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new long shroud hanging down to roon died, to all appearance with his feet, all ready for the fire: Oh! little or no pain. On the other be you there, said Ridley? Yes, re- side, the fire had been so ill managturns Latimer, have after you as ed by piling too many faggots, that fast as I can follow. After a fort it burnt only beneath him; which, sermon was finished, by Dr. Smith, when Ridley felt, he desired them which they were not allowed to an- for Christ's fake to let it come to swer, they were commanded to make him. His brother, not understandthem ready. Ridley distributed his ing the reason of his request, with apparel, and other things he had an ill-advised kindness, heaped upabout him, to those who stood by. on him more faggots, which made Latimer gave nothing, but suffered the fire, smoothering below, so inhis keeper to pull off all his dress tense, that it burned all the lower but his shroud, in which he, who parts of his body before it touched before seemed a withered crooked the vital. This made him leap up old man, negligent of himself, now and down under the faggots, and roused to play the man, stood bolt often to defire them to let the fire upright, and appeared a venerable come to him, saying, “I cannot comely person. A large iron chain burn:” which indeed appeared too being brought round the middles true; for after his legs were conof the two martyrs, “Good fellow," sumed, he shewed his fide next to said Ridley, shaking the chain, to the spectators, clear, shirt and all, the smith who was driving the untouched with Aame. Thus he staple, “knock it in hard, for the continued, till one of the standersflesh will have its course.” After by, with his bill, pulled off the fagfome time they brought a faggot gots above; and where the torturready kindled, and laid it at Ridley's ed martyr saw the fire flame up, he feet, to whom Latimer said, “Be of wrested himself to that side. When good comfort, Mr. Ridley, and play the flame touched a bag of gunthe man. We mall this day light powder that had been tied to his such a candle, by God's grace, in neck, he was seen to stir no more ; England, as I trust shall never be and, either from the chain loosing. put out.” Wben the fire began to or by the overpoise of his body, flame, Latimer received it as it were after his legs were consumed, fell embracing him ; then cried out in over the chain down at Latimer's earnest devotion; and after having feet." stroked his face with his hand, he

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T the opening of the succeed- preparations, tho’at the same time

ing year, the emperor sent to he did not neglect to make ov Pavia, and held there an assembly tures of accommodation. His new of the states of Lombardy, in which title had a great effect on the mind he received the homage and oaths of Charles the Bald; he appeared of fidelity of all the prelates and almost always in the Greek habit, great lords in that kingdom. There and with the ensigns of imperial was, however, one thing that made dignity ; treated his subjects, ecclehim still uneasy; his nephew and fiaftics as well as laics, with great predeceffor had left an only daugh- haughtiness; and, in conjunction ter in the care of the duke of with the Pope, sought to lessen the Frioul, and he was very apprehen- authority of the prelates in his dofive, that some Greek prince, by minions, though he had more than espousing her, might set up a title once stood indebted to them for the to the kingdom of Italy at leaft; preservation of his own. and, to prevent this, he could think accession of Italy to the rest of his of no better expedient than to ad- dominions he was certainly become vise Bofon, whose filter he had mar- more powerful than his brother ried, to carry away this young prin- Lewis, yet he was very apprehensive cess, and espouse her by force. This of being attacked by that prince ; done, he affected to be exceedingly who was not only an alle states. displeased with the ravilher, and to man and a great general, but had threaten him with the severelt

fevereft also a strong party amongst the punishment; but, as soon as he French nobility. However, he was perceived that the action was not so delivered from all these fears by the ill taken as he expected, he suffered death of that monarch; who, of all himself to be appealed; and, that the descendants of Charlemagne, his brother-in-law might in some resembled him moit. His domimeasure appear worthy of so illur. nions, in pursuance of a partition &rious a consort, he created him made four years before in a general duke of Lombardy, and left him dyet, were divided in the following his viceroy in Italy. In the mean manner; Carloman had Bavaria, time, Lewis king of Germany, had Bohemia, Carinthia, Sclavonia, Auinvaded France in his absence, pe- ftria, and part of Hungary. Frannetrated as far as Champagne, and conia, Saxony, Frisia, Thuringia, had committed divers devastations; the Lower Lorrain, together with but hearing that Charles was return- Cologne, and the cities on the ing from Italy with a great army, Rhine, fell to Lewis. All the counand that the Pope was unalterably try between the Maine and the attached to his interest, he retired Alps was the lot of Charles. In into his own dominions; where he modern history, Carloman is genecontinued to make great military rally ftiled king of Bavaria, Lewis July, 1763



