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have been submitted to a' conftitu. By a conduct so conformable to tional examination ; but they beg your royal example, they presume leave thus publicly, to declare to to hope they shall in title themselves your majesty their entire acquief- to the continuance of your macence in a measure which your ma- jesty's protection and favour, jefty's councils, and the great council of the nation, have seen reason Te which Address his Majesty was to approve. And this they have pleased to return this molt gracious thought it their duty to do at this Answer. time, when they have with concern • observed a spirit of faction unhap- I Return you my sincere thanks pily arising, and are apprehensive for this address, and for the their filence might be interpreted an fatisfaction you express in the fucencouragement of practices, which cess of my endeavours to restore their dutiful attachment to your the public peace. majesty's person and government I receive with great pleasure the leads them to detest and abhor. assurances you give me, of your

They further beg leave to assure abhorrence and deteftation of those your majesty, that as magiftrates to factious and licentious practices, whom the executive power of the which, alone, can endanger our government of the city of London present happy settlement, after the is intrusted, it shall be their constant conclufion of peace with all our endeavour to maintain and preserve foreign enemies. domeftic tranquillity, order, good Your resolution to support, in government, and that true and opposition thereto, the true confti. perfect liberty, which has its foun- tutional liherty of these kingdoms, dation in obedience to the laws, is highly acceptable to me. and of which licentiousness, though

The city of London may depend it often assumes the name, is, in upon my constant favour and prothis country, the only enemy.

tection.

Advice from a Father 10 a Daugher, concerning the Choice of a Husband, ,

From the French of Rousseau. Marriage, tbou bliss of love, tvou prop of life, mather and I would have you marry, bat forf dabron'jf a Miss, to raise a wife, because our happiness depends on

ADDISON, Is net love leve, witboue a priest and altars? yours. The happiness of a virtu

ous young woman is to make a Leve alone is marriage

virtuous man happy; we must

DRYDIN. therefore think of marrying you, All men should wed with ibeir fimilitude, for your fate through life depends Like should wirb like in love and years engagę on your marriage.

POPE.

The greates happiness of a mar, You ,

are now, Sophy, grown up riage state depends on so many to woman's estate, and you are points of agreement, that it would not to remain always single ---Your be folly to think to find them all ;

the

the most important must be made hearts, ought to be their first guides; sure of preferably to the rest, and for as their primary duty after they those that cannot be procured must are joined together, is to love one be over-looked. Perfe&t happiness another, and as to love or not to is not to be found in this world, but love is not entirely in our own the nearest approach to it may be power, it necessarily follows, that attained in the marriage-state. we ought to begin with loving one : There is a suitableness which may another before marriage. This is a be called natural or personal ; and law of nature which cannot be abrothere is also a suitableness that gated; those who have restricted it arises from the institutions of men, by many civil laws, have had more of' which parents are the proper regard to the appearance of order, judges; but of the first and most than to the happiness or morals of material, the children alone can the people.--You fee, my dear, judge. In marriages made by the that the morality we preach to you authority of parents, these fuitable- is not difficult, it tends only to make nefses that arise from civil institu- you your own mistress, and to make,

alone regarded; the us refer ourselves entirely to you for matches are not between the per- the choice of your husband. fons, but between their rank and After giving you our reasons for fortunes; but both these are sub- leaving you at full liberty to make jea to change; the persons alone your own choice, it is proper to seinain the same in all places, and mention those things that ought to at all times; the happiness or un- induce you to use it with pruhappiness of the marriage ftate de- dence.--Sophy, you have goodpends, in spite of fortune, on per- nature and good.fense, much intefonal suitableness.

grity and piety, and those qualiYour mother was a woman of fications which a woman ought to family, and I had a large fortune; have ; and you are not disagreeI have lost my fortunc, me her able, but your fortune is inconfirank. In the midst of our distress, derable : you have indeed the best the union of our hearts made up for riches, but you want those which every thing, and the conformity of are most valued by the world. Reour taste made us chuse this retire, member that riches are not the ment, we live happy in it, each is to source of happiness.-You never be other instead of all; Sophy is saw our prosperity, you was born our common treasure; we thank the after we failed in the world; you Alnighty for giving her and have made our fituation pleasing to taking away every thing else, but us; we never tasted happiness till we must thiok of settling her in a we loft our riches. state, in which we have found, and . You are too agreeable Sophy to which the Supreme Being hath not to please fomebody.--You will annexed, for wise ends, the greatest be courted perhaps by persons not degree of tempora! happiness. worthy of you ; if they new them

It is for man and wife to suit felves what they really are, you will themselves, mutualinclination ought form a just estimate of them; it is to be their first die; their cyes, their to your reason that we commit

you.

you.—This argument which I pro- have no weight with us: take an pose, Shews our esteem for you, and honest and good man, whose perrestores the natural order. It is fon you like, and whose temper is usual for parents to chuse a husband suitable to you ; whatever he be for their daughter, and to consult in other respects, we shall receive her only for form's sake; we shall him for our son-in-law.His indo just the contrary, you shall come will always be large enough, chuse, and we'll be consulted; make if he hath hands and good morali, use of this right Sophy freely and and loves his family. His rank will wisely. — Birth, fortune, rank, always be high, if he ennobks it by and the opinion of the world, will virtue.

