« PreviousContinue »
Copy of the Tbanks of the City of Exeter to the City of London, on Account of
ibe Opposition made by the latter, in addreffing every Branch of the Legislature against the Cyder Bill. By the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commos. Council of the City of Exeter, in Chamber assembled, May 6, 1763.
article of the public charge contriTH "HAT the thanks of this body bute at least their full share; a tax
presented to the right hon. the most disproportioned to the the lord-mayor, and common-coun- prime cost and natural original cil of the city of London, in grate- value of the product charged with ful acknowledgment of the high it, which in plentiful years, such as obligation conferred on us in com- the last, it very greatly exceeds : a mon with the whole kingdom, by tax the most grievous both to the their spirited, steady, and disinterest- land owners and the land holders; ed interposition in our favour, with to the former, as its amount on a every branch of the legislature, as great part of the estates in our adwell as by their instructions to their jacent county of Devon will be representatives, dictated by a truly much higher than the highest landEngliMh patriotism, upon the bill for tax, which must inevitably draw laying a new duty on cyder and after it a proportionable abatement perry; and that, at a conjuncture in the rents, while all other rates, wherein the uncommon dispatch taxes, public and private charges, with which that bill was carried will contioue the same; to the through the usual forms, precluded land-holders, by their being subthe more diftant counties, which jected universally in the cyder coun. are chiefly affected by it, from the ties, (cottages only in past exemptopportunity of making those dutiful ed) to the justly dreaded severity, representations against it, which and burthensome restraints, of the would undoubtedly have been at- Excise laws; and by the neceflity tended to, and we are persuaded they will find themselves under of would, upon impartial examina- submitting to a composition, which, tion, have prevented its pafling in- in effect, amounts to a capitation to a law.
tax of five shillings a bead on every “As this body, in virtue of their servant, apprentice, and child of situation in the middle of one of eight years old in a family, in conthe greatest cyder counties, hath tradiction to the uncontroverted immediately under its eye the maxims of good policy, one of the alarming prospect of the destruc- principal aims of which hath ever tive consequences of this new tax; been to give all possible encouragea tax the most unequal in its im- ment to marriage and population : pofition, by laying the whole bur- a tax, in fine, which for want, as is then of expences incurred in the humbly presumed, of sufficient ingeneral defence of the kingdom, formation of the circumstances re. and in the protection of the na- lative to its object, it is impractitional commerce, on a few particu- cable to levy under the present prolar counties, which in every other visions, without very unnecessarily
exposing the proprietors to great assistance which they have already hardship, heavy loss, and frequent so very generously exerted in their vexatious disappointments, as well favour, and to co-operate with them as the officers to abundant super- towards the obtaining an end, in fluous trouble, and almost inextri- which the constitution and liberties cable perplexity.
of the kingdom, and the well-being “For these reasons, which are of that part of it, which is more by no means exaggerated, and immediately affected by this law, many others of great weight, this are deeply interested. body is determined at the next en- Done in Chamber suing session of parliament to take the Day and Year Bens. Heath, every step, employ every method, above-written. Town Clerk of Exeter. and enter into every concert war
A motion was then made, and ranted by our constitution, in order unanimously agreed to, that a peto obtain a repeal of the law by tition should be presented at the which this tax is imposed; and in next sessions of parliament, from this view they make it their earnest this city to the hon. House of Comrequest to the lord-mayor, the aldermen, and the common-council of mons, for a repeal of a part of the
late act of parliament relating to the city of London, that they will
the new duties on cyder. be pleased to continue to them that
Extract from Le Page Du Pratz's Hiftory of Louisiana, relating to the Mines
in that Country.
