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On Saturday the thirtieth of
directed to April at ten in the forenoon, three Nathan Carrington John Money of his majesty's messengers, by vir
James Watson and Robert Blackture of a warrant from the secretary more of state, seized on the person of the Four of his majesty's messengers said John Wilkes, Esq; member of in ordinary parliament; of which warrant the N. B. The officers had a verbal following is a true copy.
order to put this warrant in exeGeorge Montagu Dunk earl cution, by entering forceably into of Halifax viscount Sunbury the house of John Wilkes, Esq; and baron Halifax one of member of parliament, at mid
the lords of his majesty's night ; and those officers are (the L. S.
most honourable privy coun- hand-bill says) now threatened with cil lieutenant-general of his the loss of their places, for not commajesty's forces, and princi- plying with such verbal instrucpal secretary of state.
tions. These are in his majesty's name to On the intimation of Mr. Wilkes, authorize and require you (taking member of parliament, being in a constable to your aliftance) to custody, a motion was made in the make strict and diligent search for court of Common Pleas, then fitthe authors printers and pub- ting in Westminster-Hall, for a lishers of a seditious and treason- Habeas Corpus, which was grantable paper intitled the North ed; though by reason of the proBriton Number XLV Saturday thonotary's office not being open, April 23 1763 printed for G such Habeas Corpus could not be Kearlly in Ludgate street London fued out till four o'clock in the afand them or any of them having ternoon. found to apprehend or seize toge- Several gentlemen, friends and ther with their papers and to acquaintance of the said John bring in safe custody before me Wilkes, Esq; member of parliato be examined concerning the ment, applied for admittance into premises and further dealt with his house, which was then perempaccording to law And in the due torily refused by a pretended order execution thereof all mayors from the secretary of state; which sheriffs justices of the peace con- order, though repeatedly requestftables and all other his majesty's ed, was not, nor could not be pro. officers civil and military and duced. loving subjects whom it may con- As no proper or legal authority cern are to be aiding and aslift- appeared to countenance such refuing to you as there shall be oc- fal, the gentlemen thought themcasion and for so doing this shall felves no ways obliged to obey the be your warrant. Given at St. verbal commands of officers acting James' the twenty-fixth day of only under verbal authority; and April in the third year of his ma. entered accordingly without further jesty's reign.
queition or moleftation from those figned
officers. Dunk HALIFAX Mr. Wood, the deputy-secretary
of state, being sent for, demanded right honourable the earl of Tem. the reason of such forcible entry: ple such admittance. it was replied, that no force had On Sunday, May the first, the been used, and that the gentlemen fame gentlemen, between the hours thought themselves legally juftified of twelve and one, called again in what they had done.
upon major Ransford, on the same Soon after this (whether fent for, occasion, but were again denied ador not, does not appear) Philip mittance, as were soon after many Carteret Webb, Esq; follicitor to noblemen and gentlemen of the the Treasury, came into the room, first distinction, and Mr. Wilkes's and some private conversation be- own brother. tween him and Mr. Wood having After such denial Mr. Wilkes's past, the latter asked, if any gen- follicitor demanded of the major, a tleman then present would attend copy of the warrant under which or inspect the officers while they Mr. Wilkes was committed to the were sealing up all the papers in Tower; which was readily granted the house of Mr. Wilkes; or used by the major, and of which the folwords to that or the like effect. lowing is a true copy.
Mr. Wilkes having declined ac- Charles earl of Egremont and cepting of the like offer, no person George Dunk earl of Halifax, then prefent thought himself au- lords of his majesty's most honthorized to take upon him such in- ourable privy council, and prinspection.
cipal secretaries of state. Notwithstanding it was known, These are, in his majesty's name, that the court of Common Pleas to authorize and require you, had granted an Habeas Corpus, of
to receive into your custody which fact Philip Carteret Webb, the body of John Wilkes, Esq; Esq; follicitor to the Treasury, at herewith sent you, for being that, time, at lord Halifax's, was the author and publisher of a then well assured; yet was the said most infamous and feditious John Wilkes, Efq; member of par- libel intitled the North Briton liament, committed to the Tower Number 45; tending to inof London.
