotion, and coutended that the whole sys- sation, obtained leave to bring in a bill to tem of the Game Laws should be altered. amend the Tithe Laws.

Sir C. Burrell was in favour of the mo Mr. Bennet informed the House, that he tion; which, on a division, was carried by had ascertained the falsehood of the state60 to 28.

ments in a Petition which he presented A Committee was appointed, to inquire last Session, accusing Judge Day of parinto the propriety of holding Assizes twice tiality in a charge to the Jury, on a prosea year in the Northern Counties.

cution for murder.

After a general discussion upon the House of Lords, Feb. 19.

treatment of apprentices in Cotton-mills The House having gone into a Commit. and factories, Mr. Peel, with the leave of tee on the 30 Millions Exchequer Bills the House, brought in a Bill, which was Bill, Lord Grosvenor expressed his sur read the first time, to amend the Act of the prise and regret at this immense issue of 40th Geo. III. for preserving the health and paper in a time of peace, and deprecated morals of persons employed in such works

FOREIGN

FOREIGN OCCURRENCES.

OUR Abstract of this Month will have In the Chamber of Deputies lately, a its view directed chiefly to the affairs of Committee made their report on the projet India ; although, as being nearest home, for abolishing the Slave Trade, recomwe commence, as usual, with

mending the adoption of that measure; FRANCE.

but, it appears, the Government refuse In the Chamber of Deputies, on the the mutual right of search by armed ves21st March, the Report of the Commis. sels, as conceded by Spain and Portugal. sion on the new plan of Finance was Extract of a Letter from Paris, dated brought up, and read by M. Roy. It April 2 :-" There has been formed at appears from this document, that the Paris a political club, under the presidency arrears alone which were to be paid on of old General Lafayette. The number the 1st October, 1817, amounted since the of its members at present amounts to 36. year 1811 to 359,510,000 of francs, or It is not a loose association, like that of 14,979,5831. sterling. The total supply for the Liberaux, Messrs. Lafitte, Perrier, or the year 1818, is estimated at 993,000,000 Davilliers, but a club eminently political, francs, exceeding the expenditure of last where the highest qustions of state are year by about 360,0001. sterling. This discussed. Among the principal members sum total is divided into three beads - are mentioned, Messrs. Lanjuinais and the debt and sinking fund; the extraor the Duc de Broglie, Peers of France ; the dinary expences; the ordinary expences. Deputies D'Argenson, Chauvelin, Dupont The interest on the debt, and the sinking de l'Eure, and Bignon ; the men of letters, fund together, are stated at 180,000,000 Benjamin Constant, Jay, Roujoux, and francs, equal to 7,500,0001. per annum. Aiguau. In one of the last meetings of this The extraordinary expenditure is taken club, the members discussed the advantages at 312,000,000, of which the French army of a Republican Government like that of entails upon the nation 140,000,000 or the United States; and it was unanimously 5,830,0001. ; and the Arıny of Occupa. agreed, that it was the best possible gotion 154,000,000. M. Roy, towards the vernment, far superior to the so higbly conclusion of his report, admits that the boasted Gorernment of Great Britain. I continual increase of expence quite mention it with regret, but I ain forced to alarming. He says, “We are justly ter confess, that the Republican party makes rified at the considerable increase of our cousiderable progress in France, and esexpenditure. All is changed around us, pecially at Paris.” and yet we go on as if nothing was altered. The Royalist party in France contend, The resignation of the nation in these that the raising of a new French .army times of calamity has been great, and en will be the ruin of the Bourbons. At atitled to admiration. It drew its source levee at the Thuilleries, March 16, it is. from the love which she bears to her King; asserted, some officers bad the audacity to but, whilst that love remains unchange. appear in their old Buonapartéan uniform., able, all her sources are exhausted ; and M. Fievée, a French Ultra Royalist, has we tell you this terrible truth, that if the published a pamphlet; in which he conextraordinary charges which weigh her down tends, that France is now more disunited do not cease in the present year, it will be than at the time of the King's restoration, impossible for you to form a Budget for owing to the government being in the the year 1819."

hands of a revolutionary administration. M. Roy having closed the subject of the It appears, that the question relating to Supply, that of the Ways and Means was the Swiss troops is again agitated in taken up by Count Beugnot. In the France, and likely to produce some strong course of his speech he referred to the sensation. The friends of the King conenormous profits supposed to be made by ceive his personal safety to be more or the foreign contractors for the last year's less affected by the dismissal of these loan. He dwelt, as his predecessor had faithful soldiers; while public opinion done, upon the dreadful state of exhaus sets powerfully against the employment tion to which France has been reduced, of a foreign guard. and upon the absolute necessity for the A letter from Paris of the 19th ult. removal of the Army of Occupation ; states, that the person who fired at the. hinting bis expectation that the strangers Duke of Wellington is actually in the would depart by the end of the present

hands of the Police. His name is Cauyear. The loan already spoken of, to the tillon, or Caiotillon, formerly a soldier, amount of 16,000,000 of rentes, was one of who had taken refuge in Belgium. He the topics adverted to by M. Beugaot, as is a man of thirty-six years of age, of being likely to cover the whole of the de. extraordinary strength, and ferocious couficit anticipated by the Government for rage. The plot had its origin in Belgium. the year 1818.