I Have often been asked, Are there waters gold-duft: from which there
any mines in this province ? is reason to believe, that there are There are, without all dispute ; and mines of this metal in that country. that is so certain, and so well known, And as for bilver-mines, there is no that they who have any knowledge doubt but they might be found of this country never once called there, as well as in New Mexico, it in question. And it is allowed on which this province borders. A by all, that there are to be found Canadian traveller, named Bon in this country quarries of plaster Homme, as he was hunting at some of Paris, fate, and very fine veined distance from the post of the Nachimarble ; and I have learned from toches, melted some parcels of a one of my friends, who, as well as mine, that is found in rocks at a myself, had been a great way on very little distance from that post, discoveries, that in travelling this which appeared to be very good province, he had found a place full filver, without any farther purificaof fine stones of rock-crystal. As tion. for my share, I can affirm, without It will be objected to me, perendeavouring to impose on any one, baps, that if there is any truth in that in one of my excursions I found, what I advance, I hould have come upon the river of the Arkansas, a from that country laden with silver rivulet that rolled down with its and gold; and that if these precious June, 1763
metals are to be found there, as I that the French seem hitherto to have said, it is surprising, that the have shewn in searching for these French have never thought of dif- mines, and in digging them, we covering and digging them in thirty ought to take due notice, that in years, in which they have been order to open a silver mine, for settled in Louisiana. To this I example, you must advance at least answer, that this objection is only a hundred thousand crowns, before founded on the ignorance of those you can expect to get a penny of who make it; and that a traveller, profit from it, and that the people or an officer, ordered by his supe- in the country are not in a condiriors to go to reconnoitre the coun- tion to be at any such charge. Add try, to draw plans, and to give an to this, that the inhabitants are too account of what he has seen, in ignorant of these mines; the Spanothing but immense woods and niards, their neighbours, are too deserts, where they cannot so much discreet to teach them; and the as find a path, but what is made by French in Europe are too backthe wild beasts; I say, that such ward and timorous to engage in people have enough to do to take such an undertaking. But notcare of themselves and of their withstanding, it is certain that the present business, instead of gather thing has been alçeady done ; and ing riches ; and think it sufficient just reasons, without doubt, but that they return in a whole skin.. different from an impossibility, have
With regard to the negligence caused it to be laid aside.
To ibe Authors of the British MAGAZINE. GENTLEMEN, As the following account differs from most which I have feen, I have judged it might fuit you to insert it; for the truth can beit be dircovered by different lights.
An Account of the Expedition to Louisbourg in the Year 1757. THE experience of the cam. As this was a favourite measure
paigns in 1755, and 1756, had with the colonies, they entered into convinced the English ministry, that it with the greatest alacrity; so that there would be no end of the war in the space of ten days the goverwhilft our army aimed at nothing nors, who assembled at Philadelphia, but traversing from place to place. settled with the earl of Loudon, the A more decisive blow was therefore commander in chief, the plan of resolved on for the campaign in defence on the continent, the num1757, and the reduction of Cape ber of troops to be supplied by each Breton proposed as the first step, colony, and their destination : and since that would effectually pave his Excellency left Philadelphia the the way to an honourable peace, or 27th of March. the total reduction of Canada. The month of April was chiefly
spent in getting the transports ham 20, Baltimore 16, Jamaica 14, ready, which being all convened at and the Speedwell 12. New-York, and every thing in order The forces being landed, were for embarkation, on the 6th of encamped, on the Windmill-hill. May, Sir Charles Hardy, governor fouth of the citadel. As the ground of that place, having received the was rough, they were employed to king's commission as rear-admiral make an even broad parade in the of the Blue, hoisted his flag on front of the camp, for exercises and board the Sutherland, and the com- reviews. Orders were likewise given mander in chief was impatient to to make a large garden, to furnish hear of the feet from England, it vegetables for the sick and woundbeing now about the time limited ed, who might be sent there for for their arrival at Hallifax.
Between the 22d and 25th, the Parties of Rangers were daily troops were all embarked; but did sent into the woods, and several not depart from port 'till the 20th prime sailing vessels dispatched, unof June, and arrived at Hallifax on der skilful pilots, to look into Louisthe zoth.
bourg harbour, with rangers on The armament from New York board to be landed, in order to was the Sutherland of 50 guns, make what discoveries might be with lord Loudon on board, which necessary. led the van: the Nightingale of 20 The fleet from England did not guns brought up the rear: the arrive 'till the 9th of July, having Kennington of 20 guns on the star- been several weeks wind-bound at board, and the Ferret-Noop of 16 Spithead: it consisted in the whole guns on the larboard: the Vulture of 17 ships of the line, and 16 friof 14 guns was sent a-head for dif- gates, 170 transports, 4 large ships coveries.