of Germany, and Charles the Gross, pleurisy, which had brought him to or the Fat, of Almain. The em- the very brink of the grave. Charles, peror had no sooner intelligence of whose interests were closely connected this, than, fupposing that these with those of the pontiff, yielded to brethren would fail out amongst bis intreaties. But before he left themselves, he marched with a great France, he held, in the month of army, in order to seize that part of July, an afsembly of the nobility Lorrain which he had yielded to his and prelates, to concert the probrother, and which he pretended per measures for the defence of his ought to revert to him upon his dominions, and for the maintedecease. The scheme was wellima- nance of their tranquillity in his gined, but the emperor found him- absence. He made choice of his self mistaken; the brothers lived in only fon Lewis for regent, and fixed perfect unity, and though Lewis, a proper council about him. He king of Germany, fent ambassadors gave the command of his numerous to intreat his uncle not to attack his army to duke Boson, his empress's dominions, yet he passed the Rhine brother, abbot Hugo, Bernard count at the same time with an army to of Auvergne, and Bernard marquis offer battle. Charles the Bald had of Languedoc ; when he had done fifty thousand men, his nephew was this, he set out with the empress, far inferior in number; but having who had a most magnificent equi. caused the village that was before page, and, with a sinall corps of his camp to be occupied by a great troops, which ought rather to be. body of infantry, who made an. esteemed an escorte than an army obstinate defence, and, when they passed the Alps, and marched diwere at last forced, Charles thought rectly towards Rome. The Pope, to the victory secure; but as his forces thew his affection, came as far as advanced in much disorder, Lewis Pavia to meet him; but they had attacked them in flank with his ca. scarce conferred together before

valry, and defeated them they had news, that Carloman, 876 totally with great carnage. king of Bavaria, had entered Italy

This loss, and the news that with a very numerous army, claimthe Normans were come up the ing the imperial dignity and the Seine with a numerous fleet, and a kingdom of Italy, in virtue of the great body of troops on board, late emperor's will. Upon this the obliged Charles to turn his eyes on emperor Charles repafled the Po, that fide, and to leave his nephews and returned to Tortona, where the quiet. These disappointments af. Pope crowned the empress. The fected him so much, that he fell design of Charles was to wait for his dangerously ill, and was, with great .army; but the four lords, who difficulty, recovered.

commanded it, entered into a conThe Pope being at this time be- fpiracy, and refufed to pass the Alps; set with enemies, and depending and on this news the empress resolely on the emperor's protection, tired to Morienne, and the Pope fled prefied him vehemently to enter to Rome. In the present critical Italy with an army, though he knew juncture of affairs, the emperor he was but just recovered from a judged it most expedient to return into France; and, what is very ex- such as were about his person ; and traordinary, his nephew Carloman, therefore he distributed lands, 'hoon a false rumour that all the French nours, governments, abbies, and forces had passed the mountains, other preferments, with a profuretired precipitately into his own fion that evidently discovered his dominions. Charles, having joined fear, much more than his affection the empress at Morienne, felt a re. for those on whom he bestowed turn of his distemper, notwithstand- them. But for certain causes, with ing which he prosecuted his retreat; which he was acquainted on the but a Jew physician, whose name road, he turned aside to Compiegne. was Zedechias, having given him The empress, on her return from poison, he felt himself so ill that he Italy, joined with the malcontents, was obliged to stop at a village called who affected to make it a crime in Brios ; where the empress found him Lewis that he had given away so in a miserable cottage, and where many posts before he was inaugu"he breathed his last, on the sixth of rated ; but the real offence was, October, in the second year of his that they were afraid of not having empire, the thirty-eighth of his their share : however, after mature reign, and the fifty-fourth of his deliberation, they held it the best age. His body was embalmed, with expedient to come in and take what intent to carry it to the abby of St. was left. Accordingly the empress Denis; but the poison he had taken delivered up the instrument and the corrupted it in such a manner, that ensigns of royalty, which had been they were forced to enter it by the committed to her care ; and, in the way: however, his bones was after- beginning of December, the king wards carried thither, or, at least, was crowned by Hincmar, archit is certain, that a tomb erected to bishop of Rheins. The Pope made

