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Redeemer's cross. His life had been eminently a life of duty. War was not his element; but he engaged in it, convinced that religion, freedom, and the rights of nations and all that man holds dear, summoned him to the field. He went, and in the crisis of danger, this mild and tender spirit ever rose on the swelling career of war, to all the brilliant enthusiasm of the hero. In the steady fulfilment of

manifest duty, he seems gradually to
have realized the truth of the text-
“If any man will do my will, he shall
know of the doctrine whether it be of
God." He has “entered into peace,
walking in his uprightness.” If war
must yet necessarily stain this world
with human blood, may its horrors
be ever mitigated by the moral ener-
gies of such commanders!

THOUGHTS ON THE BIBLE SOCIETY.

(Resumed from page 534.) I had not intended to pursue this who will only allow of a form of subject at present; but I am in- prayer, and others who only admit duced to do so by the request of a of that which is extemporaneous. clergyman, who solicits my opinion Here is the difficulty—where three on the only insuperable objection parties view the matter so differwhich yet remains with him. I ently, who is to have the preferdid not before notice the difficulty ence? The only way of meeting with regard to the absence of prayer the difficulty has appeared to be in Bible Meetings, because it is to dispense with it altogether. Are less frequent than other objections, we right in doing so ? We cannot and because it appears to me to be be right in failing to pray that rapidly diminishing. So anxious every good work may be begun, am I that not a single footing of continued, and ended in God. difficulty should remain, that I But with respect to Bible meetgladly resume the subject, and give ings, while I have clearly seen the the result of my own reflections on difficulty, I have felt it a duty to this difficulty. I readily admit, that give all assembled credit for coming I should rejoice to see our Bible to the meeting in a spirit of prayer, Meetings assimilated to other reli- as I trust I always endeavour to do gious meetings, in the opening with myself; and if God had not been prayer: and I do not despair of pleased to accept the spirit of seeing the day when the practice prayer, and if the separate streams will become universal: it is cer- of individual supplication had not tainly gaining ground throughout found their way into heaven, as the kingdom. The objection to it successfully as an entire ocean of however, I am persuaded, is by no united prayer, I cannot think that means such as my correspondent such a return of blessing would supposes. It is not that all prayer, have been vouchsafed, as we have however conducted, whether by seen so evidently in the prosperity form or not, is objected to because of the Society, and the wisdom it would not be allowed by the So- and success with which it has held cinians, or would offend them ; but its way, amidst varied and perplexit is because we have to do with ing difficulties. It could not have Quakers, who object to stated prospered without God's blessing; prayer altogether; and with others and would that blessing have been DECEMBER—1845.

4 B

so signally vouchsafed, if God had been displeased with the individual and sectional character of the mode of seeking it.

Will any one say, that there is a single religious institution in existence which has been more eminently useful, or more unequivocally blest? I cannot then think that the mode of conducting its public meetings, has been such as to offend the God of heaven. And while I give my fellow Christians credit for going to a meeting in the spirit of prayer, and in the individual exercise of prayer, I can not but think that God has accepted the offering. He may have seen much that was defective and faulty, but still he has seen that His glory was aimed at and his blessing de. pended upon, and that blessing has not been withheld.

Still, I repeat, that I should rejoice to see our Bible, like other meetings, commenced with united prayer. - And I do not despair of seeing it. I think that the very elements of brotherly union, which originated the Bible Society, are in the course of events, in these singular times, so developing and gathering strength and energy, that ere long we shall have the devout-and spiritual so filled with the spirit of grace and supplication, that in real love for its exercises, it will become a matter of perfect indifference through what instrumentality it is effected.

The formality which makes men sticklers for form or no form, will čease to be an insuperable barrier; ånd men united together in bro. therly love will be ready to say, "Only let us pray together for blessings we all maintain to be essential, and we care not how or by whom our devotions are conduct

ed.” No, I do not despair to see this genuine, healthful spirituality getting the better of that formality which is as demonstrable in the prejudice against forms of prayer, as in the exclusive adoption of them. And it would be a blessed sight, and a blessed practical proof of Christian Union, to see the Churchman and the Independent, the Baptist and the Wesleyan, taking it in turns to open our meetings with prayer, each of them an. nually in rotation: each one adopting his own wonted method, but all alike in heart and spirit, as it respects the object of their supplications. In the meanwhile, let us not forsake the Bible Society because all is not herein perfect as we could wish it to be. God does not deal thus with his children; he does not cast them off because they are very faulty and provoking. He is long-suffering and very pitiful, and it is of his mercies that we are not consumed. Nor does he forsake and frown upon and strike with barrenness all schemes for his glory which are not entirely in accordance with the Divine mind. He sees strange and unseemly mixtures of truth and error, and yet he blesses. Let us then learn our lesson. In proportion as we love this blessed Institution, and wish that it should be without fault, let us cling to it, let us cherish it, let us watch over it. It is thus—and not by forsaking it—that we may bring it eventually to the point we are longing for. If all the clergy of the Church of England-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons— would only, one and all, take the Bible Society by the hand, (and the door is open for all to do so,) what would there be to fear, in the way either of hurtful or defective operation.--Ed.

