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in the eyes of the profound philolo- ethics, his pretensions blaze with a gist, and occasionally displays a pe proud superiority: he has built a dantic affectation of learning ; it will fabrick in the science of moral and likewise be observed, that his accu theoretic disquisition, indicative alike racy has been questioned chiefly by of the most grand capacity of an author whose assertion and in- thought, and the most commanding genious theories are generally more powers of elocution, which can only apparent than his judgment; and that perish, it is too little to say with bis be laboured not so much for the as. native language, but with the total sistance of mean capacities; as to be extinction of literature, knowledge, queath to posterity a work wbich and taste. For nature and human should at once disclose the copious- frailty are the same in every age ness of our language, throw light and every clime-- the character or upon the works of our early writers, conformation of its externals may be and reflect lustre on Bacon, on continually shifting a dress which is Hooker, on Milton, and on Boyle. ever variable and fluctuating; but

Johnson, when viewed as the com the radical basis of its operations is piler of his Dictionary, must ever ex. immutably commensurate with the cite the warmest admiration of all existence of its objects, who know how to estimate merit, Of the real value of posthumous or can admire a great and dignified fame, some have entertained a doubt, inind struggling with difficulties. Em. This, however, is certain, that, visionployed during the greater part of the ary as its notion may seem if it be period of these labours in the sole viewed as an abstract good, there are conduct of a periodical work, he had few writers of any literary respectato divide his attention upon subjects bility who do not expend a considerin their nature totally dissimilar. able portion of their lives to obtain

For more than two years did he it. Johoson, in conjunction with his struggle with the numerous difficul- views of present subsistence, and the ties, delays, and vexations, with which benefit of mankind, may naturallya the prosecution of his work was ne be supposed to extend his views into cessarily attended. Compelled to look futurity, and contemplate the slowalone to his own native resources and revolving ages at a distance, improv. individual exertions for assistance ; ing by his preceptive eloquence, and labouring, as is well known, under hanging on his elaborate periods. the discouragements of poverty, the This may have stimulated his exereffects of inherent disease, and the tions, and rouzed bim from that hagloom of anticipated mental suffer- bitual indolence with which he has ing; the resolution with which he been perhaps too hastily charged. combated the adverse circumstances His hopes of inmortality, however, with which he had to contend was were bung upon no slender thread not inferior to the more celebrated no indovating systems, the offspring (because more antient) efforts of De- of a passing age, which, as it created, mosthenes; and the obstacles he sur so it termioates their career ; mounted are scarcely paralleled by malignant criticism can permanently the achievements of most other wri shake the basis upon which his meters, although accelerated by all the mory is established, or throw his helps of fortune.

merits in the shade. The reputation of Jobpson in the The great innovator, Time, whose science of Criticism is so universally uosparing hand is in most other cases acknowledged and established, that productive only of decay, and which to enlarge on the subject would be often, in literature detects the fallacy both superfluous and injudicious; of slighi pretensions, may peculiarly his merit, as Author of the “ Ram- in the case of Joboson be said to bler," as a moral delineator of the brighten and confirm his reputation, passions and aims of human life, has and sufficiently to prove the justice not been so frequently the subject of of Voltaire's remark, that the best flattering encomium, perhaps not so eulogium of a great Writer is a good justly appreciated. Amidst all the edition of his Works. Those weakAuthors, however, of either the an nesses, errors, or prejudices which obcient or modern world, who have la- scured the medium through which he boured in the speculative field of was contemplated, becode faint, and



are at length almost forgotten; Mr. URBAN, Malnısbury, Jan. 3. whereas his literary beauties are ever “ Sit apud te, honor antiquitati, sit fresh and vigorous; and his opinions, ingentibus factis, sit fabulis quoque.” rendered venerable by years, acquire

Plin. Epist. that kind of sovereignty in literary N the Life of Thomas Hobbes, matters which we are often apt to which was published some time distrust from the pen of a mere con since in a Collection of Letters and patemporary. The text alone remains ; pers selected from the Bodleian Lithe accumulated memorials of suc

brary, is contained the best account ceșsi ve commentators and scholiasts

I have ever seen of that celebrated perslumber in oblivion.

