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nine and ten. This is the general he engaged in the late war with and constant round of his Catholic England contrary to the sentiments majesty's life.
of his ministers, and in direct oppoDon Carlos, on the 19th of June Sition to the voice of the whole na1739, married Maria Amelia Chris- tion, tina, daughter of Auguftus III. king It was expected, in 1731, that of Poland, and ele&or of Saxony, upon our introduction of Don Carlos She was born on the 24th of No- and his garrisons into Italy, in vember 1724; and died at Madrid consequence of the treaties of the 27th of September 1760. She Vienna, that the Spaniards would had issue by him six sons and two award full reparation to our injured daughters.
merchants ; but that was very far His majefty is reserved beyond from proving the case: and since the common reserve of princes, has his accession to the crown of Spain, no confidant, and communicates we have experienced nothing but his will only by his orders. to put it the same sort of favour from the into execution. He can neither be hands of this prince, who we firft led nor driven ; all must come from made a king, and whose fon is now himself. He allows no minister to suffered to hold the kingdom of the remonstrate or argue with him: and Two Sicilies.
Ceremonies of a Royal Funeral in Spain.
sort of the present king save her, and every Spanish saint Charles III. dicd September 27, invoked, but all in vain. They 1760, aged 35, after she had reign. brought the image of St. Idro ed only one year and fourteen days. to her, and some were fetched even She was a daughter of the present from Toledo and Alcala de Henares: king of Poland, and had suffered but neither the interpofition of greatly for the distresses of her fa- faints nor subje&s could avail any ther, who had been driven from his thing; though all the churches of electorate by the king of Prussia: Madrid were crowded with people, she had lived twenty years with his offering up prayers for her recovery, present majesty. She was in a bad fate was inexorable, and death re. ftate of health when he came first lentless. The nuncio came and into Spain, catched the measles at gave her the last papal benediction, Saragosa, then a cold: and after- and by that means conveyed to her wards was taken ill with a fever the first notice of her approaching and flux at St. Ildefonso, in Sep- diffolution; the received the shock tember, and upon its increase re- with lume surprize, but with much turned to Madrid; when both those piety, resignation, and resolution. disorders still kept harrafing and Upon her observing to the nuncio weakening her, till they at last end- the insignificance and emptiness of ed in a delirium and mortification, all human grandeur ; and that it
was now of no advantage to her, proceflion began from the gate of that the ever was a queen-he re- the Buen Retiro in this order : plied, “Your majesty has certainly first came forty Carmelite monks had much greater opportunities of on horseback, each with a torch doing good, and which have not in one hand, and the bridle in the been neglected.” She lingered a other ; then as many Cordeliers, day or two after this, till the deli- and last of all the Dominicans, all rium came on, attended with con- with torches in their hands: theni vulfions, and at length expired a body of the guards on horseback, about three o'clock in the after. without tapers, headed by the duke noon.
of Veraguez, or duke of Berwick. “ The next day she was laid in These were followed by the Sacrist state in the Caffon, or great hall of in his cope, bearing a gold crucifix, the Buen Retiro; she lay upon a at the head of the curates. Then fpond covered with gold tissue, un- the state coach with the queen's der a canopy of Itate : me was body, followed by two Caroffes de dressed in a plain cap, tied with a Refpeet; then the duke of Alva ; broad white fattin-ribband, and behind him the Inquisitor-general, with a small black egret over her with some other people of distinc." fore-head: on each side the spond tion, such as the duke of Arcos; were fix large girandoles, of Mexi. &c. then followed another body of can silver, about four feet high, with the guards, and last of all a suite large tapers burning, and round the of coaches. These were obliged soom were several altars with gold to travel in this manner all the and filver candlesticks. On the night, with their torches burning, right-hand side of the spond, at the which must be a vast expence ; it feet, knelt the duchess of Medina being eight leagues to the Escurial, Sidonia, behind her another lady and they proposed burying her of distinction, and then an exempt, majesty about eight o'clock the and on each side stood two pursui. next morning.
