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and the other two to be sent to the had to the comparative value of Vice Chancellor of the two Univer
money) than at any time subsequent to silies respectively, to the use of the the Act of the 8th of Queen Annet. public libraries of the said Universi- By this Act, which in the last of these iies * This Act was originally intro two cases, has since been determined to duced for two years, but was conti have destroyed the former perpetual mucd by lwo Acts of the same Parlia. Copyright, and to have substituted ment till 1679, when it expired. one for a more limited period, but
It was, however, revived in the 1st protected by additional penalties on year of James 1l ; and fiually cxpired those who should infringe it, it is in 1695.
directed, that pine copies of each It has been slated by Mr. Gaisford, book that shall be printed or pub. one of the curators of the Bodleian Li- lished, or reprinted and published brary, " that there are several books with additions, shall, by the printer, entered in its register, as sent from be delivered to the warehousekeeper the Stationers Company subsequent of the Company of Stationers, before to the expiration of that Act;" but it such publication made, for the use of is probable that this delivery was by the Royal Library, the libraries of no means general, as there are no the Universities of Oxford and Cam. traces of il at Slationers Hall, and as bridge, the libraries of the Four UniHearne, in the preface to the “Re- versities of Scotland, the library of liquiæ Bodleianæ," printed in 1703, Sion College in London, and the li. presses for benefactions to that library brary belonging to the Faculty of Ad. as peculiarly desirable, “ since the vocates at Edinburgh. Act of Parliameol for sending copies From the passing of this Act until of books, printed by the London the decision of the cases of Beckford booksellers, is expired, and there are and Hood in 1798, and of the Univerdivers wanting for several years past.” sily of Cambridge and Bryer, in 1813,
During this period, the claiin of it was universally understood, that authors and publishers to the perpe. neither the protection of copyright, tual Copyright of their publications, nor the obligation to deliver the rested upon what was afterwards de- eleven copies, allached to the publicatermined to have been the comipoo tion of any book, unless it was regislaw, by a majority of wine lo three tered at Stationers Hall, an act which of the Judges, on the cases of Millar was considered as purely optional aud and Taylor in 1769, and Donaldson unnecessary, where it was intended to and Becket in 1774. Large estales abandon the claim for copyright: and had been rested in Copyrights; these in conformity to this construction, Copyrights had been assigned froin the Act of 41 Geo. Ill. expressly enhand to hand, had been the subject of titled the libraries of 'Trinity College, family settlements, and in some in- and the King's Inn, Dublin, to copies stances larger prices had been given for of such books only as should be enthe purchase of them (relation being tered at Stalio:ers Halli.
* Upon reference to the continuing Act of 17 Ch. II, c. 4, the clauses respecting the delivery of the three copies appear to be perpetual, yet it should seem that they were not so considered, not being adverted to in the Act of Anne.
+ Birch, in his Life of Archbishop Tillotson, states, that his widow, after his death in 1695, sold the oopyright of his unpublished sermons for 2,500 guineas.
The whole number of entries during the 70 years from 1710 to 1780, does not equal that which has taken place in the last four years. Books and Music entered at Stationers Hall from the passing of the Act 8 Anne,
1710 to 1818. April 1710 to April 1720 (10 years) 872 April 1770 to April 1780 (10 years) 1,033
1790 (do.) 2,606 1740 (do.) 343
1800 (do.) 5,386 1750 (do. 618
1810 (do.). 3,076 1760 (do.) 417
1814 (4 do.) 1,235 1770 (do.) 433
1818 (do.) 4,353 Very little if any Music was entered at Stationers Hall till 1776-7, when some legal dispute arose respecting the Copyright of Music; and single songs do not
In Beckford versus Hood, the Court £.532. 48. per andum ; but the price of King's Bench decided, that the of the books received into the Camiomission of the entry only prevented bridge University Library from July a prosecution for the penalties inflicted 1914 to June 1817, by the statutes, but it did not in any €.1,1.45. 10s, the average of which is degree impede the recovery of a satis £.981. 165, 8d. per annum. faction for the violation of the copy. lu the course of the inquiry c0111-, right. The sanie Court further de mitted to them, the Committee have terinin in the case of the Uviver- proceeded to examine a variety of sity of Cambridge against Bryer in evidence, which, as it is already laid 1812, that the eleven copies were before the House, they think it inequally claimable by the public libra necessary here to recapitulate; bere ries, where books had not been en upon a full consideration of the subtered at Stationers Hall as where ject, they have come to the fullowing they had.
