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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

Cambridge University.-The Hulsean notes. By the Rev. Thomas Mitchell, Prize for the present year is adjudged to late Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Mr. JOHN WELLER, B. A. of Emanuel Cambridge. College, for his Dissertation on

“ The

Delineations of the celebrated City of probable causes of the apparent neglect Pompeii, consisting of 40 Picturesque with which some celebrated Writers of Views, from Drawings made in 1817 Antiquity treated the Christian Religion." by Major COCKBURN. The plates are

The following is the subject of the etched by PINELLI, of Rome, and will Hulsean Prize Dissertation for the en be finished by Mr. W. B. COOKE. suing year: “ The probable influence Narrative of a Voyage to Newfoundof Revelation upon the Writings of the land and the Coast of Labrador; with Heathen Philosophers and the Morals of a Map and Engravings. By Lieut. EDthe Heathen World.".

WARD CHAPPELL, R. N. The subject of the English Poem for The Rev. C. I. LATROBE will shortly, the Chancellor's third gold medal for publish a Narrative of his late Tour in the ensuing year is : “ Imperial and Pa South Africa ; together with some ac, pal Rome."

count of the State of the Missions of the "Nov. 18, 1817. At a meeting of the United Brethren in that interesting Master and Fellows of Clare Hall, it country. was agreed that four of the Scholarships Epistolary Curiosities; or, unpubon Mr. Freeman's foundation in that lished Letters from Elizabeth Queen of *college should be augmented to 501. Bohemia, Prince Rupert, Gen. Lord per annum each, and four on Dr. Green's Astley, Gen. Fairfax, John Selden, Olifoundation to 201. per annum each, in ver Cromwell, Gen. Monk, Mons. de addition to the usual weekly allowances la Place, Queen Anne, the Duke of during residence in each case; one Scbo- Marlborough, Joseph Addison, Sir Rikarship only on each of these foundations chard Steele, Sir Robert Sutton, &c. to be filled up in any one year, by To be edited by REBECCA WARNER. which means there will be one of each The Second Volume of « The Annual vacant at every annual examination for Obituary,” which abounds with regular Scholarships.

biographies, as well as biographical noThe Prize subjects proposed by the tices of many celebrated characters reSociety for Promoting Christian Know- cently deceased; to several of which will ledge and Church Union in the Dio be prefixed Silhouette Portraits. cese of St. David's, for the year 1818, An Account of the Life, Ministry, are, first, “ On the evidence from and Writings, of the late Rev. JOHN Scripture, that the Soul, immediately FAWCETT, D. D. fifty years Minister of after the death of the body, is not in a the Gospel at Halifax. state of sleep or insensibility, but of bap No. V. of Mr. Dyer's Lives of Illuspiness or nisery; and on the moral uses trious Men. of that doctrine.” The second subject, A Third Volume of the late Mr. Venn's " On the definition and characteristics Sermons. of Blaspbemy, from Scripture and the De Vaux, or the Heir of Gilsland, a Statute Law; and on its consequences, Poem. By Robert CARLYLE. religious, moral, and political.” The The Thessalian Spell; a Poem. premium (by benefaction) for the best The Reverie, with Songs, Sonnets, Essay on the former subject is 501. and and other Poems. By Mr. CORNELIUS 10. for the second best. The premium WEBB. for the latter subject is 101.

Gblan Chuin, or the Exile of ScotThe 8vo Edition that has been re. land, a Tale ; and the Adventures of cently published of Strype's Memorials Edward Wortley. Written by WILLIAM of the Reformation, under the Reigns of Wortley, Pensioner, Gloucestershire. Henry the VIlIth, Edward the Vith, In Three Volumes. and Mary, retains the Original Records, A Selection of Spanish Plays, under Side-notes, and Pageing, of the Folio the title of “ Teatro Espanol,” illusEdition ; and has also a full Index, now trated by occasional notes, and preceded first added.

by an Historical Account of the Spanish Nearly ready for Publication : Draina, and Biographical Sketches of A View of the State of Europe during the Authors. the Middle Ages. By HENRY HALLAM, esq. The Ladies Encyclopædia, in one vo

A Translation of the Comedies of Aris. lume, being an introduction to those tophanes, with numerous illustrative Branches of Science essential in the