Generals Rigaud and Pressinet, Colonels 2

Brice,

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Brice, Chambure, and Sausset; the the place in which it first appeared--a
Editors of the Revolutionary Jouruals, Vienoa paper.
Cauchois, Lemaire, Isidore Guyet, Guil Murder of Fualdes.--The French Papers
lois, and Teste; all these individuals, and continue filled with accounts of the trial
several others, appear to have been privy of the individuals charged with this crime,
to the plot, as well as several Belgic offi- and which trial has become so interesting
cers, formerly companions in arms of the from the mysterious conduct of Madame
Refugee French officers.—They fixed their Manson, one of the witnesses. Fualdes,
eyes on Cantillon, as a fit instrument for it will be remembered, was a man of pro-
the attempt; and he went to Paris exa perty at Rhodez; he was carried by forces
pressly for the purpose. He was betrayed to a house of ill fame, aud there murdered.
by a woman with whom he lived; and the Madame Manson, who had repaired to
evidence against him is said to be so over the house (it cannot be doubted, for licen-
powering, that he will not be able to evade tious purposes), concealed herself in a
condemuation.

closet on the arrival of the murderers with Extract of a Letter from Paris, dated their victim ; and from thence, it is beApril 20 -The liquidations with the fo. lieved, she witnessed the horrid deed. On reign powers are at last concluded. France being discovered in her place of conceal. will pay two hundred and forty millions, ment, Bastide would have killed her, for or twelve millions of rentes; it being well security ; but he was prevented, and an understood, that the claims of England oath only exacted from her, not to divulge are not comprised in this sum: that is a what had passed. The following extract separate affair. · The great powers are,

of a letter from Paris recites some particu. in general, content with the result of the lars as they have lately been developed in negociations ; among others, Prussia, the trial now going on at Albi.--Extract which alone receives Gifty-two millions. of a letter from Paris, April 17.-" You Several of the small powers complain. may remember, that Jausion (an opulent

The French Theatre, the Odeon, one proprietor of Rhodez) struck the first blow of the most elegant in Europe, was burnt (as had probably been agreed upon), down on Good Friday. The fire broke when the wretched victim was extended on out at two in the afternoon; and the pro the table. Bastide, perceiving that his gress of the flames was so rapid, that the countenance grew pale, and that his hand persons in the theatre were saved with the faultered, seized himself the knife, exgreatest difficulty. The French Govern- claiming, “You know not how to slaughment has ordered the rebuilding of the ter; let me finish him.' Thus much is Odeon; of course, at its own expense. known; the episode that follows has not

An excessive drought has lately deso hitherto been published in the French palated the French Department of the Var, pers. Jausion, horror-struck at his own where great fears are entertained for the crime, fled from the house, and regained olive harvest.

his abode, where his wife was expecting M. Marsan, a Frenchman, has con bim to supper. All his efforts to assume structed a handmill, which can be kept in apparent tranquillity were unavailing ; he motion by a child of ten years old, it ate nothing, nor replied to the questions furnishes i{lb. of good meal per minute. put to him. About an hour afterwards a

Maubreuil, a Frenchman lately con knocking was heard at the door; he went fined in Paris for robbing the Queen of himself and enquired, who was there? He Westphalia of her jewels, is now in Lon was answered, “ Fualdes;" and, under don: he asserts, that after Buonaparte's the influence of terror which it would be first abdication, he was instructed by Tal impossible to describe, he opened the door, legrand to raise a band, and assassinate and saw Missonoier, I believe, and anoNapoleon, and all his family: Maubreuil ther. • You have left the work undone; is now writing a history of the (incredible) but it is too late to retract: if you retransaction.

fuse sharing our perils, we shall deposit Fouche, Duke of Otranto, not long ago the body of Fualdes at your door, to disa married a young wife, of an illustrious pose of as you may judge best.' Jausion family ; she has just eloped from him at. had no alternative; he took his hat, and Prague, with a son of Thibaudeau, the instantly quitted the house; as he hoped, Conventionalist.