with horses, steers, &c. and several This small force had under their with fascines, pontoons, and gaconvoy 2 pacquet-boats, 2 artillery bions. The forces consisted of the ships, 2 hospital ships, 27 victual- following regiments, the 15th, 17th, Jers, and 63 transports, in all 101 220,27th,28th, 40th,420, 434,44th, fail. The victuallers had 3112 tons 45th, 46th, 47th, 48th, 55th,6zd, or of provisions, and the transports Royal American, 2 battalions, 500 had on board 6 regiments, 2 bat- of the train, 500 rangers, and 100 talions of Royal Americans, 500 carpenters; the total of which was rangers, commaoded by the famous
11000 men and upwards, divided major Rogers, and 100 carpenters into three brigades; the first comof Boston. The provisions were manded by general Abercrombie ; sufficient for six months.
the second by general Hobson; and At Hallifax his Excellency found the third by general lord Charles three regiments more, viz. the 40th, Hay. 45th, and 47th, and 100 men belong- It was now expected that the ing to the artillery. The following army would immediately proceed tips were in the harbour, the Not to Louisbourg; but this was not lingham of 60 guns, Arcenciel 50, done: the troops were called raw Winchelsea 24, Success 22, Elphing- and unfit for service, and orders
were given, July 15, for the en- learnedly, prevailed, and the officer gineers to erect a fascine fort on who uttered the first malapert fenthe north-side of the ciradel, where tence, was put under arrest. the business of attack and defence This happened on July ?ift: but was to be carried on for 'the im- it was not thought proper to conprovement of the men.
tinue the fiege of the fafcine fort; July 23d, the mock fort being and orders were issued for the finished, the fiege began with a troops to hold themselves ready to great firing, in the presence of a embark at an hour's warning. . multitude of spectators, and the The Baltimore loop of war was trenches were opened without much dispatched to England, Auguft ift. resistance on the part of the be- and the same day, and the day fieged, who were supposed to per- following, the troops were embarksonate the garrison of Louisbourg. ed, and their rendezvous appointed By the 30th, the siege was far ad- at Gaberus bay, about fix miles vanced, and, according to the roles from Louisbourg.--Now the policy and chances of war, it was judged of the French appeared: they orthat the fort might be formed in dered a ship bound to France, eight or ten days.
to fail out of its course till it met But lord Charles Hay did not with some English men of war; approve of this pra&tice; he called it when this vessel was taken, they “ keeping the courage of the fol- did not throw their dispatches diers at bay, and expending the over-board, which alone was fufnation's wealth in making mam ficient to cause suspicion ; the was fights, and planting cabbages, when brought into Hallifax, August 4th, we ought to have been attacking and it appeared, by her papers, that the enemies of our country in she was bound to France, with an reality."
account of the happy arrival of a This reply was made by the other formidable French Aeet at Louisfide. Conduct is as great a virtue bourg, consisting of 17 fail of the in war as courage, and the greatest line, with other tremendous cirexcellence in a commander is to cumstances. know when to fight, and when to This was enough -The bait forbear. And they annexed the was readily swallowed ; a council following Latin sentence: Debellaro of war was called, the former or Hannibale rim Romanam cunetando re- ders countermanded, and, in fine, Aituit Fabius. To which Virgil al- the resolution of attacking Cape ludes, Æn. Book 6th, verse 845. Breton was at an end. The far
cine thips were sent to George-Tu maximus ille es
island to unload. Some of the Unus qui nobis cunctando reftituis rem.
troops were ordered to Hallifax, By which is to be understood, others to the bay of Fundy, and “That in the war with Hannibal, the remainder, with lord Loudon, Fabius retrieved the Roman affairs convoyed by the Winchelsea, Kenby prudent protraction and for bea- rington, Hawk, and Jamaica floops, ránce."
failed August 16, and arrived at The latter party, who argued so Sandy-hook August 30th.