« PreviousContinue »
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
1. Anecdotes of the Life of Richard Wat and copious debaters would be able,
son, Bishop of Landaff; written by with safety, to fill up the memoirs of
son; he thought for himself on all of Landaff and Wells. 4to, pp. 551.
occasions, and thought with uncom• Cadell and Davies.
mon force, clearness, and profundity. licate sort of production ; if exe. which he compreheoded his subjects cuted by persons of talent, and still and wielded his arguments gave, bemore if by persons of genius, with an fore ordinary minds, even the appearupion of frankness and sound discre ance of superficiality in thal which tion, it is of high value and profound was pre-eminently deep. interest. But it, on the one hand, it For these reasons Bp. Watson's be affected and dissembling, or
Memoirs of himself will always conthe other, garrulous, gossiping, and tinue to be a very valuable document full of trifles, it becomes not only va of the times in which he lived ; and pid, but ridiculous.
will, on reflection, be far better prized Bishop Watsou has steered between than if at first perusal it had better these extremes, and perhaps with a satisfied an idle and trifling curiosity. very rare felicity. If he errs, it is It would, indeed, bave rendered for waot of sufficient minuteness; be the narrative pleasanter, if more of cause be confines himself too much private feelings and private habits to his public life; to the discussion of had been laid open. But this Prelate public questions ;-though it must be was rather a Philosopher and a man admitted that such as he has chosen of science than a man of genius; he to register have not yet lost their in- does not seem to have dealt in native portance, por ever will, as long as impressions; he was always a reathe present Constitution of these soner, but never a painter. He was Kingdoms remains.
never led astray therefore by images If it be said that these are matters which forced themselves before his of public history, let it be recollected fancy; but arrived at his results by a in how slovenly and inaccurate a regular logical process. That such manner public discussions on such qualities of the mind, and such a questions are generally recorded. mode of exercising them, form chaThe very point in debate is often not racters highly desirable in society, only imperfectly narrated, but en and well fitted to fill up some of those tirely misrepresented. If it be neces various stations in public life, which sary to refer to it as authority, where require such diversified talents, will it lays down doubtful opinions, no one scarcely be questioned; but that they can venture to rely upon it as that are exclusively useful, or necessary, which was insisted on. In such cases
will not equally be granted. Howthe speaker's own testimony of what ever plausible mere reasoning may he said is decisive.
appear, there are subjects which are It is easy to imagine cases in which to be determined, and resolutions to such precise evidence would not be be formed, by higher sorts of facul. advantageous to the person comme.
ties than the mere reasoning power. morated. To plausible Orators, who The data of high-minded conclusions possess a command of specious lan. sometimes lie deeper than mere language, and know how to take ad- guage can grasp, and than can be vantage of temporary and personal brought into the form of a syllogism. topicks, the uncertainty of loose re But it is a striking iocident to the ports is very full of convenience and sort of ability which distinguished protection; while the literu scripta Bp. Watson, to be too narrow in its is extremely dangerous.
appreciation of any otber sort of ta. Let it not therefore be supposed lent, and too confident of its own! that the generality of those who have This is the glaring blemish of the Bimade a considerable figure as constant sbop's Memoir; and apparently the Gent. Mag. January, 1818.
source of those unseemly discontents parent in the scheme of equalizing and that unchastized ambition which the revenues of the Bishopricks. cast a strong shade on his many vir We have thus spokeo freely; but tues. That he was not promoted to we trust also honestly, and kindly. an higher See, is the constant and pu. We have no party politicks, uo orsillanimous theme of his complaint. thodox bigotry, no sectarian zeal to That with the notions he consistently gratify. We shall as little indulge in entertained, and no doubt entertained revengeful degradation, or affected honestly, he should have been pro. scorn or censure, as in coarse, indismoted to the Prelacy at all, was a criminate, and interested panegyrick. piece of luck quite out of the ordi. Having guarded ourselves by a frank nary course of human affairs. Io avowal of those objections to which, truth, it arose from a vacancy at a on our part, the Memoir in question critical moment of a critical Adminis- has exposed the eminent mao it retration, which lasted but a very few cords, we will indulge ourselves in the months. We much doubt if choice more pleasing task of contemplating would have been made of this Divine his virtues and his great endowments. for the Mitre by any other Minister
grasp of his conceptions, the than Lord Shelburne; and perhaps lucid arrangement of his mentalstores, not by him, had the vacancy hap- and the simplicity and directness of pened a few months later. This opi- his thoughts and conclusions, are nion is grounded on the occurrences splendid and delightful examples of a stated between p. 95 and p. 103 of the master-mind : he had the art of at Memoir. We do not venture to state once throwing off superfluities, and this opinion as more than a probabi- disentangling sophistries, from any fality. Dr. Watson, in the situation vourite subject. He could seize the of a Bisbop, might exercise a free. principle which combined, and the dom of dissent with the Minister, principle which separated, the parts which he might not have taken as the of that which he undertook to exmere Cambridge Professor of Divi- plain ; and thus dissect or form them pity. But we are inclined to think again into an barmonious whole, with that he would have exercised it with his a facility which was equally instruccharacteristic bluutness; and that this tive and pleasant. The nakedness of would have been fatal to his elevation. his strength on every topick which
The Bishop continually puts forth he handled, so unlike the parade of his services to the Church and the learning, or the artifices of minor tacause of Religion, as the grounds of lent, or the cloudedness of twilight his title to farther promotion. The pretensions, conveys a sort of grangeneral opinion of the talent and me deur and gladness to the mind, like rit of his " A pology for the Bible," the breaking forth of the sun, after and his “ Letters to Gibbon,” is con the sky has been enveloped in mists. current with his own.
