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gether ; I am desirous to leave Salisbury, had all the advantages of some faithful remembrance in this education, being fent by his noble my last will and teftament, that father into France and Italy, for his since the living speech of my tongue, accomplishment, attended by a when I am gone from hence, muft grand retinue. He married the then ceafe and speak no more ; lady Catharine, youngest daughter that yet the living speech of my to Thomas Howard earl of Suffolk, pen, which never dierh, may here- on the first of December, 1608; in thus for ever truly testify and and fucceeding his father in 1612, declare the faine." It should also was installed a knight companion : be remembered, that Sir Henry of the garter, on the 13th of DeWatton, Sir Robert Nauntout, cember, 1623. He was afterwards Charles Blount, lord Montjoy, and captain of the band of gentlemenearl of Devonshire, Francis lord pensioners, one of the privy-counCottington, Sir Dudley Carlton, cil to king Charles I. and died Deviscount Dorchester, Sir Richard cember 3, 1658, and was buried Wetton, earl of Portland, and fever at Hatfield. He had iffue by the ral others, owed their rise to his dif- lady above-mentioned, eight fons tinguishing judgment of their abili- and four daughters; James, the ties; and bis public fpirit in prefer- eldeft, died an infant; Charles, anring persons of merit and literature.' cestor to the present earl of SalifHe made his last will and tefta- bury; Robert, Philip, William, Alment with the same calmness and gernoon, Edward and David; the judgment as was conspicuous in the daughters were lady Adne, married. whole course of his life. When to Algernoon Percy, earl of Nor. he had worn himself out with in- thumberland; Elizabeth, to Wilcessant fatigue, in the service of his liam Cavendish earl of Devonshire; country, he went to Bath for the Catharine, to Philip earl of Leicesrecovery of his health ; but being ter; and Mary, to William lord: too far spent to find any relief from Sandes of the Vine, in Hampshire. the waters, he formed the resolucion By his second wife Dorothy, daughof dying in his own house. Ac- ter of Sandiford Nevile of Chevet, cordingly, he set out in a litter for in the county of York, Esq; he had London, but could reach no farther only one daughter, Diana, married than Marlborough, where he paid 10.- eldest son to Sir Edward the great debt of nature, on Sunday · Turner. the 24th of May, 1612, and was in- ' Charles, lord viscount Cranterred at Hatfield, in Hertfordshire. bourne, eldest surviving ron, died He married Elizabeth, daughter of before his father, in 1659. He William Brook, lord Cobham, kot. married, Jane, daughter and coheir of the Garter, and lord-chamber- to James 'Maxwell, earl of Darlton, lain to queen Elizabeth, by wlrom in Scotland, by whom he had sevenhe left a lon, named Williain, and sons and five daughters. The a daughter called Frances, who daughters were Catharine, married married Henry Clifford, earl of to William Kinoul in Scotland ;; Cumberland.

Frances, to Sir William Bowyer of His only fon William, carl of Denham-Court, in the county of



He was

Bucks, bart. Diana, Penelope, and of William Hale of King's.Walden, Elizabeth. The fons were James, in Hertfordthire, Efq; James, the earl of Salisbury ; Robert, Charles, eldest, fucceeded his father, who William, Edward, Henry, and died in June 1683. George: the fix last died James, carl of Salisbury, let out married.

Salisbury house in the Strand, now James, earl of Salisbury, succeed- called Salisbury-street, to build uped his grand-father, William, earl on, by which he greatly encreased of Salisbury, anno 1668.

his eltate, and died in December educated at St. John's college in 1694. He married Frances, one Cambridge ; and Mr. Barnes, who of the daughters and coheirs to was brought up with him, declares Simon Bennet of Beechampton, in on his own knowledge, “ That he the county of Bucks, Efq; by whom was for loyalty, generosity, and af he had only one fon. fability, most likely to advance the james, late earl of Salisbury, who ancient and most noble name of took his seat in the House of Peers Cecil, to the utmost period of June 19, 1712. On the 18th of glory." He took his feat in the August, 1712, his lord hip was.conhouse of Peers, Cåober 25, 1669; Rituted Jord-lieutenant, and cullos on the 3d of January, 1678, he was rotulorum, of the county of Hertfworn of the privy.council to king ford: and on the 201h of October, Charles II. On the 31st of Anguit 1714, allifted at the coronation of 1680, he was elected a knight of king George I. carrying St. Edthe garter, and inftalled at Windfor ward's itaft. the zoth of September following.