unperceived by any one. But Madame A Flemish paper lately contained an Jausion, whose jealousy was proverbial at article, wihich purports, that Louis XVIII. Rhodez, was not inattentive to the prowill adopt the son of Buonaparte into the ceedings of her husband; she conceived list of heirs to the French throne! He is he was engaged in an affair of gallantry, to take bis place immediately after the and followed him and his companions at nephews of the King; and, of course, be. a distance. On seeing them enter the fore the house of Orleans. Ridiculous as Maison Bancal (which appears to have this supposition is, it worth notice for been of shameful celebrity to all classes GENT. MAG. April, 1818.

at

out.

at Rhodez), her suspicions were converted know is more extevsive than the earth. into certainty, and she sought after a stone quake that destroyed Messina. The deto beat against the door. In the mean vastation is general, and I fear not yet time Jausion was in the kitchen, in the finished. I look on this to be the foremidst of the assassins; and Madaine Man runner of an eruption. The first shock son was just discovered, and dragged into was on Friday, at half past seven P. M. the rooun from the cabinet she had been most violent; its motion was perpendicuhid in. Bastide was furiously urging her lar: at midnight a second ; about five in murder; when Madame Jausion knocked the morning a third. This morning about loudly at the door, calling out“ Veynac,” four, another; at half past five, a second; her husband's Christian name. Jausion and at noon a third, but slight. For these recognized her voice, and Bastide was for two nights here and at Giarre, the popurefusing her admission; but Jausion de. lation have remained in the streets, with clared he knew her character so well, that temporary sheds, and casks with the heads if the door were not opened, she would Giarre is like an Indian town." rouse the whole street.

On this repre

A letter of the 2d of March from Pa. sentation she was let in, with the view of lermo, mentions the receipt of intelligence conducting her to an adjoining closet, and that day, by the telegraph, of the entire pacifying her by her husband's exertions ; destruction of Catania, in consequence of but she instantlyprecipitated herself into the repeated shocks of an earthquake on the chamber where she heard voices; and you night of the 28th of February. Ætna may judge of her dismay, when she found made a dreadful noise, but there had been herself in presence of a group of assas no eruption at the above date. sins; of the corpse newly murdered on the

GERMANY. table; of her husband and Bastide strug An article from Vienna quotes accounts gling with each other for Madame Manson, from Constantinople, stating, that all the who was lying senseless on the ground, Foreign Ministers had set on foot coofer. with her pantaloons crimsoned with the ences with the Divan, with the view of blood collected in a pail; which blood adopting, in concert with the Ottoman was offered to a hog, that could not swill, Governnáent, measures for repressing the by far, the greater part of it."

outrages of the Barbary Powers, and ob. Letters from Albi state, that another taining satisfaction for their past conduct. procedure will follow the sentence of the It is added, that the Porte was endeavour. present prisoners. Madame Manson is ing to temporize; but that the Foreign destined, it is said, to play a great part as Ministers were determined to insist apon witness.

a categorical answer being given; so that ITALY.

it might be communicated to the Allied Earthquake in Sicily.--An extract of a Sovereigns, on their meeting in Congress. letter from a gentleman, dated Mascali, In a recent Hamburgh mail we find an near Mount Etna, Feb. 22, 1818, says article which states, that Mr. Lamb, the

“ You will, no doubt, be anxious to hear British Ambassador at Frankfort, has refrom me on this distressing occasion. This stored to Count Las Cases the papers place and Giarre have not sustained the which had been sequestrated on his arri. least injury; but all around us is one val in this country. scene of distress. We here understood

RUSSIA. that Nola and Syracuse have sustained The Emperor Alexander opened the considerable damage in lives and build Diet at Warsaw with a speech intended ings; as for Catania, most of the houses to revive the spirit and dignity of the Po. are more or less damaged, but no lives lish nation, and to inspire them with conlost; the Elephant Hotel is partly de fidence in the views of their new Governstroyed. Aci Catena is one third destroy- ment. ed, and a number of lives lost. St. Anto A Gerían Paper states, that the Em. nio, lives lost, and great part of the town peror Alexander has appointed the son of destroyed; Nicolosi, Lapidara, Trecas. the Ex-King of Sweden (Gustavus) Gover. tagne, and Viagrande, partially damaged ; por of Finland. Pas de Pomo, and all that part, consider The following is an extract of a letter able damage in stores and houses. Saffa from St. Petersburgh, dated March 28. rana, part of the Church fell in, and killed The Panopticon, a large wooden build. every one in it, say about 60 persons, and ing, five stories high, which lay ont of the the three Priests attending the service. city on the other side of the Neva, has Saffarana is about four miles from this. been a prey to the flames. This building From thence to St. Alpo is one scene of was erected only a few years ago, after a desolation, and from thence to Piedmont very ingenious plan, and as workshops for and Randazzo. It is further said, that many branches of the marine. It was Luctini, Bronte, and all that part, are also used as barracks for sailors. It was considerable sufferers. In fact, we know capable of containing 3000 persons. The not yet the extent done; but what we architect of this building was the English