But in po age
There are other traits of energy of our Ecclesiastical History has the and splendour in his character, which most brilliant literary merit in pro at least Jay hold of the imagination, fessional productions necessarily se and associate his memory with visions cured a Mitre, much less a Primacy. such as genius loves. He whose The immortal Hooker, with whom mind and heart are richly stored will the Bishop, in moments of the most bebold with admiration the Bishop elated vanity,could scarcelyput himself busy in erecting his mansion on the in competition, died a Country Rector banks of Windermere; and delight to -bumble, peaceful, and contented. contemplate bim rearing his plantaThere are matters of Church Policy, tions and forests in Calgarth Park; over which, whether right or wrong, bringing the light of Science to Agriso long as they form the basis of the culture, making the barren heath Establishment, he who differs from smile with verdure and coro; draining their principles cannot reasonably marshes, clearing wildernesses, and expect to be chosen to preside. That bidding trees wave on the summits the Bishop had a leaven of democracy of craggy rocks! In these romantic inherent in the whole frame of his retreats we behold him throwing off opinions, few men who unite can. vain pomp, disdainful of the trappings dour with sagacity will venture to to which his fitful ambition and deny. The leveling principle is ap warm temper at other times aspired ;
and enjoying native pleasures in all of Monastic Life. Spenser. 2. Trithe native vigour of his powerful in umph of Vengeance, an Ode. Gray. tellect. We will not say that he en 3. The Red Man, or Address of Buonajoyed it as a Poet; he seems not to parte's familiar Dæmon. Gray and have had a ray of that cast of mind
Collins. 4. An Epitaph in the Gerabout him. In his whole Memoirs
By Thomas Dudley
Fosbrooke, M. A. F. A. S. Author of we see not a trace of any sensibility
the History of Gloucestershire, Illusto Polite Literature of any kind.
trations of the lownley Statues, Abridge Hayley appears almost the only man
ment of Whitby's Commentary, Occain this walk with whom he corre
sional Sermons, &c. A new Edition, spouded, or appears to have been ac
very much enlarged, and embellished quainted: the name of Johnson scarce
with Plates. 4to, pp 568. Nichols and Co. ever (if ever) occurs.
What is more
WHEN the first edition of this elaextraordinary, we believe Burke, a
borate and interesting Work appeared, Politician, is only once mentioned or alluded to. It must be obvious that brethren “ a valuable and important
it was pronounced by our learned the Bishop differed from that splendid addition to the stock of our National orator and profound statesinan totis
History.” It was introduced into viribus: but we presume that, even in the height of his self-estimation, he clude the bigher order of publications;
every Library which professed to incould scarcely consider this wonderful and, with no other aid than its intrinman beneath his notice. On the whole, we must admit that said to consist in the novelty and cu
sic merits, which may in the main be in many leading points Bp. Watson was a great ornament to the Bench. riosity of the matter, gradually be
come scarce and dear. There is something in commanding and practical talents like his, which manifest, because general opinion bas
The imperfection of first Essays is carries with them the respect so necessary to that high station ; much of omissions, or the suggestion of im
not developed itself in the detection also to the same purpose even in his bold and decisive temper.