E. P.

son. To an inhabitant of Malmsbury it

is particularly valuable; it contains Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 7.

many passages relating to the local

history of the town, not to be found T in , was


as wood, a small quarto volume, intituled, Malmsbury can scarcely fail of being

The Life of Merlin, surnamed Am. interesting to some of your Readers, brosius. His Prophecies and Predictions interpreted; and their truth perhaps you may think the following made good by our English Annals

. particulars worin insertion in your Being a Chronological History of all Magazine. What I have to commu

nicate relates, however, principally, the Kings and memorable passages of to Hobbes's family; of coarse, as this Kingdome, from Brute to the reigne of our Royall Sovereigne King person of Malmsbury merely as

to bimself, little can be added by a Charles.”

such, Hobbes having seldom visited The following very interesting remark, strongly connected with the ford. In the Register of the Abbey

this place after he left it to go to Oxpresent subject, and to be found in Church I have not been able to find MS. in a copy of the work which belonged to the late Beaupré Bell, of any entry relative to Thomas Hohbes: Beaupré Hall, in the county of Nor- birth; and the Register does not com

no doubt Aubrey is correct as to his folk, and is now lodged in the Library mence till two years after the time of Trinity College in Cambridge, I assigned by him for that event. The take the opportunity of here tran

first entry in the Malmsbury Regisscribing for the use of your valuable ter is dated the 18th February, 1590. and long-established publication.

The Register of Westport parish, the “Mm. I saw an old MS. in Jesus Li- parish within the borough of Malmsbrary (Cambridge), written in French, bury in which Thomas Hobbes was wbieh, for several pages together, was born, is comparatively of modern the very same history with this. I did date. The father of the Philosopher not take the pains to compare the of Malmosbury was, as Aubrey stales, whole, the language being very obso

Vicar of Westport and Charlton. Belete.-B. B."

sides the Philosopher, he had another It is worthy of remark, that a MS. son, named Edmund: from this Edwas sold at the Roxburghę Sale, mund Hobbes, the brother of the either the same, in all likelihood, Philosopher, are descended numerous with this (which the Librarian of families, still resident at Malmsbury Jesus College may, if he pleases, en and in its neighbourhood. The name quire into), or a duplicate ; as our of Hobbes, however, is pow extinct. Readers will judge from the title: As the Philosopher died unmarried, ** Roman du Sao Graal & de Merlin.” thedescendants of this Edmund Hobbes The account of it given in the Rox are of course his representatives. burghe Catalogue is, that it was “MS. Edmund Hobbes died in the year magnifique sur velin, relié en 2 grands 1665. The following is the entry in vol. fol. M.R.enriche de 32 miniatures, the Register: & les letters initiales peintes en cou “ Mr. Ed. Hobbes, of Westport, a leurs rebaussées d'or.” A folio vo burgess, bur. 22 Dec. 1665.” lume was printed at Paris, A. D. He had been Alderman of the boMccccxcur. intituled “ Les Prophe- rough of Malmsbury; and frequent cies de Merlin."

instances occur in the Parish Register Yours, &c.

VERBEIANUS. of his having performed the marriage


ceremony, after the publication of poverty and wretchedness. In this habos at the Market Cross, during the branch of the family the names EdProtectorate of Cromwell. Aubrey mund and Thomas were always kept says he died at the age of so, about up. Frances, the youngest daughter the year 1660, leaving a son named of Francis Hobbes, married Jobo Ty. Prancis, and two daughters, Mary ley; and from this person are deTirrell, married to Roger Tirrell, of scended numerous