Edua

Education of young Females, compre- Shores of the Pacific Ocean, with a de. hending Chronology, Ancient History, tail of the most prominent advantages Geography, Drawing, Music, Dancing, wbich seem to be connected with the &c. From the French of Madam DE LA establishment of a central colony within MEMARDIERE, author of Moral Philoso its limits. By Capt. M.KONOCHIE, R. N, phy and Mythology, for young ladies, A Topographical and Perspective Surwith considerable additions.

vey of the Campagna di Roma, exbiA Pamphlet on the abuses existing in biting to the Traveller and Classic SchoNewgate Prison. By the Hon. Mr. Grey lar every object of interest in that celeBENNETT, M. P.

brated country; illustrated by a Plan on The Researches and Opinions of the an extended scale, and by Views reAntients respecting Pestilential Fevers, ferring to the Plan, and forming a comand their

atmospherical cause. By Mr. plete Panorama of the Ancient Territory THOMAS FORSTER.

of Rome. By Dr. F. CH. L. SICKLER, Four Discourses on the Effects of Member of the Academy of Antiquities Drinking Spirituvus Liquors and other at Rome. Intoxicating Liquors; with Nutes and A Picturesque Tour of Italy, with rean Appendix. By JAMES Yates, M. A. ferences to the Text of Addison, Moore,

Nature displayed in ber mode of Eustace, and Forsyth, from drawings teaching Languages to Man; or, a taken on the spot during the years 1816and New and infallible Method of acquiring 1817. By JAMES HAKEWILL Arch. This Languages with unparalleled rapidity. Work will contain a series of highly.fia Adapted to the French, by N. G. DuFier, nished engravings, from the most proauthor of the Pronouncing Dictionary minent and interesting views in that of the French and English Languages. classical country, and of outline En

The Mercantile Guide; being an Ac- gravings of the Museums of the Vatican, count of the Trade of the principal Com. and Capitol of Rome, of tbe Museum of mercial Places on the Continent of Florence, and the Studii of Naples, Europe ; of their Munies, Exchanges, The Hisçury of the French Protestants Weights and Measures, Charges, Du and the Reformed Church of France, ties, &c. By Mr. C. W. RORDANOZ. from the introduction of Protestantism,

Preparing for Publication. in the reign of Francis the Ist, to the A History of the Civil Wars of Eng. Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, unland, from original, authentic, and most der Louis the XIVth. By the Rev, C. curious and interesting manuscripts and PHILPOT, Rector of Ripple, &c. scarce tracts of the times; illustrated by Discourses on several Subjects and 200 Engravings from original Paintings. Occasions. By the Rev. W. HETT, PreBy G. ARNALD, R. A.

bendary of Lincoln. Letters written during a Tour through A Volume of Lectures on the Church Ireland. By John C. Curwen, esq. M. P. Catechism. By the Rev. Mr. Haver

Narrative of a Voyage to Algiers, and residence in that Capital. By. Signor A complete Collection of the Drama. PANANTI ; with notes by EDWARD BLA- tic Works and Poems of the late Right QUIERE, esq.

Hon. R. B. SHERIDAN, accompanied Letters of a Prussian Traveller, with with an Essay on the Life and Genius of numerous anecdotes, descriptive of a the Author, from the pen of Mr. ThoTour through Sweden, Germany, Hun MAS Moore. gary, Istria, tbe lunian Islands, Egypt, Sy Zelix Albarez ; or Manners in Spain ; ria, Cyprus, Rhodes, the Morea, Greece, interspersed with Poetry. By Alex. Italy, Calabria, the Tyrol, &c. By R. C. DALLAS, esq. John BRAMSEN, esq.

AVolume of Poetry. By J. W. LAKE, esq. An Account of a Voyage of Discovery A Treatise on Practical Geology, with to the Western Coast of Corea, and the Plates; to which will be added a series great Lou Choo Island, in the ship Lyra, of Questions addressed to British Geoloby Capt. Basil Hall, R. N. F.R.S. í gists on certain undetermined parts of with a vocabulary of the language of English Geology, &c. By Mr. BAKEWELL. that Island, by Lieut. CLIFFORD, R. N. A curious Work has been announced, and an Appendix, containing charts and being Observations on the History of the various hydrographical and scientific no punishment of Flagellation, particularly tices, illustrated by eight coloured en its use in Schools; shewing the dangerous gravings, after drawings by Havell, of tendency of this indecent Practice, and scenery and the costume of the people exposing the real Cause why it has been of Corea, and particularly of the more so long a favourite mode of correction interesting inhabitants of Loo Choo. among those who have the care of youth,

A Summary View of the Statistics and with references to Boileau's History of existing Commerce of the principal the Flagellants, &c.