In what respects the His
first edition was defective is menskill in weapons to combat sophistry, tioned by the Author in his Preface, the industry which he could apply, and the desiderata supplied accordthe readiness of his pen, the vigorous ingly in this new issue; which, if the plainness of his style, the weight first obtained a large share of public which his scientific acquirements added to his character, the amiableness better. We are persuaded that it is
approbation, must, in reason, be much of his private life, and the awe which
$0; and we trust that we are only the simple greatness of his manners and babits carried with it, exhibited treating a laborious and careful Writer a concurrence of high qualifications the causes upon which our favourable
with commop justice, when we adduce which do not very often unite under
opinion is founded. the same Mitre. The Bishop was born at Heversham, strong pious feeling, enlightened by
To every man of high reason and in Westmoreland, in August 1737; was
science, nothing is more disgusting promoted to the Bishoprick of Landaff, July 26, 1782; and died July 4, folly, spiritual pride, fraud, cunning,
than the nauseous filth of superstition, 1816, æt. 79. His eldest son, formerly Lieutenant-colonel of the 31 Dragoon prejudice, and ignorance, which is Guards, died before him, having mar
perpetually thrown into the “ living ried Miss Corry, a natural sister of character, the divine Philosophy of
water” of pure simple elementary Lord Belmore, by whom he left issue.
Christ. Were it not conspicuous that [See vol. LXXXVI. ii. 274.]
Ecclesiastical History is, with rare 2. British Monachism; or, Manners and could not be believed that a volun
exceptions, a Medical Nosology, it Customs of the Monks and Nuns of tary relinquishment of society, to live England: to which are added, I. Peregrinatorium Religiosum; or Manners upon vegetable food, and forego all and Customs of Antient Pilgrims. pleasures, should entitle a man to a II. The Consuetudinal of Anchorets and liberal provision of his worldly necesHermits. III. Some account of the sities, and even empire, over the very Continentes, or Persons who had made minds of his fellow-beings. Although Vows of Chastity. IV. Four select the social duties teod chiefly to the Poems in various styles. 1. Economy well-being of man, and although, in
all ages, it has been established by which ought to have been more and Nature, that the trade-wind of our better exerted."
With the vague animalappetites should continue,under terms “ genius and talents,” as here all circumstances, to have a perma- applied, we are disposed to quarrel. nent and uniform direction ; yet Folly We should rather say, that Mr. Foshas ever delighted, like a child play- brooke's reflections show philosophiing with a toy, to box the compass, cal babits of thinking, and much ori. and steer the vessel out of the lati- ginal knowledge of human nature and tude where alone it can meet with the world. We oot only allude to the gale which carries it into a safe the passage in question, but to otbers port. Notruism can be more evident, in particular, which we shall extract than that a state of seclusion is one of as specimens. We think that they selfishness; and, in a religious and would not disgrace our highest Phi. moral view, allowable only to in- losophical Historians. fancy, age, or disease. How then The first passage regards Fanaticould such a system ever find advo- cism, p. 3. cates? Io warm climates the wants « Fanaticism will ever have success. of food, heat, and cloathing, are felt It treats upon a subject where there is a io so slight a degree, scarcely at all, general feeling and interest, and acts that such seclusions are not perceived by operating upon passion, which is alto affect the interests of society (Na- ways contagious and intelligible; beture there, comparatively speaking, similar, though their understandings
cause the sensations of all mankind are wet-nursing her children throughout life); and these Oriental babits be. may differ.
" Without a common interest, unanicoming ingrafted with our divine reli- mity is impossible, and this common gion, and various systems of false interest extends only to Religion at Philosophy, were, by migratory fana- large. Particular modes of professing ticks, wbo knew that, to avoid perse- it are questions unconnected with the cution, it was not safe to stay long in feelings, which [ particular modes' one place, introduced into the West should have been added, feeling's not and North of Europe. Such was the being the antecedent) therefore do not origin of that strange system known attract the ignorant, who expect the by the name of Monacbism, which, senses to be roused, by the inebriating transplanted to our regions, could pleasures of what may be called the spinever be made to attain a perfect ritous liquors of Divinity.” growth. In treating the subject as Though we rather reprobate the a question of climate, we are vindi- severity of this remark, yet, as it is cated by the plainest laws of political plain the vulgar cannot comprehend economy; for it is most certain that abstract scientific disquisition, we a larger population can be more easily agree with Gray, that chopping Losupported in Asia than in Europe, gick is not a good general rule for and that a tendency to augmeut un Sermon composition ; and that there necessarily unproductive labour is is room for improvement by persuaanywhere only a method of diminish- sory and feeling addresses, founded ing the supply of our wants and com- upon plain Scriptural truths, without forts, and obstructing the progress of the aid of frothy trash, or syllabub civilization and refinement. This is declamations. It is an extraordinary no paradox. It is a simple result of fact, but well authenticated, that a the increase with which providence Methodist Preacher used the followrewards labour.