The Origin and Intent of the Habeas Corpus At. THI

HE Habeas Corpus bill had its should be certified. That a true

first rise in 1674, when it was copy of the warrant should be grantcalculated to set bounds to the ar- 'ed. And that every prisoner thould bitrary proceedings of ministers, be indicted the first term after his and preserve those who fell under commitment, and brought to trial their displeasure from being sent in the subsequent term. into banithment, or otherwise im- That no person should be recoinprisoned, without cause, measure, or mitted for the same offence: that no relief.

judge should refuse any prisoner In 1679 the House of Commons their Habeas Corpus : and that no brought in a bill for excluding subject should be liable to illegal placemen and pensioners from seats imprisonment beyond the seas. in parliament. They also voted Such a bulwark for personal sethe Standing-army, and even the curity, against the arm of power, King's guards, to be illegal. But was absolutely neceffary in a free to compensate for the faction and government; and the blessings it violence into which they had been produces are unknown in orber led by their prejudices, they got the countries, whose inhabitants admire . ever memorable Habeas Corpus Act to and envy the happinels of the British be palied into a law; which crown-' constitution, ed the security of the subject, by ra- But this just extension of liberty tifying one of the most essential. has been contracted on some partiparts of Magna Charta, and the cular occafions, and the Habeas petition of right.

Corpus ac temporarily suspended, By this Habeas Corpus A&, the when the tranquility of the itate has Jiberty of the subject was no more been Thook by the violence of reto be endangered by the authority bellion. of the crown: for it provides,

In mort, abuse of power, and the That every prisoner, except in prevention of such abules for the cases of felony and treason, should by future, are the causes assigned in the virtue of a writ of Habeas Corpus, preamble of the Habeas Corpus bill be carried before the court or judge for the enacting clauses of which it by whom the writ was granted, be is composed. forewhom the true causes of detainer

То

to ibe Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINË.

GENTLEMEN,

and revelling wantonly and cruelig HE vulgar prejudices of the in the agonies and tortures of crea

world very often lead mankind tures, whose sensations are as deli. into the most absurd notions of cate, and whose natural right to an many parts of the creation, and unpainful enjoyment of life is as also of the divine purposes for which great as that of man. they were made. To call

any

the I cannot therefore avoid applaud. most minute animal, or plant, iin- ing the custom of the Jews, and perfect, or to say that man, merely from them the Mahometans, in one as an animal, is more perfect than particular, which regards their the smallest infe&t, is one of those manner of killing those animals abfurdities ; for perfection in an their law allows them to eat: the animal, let his form be what it will, person appointed for this purpose, consists in no more than his being is obliged to prepare a knife of a capable of performing the proper considerable length, made as sharp functions during his life, and an- as the keenest razor, the utmost (wering the ends for which he was care being taken, that not the least made. And, indeed, there appears notch or inequality may remaia an equal portion of the divine wif- on the edge : with this knife he is dom in the form and structure of obliged to cut the throat and blood the most minute, as in the greatest vessels at one stroke, whereby the animal. The fame thing may be painful manner of knocking them observed, if we may compare great down, which often requires several things with small, of the most com- cruel blows, and stabbing them in mon objects : there is no more per- the neck, with a blunt knife, are fedion, for instance, in the finest avoided. It was a law founded on clock, watch, cabinet, or whatever true reason, that whatever beast the nicest mechanic can produce, was mangled in killing for food, than in the most simple utenfil in should be accounted unclean, even a kitchen, provided it answers the though it was in itself the direct end for which it was made ; for contrary. If there were no other notwithstanding the additional or- meaning in this precept than to naments of the most exquisite piece avoid, as much as.possible, any kind of workınanship, if it does not an- of cruelty in giving them pain at swer the end, it is imperfect; and it their deaths, it would declare the beis for want of rightly distinguishing nevolence and goodness of the this matter, that we are too apt to legiflator. conceive very depreciating notions of some of the animal creation,

Your's, &c. and thence become mere tyranits, Sporting away the lives of many,

L. M

I am,

A Grea

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