ARTS

FIELD.

ARTS AND SCIENCES.

The altitude of remarkable bills in 6', its North declination go 14' ; its ro the counties of Middlesex, Kent, Essex, tary motion in the direction of East and Surrey (from observations made and West. in the course of the trigonometrical sur In the construction of the newly.in. vey, under the direction of the Board vented Iron Bridges, on wbat is termed of Ordnance), is as follows: Middlesex the principle of Tenacity, the objects (above the level of the sea), Hanger- are, to form and adjust their several bill-tower, 251 feet ; King's-arbour, parts with a particular view to that im132.-Kent: Allington-knoll, 329 feet; portant quality of the metal, which disDover-castle, 469 ; Goodhurst, 497 ; poses it, on being stretched, not merely Greenwich Observatory, 214.; Shooter's to resist and keep its hold, but to appear hill, 446 ; Tenterden-steeple, 322. to draw or pull, in a direction opposite Essex: Highbeech, 790; Langdon-bill, to that in which the force that acts upon 620. - Surrey: St. Anne's-bill, 240; it is applied. In the construction of Bagshot-heath, 463 ; Leith-bill, 993; otber Iron Bridges the metal is employed Norwood, 389.

like any common hard and bulky subM. GIRARD, of the Institute, has pub- stance that is capable of having its pieces Jished, in a Treatise on the Valley of connected together; and the several Egypt, an analysis of the mud of the pieces of it are so arranged to rest and Nile, so celebrated by the fertility it press against each other, as if they poscommunicates to the soil of that coun sessed no other property than their solitry. It appears, from chemical expe- dity, extension, and weight. In the riments made by M. REGNAULT, that of Southwark Bridge, for instance, we see a hundred parts in the mud, there are the plates of iron that compose the arch eleven of water, nine of carbon, six of cast on a similar plan, arranged in a kike oxide of iron, four of silex, four of car order, and depending, in the same way, bonate of magnesia, eighteen of carbo upon one another, as the blocks of stone nate of lime, and forty-eight of alumen. in the arches of Waterloo Bridge, and The quantities of silex and alumen vary requiring, in consequence of that are according to the places where the mud rangement, a corresponding bulk and is taken; that on the banks of the river strength in the piers and abutments, not contains a great deal of sand, while in only to bear the perpendicular pressure that at a distance the argil is almost or gravity of the materials, but to afford pure.

The abundance of this earth an adequate resistance to what is termed in the mud renders it proper for the pur the lateral pressure, the pressure of the poses of the arts. They make excellent sides of the arch or bridge upon the brick of it, and vases of different forms; bases on which they rest. In the conit enters into the fabrication of pipes; struction, however, of such bridges as the glass-makers employ it in the con are proposed to be erected at Hammerstruction of their furnaces; the inha- smith and Rotherhithe, the iron is made bitants of the country parts cover their use of so as that its property of T'ension houses with it, and consider it as a suffi should be most effectively and advaútacient manure for their lands.

geously employed, and the pieces of Perpetual Motion. - A French pbysi- which the structures are composed, are cian is stated to bave in his cabinet two so adjusted with a view to the mutual galvanic piles, 16 inches high, which al- dependence of the parts, and the indeternately attract a pretty heavy beam. pendence of the whole, as to diminish Tbe continual oscillation of the beam the necessity of bulk, without injury to gives motion to a pendulum, which has the strength of the fabrick ; and to pronever stopped for shree years. The phy- mote a proportional lightness in its apsician is now endeavouring to give to pearance and effect, at the same time this movement an isochronism, which it almost annibilates the occasion of the may render it more useful.