families in the Thornbill Farm, and Eleanor Hard- town of Malmsbury of the same name, jog; to these, his two nieces, the as well as of the names of Dormer, Philosopher left by his will two lo- Clark, &c. &c. Thomas Hobbes, gacies of 401. Edmund Hobbes, the the eldest of this family, the great father, gave to bis daughter, Mary nephew of the Philosopher, appears Tirrell, upon her marriage, a house to bave been a person of considerable adjoining to the Castle public-house property, and to have made many in Westport, now the property of additions to the family estate called Adam Clark. It is not known the “ Garstons,” by purchasing sevewhether there are any descendants ral other fields beariog the same ap: from these two daughters of Ed- pellation. This Thomas Hobbes died mund Hobbes; but the son Francis, in the year 1727 (his will is dated 28 who is stated by Aubrey to have August in that year), and left a very « drowned his wit in ale," and whom numerous family. His eldest son, be likewise calls “ an ill husband,” in also Thomas Hobbes, a currier, died the year 1652 married Sarab Alexan- without issue in the year 1746 ; and der (the settlement made on the mar- by his will, dated the 1st of January riage of these persons is dated 3d Au, in that year, devised his lands called gust, 1652), and had a family of five Garston to his brother, Edward children, who are mentioned in the Hobbes, for life, and upou his dewill of the Philosopher, and to four cease to bis nephew Thomas Hobbes, of whom he has given a legacy of son of the said Edward Hobbes, in 1001. Francis did not long survive fee. Thomas Hobbes, the great nehis father Edmund Hobbes, but died phew of the Philosopher, and who in the year 1668. The entry in the died in 1727, left several daughters, register is as follows:

viz, one married to a person of the * Francis Hobbes, of Westport, buryed name of Witts, whose descendants 8 May, 1668.”

are now living at Chippenbam and By his will, dated 6 May, 1668, Calue in this county. Another daughhe gave to his four children, Edmuud, ter was married to a Mr. Daniel BenWilliam, Sarah, and Frances, the nell, from whom are descended nupremises called Garston, as follows: merous families of the name of Benunto Edmund and William the ground nett, Garlick, &c, &c. still resident called Garston, to be equally divided at Malmsbury and its neighbourbetween them: unto his daughter Sa. hood. Edward Hobbes left two rab, the ground called Spurmead; daughters, one married to a person and unto Frances, the ground called of the name of Brown, whose grandBarpsdale Pitts. The eldest son,

son, William Brown, a shoemaker, Thomas, was provided for by the and an itinerant Boanerges, is still settlement made upon his father's living at Malmsbury; and another marriage. Edmund, the second, died, daughter named Anne, married to it is conjectured, unmarried. Wild

Lewis, from whom are deliam, the third son, married, and had scended oumerous families of the a son, who in some deeds is described names of Hanks, Lewis, Barding, &c. as a currier of Bristol, where it is Thomas Hobbes, the son of Edward probable some of his descendants Hobbes, aud to whom his uncle, Thomay be still living. Sarah was mar mas Hobbes, wbo died in 1746, devised ried to Thomas Matthews, described his lauds upon the death of Edward as a glover, and whose descendants Hobbes, resided at Bristol, where he were till very lately living in Malms- carried on the business of a currier, and bury, and continued to carry on the in 1752 married Mary Bosville, defamily trade of glovers. The survi- scribed as Mary Bosville, of Abergavor of this family some short time venny, in the county of Monmouth, since died at a very advanced period spinster. By this lady he bad one son, of life in a state of the most abjeet also Thomas Hobbes, who is now, as I

bave been informed, or was lately so, the Register, immediately under the resident at Swansea in Glamorganshire, entry recording the induction of Mr. where he follows the profession of a Evans to the vicarage of Malmsbury, Physician. The following then is the occurs an entry of the marriage of line of descent from Edmond Hobbes, Francis, the uncle of Thomas Hobbes, the only brother of the Philosopher and the person who sent him to, and, Thomas Hobbes: Edmond Hobbes, as Aubrey says, altogether mainbrother of the Philosopher, died tained” him at the University of Ox1665; Francis Hobbes, his son, died ford. It is as follows: 1668; Thomas Hobbes, son of Fran “Februarii 1592, marryed the first daye, cis, died 1727; Thomas Hobbes, son Francis Hobbes and Elinor Trentor." of last-mentioned Tbomas Hobbes, died 1746; Edward Hobbes, brother the following entry:

In the Register is likewise contained of last-mentioned Thomas Hobbes, died 175.. ; Thomas Hobbes, of Bris- 1606, was buried Edmond Hobbes.”