The Monks are vants bearing the crown and sceptre. paid for this journey, and they The ladies were relieved every commonly share the tissue pall be. hour by others, such as the duchess tween them. And thus ended the of Burnombile, the duchess of folemnities of this funeral, which Arcos, &c. but the pursuivants were i fall conclude with the moral of obliged to remain the whole
the whole our English poet: twenty-four hours.Thus lay the queen all that day and night ; A heap of duft alone remains of on the 29th she was carried to the
Thee; Escurial in this manner: about • 'Tis all thou art, and all the Great Seven o'clock in the evening the
Some Accrount of the City of Manila, its Situation, Manufaktures, and
i Trade to Acapulco, Sc. &c.
With an accurate Map of the PHILLIPPINE ISLANDS.
T H E city of Manila is situated on the carried on from the port of Calao to the + island of Luconia, the largest of the ' city of Manila, in which navigation the Philippine islands, being 400 miles long;' trade wind continually favoured them; in some places 200, in others not 100 so that notwithstanding these places were miles broad. It is situated in the Pacific diftant between three and 4000 leagues, Ocean, between 117 and 123 degrees yet the yoyage was often made in little of Weft longitude, and between 12 and more than two months : But then the 19 degrees North latitude ; about 300 return to Manila was extremely trou. miles South East from China.
blesome and tedious, and is said to hava * The inand of Luconia is eftmated to be) sometimes lasted above a twelvemonth, extremely healthy: it produces all the fruits by their attempting to ply up within the of the warm climates : the water found limits of the trade winds. But this course upon it is said to be the beft in the world. was foon laid atide by the advice of a The island abounds in a most excellent Jesuit : and in compliance with the new breed of horses, supposed to be carried plan of navigation, which has been folthither first from Spain. The bay and lowed for at least 160 years past, and to port of Manila, which lies on its western Morten the run both backwards and for fide, is perhaps the most remarkable on wards, the staple of the commerce to and the whole globe; the bay being a large from Manila was removed from Calao on circular bason, near ten leagues in diame. the coast of Peru, to the port of Aca. ter, great part of it entirely land-locked. pulco on the coast of Mexico. On the east side of this bay rands the The trade carried on from Manila to city of Manila, which is large and popu China and different parts of India, is prinlous; an: which in the year 1738, was cipally for such commodities as are intendonly an open place, its principal defence ed to supply the kingdoms of Mexico and consisting in a small fort, which was als Peru. There are, fpices and all sorts of most surrounded on every side by houses; Chinese folks and manufactures; particubut during the war that was ended by the larly filk stockings, of which it is said treaty of Aix la Chapelle, considerable that no less than fifty thousand pair are the additicns were made to its fortifications. usual number shipped in each cargo ; vaft
The Philippine isands were discovered quantities of Indian stuffs, as callicoes by the Spaniards about the year 1929. and chints, which are inuch worn in South Being not far distant from those places America, together with other minuter arwhich produced spices (of which the Por ticles, as goldsmiths work, &c. which is tuguese held at that time the envied por. principally wrought at the city of Mafeffion) and being very well situated for nila itself by the Chinese ; for it is said the Chinese trade, and for the commerce there are at least 20,000 Chinese who of other parts of India, a communica- constantly reside there, either as servants, tion was foon established, and carefully manufacturers, or brokers. All these supported, between these islands and the different commodities are collected ac Spanish colonies on the coast of Peru: Manila, thence to be transported annualwhence the city of Manila became in ly in one or more tips to Acapulco. a short time the market for all Indian com T his trade to Acapulco is not laid open modities, which were bought up by the to all the inhabitants of Manila, but is inhabitants, and annually fent to the confined by very particular regulations, South Seas to be there vended on their ac somewhat analagous to those by which count. And the returns of this commerce the trade of the register Tips from Cadiz to Manila being principally made in Hilver, to tñe West Indies is reftrained. “The the place by degrees grew extremely opu. Tips employed in it are all the King's Mips, kot. In the infancy of this tra le it was commisioned, and paid by him: and the April, 1763