lateral pressure. An illustration of the Dr. OLBERS, of Bremen, the celebrated manner in which the weight or pressure astronomer, discovered a new comet on operates, in reference to such an arch, the 1st of November, in the West shoul will enable the reader to perceive the der of the Serpent, between the Stork way in which these important objects and the star, 104 of Bode's catalogue. are attained. Let the action of an It is small, but brilliant; particularly archer's how be considered, if the upper towards the centre, and cannot be seen side of the arch be pressed by the band, without a powerful telescope. At 14 while its ends or points are resting on a minutes past , iis ascension was 2530 table. The force applied upon the bow

would

would produce a spread, which, in the At a meeting, consisting of Sir Joseph case of a bridge, would be termed its Banks, Messrs. Brande, Hatchett, Wol. lateral pressure, and which in that case laston, and Young, it was resolved: would require a corresponding strength 1. That Mr. Stephenson is not the auand resistance in the building of the thor of the discovery of the fact, that an abutments or piers. If the cord, how- explosion of inflammable gas will not pass ever, be attached to the bow, and the through tubes and apertures of small disame force as before be applied to press mensions.--2. That Mr. G. Stephenson it, the cord would seem to pull and was not the first to apply that principle to counteract the spread to which the bow the construction of a safety lamp, none of would be disposed, and prevent any

the lamps which he made in the year 1815 lateral pressure being experienced he having been safe: and there being no eviyond its points. In the structure of an

dence even of their having been made upou arch, if formed as a bow of iron, or in that principle.-3. That Sir Humphrey that of a bridge, composed of a series of Davy not only discovered, independently. such arches or bows, the like result must

of all others, and without any knowledge be produced, if every arch be furnished of the unpublished experiments of the late with its proper chori of iron, and that Mr. Tennant on flame, the principle of the, chord be, as care should be iaken that

non-communication of explosions through it should be, of adequate strength. A

small apertures, but that he has also the familiar and accurate idea of such a sole merit of having first applied it to the figure may be conceived, from recollect- very important purpose of a safety-lamp, ing that of the brass segment which usu

which has evidently been imitated in the ally composes part of a case of mathema. latest lamps of Mr. George Stephenson. tical instruments. An iron structure of

Whatever slight differences of opinion that form, if constituted so as to be may exist as to the original discoverer of made an arch of a bridge, would not, on

the Safety. Lamp, now become so univerany scale, require abutments to resist its

sal in coal-mines, no difference can exist

as to the importance of the discovery it. pressure, or the weight that might be laid upon it. It would rest at its points, self. As the principle upon which its safety upon the upright standards that would depends is not perhaps so generally known, be provided to support and raise it above

it may be desirable to explain it. It is the water, and would press or act upon bustion, will not pass through brass-wire

found that gas, in a state of Aame or comthem, only in a perpendicular direction, and in a way that could most easily and although the gas itself, when not iu a state

gauze with pores of certain dimensions, economically be resisted. - In this man

of flame, most readily passes. If a piece ner, without entering into a detail that might be perplexing if not illustrated by the flame of a common gas-light, now so

of wire-gauze be held horizontally over visible figures, some notion, it is apprehended, may be formed, of the shape and

common in the streets and shops, the flanse structure of an arch of such a bridge but it will not pass through it in the state of

of the gas will burn under the wire-gauze, as is constructed on the principle of fame. If again, whilst the wire-gauze is Tenacity; and of the way in which it'is

held over the flame, a candle be applied supported and elevated. The same prin

to the upper surface of the gauze, the gas ciple is resorted to in respect to the form passing through it will immediately kindle, and arrangement of the several other The theory is this :-gas must be heated parts of the structure, wberever it is

to a certain degree, either by the immedi. admissible, by giving to the iron pieces

ate contact of fame or some other body, the shape of ribs, and connecting them before it will either burn or explode; the so as to constitute, as much as possible, gas, in passing through the wire-gauze, an independent body that may rest upon loses so much of its beat,-or, io other perpendicular standards, which are to

words, the wire-gauze conducts away from possess sufficient strength, but to be di

it so much of its heal,

-as to cool it below vested of extravagant bulk. By this the degree in which it will burn or explode: construction, the least practicable degree hence the important use of the safetya of impediment is presented to the pas- lamp, whilst burving in mixtures of ai. sage of the waters, and the navigation mospheric air and carburetted hydrogeri of the river; and the greatest economy gas. The wire-gauze, with which the lamp may be promoted in the expences of ma is completely surrounded, cools the gas terials and labour, and of course, of time degree below the heat necessary for and money. In the article of iron, one the explosion to take place ; and, consehalf the quantity, it is said, may be quently, no explosion can happen. In no saved, that would be requisite to com, instance has the safety-lamp been known plete a bridge of the same dimensions, to fail in preventing explosions in coal. on the ordinary construction.

mines, whilst the workmen have continued to keep the wire-gauze around it.

to

SELECT POETRY.

dark ;

SONNET

Of night circumfluous then slow, dimWritten in August, 1815, on the Banks of

ey'd light the Lake so beautifully described in Vol.