“ April 1606. The 23 day of April, tol, son of Edward Hobbes, died 177.. ; Thomas Hobbes, of Swansea,

In the Abbey is a brass, the oldest still, or very lately, living.

in the church, with an inscription, to This last-mentioned Thomas Hobbes

the memory of this same person. is, therefore, very evidently the heir Aubrey, as before observed, says, at law of the Philosopher of Malms that Mr. Robert Latimer was the vibury; and by this gentleman the

car of Malmsbury, and that he ex. lands called Garston were, by inden changed it for a better living, called tures, dated 18th and 1915 March, Leigh de La Mere. This appears to 1788, conveyed to Mr. John Gar: be a mistake; it was his son who was lick, then of Westport; but, as Mr. Vicar, as in the Register there is the Garlick had married a niece of Ed: following entry: ward Hobbes, the lands still conti

“ The eighth of July, 1633, was innued in the family. A subsequent burye, William Latymer, Bachiller of

ducted into this vicarage of Malmessale of the premises has, however, Arts, anno regni Regis Caroli nono." taken place; and the Garstons were

Mr. Robert Latimer was at this finally alienated from the family of time most probably living at Leigh Hobbes in July 1810. In the first page of the Malmsbury sited him there in the year 1637.

de la Mere, Mr. Hobbes having viRegister is the following entry: ** 1591. June. The 18 daye of June Leigh de la Mere is a village about

five or six miles from Malmsbury, Mr. Tho. Evans was inducted Vicar."

and adjoins the village of Easton PerThe entry appears to be in the

cy, where Aubrey resided. band-writing of Mr. Evans, as he has

There is not the slightest tradition written his name at the bottom of the of the destruction of Westport Church page. Soon after occurs the follow. by Sir William Waller in 1644, as

mentioned by Aubrey; so true is 'it, * April 1604. The 22nd daye were

as he observes, “ that though men married Mr. Thomas Evans, Vicar, and

think a memorable accident shortly Alyce Foskett, wydow, by Robert ati

after it is done will never be forgotmer, at the chappell at Rodborne.”

ten, which, for want of entering, at The Reader will here recogoize the last is drowned in oblivion.” “Now is pames of both the persons to whom here rebuilt a church like a stable,”

Thomas Hobbes was indebted for his is true to the letter. There is, how. education previously to his going to Oxford. Aubrey states Mr. Latimer: truth of what Aubrey says, as to the

ever, I dare say, no doubt of the to have been Vicar of Malmsbury: destruction of Westport Church; the this, from the above eotry, does not

town of Malmsburg having been a appear to have been the case.

Royal garrison in the year 1643, as in a subsequent page of the register follows the entry of the death of appears from many entries in the Re

gister of baptisms of the children, Mr. Evans.

marriages, and funerals, of men and “1611. Februarii. Buryed 19 Feb- Officers belonging to the King's army. quary, Mr. Evan Thomas, alias Thomas Among others are the following: Evans, late Vicar of Malmesbury, and

“ Baptized the vi of November, 1643, parson there."

Elizabeth Dabridgcourt, ye dau’r of Mr. Evans was succeeded by a Mr.

Thos. Dabridgcourt, esq. and LieuteMatthew Watts. In the first page of nant Coll. in the King's armie, and


ing entry:

Deputie Governor under Coll. Howard, tioned by Aubrey, called “ The three of the towne of Malmsburye.


in “the broad place" in “ 1644. Marryed the 30 September, Westport, is still in existence; and Marmaduke Pudsie, Lieuten-Col. of

the house opposite to it, where Mr. this Garrison, and Mris Mary Ivye, of Hobbes received his education under the Abie."