He married, in Feb. 12, 1708.c, He married Margaret, daughter the lady Anne Tufton, fecond of John Manners, earl of Rutland, daughter and coheir to Thomas by whom he had five sons and five earl of Thanet, by whom he had daughters: Catharioe, married to two sons and three daughters : Sir George Downing of East-Hart- Janes, ihe present earl; and Wilaley, ia the county of Cambridge, liam, who died unmarried in 1740. bart. Frances, to Sir William Hal. The three daughters were lady ford of Welham, in the county of Anne, married to William Stroud Leicester, knt, and baronet; Mary, of Punsburn, is Hertfordfiire, Esq; to Sir William Forester of Dorbill, died in July 1752 ; Catharine, maiin the county of Salop, knight; ried to the right hon. John, now Margaret, first to John lord Stawel, earl of Egmont in Ireland, by and second to Richard Jones, earl whom he had iffue five sons and of Ranelagh, in Ireland; and Mil- two daughters, and died Aug. 16, dred, to Sir Uvedale Corbet of 1752 ; Margaret, died unmarried Longnor, in the county of Salop, March 16, 1751-2. bart.

James, now earl of Salifbury, was The sons were James, Robert, born O&tober 13, 1713, and surWilliam, Charles, and George. ceeded his father Oktober 9, 1728. Robert, married Flizabeth, daughter His lord Mhip married Miss Elizabeth and heir to Isaac Mennil of Mennil- Keet, eldest daughter of Mr. EdLangley, in Derbyshire, and relict ward Keet of Canterbury; by whom

he hath issue, James, lord-viscount together with a bandage or belt Cranburn, born in September 1748; azure, garnished, or, and over those lady Anne, born in March 1745-6; feathers, a motion-cap, proper. and lady Bennet; born in April Supporters.] Two lions, ermine. 1747

Morto.] Sero, sed jerio.---Late, but Armorial Bearings.] Barry of ten in earnest. argent and azure, over all fix escut. Chief Sears.) At Hatfield in cheons, ?, 2, and 1, sable; each Hertfordshire ; Cranburn-house in charged with a lion rampant in the Dorrethire ; Quick swood in Hertfield, a crescent for difference, fordshire ; and Grosvenor-Strect,

Creft.]. On a wreath fix arrows, London. or, heads and feathers argent, girt

To tbe Autbors of the British Magazine.


that passes in it, that is, all the acIT has been ofren observed, and tions and discourses of the prince,

observed with reason, that dels his ministers and officers. Every potic governments are fatal to hir. one of the members of this tributory. It is not enough for an hif- nal writes upon a leaf of paper, torian, who would gain an exten-' whatever comes to his knowledge, five reputation, to be born in a signs it, and without communicahappy concourse of circumstances, ring it to his brethren, throws it proper to form a great man; but also into a large chest placed in the in a country where virtue may be middle of the hall where they alpractised, and truth spoken with im- semble. punity.

A great variety of instances of But however true this observa- the spirit of this tribunal might be tion may be in general, it is not given; among others, the following without exception. Prejudice and shall be sufficient for my purpose. superstition have sometimes been A general, named T-lou-i-chong, Tuficient; and sometimes a particu- caused his sovereign T-chouang. lar establifliment has removed the chong to be affaffinated, for taking oprobrium, and given the historian from him one of his wives. The full liberty to exert his talents in hittorical tribunal prepared an aca the cause of truth.

count of that event, and placed it With regard to the latter there in the archives; when the general at this time, subsists in China, what was informed of this step, he depriv. is called the historical tribunal ; a ed the president of his place, contribunal equally deaf to the entrea- demned him to suffer death, fupties and menaces of kings. It is presled the relation, and nominated composed of two forts of historians, another prelident in his room. But the one intrufted with writing every he was hardly fixed in his office, thing without the palace, that is, before he caused a new memorial every thing that relates to affairs in of this event to be drawn up, and general; and the other, every thing supply the place of the other. The

general general, on liearing this bold at- free to execute this noble intention, empt, diffolved the tribunal, and if thou perfifteft in thy demands." caused all the members to be put “What, replied the emperor, wilt to death. Immediately, the em- thou, that owelt all thou pofleffett pire overflowed with an inunda- to me, inform pofterity of my faults, tion of papers, in which the gene- if I commit any? It is not in my ral's conduct was painted in the power, answered the president, to blackest colours. Finding that the conceal them. I should, indeed, attempt to fuppress the relation write them with grief; but such is was in vain, and at the same time the duty of my employment, that fearing a sedition, he again esta- it obliges me even to inform porblished the historical tribunal. terity of the conversation thou hart