(For then the sun was not), sail'd thro' the LXXXVII. Part ii. p. 253.

[gleam

And knew not then the well-wing'd rapid SPIRITS of Johnson, GARRICK, Gray, Of radiant speed. The messenger of day descend ;

Darts 'thro' the darkness of a million To ******'s aromatic-groves repair :

worlds, Melodious Mason, FARMER, HURD, atteod, Unmeasur'd darkness, as the word of God, And thou, deep-reasoning WARBURTON, Command ineffable, burst forth--the eye, be there.

The infant eye of newborn Nature leaps Groves, where at «s, 'peep of dawn," and

The morn, the roseate queen of loveliness, “ parting day,"

Thro' orient 'space, the vernal sweetness With mind enrich'd by Learning's

breathes

[ple blush brightest page,

Nutritious temp'rature : pouring her purYour ******* frequent bends his devious

One joy of flow'rs, she paints her being's way,

(engage.

youth. Whilst classic themes his ardent thoughts

In pomp meridian, the golden blaze

Fraternal marches! Hail, thou fount of Descend, Companions of his studious hours, Ye who approv'd, admir’d, his youthful Rolling the stream of light, thou mighty

joy,

[swell lays;

Of day's one splendour, rich, eternal, flow! Ye who, in GRANTA's Academic Bowers,

Ocean of life unfathom'd. With the soul Infam'd - his daring Muse by early

Of song the inward raptures glow'd, and praise.

liv'd Oh ! come, and aid his Fancy's soaring

In salient bosom, when first blooming shone wiug;

The gerin of sacred Light ; nor ceas'd the So shall Autumnal songs still vie with

plaint,

[cast those of Spring.

J. N.

Till Eve, ber beauteous eyelid closing,

The sceneless shade along the sylvan THE ELGIN MARBLES.

world.

[Queen, AR RE these the fragments of the glorious Dearest to deep of thought, majestic prime

[world, Darkness, march forth. Who from the Of that great Empire, mistress of the depth of gloom Who, Queen of Nations, high in air un Calld forth our Sun? who gave him furl'd

heav'n's expanse, Her standard, and outstretch'd her arm His golden monarchy ? to wand'ring orbs sublime ?

[Time; Who gave returning * wish? sure the Yes! and they mock at all-devouring

[gave, For oft, in anger, at yon fane he hurl'd

Some mystic soul, some planet instinct His iron rod, but prostrate at the shrine To th' other worlds, that thro' the waste of Of the Great Goddess harmlessly ic fell,

night

[pos'd, Till he, struck motionless, as with a Their varied course pursue; in them respeil,

[divine. Perhaps the better sleep, no longer cloth'd Gazed wildly, and proclaim'd the power In clay'd mortality, our being's vest,-Phidias! thou hast immortalized thy name The night-ey'd vision of an earthly dream! In these thy handy-works, and they who tried the wilderness of other gloom will tell

By human ken unscann'd-to whom has Loud as ten thousand thunderings thy fame

Dark Wherever truth and beauty deign to Open'd her fold of monster-looking t eye? dwell.

Newton, I thee invoke, that lift'st thy torch

To wondrous night, lend me thy mansions' CREATION.

key!

[shed, A literal Translation of " ΦΩΣ ΓΕΝΕΣ. Did light herself such charm of wonder ON, from Prolusiones," p. 55. Till thine own, heav'n-directed ken, disBy R. TREVELYAN, A. M.

clos'd

[varied hue ? " Be Light!" the word divine rush'd The Rainbow's seven stream'd font of

thro' the gloom ; [deep And trembled thro' its void the depthless * The centripetal force, &c. Wbilst calm ambrosial charm'd the am. + Copywnos, an epithet often used with bient swell

“ Night,” &c. Gent. Mag. January, 1818.

Cleansing

great God

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