ing metaphor in all its homely indeThese remarks may serve to intro- licacy: “If you tread in ****, you duce one leading improvement in this know it will spread all over the
Edition of Mr. Fosbrooke's shoes; thus it is with sin. If you do Work. We are ioformed by our not scrape and rub and brush your Author, in his valuable and original shoes, it will stink and foul the whole Preface, that some of our Brethren house; so also it is with sin.” Being had complained of the paucity of re- publicly, rebuked for the coarseness flections in the first Work; and, to of his language, the zealous Wesshow the propriety of the remark, leyan observed that, as he was preachbad quoted the passage (R. 214, new ing to Colliers, it was the best meedit.) beginning with Monachism,” thod which he could take to be un&c. as “exbibiting genius and talents, derstood. Though it is plain that he
degraded the holiness of Religion, by mind, and a happy temper; he did not brfoging (to use his owo method of also know that Christianity has, by this figurative style) the blackguards of means, the promise of the life which language into the society of this now is, as well as of that which is to
In his Monastic reforms, he chaste and dignified Matron, yet there was a basis of prudence in his places the minds of his followers im
moveable in the stocks, and makes general principle; and it is only from an opinion that much good will in- animals, always in harness, and pre
them corporeally mere dumb working fallibly result to our excellent Church- vented, except by agricultural industry, establishment from plainer and more from rendering common services to mangeneral preaching, that we have kind, much more from making those made this digression.
active exertions for the good of society ; The second passage which occurs of producing which, under happier reliin the Chapter of Modern Mona- gious principles, no man would have chism, relates to Bouthillier de la been more capable." P. 401. Rance, the founder of the order of Passing by other-interesting reflecLa Trappe. It is as follows:
tions, dispersed through the Work, “ He [Bouthillier) is said in early life all in the same style, viz. of avoiding to have been a man of elegant mind and common-place and obvious idea, we pleasurable habits, who at the age of notice only one (in p. 17), because it fourteen published an edition of Ana- has a bearing upon a favourite poli
Two accounts are given of his tical dogma now much in vogue: we change of manners; one, that it was allude to the abolition of flogging in owing to a providential escape when a
the Navy and Army. gun burst upon his shoulder; another,
· Mr. Fosbrooke says, that, intending to surprize a favourite female by an unexpected visit after been indispensable, where grossness of
“ Corporeal punishments have ever long absence, he rushed into her room,
character prevails.” and found her a corpse, disfigured beyond conception by the small pox, and
We know an old farmer, who said, the surgeon about to separate the head after his hen-roost had been robbed, from the body, because the coffin had “that there were no good times since been made too short. The shock was whipping was left off.” However es terrible ; but, had he been a confirmed teemed may be this remark, it is suflibertine, would have been soon forgot. 'ficient to state, that by this means ten, except by occasional painful recol- alone discipline is supported in the lections.
Army and Navy among numbers of “ Too rigid education (for he had
ferocious characters, without that been tutored under an Archiepiscopal sacrifice of life or civil utility which uncle) produces an exaggerated estimate of pleasure. But, being (undeceived by occasion. If a ruffian be sensible of
the punishments of the common law experience, and elevated above mere grossness by literary habits, he recurred nothing else, he can at least feel pain ; to early impressions. Warm feelings, and it is a fact not to be disputed, united with an active mind, must ever
that this mode of punishment is atha a hobby, which it pursues fanati tended with greater benefit to the cally; and through the Monastic Fene- publick and the delinquent, and is lon system of his education, a system more often an act of humunity, than which in its pursuit of faultless charac- other methods. ter forgets that to be void of excel
(To be continued.) Jence is the greatest of all faults, Bouthillier de la Rance, unfortunately for 3. A True and Faithful Account of the world considering his abilities and what passed in our Parish, between Mr. energy, directed his attention to the
New-church, Mr. No-church, and Mr. creation of feeble character and useless True-churcb, on Sunday last. Chipinnocence. As he does not quote the penham, printed. Sold by Hatchard. Sacred Writings but to support the
CHEAP Tracts have been a weapostils of the Ascetic Fathers, he did not know that one object of the Holy pon very actively employed agaiust Apostles in the Epistles was, to fix ail the Church, and in no instance with the necessary forms of Christian Com more malicious purpose and insidi. munities. Unacquainted with the real ous manner than in the “Village Diatendency of Apostolical Philosophy to logues” of a popular Methodist well produce, by means of faith, purity, known in the Metropolis. — We are contentment, and prudence, a sublime happy, therefore, in meeting with