Resolutions : The burthen of the delivery, which 1. Resolved, Thal it is the opinion by the latter decision was for the first of this Committee, That it is desirable time established to be obligatory upon that so much of the Copyright Act as publishers, produced in the following requires the gratuitous delivery of year a great variety of petitions to eleveu copies should be repealed, exihe House of Commons for redress, *cept in so far as relates to The British which were referred to a Committee; Museum, and that it is desirable that and in 1814 the last Act on this subject a fixed allowance should be granted, was passed, which directed the indis- in lieu thereof, to such of the other criminate delivery of one large paper public libraries, as may be thought copy of every book which should be expedient. published (at the tiine of its being en 2. Resolved, That it is the opinion tered at Stationers Hall) to the British of this Committee, That if it should Museum, but liinited the claim of the not be thought expedient by the other ten libraries to such books as House to comply with the above rethey should demand in writing within commendation, it is desirable that twelve months after publication; and the oumber of libraries entitled to directed that a copy of the list of books claim such delivery should be reentered at Stationers Hall should be stricted to the British Museum, and transmitted to the librarians once in the Libraries of Oxford, Cambridge, three months, if not required oftener. Edinburgh, and Dublin Universities.
It appears, so far as Your Com 3. Resolved, That it is the opinion imittee have been enabled to procure of this Committee, That all books of information, that there is no other prints, wherein the letter.press shall country in which a demand of this not exceed a certain very small pronature is carried to a similar exlent. portion to each plate, shall be exlo America, Prussia, Saxony, and Ba- empled from delivery, except to The varia, one copy ouly is required to Museum, with an exception of all be deposited ; in France and Austria books of mathematics. two, and in the Netherlands three ; 4. Resolved, Thal it is the opinion but in scveral of these countries this of this Committee, That all books in is not necessary, unless copyright is respect of which claim to Copyright jotended to be claimed.
shall be expressly and effectually The Committee having directed a abandoned, be also exemptedl. Statement to be prepared by one of 5. Resolved, That it is the opinion the witnesses, an experienced book of this Committee, that the obliga. seller, of the retail price of one copy tion imposed on Printers to retain of every book entered at Stativbers one Copy of each Work printed by Hall between the 3011 July 1814 and them, shall cease, and the Copy of the 1st of April 1817, find that it The Museu'u be made evidence in amounts in the whole to £.1,419. 38. lieu of it. 11d. which will give an average of 5 June 1818.
appear to have been entered till April 1783 : since that period, Music, particularly single Songs, has formed a considerable portion of the articles entered. Stationers Hall, ?
Geo. Greenhill, June 30, 1818. S Warehouse-keeper of the Company of Stationers.
Mr. URBAN, Hackney, Moy 1. respected minister and sincere Chris. Y del
OUR pages are ever open to record tian.
departed worth. Biography is one Placed against one of the buttresses of our pleasing studies, and we may on the South side of the venerable trace the value of it up to the Sacred Church of St. Saviour's, Southwark, Volume. How many gratifying re is a small tablet, bearing the following flections arise from this source of con- inscription: plain, but sincere, short, templation! and what a stimulus for but containing facts, and sufficiently imitation, as characters are conti- evincing the estimation he was held in Hually “ leaving us an example that by those who could best appreciate his we inay follow their steps !" The character. Rev. John Carter, whose Epitaph is
DEPOSITED below, was a man of sensibility and
near this place feeling :-a Clergyman that was a cre Sept. 13th 1817, aged 64, dit to his profession; he had served
the mortal remains repeatedly as Chaplain in the Navy,
of the a situation peculiarly delicate, a situ.
Rev. John CARTER, A. M.
Lecturer ation on shipboard, singular. Going
of St. John of Wapping, one day on shore on duty, his Master's
and Vicar of Hood blew off, and “ went adrift;" this
Waterperry, produced a hearty but rude laugh
Oxon. from the quarter-deck : he looked up
A few Friends placed from the boat with his manly coun
th is Tablet tenance, and with his well-toned voice
as a memorial of him; said, '“ Gentlemen, you may laugh ;
in whose affectionate but remember, that cost me as many and respectful remembrance years to obtain, as the white facings
He STILL LIVES. of your uniforms cost you.”