General

General Bentham. In the lowest story continuing his retreat to the Southward, was the steam-engine by which all the closely pursued by Brigadier-Gen. Smith. machinery was put in motion. Unhappily, There had been some skirmishing with some of the workmen have perished in broken parties of the Peishwa's army, in this dreadful fire, which broke out in the which about 200 of the latter had been forge, in the lower story, and rapidly com killed or wounded. The forces under the municated to the other parts of the building. Marquis of Hastings on the one hand, and SWEDEN.

Sir Thomas Hislop on the other, were apThe King of Sweden was, immediately proaching each other in opposite direcafter his coronation at Stockholm, to pro. tions, towards the seat of the Pindaree ceed to Drontheim, to be crowned King Association. of Norway.

We are concerned to see, in the above Twenty houses in Gottenburgh have journals, an afflicting statement of the stopped payment, in consequence of the prevalence of an epidemic disease, which anti-commercial decrees of the Swedish has fallen with fatal severity on the cenGovernment.

tral division of the British army. The Bernadotte has relinquished 600,000 Native troops are the principal victims ; francs of Crown revenues, in consequence though, in some instances, Europeans also of the pecuniary embarrassments of his have suffered from it. The malady has Swedish subjects.

assumed the form of a cholera morbus; and ASIA.

its ravages are nearly proportioned to the Dispatches from India, dated the 24th scanty sustenance to which those who are of November, have been brought to town, seized with it have been habituated. over-land, by Major Moore.

Our rea

Laudanum, brandy, and calomel, are the ders recollect that a Sovereign called the medicines most successfully prescribed. Peishwa had given strong reason last The following statement of mortality from year to suspect him of a plan for exciting this disease, many years ago, is said to a Mahratta war; and that he had pur rest on high medical authority : At one of chased peace by a cession of his forts, the great Mallahs held at Hurdwar every and had promised to receive a British de twelfth year, in the month of April, a sudtachment into his capital. So well was den blast of cold air from the hills, which the suspicion justified, that even now, came down the course of the Ganges, proafter giving those securities for his con duced so fatal and violent a cholera morbis, duct, he breaks out into hostilities. On that twenty thousand person's perished in the 5th of November, he met us with the course of three or four days, Great 40,000 men, and fought a battle ; which as this number is, it will not appear increcould not have been of a decisive charac- dible, when it is known, that nearly a ter, as the Peishwa was again in a con million of people are supposed to be coldition to cope with the British troops on lected. In common years the vumber at the 17th of the same month; when, not the fair is estimated at 300,000, withstanding a great disparity of numbers, An insurrection is announced to have he was totally routed, flying to one of his taken place in Ceylon, for the purpose of strong forts, and leaving Poonah to its raising to the throne of Candy a relative fate. The English accordingly entered of the atrocious tyrant who was deposed his capital in triumph. — The force to by General Brownrigg, to the relief and which the Peishwa was opposed was part gratification of his oppressed subjects.of the army under the command of Col. It is not to be presumed, however, that the Smith, of the 7th Native Infantry. The old Royal Family are without friends, or officers wounded are, Lieut. Falconer, 1st wholly destitute of judividual members hatt. 2d Bombay Native Infantry ; Capt. meriting their loyalty and attachment. Preston, Bombay European Regiment,

AFRICA. both severely. Two brothers, of the name An official account has been received of of Vaughan, who had been taken and the death of the Dey of Algiers, as before carried to Poonah after the first battle, stated. His successor has assumed the were shot; one of them is said to have name of Ibrahim Pacha. He commenced been in the civil service.

his reign by ordering all the young Chris. By later dispatches received at the tian women and Jewesses, whom his preIndia House, over-land, from Bombay, it decessor had immured in the Seraglio, to seems, that hostilities in India are likely be set at liberty. to be carried on upon a more extended

AMERICA, &c. scale thau had been contemplated. The The British and American CommissionNative Powers, with the exception of ers under the Treaty of Ghent, have amiScindia (who had been detached from the cably closed their labours, and decided Confederacy by the Marquis of Hastings), on the respective ownership of the Islands had commenced general hostilities against in the Bay of Passamaquoddy. us, in aid of the Peishwa. When the last The King of Portugal was lately crowned accouuts reached Bombay, the Peishwa was in the Brazils, as John the Sixth.

DOMES

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