TRACTARIANISM.

WE have just received most distress, ing accounts of the influence of this unscriptural leaven in Canada. The Bishop of Toronto has resolved to carry out his ultra-Church principles with a high hard, and to ordain none, however excellent and unexceptionable in other respects, who do not come up to his standard; all being regarded as dissenters, who cannot accord with his views of apostolical succession and baptismal regeneration, &c. The College at Cobourg was established for the purpose of preparing students for the work of the ministry in the diocese of Toron to, and it is under the special charge of the Bishop. The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel supports it with a grant of £500 a-year. The Bishop has determined that no students not maintaining his “ Church principles,” or, of what are called evangelical sentiments, shall progress to ordination. In consequence, the only three in the college of this character, have been compelled to depart -two withdrawing before they were formally expelled, the latter indulging hope to the very last, and ultimately expelled by the Bishop. We are well acquainted with the history and character of this young man; and deeply as we regret the scandal and offence occasioned in the Church by such a flagrant instance of episcopal tyranny and persecution, we can scarcely pity the individual, for to him it is given, as a privllege and dis tinguished honour, not only to believe in Christ, but also to suffer for his sake. And while we know his joy and thankfulness on being counted worthy to do so, we feel assured that he is only hardening in the furnace of persecution and affliction for more important usefulness in his Master's service. Still the case is one which cannot but awaken the deepest sympathy. Mr. E. was sent from England to the College at Cobourg by a few friends who contributed to his support: and just as we

were anticipating the commencement of his ministerial duties, the door is closed against him; his prospects, in that diocese at least, are blasted; and he is thrown almost penniless on the wide world with a delicate wife and four little children! We shall probably in a future number give further details of the case; for the present, suffice it to say, that he wrote most respectfully and humbly to the Bishop, assuring him of his readiness to meet his views as far as he could conscientiously, but in vain. The Bishop was resolved on his expulsion, and, unmoved by his Christian, submissive letter, forbids him the chance of amendment, and the opportunity of becoming better instructed.

Was this the tender, forbearing, long-suffering spirit which práctical, Scriptural Christianity should have dictated! But we may depend upon it, the spirit which has latterly developed itself, and become characterized as Tractarianism, is a spirit that will be as persecuting and intolerant as Popery, as far as it has opportunity. Even supposing the young man to have been faulty, is it to be endured, that no effort is to be made to set him right; but that his very first direct communication with his Bishop is to be met, not with counsel and advice, but an abrupt and unfeeling dismissal! And the Bishop and Dr. Bethune, the Principal of the College, well knew the state of his poor family, and his pecuniary straits, and his distance from his home! Would that we could have supposed this impossible! But if priests and Levites pass him by, and treat him with their cruel neglect, there are not wanting those, especially amongst the pious officers in the English army, who have extended to him their heartfelt sympathy and pity; nor those in the Church, who knew how to appreciate his singular promise for ministerial usefulness, and are ready to hold out to him the right-hand of fellowship. In his last letter, dated

Oct. 1oth., he was expecting to go with his little family into the diocese of Montreal, a distance of 500 miles, in an open waggon, and in the depth of winter. There are those amongst our readers who, we feel confident, will help him with their prayers, and also with their contributions towards

a sum we are raising for the expenses of his unexpected removal.

The Editor will very thankfully receive and forward anything that may be sent to him. He is also collecting for him books, for his own use and for distribution.

INVITATION TO UNITED PRAYER, For the Outpouring of the Holy Spirit, on Thursday, 1st of January, 1846,

BEING THE FIRST DAY OF THE NEW YEAR. DEARLY BELOVED IN THE LORD, salem by the Sultan, which has been - The privilege which I have enjoyed at length obtained through the powerfor the last NINE years, of inviting you ful influence of her Majesty's ambasto commence THE NEW YEAR, by sador at Constantinople. UNITING IN PRAYER FOR THE The following sentences are exOUTPOURING OF THE HOLY SPI- tracted from this interesting State RIT, is, by the kind providence of paper :-“ It has been represented, God, again vouchsafed to me. And both now and before, on the part of it is with a heart desiring to express the British embassy, residing at my its thankfulness to the Giver of all court, that British and Prussian Progood for countless mercies, that I testant subjects visiting Jerusalem, would renew my annual Invitation for meet with difficulties and obstructhis general CONCERT FOR PRAYER, tions owing to their not possessing a which, by Divine permission, will be place of worship for the observance held on THURSDAY, JANUARY 1, of Protestant rites; and it has been 1846.