Mr. Latimer, must be that now inIt sbould seem, also, from the fol- babited by James Bond. The one lowing entry, that the town had been adjoining it on the South side was, as previously in the Parliament's inte. I have been informed, many years rest, as I believe Sir Edward Hunger since a smith's shop. ford was evgaged against the King. How much reason have the present

“ Item. Buryed the 19 January, 1642, inhabitants of Malinsbury to regret one of Sir Edward Hungerford's troopers, that Mr. Hobbes failed in bis endeawho was shott att Siceter (Cirencester)

vours to obtain from King Charles at the bringing in of Sir Edw. Baynton. Buried the 12 June a soldier of the grant of the land in Braydon for

his intended school! This land, it is Captain Adies.—Buried the 13 June a soldier of Capt. Goares.—Buryed the 20 extremely probable, was the same June a soldier of Cap. Goares, who was

that was sold about a year sipce by aecidentally killed.-17 Nov. Buryed, the the Commissioners for managing the same daye, a souldier yat was accidentally Revenue of the Crown Lands. Tbere killed at Robert Shewrings, of Corston.' are, bowever, two Free - schools at

But to return to the more imme- Malmsbury, one of them said to be diate object of this communication. founded by the Saxop Kiog Athelstan, Tradition has always pointed out as whose tomb is still remaining in the the birth-place of the Philosopher of Abbey. The revenue of this school Malmsbury“ that extreme how is only 201, per unnum. It is rethat pointes into or faces the Horse- ported that it was at this school that fayre; the farthest house on the left Hobbes and. Aubrey both received hand as you goe to Tedbury, leaving their education -- Quantum mutatus ! the church on the right.” Nothing It would puzzle the present master, a can possibly be more correct and ac- decayed tallow-chandler, to instruct eurate than this description of the si- bis scholars to translate “ Euripidis tuation of the house in which Mr. Medea” out of Greek into Latio IamHobbes was born. It was partly re- bicks. In a note to Aubrey's “ Life built about 40 years since; but, if I of Hobbes,” the word Gusten is deam not much mistaken, the buttery rived from Gast, meaning Gaest. window still remains; so does the This is not the pronunciation of the chimney-piece in the room below; word in North Wilts ; but the whole and also, from its appearauce, the is founded on the supposition that window of “the innermost room the field is called Gaston: it is comwhere he first drew breatb.” Six ormonly pronounced so; but in the seven years ago a small cottage was deeds relating to the property, the erected by the late Mr. Joseph Hanks, name is almost constantly written a lineal descendant from Edmund Garston; and the supposition that it Hobbes, the Philosopher's brother, was so called, as being the Gaston against the end of the house facing or Guest Ground of the Monastery, " the Horse-fayre ;" so that now must be very far, I should imagine, Hobbes's house is not that “extreme from the right derivation. There house.” But, with this circumstance are Garston Grounds where there in his recollection, Aubrey's descrip- never was a monastery or any relition is so accurate, a stranger might, gious house, as at Sherston Magoa, without the least difficulty, discover Kemble, Garsdon, and many other the Philosopher's birth-place. The places in this part of Wiltshire ; behouse is now inhabited by a Mrs. sides, some of the fields that bear the Hauks; and formerly it was much name of Garston, are, and have been visited by strangers, who would cut from time immemorial, applied to pieces from an elder-bush growing in the purposes of tillage. I should raihe garden, gather leaves from the ther conjecture that the name must different shrubs, and even carry off be derived from some word denoting pieces of mortar from the walls, as excellence. The Garston Grounds memorials of the Philosopher of are generally the best in the parish : Malmsbory. Such is the tradition of those at Malmsbury are proverbially the place. The Public House men.



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