The annals of the dynasty of held with me to-day.” The emTong relate another fact on this peror, perceiving that it was in subject. Ta-i-t. fong, the second vain to infift any further on his emperor of that dyrrosty, demanded demand, left the president, saying, one day of the president of this tri. “If my virtues or vices have any bunal, a fight of the memoirs dif- tendency to induce mankind to tined for the history of his reign. love the one and hate the other, “My lord, said the president, know you are at liberty to relate both that we render an exact account of with the strictest impartiality.” the virtues and vices of fovereigns; and that we shall be no longer

I am, Gentlemen, yours, &c. A.D.

To the Authors of the British MAGAZIN E. GENTLEMEN,

the horizon, and formed a semiFEW persons want opportunities circle. 1' for making observations, tho' This kind of mist comes from they may not always have leisure the ocean, with a flow easterly wind, sufficient to judge of their impor- and spreads over all the lower tance, and make a proper use of grounds : but in most parts of Engthem. This is the case at present land, where the country is so finely with your correspondent; but he diversified with lofty hills, and inflatters himself, that some of your in- terjacent plains and yalleys, we may genious contributors will supply often emerge out of the mist, by that defect, and explain the causes ascending some neighbouring hill; of the following phænomena. when the observer will often see

I frequently observed in the the whole country around him; foggy weather, during the late buried as it were under a vast defroft, that when the sun had reach. luge, and nothing but the tops of ed a proper altitude, there was a distant biils appearing here and bow formed in the midst, of a white there above the flood; and the colour; and the altitude of the bow thoughts, of diving again into the seemed to fubtend an angle, equal miit, will fill him with a kind of to the elevation of the sun above horror. The air ar such times is


very pure, serene, and agre:able, behind, and almost on a level with in these higher regions.

me, there was a double range In this, or a similar situation, a colours, resembling those of the curious phænomenon is observable, rainbow, but fainter, formed round which I have often contemplated the 'Thadow. The colours of the with great satisfaction ; I mean a outermost range were broad and rainbow formed round the ob- very diftinet, and about two feet server's shadow in the mist. · The diftant every where from the Academicians, who went to South- fhadow ; within that there was a Amciica, in order to measure a de- darkih interval, and after that angree of the meridian, for determin- other range of colours, closely furing the true figure of the earth, rounding the shadow, which was having, among other difficulties very much contracted. that opposed their operations, the It is remarkable that there is a embarraitincnt of tedious and very ring of light, brighter than ordinary, frequent fogs to struggle with, had that surrounds the shadows of all often opportunities of observing this bodies; occasioned by the inflection phænomenon. It seems also worth of the rays of light, as they pass by mentioning here, that any per- the surfaces of those bodies. But fon who thinks it worth his while, I dare not proceed to offer my may satisfy his curiosity.

conjectures, in what manner this The last time I observed this infection of the rays contributes to appearance, was on the 19th of the situation of those ranges of January last, in coming from the colours : pevhaps some of your coast of Sussex to London. When learned correspondents will solve I had ascended a very little above this difficulty, which will greatly the fog, so that my shadow was oblige, Your's, &c. C. K, projected arnong it; the sun being

To the Authors of the British MAGAZINE.


degree, and of the temporal; and | Send you a curiosity for your how happy the times then were,

useful collection; a curious epifle among all the English ; and how the written by Alfred the Great, and kings, which then the people, God prefixed by way of preface to his and his written Will obeyed: how translation of Gregory's Pastoral well they behaved themselves both Letter, and directed to Wulf-lig, in war and peace; and, in their bishop of London.

home government, how their noble“Alfred king, wilheth greeting, ness was spread abroad ; and how to Wolf-lig bishop, his beloved and they prospered in knowledge, and in friendlike, and thee to know I wish, wisdoin. Also, the Divine orders, that to me it cometh very often in how earnest they were as well about my mind, what manner of wise men, preaching as about learning, and long ago, were throughout the Eng- about all the services they should ļi!h nation, both of the spiritual do to God; and how men from


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