requested that permission should be The present is a period which very given to erect, for the first time, a particularly calls for such a devo special Protestant place of worship, tional union; for, surely the impor- within the British Consular residence tant events which have occurred at Jerusalem. My royal permission during the present year, and which is therefore granted for the erection it is probable will be more unfolded of the aforesaid special place of worin the coming one, are of a nature ship. And my Imperial order having which, in a very special manner, been issued for that purpose, the premake the abundant outpouring of the sent decree, containing permission, Holy Spirit, in his enlivening, en has been specially given from my lightening, purifying, comforting, and Imperial Divan. sanctifying grace, especially needful. When, therefore, it becomes Oh! that our Heavenly Father, for known unto you, Vallee of Said, gohis dear Son's sake, may first grant vernor of Jerusalem, you will be to his people the Spirit of grace and careful that no person do, in any supplication, and then in answer to manner whatever, oppose it.” – their prayers fulfil that gracious pro- Written on the first day of Ramazan, mise, “open the windows of heaven, 1261. and pour out a blessing, that there This firman may strike the student shall not be room enough to receive of prophecy from its date, 1261, or it.”

that year of the Hegira; one year beTo mention only a few of these re- yond the term for which it is said, markable events :

« The Holy City shall be trodden unFirst—The grant of the Firman for der foot of the Gentiles." (Rev.xi. 2.) building a Protestant Church in Jeru. It is the more interesting, as it re

cords that the grant has been made, for the first time for a Protestant place of worship, and this, by the desire of the Queen of Great Britain, and the King of Prussia, reminding us of that well-known prediction, “Kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their Queens thy nursing mothers ;” and as it also affords a very pleasing example of the benefits to be derived from the spiritual union of Protestants in the cause of our blessed Saviour. Seeing then that full liberty is now obtained for erecting a Protestant church in Jerusalem, and this when our mission there has all the advantages of a representative of the Protestant Church, who is by birth a Hebrew, but by the grace of God a sincere believer in our Lord Jesus Christ; has at the same time a band of faithful watchmen set upon her walls*—who hold not their peace day nor night; seeing also that it is written, “Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts,” t who would not entreat the Lord to pour out the abundance of his Holy Spirit, “That out of Zion the law may again go forth, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem ?"I

A second event which calls for this devotional union, is the very remarkable success which has attended the preaching of the Gospel in France, and the present movement of the Roman Catholics in Germany. In France whole communes have left the Church of Rome, and placed themselves under the teaching of Protestant Ministers. One French Pastor alone during the last years, was instrumental to opening six churches, and gathering in six Christian flocks, all of whose members were previously either Romanists or indifferent to all Scriptural religion.

As to the movement in Germany, however difficult it may be to speak of its exact nature, every one who takes an interest in the welfare of his fellow sinners must desire that it may lead to that saving faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, which may give peace here, and eternal glory hereafter. And this can only be obtained by the * Isaiah lxii. 6, 7. + Zech. iv. 6.

Isaiah ii. 3.

gift of the Holy Spirit. Oh, may this gift be very largely bestowed for our blessed Saviour's sake; that those who are at present in bondage to the Church of Rome, may attend to the divine warning" Come out of her, my people, that ye may not be partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.”

such a grant is the more necessary from a third event connected with the present year—the encouragement given by our Rulers to the Church of Rome."

No doubt they have done this with the best intentions, and from a desire to promote the welfare of her Majesty's subjects; but not taking the word of God as their sure guide, they have, alas ! overlooked the unscriptural tenets of the Church of Rome, and the dangers to which those who are in her communion are exposed. But you, my beloved brethren, who unite with our Protestant forefathers in their belief regarding that corrupt Church, you regard those concessions with serious alarm, and poignant sorrow; the more so from the jeopardy into which our dear Protestant brethren in our Sister Island have been brought; and from the schism lately made in our Church by some of the Leaders of the Tractarian Novelties, who have left our communion, and united themselves to the Church of Rome; now more active than ever in spreading her pernicious errors.

Surely these are loud calls for prayer, that, enlightened by the Holy Spirit, we may retain our privileges as the Protestant nation, that our divisions may be healed, and that our beloved brethren in Ireland may stand fast in the faith—cheered by that gracious word, “ Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer.” “Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a Crown of Life.”

There is yet one more event of which I desire to remind you, which in a very special manner should lead to this concert for prayer. The desire which has lately arisen in the Church of Christ for the Scriptural union of all sincere Christians.

This invitation must of necessity be brief-but this subject is of such

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