his memory is extant in that as great a stand as he was able in 877 coñvent. He appointed, by favour of the new king, in hopes of

an instrument, bis only fon having him elected in the place of his fucceffor, and sent him by the his father; but being opposed by empress his crown, his Yword, and the duke of Spoleto, and the marother ensigns, as well of the imperial quis of Tuscany, he abandoned as regal dignity, in token of his de. Rome, and went by sea into France. fire that he should pofless both. He was received there with all por

As soon as Lewis, the son of the sible respect, and, on the thirteenth deceased emperor, who, from an im- of August, opened a council at pediment in his speech, had the fur- Troies, where many canons were name of Stammerer, received the made in support of the episcopal news of his death, he left the fron, power; the first of them is too retiers, in order to meet the empress, markable to be passed over in and the great lords who came out filence : all secular powers are comof Italy, at St. Denis. As he was manded, under pain of excommusensible of the exorbitant power of nication, to pay bifhops proper rethe nobility and clergy, he thought fpects, and all persons, of what dig. to secure the tranquillity of his nity foever, are forbid to sit in their Teign, by attaching to his interest présence without their permifiofi.

X x 2


At the request of the king, the the marquis of Languedoc, who, Pope crowned him with his own notwithstanding the excommunihands; but those historians, who cation pronounced against him by say he was now crowned emperor, the pope in the council of Troies, are certainly mistaken, fince neither and the king's having disposed of in the charter which he granted, or all his places and governments to in the addresses that were made to other persons, not only maintained him after this time, is he ever so himself in the possession of Languestiled. The truth is, the pope doc, but made excursions also into found the king's power very much the adjacent provinces. To supweakened, and therefore he entered press these disorders, the king into a close friendship with duke marched with all the forces he Boson, who had married Hermeni- could draw together, taking his gard, daughter to the emperor route through Burgunday ; but Lewis the Second, and who conduc- when he arrived at Troies he fell ted him back to Pavia; in the pro- dangerously ill : he caused himself gress of which journey, the pope to be removed from thence to Compermitted him to use his utmost piegne, where, finding all hopes of endeavours to prevent Carloman's recovery vain, he committed his getting possession of the kingdom sword and crown to the care of two of laly. Before his departure he of his counsellors, with instructions so far gratified the king, as to ex- to carry them, without delay, communicate some lords who were to his fon Lewis. He depart. 879 in rebellion ; but without any great ed this life, April the roth, effe&t. After he was gone, the king which was Good Friday, after a wrote to his cousin Lewis of Ger- reign of about eighteen months. He

many, assuring him of his was, beyond doubt, a prince of 878 fincere defire to live in per- weak parts, and great infirmities.

feâ friendship with him and At his demise, he left his dominihis brethren; and, upon receiving ons in confusion, and for his heirs affurances of tbe fame kind from two fons by his first confort, and him, the two kings had an inter- his second queen Adelaide pregnant, view in the month of November, in who, some time after his decease, which they concluded a treaty for was delivered of a fon, baptized by their mutual benefit; and, which the name of Charles. şarely happens amongst princes, There followed upon the death parted as good friends as they met, of Lewis the Stammerer a kind of and perfectly satisfied of the recti- inter-regnum, occasioned by the tude of each others intentions. weakness of the government, and

It was, amongst other things, the factions of the great. The deftipulated at this interview, that a ceased king had intrusted the care of general allumbly hould be held in his fons to four great lords, some of the month of February following; whom had not shewn themselves to which Charles and Carloman, as very well affected to his father : these well as the king of Germany, were were duke Bofon, his father's broto lead ih ir ambassadors; but this ther-in-law, a man of great art and was prevented by the rebellion of abilities, which were all employed


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