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parts of our colonies, where we authorize, enjoin and require the have thought proper to allow set- governors and commanders in chief tlement ; but that if at any time of all our colonies respectively, as any of the said Indians should be well those under our immediate goinclined to dispose of the said lands, vernment, as those under the gothe same fhall be purchased only vernment and direction of propriefor us, in our name, at some pub. taries, to grant such licences withlic meeting or afsembly of the said out fee or reward, taking especial Indians, to be held for that purpose' care to insert therein a condition, by the governor or commander in that such licence shall be void, and chief of our colony respectively, the security forfeited, in case the within which they fall lie: and in person, to whom the same is granttase they shall lie within the limitsed, shall refuse or neglect to obof any proprietary government, they serve such regulations as we Mall Thall be purchased only for the use think proper to prescribe as aforeand in the name of such proprieta- faid. ties, conformable to such direclions And we do further exprefly enjoin and instructions as we or they Mall and require all officers whatever, as think proper to give for that pur. well military as those employed in pole ; and we do, by the advice of the management and direction of our privy-council, declare and en- Indian affairs within the territories join, that the trade with the said reserved, as aforesaid, for the use of Indians shall be free and open to the said Indians, to seize and appreall our subjects whatever ; provided hend all persons whatever, whó, that every person, who may incline standing charged with treasons, milto trade with the said Indians, do prisions of treason, murders, or other take out a licence for carrying on felonies or misdemeanors, shall fly such trade, from the governor or from justice and take refuge in the commander in chief of any of our faid territory, and to send them uncolonies refpe&ively, where such per- der a proper guard to the colony son Ball reside, and also give secu- where the crime was committed of rity to observe such regulations as which they stand accused, in order we shall at any time think fit; by to take their trial for the same. ourselves or by our commissaries, to Given at our court at St. James's, be appointed for this purpose, to the 7th day of October, 1763, direct and appoint for the benefit of in the third year of our reign. the said trade: and we do hereby
God save the King.
An Account of the Regulations to prevent Street- Robberies in Paris. WITH regard to the regula- à Cheval, and Guet à Pied, who are
tions for preventing street- never to serve out of the wall of the tobberies, the inhabitants are pro- city. tected, day and night, by a guard 'The Guet à Cheval is a company of armed and disciplined watchmen, composed of two hundred effective under the denomination of the Guet men, and twenty fupernumeraries,
commanded by a chief, who takes which vary every night; and frehis orders from the lieutenant de quently are changed in one and the Police, or the minister who has the same night. department of Paris. This com- The Guet à Pied is a body of pany is divided into brigades; each four hundred men, in like manner brigade is composed of a brigadier divided into a day and a nightand four horiemen : four brigades, guard; an hundred and five being 'or twenty men, patrole the streets appointed for the day, and the red in the day-time ; and fifteen maining two hundred and ninetybrigades, or seventy-five men, pa- hve divide, as near as may be, the trole the streets at night ; and the night duty; half on one night, whole, in their turns, perform these and half the next, alternately. The separate duties alternately.
day guard is formed into fifteen The day guard being thus di different parties, reven in each ; vided, traverse the city in different, and are distributed in fifteen diffepatroles, and frequently making rent guard rooms, lately built in their rounds, apriar, by the quick- different quarters of the city; where ness of the circulation, to be more they remain all day, with a centinel in number than what they really at the door, who is relieved every are. Each brigade in his turn goes two hours : from hence they are through all public streets, squares, ready at the first call, to give their and markets, and traverses the affiftance upon any event that may quays ; in doing which, it is their occasion a disturbance of the peace. duty to interpoie upon the appear- The night guard allembles at the ance of any tumult and disorder; destined places upon the close of to drive away all persons wrangling the day; the ferjeants only apand quarelling together; to pursue proach the order : the duty of these all fugitives upon the first outcry, is to march and patrole the streets and lay hold of the offenders they in the same manner as the horse. are charged with, and conduct them guard, and to perform all other dueither to the commiffary nearest at ties in common with them: and hand, or to the lieutenant de Police, further, also to search more narrow25 may be required.
ly into all the bye-alleys where there The nighe brigades, being fifteen are no thoroughfares; into all stalls in number, as above-mentioned, and rubbish ; and into the boats on meet towards evening at the places the river, to discover if any perappointed, to receive the patroie fons lie concealed there : so soon and order, which is brought from
as their allistance is required upon the commandant himself; who any tumult or disorder, they send prescribes the rout they are to take ; an advanced centinel, to give notice through what ftreets and squares to the other parties to join them, they are to pass, and what particu- who are immediately to change lar hours; where, and how often, their posts, and conform to what is they are to stop; and where to required. They make their report apply for assistance in case of need. every morning to certain officers, The brigadiers only are entrusted to whom the chief command is now with the fecrecy of these orders, fubftituted, in the room of the Cher
valier du Guet, which commiflion institutions, which are excellently · has been fome time ago fuppreffed. contrived to prevent any negligence
It inust be obierved, that the of duty, or any cu it combination night watch in general, both of among the guards. How greatly horse and foot, are liever to remain preferable is this - the establishmore than one hour in a place; ment of those f..
ble and mostly and it is usual for the commanding decrepid wretches whom we call officers of each to send out their watchmen, who frequently neglect spies, to examine if the orders are their duty, and often wilfully conpunctually executed nd if their nive at malefactors ? Why may not respective corps are in sneir proper
a set of able bodied men, properly ftations, and at the appointed times; armed, be appointed to patrole the all which obliges them in general to streets, and to vary their stations be exactly attentive to the execution every night to different parts of the of their duty. These stations are city ? Such a régulation would cerchanged every night in different tainly be more effectual for the parts of the city, so that the same public security; and were we to guard is never two nights together' compare the charge of such an in the same place ; by which means establishment, with the amount of they cannot receive any bribe or the sums raised in our several contribution for connivánce, from parishes for the pay of our useless any particular quarter; and as the watch, the difference of expenice orders of the night are entrusted would be found very inconsiderable. only to the brigadiers or ferjeants, On the whole, most of the provisions the private men never know where in the French police might be inthey are to be, and confequently troduced here, with this caution, persons of bad designs can take no that the guards employed for this advantage of putting their enter- purpose be put on a military estaprize into execution, by means of blishment. To avoid this, they may, a previous intelligence of the in- with very little alteration, be aptended station.
pointed and controuled by ihe same We cannot fufficiently applaud power as our night-watclı. the good-sense and policy of these
A Genealogical Account of Tufton, Earl of Thanet.
THIS "HIS noble family is descended residence was at Hothfield in Kent.
from Elfege de Toketon, He was sheriff of that county in the otherwise Tufton, lord of the ma- reign of queen Elizabcth. His son nors of Sileham, in the county of Nicholas was created a baronet in Kent, and of Tufton in the county 'the ninth year of James I. and marof Suffex, who flourished in the ried Chriftian, daughter of Sic reign of king John, and from whoin Humphry Brown, knt. one of the defcended John Tufton, Efq; whose judges of the court of Common