The inimitable Young says, Cbaplain with Admiral Christian ia
“ Earth's highest station ends in that tremendous gale they experienced
Here he lies!' in the Channel; and he was also Chap
And Dust to Dust' concludes the nolain with Capt. Fancourt during that
blest Song." inemorable and disgraceful mutiny Yours, &c. Tao. WALTERS. at the Nore, when all the Officers were turned on shore except bimself and the Surgeon.
My lads,” says he Original Letter from Dr. PARKHURST to the Mutineers, “why detain me?
to a condemned Prisoner. why keep me a prisoner? can I do you Mr. WATSON, Epsom, April7, 1785. any good, in the present state of
THIS moroing received your letminds ? are you fit to hear my admo ter, and assure you I should have vitions, or to join me io public wor been very happy if my application to
“ God bless you, Sir, go the Judge on your behalf had been below," was the reply.---There is a successful. His Lordship, however, certain trait in the character of Bri. having, for wise and good reasons I tish seamen of a superior cast to per- doubt not, thought proper to refuse sons of similar stations in society on my petition, it grieves me to add, that shore; for they possess an ingenuous (notwithstanding any thing the woman open disposition, however dreadfully you seut to me might tell you) I fear they swerved from their duty in that ihere are no longer left any hopes of stance.
mercy for you in this world! After quitting the Navy, he settled You
say the Judge is, as this day, on shore, and became a useful in to make his Report to the King of the structor to Scholars whose pursuits prisoners under sentence, and most were for the navy or merchant ser- probably he will report that you were vice. In the desk he was truly devout, convicted upon the clearest evidence in the pulpit sincere and faithful, the of stealing my two horses, and that
* This anecdote may shew forcibly the necessity of always baving Chaplains on board our Ships of war; and if Chaplains support their characters as Christian Ministers and Clergymen, depend upon it, they are not useless characters on board.
the Graud Jury had found another bill rit of this blood is iofioite, and will of indictment against you for stealing certainly be applied to all those, howanother man's horse the same night. ever sinful they bave been, who Were I to attempt a petition to his with hearty repentance and true faith Majesty for you, whai have I to say approach the throne of God's grace, in in your favour? I am sorry to reply, the name of that divine and blessed absolutely nothing ; unless that you Redeemer who shed it for them. His have already been imprisoned seven merits and intercession are the only months. This only plea for mercy grounds of hope which the best of mea I have already urged to the Judge, have, not only of obtaining heaven, and you see his Lordship bas rejected but of escaping hell; and you, my it ; agd so, no doubt, would the King; brother sinner, can have no other. as in truth it seems but a very weak Cry, therefore, day and night, while one in bebalf of a man who had for your life is granted you, to Almighty feited not only his liberty but his life God for the
pardon of your numerous to the laws of his country the moment offences, in the name and through the he had committed the theft.
merits of Jesus Christ, whose blessed Nothing, therefore, I apprehend, body was broken, and whose blood was remains for you, but by earnest prayer, shed, to purchase it for you. And if and a deep and unfeigned repentance this be done with a penitent and believfor all your sins, and particularly for ing heart, your cries will not be in vain, that which brings you to such an un God will hear and receive you to mercy: timely end, to prepare yourself for For though the crime you have comthat a weful change you are shortly to mitted is indeed a heinous one, and such undergo. I dare say your conscience, as the wisdom of our laws and judges if fairly consulted, will remind you find necessary in many cases to punish of many heinous breaches in your with death, yet you ought to be duty to God, your neighbour, and abundantly thankful that the Devil yourself. Men rarely proceed to ca was not suffered to hurry you on to pital felonies at once. The indul. still more grievous offences, such as gence of other vices and extravagan. house-breaking and murder. Andeven ces is what, under the instigation of your being so early stopped in your the devil, usually leads them to such career, though by an ignominious enormous crimes.
death, may be regarded as a great Abundant reason, therefore, I doubt mercy; for, remember, you are in not, you have to humble yourself in the hands of a gracious, though ofdust and ashes, under the Almighty fended'Father; and if you make a prohand of God, who in the course of per use of this severe chastisement in his provideoce (and remember there this world, I have the strongest hope, were some very providential and un. Day assurance, that it will conduce to common circumstances in your detec the saving of your spirit in the day of tion) has brought you to your present the Lord; which that it maydo, is the deplorable situation.