flame the minds and alienate His sollicitor and one of his the affections of the people council, soon after they heard of from his majesty & to excite such commitment, went to the them to traiterous insurrecTower, in order to consult with the tions against the government. said John Wilkes, about the legal And to keep him safe and close methods to be pursued for his en- until he shall be delivered by largement; but were denied admit- due course of law for so doing tance; Major Ransford informed this shall be your warraat them, that he had received orders Given at St. James', the 30th from the secretary of state, not to day of April 1763 in the third admit any person whatsoever, to year of his majesty's reign. speak with or see the said John
signed Wilkes; and further informed them, L. S.
EGRËMONT. that he had just before refuled the L. S.
Dunk Halifax. li z
To the right honourable John Habeas Corpus, directed to the con-
the said Tower or his deputy. cil, this same day, between the Philip Carteret Webb, Esq; solli- hours of two and three, again citor to the Treasury, thep being pre- went to the Tower, and made apsent in the said major Ransford's plication to major Ransford for adroom, Mr. Wilkes's council and sol- mittance to the said John Wilkes, licitor applied to the said Mr. Efq; but were refused such admit. Webb for admittance to the said tance; major Ransford declaring, Mr. Wilkes,
that he had received no orders from Philip Carteret Webb, Esq; de- either of the secretaries of state to Sired major Ransford to allow such that purpose. There appeared upadmittance, which he' would indem. on the table of the said major nify: The major, with a spirit be- Ransford, a written order for him coming a good officer, replied, he to take down the names of all percould not disobey orders.
sons applying for admittance to coPhilip Carteret Webb, Esq; re- lonel Wilkes. answered, he believed there must
MAGNA EST VERITAS. have been a mistake in the orders, and that, if either of the secretaries Orders issued by the Lieutenant-Gover.
nor of the Tower, refpe&ting the of state were in town, he would ap.
Detention of John Wilkes, Esq; ply to them, and obtain such admittance as aforesaid; and that he THAT the warders appointed to would either send, or bring, an or
keep a close prisoner, fhall der for such admittance in the after- not presume to leave him for a monoon.
ment alone, either night or day, or Upon this affertion the said Mr. to change their duty with other Wilkes's council and follicitor, be. warders, but by particular leave or Iween eight and nine o'clock in the order from the constable, lieuteevening of the same day, again went nant, deputy-lieutenant, or in their to the Tower, and applied for ad- absence the major of the Tower. mittance as aforesaid. The major, They are to permit no person to having received no instruction from have admittance into the room he either of the secretaries of state, or is confined in, or to speak to him Philip Carteret Webb, Esq; refused, but by a particular order brought as before.
them by the major or gentleman On the morning of this day, goaler. (Monday, the fecond of May) the During his confinement, in order court of Common. Pleas ordered a to divert the hours of solitude, he return to their writ of Habeas Cor
wrote to his daughter at Paris; pus; which return not then ap. and, having obtained a copy (which pearing to the court to be fufficient, was sent open to the earl of Halithe court ordered, that the said re- fax, in order to be forwarded,) we turn should not at present be filled: take the liberty of presenting it to but, upon motion, granted another the public.