sincere and earnest prayer of the Flatter not yourself with the hopes hearty well-wisher to your eternal of life. These can only tend to make interests,
J. PARKHURST. your repentance slight, if not hypo While I was writing the above, Mr. critical. Reflect, seriously reflect, Smith came in ; what passed between that God sees the heart, and that us he will tell you. Do not, however, the prayers of the hypocrite are an be too sanguine of our success. But abomination to him. But remeinber ob! if we succeed, let every day and also for your comfort, that as all every action of your life show your men, the best as truly as the worst, thankfulness and gratitude to that are sinners, so this is a faithful saying, God who has saved you from an unand worthy of all men to be received, timely and shameful death; and when that Christ Jesus came into the world our short time here is passed, may the to save Sinners; and that God has ap- prosecutor and the prosecuted meet pointed his blessed blood, shed on the in heaven! You may read this to cross, to be the propitiation for our your fellow.condemned ; and God sins, and not for ours only, but for grant it may lead them to true rethe sins of the whole world. The me pentance !
June 3. was approaching Calcutta, when Capt. VIA
FIATOR has my thanks, and is en Parr was importuued to pass that
titled to the applause of every con. City, and run on with the same floodscienlious Minister of the Established tide against Chinsura., His pilot was church who is desirous of seeing the extremely eager, appeared quite acEdifices dedicated to Divine uses inain- quaitted with the place and its detained with becoming decency, for feuces, and anticipated very little
ophis laudable endeavours to engage position from the Dutch. The Pilot's and attract the attention of those account had filled the Officers and whom it especially concerns to the Crew with ideal prize-mouey; and the disgraceful state of some of our coun Captain provided for realities, as soon try churches. If his travels should as his superior in command (sine quâ lead him into Kent, I beg leave to - non) should warrant the attack. say that he will find abundant and la. The Nymph sloop of war was lying mentable cause for his judicious stric- at Calcutta under some repair; her tures. Passing from Rye to Hylhe Commander was presently possessed lately, I could not avoid noticing, pear of the Pilot's proposal, and of Capt. the bank of the famous military canal Parr's people being all on tiptoe to on which so many, many thousands proceed. Capt. Parr was supposing of pouods bave been (I will not say at the moment immediate activity on uselessly) lavished, the Parish Church ibe part of the Nymph's Commander, of
reduced to bare walls, to bave jumped on board the Chaser, without a roof, without a floor, and and gone with them. without windows! I could not avoid No such thing ; the tide was spent, noticing that it is not only in a condi. and the first report to Capt. Parr next tion the most ruinous that jinagina. morniog was, that the Lieutenant of tion can pourtray, but profaned to the Nymph had ju the night-food been some of the vilest uses to which a sept with her boats mapued and armed Christian Temple has ever been mise to take Chiusura! applied, being made use of partly for Capt. Parr and the Nymph's Captain a pig-stye, and partly as a depository never niet afterwards. The Deaib of for the broken wheels of a dung-cart! Honour on the Superbe's quarter-deck
The dilapidated condition of this in February drew its veil over aught building is not imputed to the incum less worthy! It
It is mentioned vow, beot of the sinecure rectory of the
that siniilar partial allempts may not value of £.300. per ann, to which it again endanger the Public Service belongs, as a fault; but common de- in War. Besides, we have a generally cency should at least have preserved a ackuowleged maxim at Sea-Neighsacred edifice from such brutal viola- bour's fure is good enough for uny tion; and I most siocerely hope that Man, the state of this Church, and of so
P.. many others in every Diocese which bave ļoog demanded attention, will
June 11. be submergede na e dhanimadverted upon T Felditors of all the modernen which I respectfully reckon Victor's, gant and intelligent Author of the Biobefore any great progress is made in graphical Peerage) give an erroneous the scheme of building new Churches, statement of the revival of the ancient whilst scores of old ones are left to Earldom of Orinonde in 1791, in the crumble in neglect and decay.
person of Jobo Butler, father of the Yours, &c. CICESTRIENSIS. present Peer. Sir Egerton Brydges
states that the “ allainder of the bo
nours was reversed in his favour.” Mr.URBAN,
June 10. This is erroneous. In Lord Mouot. NAPT. Parr reports in page 212 morres's History of the Irish Parlia
ment, vol. I. page 215, you will find Coventry and Chaser towards Bengal the following notice relative to this and against the Dutch. Both ships ancient and illustrious lille ; viz. “The sailed from the Coast of Coromandel; revival of the Earldom of Ormond in where the Coventry, Capt. (since Sir 1791, and the restitution in blood of Andrew) Mitchell had joined the fleet. John Butler, the present Earl, turned The Chaser, after losing company, &c. upon the following question : James