Tower, Sunday, May 1, 1763. hands by the end of June, and that
we shall all make our tour togeMY DEAREST POLLY,
ther, and laugh at all the follies I HAVE got half an hour's lei- and rogueries of this country: Pray
sure to pay my compliments tell baron - that I have finished to you, and to relieve you from the the business he recommended to anxiety you will, from the kind af- me, Kiss for me once ------, and fection you bear me, be in at hear- twice.---- Have you been yet on ing of my commitment to this any parties with them? Comment place. Be assured that I have done trouvez-vous l'Opéra, la Comedie, &c. nothing unworthy of a man of ho- Is your old acquaintance Miss nour, who has the happiness of be. Wriothefly ftill with the dutchess of ing your father. You fall never Bedford ? How does the parson at in future life blush for me. I am
the ambassador's chapel preach? only accused of writing the last Does Mr. Neville make love to you? Norih Briton, yet my sword has How do you like Mr. Pottinger? been taken from me, all my papers &c. &c. &c. &c. &c. Continue to have been stolen by ruffians, and love me, and believe me, with the I have been forceably brought here. greatest warmth of affection, I have not yet seen my accusers,
Your obliged father, nor have I heard who they are. My friends are refused admittance to
--W-" Lord Temple, and my bro- On Tuesday, May 3, at half an ther, could not be allowed to see hour past ten in the morning, Mr: me yesterday. As an Englishman, I Wilkes was brought to the bar of must lament that my liberty is thus the court of Common Pleas, where wickedly taken away, yer I am not he made the following speech. unhappy, for my honour is clear,
MY LORDS, my health good, and my spirit unfhaken, I believe, indeed, invinci- I Feel myself happy to be at last ble. The most pleasing thoughts brought before a court, and beI have, are of you, and the most fore judges, whose characteristic is agreeable news I can hear, will be the love of liberty. I have many the continuance of your health. humble thanks to return for the
“ I beg you not to write a word immediate order you were pleased of politics.---The knives you de. to issue, to give me an opportunity fired are almost finished, and are of laying my grievances before you. very elegant. If you wish for any They are of a kind hitherto unpathing from England for yourself, or ralleled in this free country, and I your friends, let me know, and I trust the consequences will teach will give orders for it.
ministers of Scottish and arbitrary “ A propos, my dear girl, can principles, that the liberty of an you get me made Membre du Parle. Englih subject is not to be sported ment de Paris, for our's has lost all away with impunity, in this cruel their privileges? Your's has a few and despotic manner. left.--. My best compliments to ma- I am accused of being the author dame I hope to kiss her of the North Briton, No. 45. I
fhall only remark upon that paper, which he refused; and after feveral that it takes all load of accusation learned arguments on both sides, from the sacred name of a prince, he was remanded back to the whose family I love and honour, as Tower; and his friends had, for the glorious defenders of the cause the first time the opportunity of of liberty, and whose personal qua- free access to him..-. At his depar., lities are so amiable, great, and re- ture from the hall, the acclama. spectable, that he is deservedly the tions of the people ecchoed, Liberidol of his people. It is the pecu- ty! Liberty! Whigs for ever, and liar fashion and crime of these times, no Excise ! The court then adand of those who hold high mini- journed till Friday the 6th of May, sterial offices in government, to at which time he was ordered to be throw every odious charge from brought up, in order that the affair themselves upon majesty. The should be finally determined. author of this paper, whoever he During this respite his majesty may be, has, upon constitutional
was pleased to issue orders to lord principles, done directly the re- Egremont, to discontinue him from verse, and is therefore in me, the his being a colonel in the militia of supposed author, meant to be per- the county of Buckingham, which secuted accordingly. The particu- was signified to him in the follow, lar cruelties of my treatment, worse ing letters. than if I had been a Scots rebel,
Whitehall, May 4, 1763 this court will hear, and I dare fay, from your justice, in due
MY LORD, time redress.
THE king having judged it im: I may perhaps still have the proper, that John Wilkes, means left ine to Thew that I have
Esq; mould any longer continue to been superior to' every temptation be colonel of the militia for the of corruption. They may indeed county of Buckingham, I am comhave flattered themselves, that manded to signify his majesty's when they found corruption could pleasure to your lordship, that you not prevail, persecution might in- do forthwith give the necessary ortimidate. I will shew myfeif fupe- ders for displacing Mr. Wilkes, as rior to both. My papers have been
an officer in the militia for the faid seized, perhaps with a hope the county of Buckingham. better to deprive me of that proof
I am, with great respect, of their meanness, and corrupt pro
My lord, digality, which it may pollibly, in
Your lord ship's most a proper place, be yet in my power
Obedient humble servant,
Egremont, He then pleaded by his council. To the earl Temple. Mr. ferjeant Glynn, for his dir
Pall-Mall, May 5, 1763. charge, alledging that his commit
SIR, ment was not valid. The point in AT.
T my return last night from debate lasted from eleven o'clock the Tower, I received the entill a quarter past two ; he was of- closed letter from the earl of Egrefered the liberty of being bailed, mont: in consequence of his ma