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Ahora bien, dito il Cura, traedme, senor huésped, aquesos libros, que los quiero ver. Que me place, respondió el, y entrando, en su aposento, sacó, dél una maletilla vieja cerrada con una cadenilla, y abrién. dola, halló en ella tres libros grandes y unos papeles de muy buena letra escritos de mano.-Don QUIXOTE, Parte I. Capitulo 32.
It is mighty well, said the priest ; pray, landlord, bring me those books, for I have a mind to see them. With all my heart, answered the host; and going to his chamber, he brought out a little old cloak-bag, with a padlock and chain to it, and opening it, he took out three large volumes, and some manuscript papers written in a finę cheracter.--Jarvis's Translation.
The author, on a former occasion,* declined giving the real , She remained totally overwhelmed, as it seemed, -mute, pale, source from which he drew the tragic subject of this history, and motionless as a statue. Only at her mother's command, because, though occurring at a distant period, it might possi. sternly uttered, she summoned strength enough to restore to bly be unpleasing to the feelings of the descendants of the par her plighted suitor the piece of broken gold, which was the ties But as he nnds an account of the circumstances given in emblem of her troth. On this he burst forth into a tremendous the Noles to Law's Memorials,' by his ingenious friend Charles passion, took leave of the mother with maledictions, and as Kirkpatrick Sharpe, Esq., and also indicated in his reprint of he left the apartment, turned back to say to his weak, if not the Rev. Mr. Symson's poems, appended to the Description of fickle mistress, "For you, madam, you will be a world's won. Galloway, as the original of the Bride of Lammermoor, the der;" a phrase by which some remarkable degree of calamity author feels himself now at liberty to tell the tale as he had it is usually implied. He went abroad, and returned dot again. from connexions of his own, who lived very near the period, if the last Lord Rutherford was the unfortunate party, he must and were closely related to the family of the Bride.
have been the third who bore that title, and who died in 1685. It is well known that the family of Dalrymple, which has The murriage betwixt Janet Dalrymple and David Dunbar of produced, within the space of two centuries, as many men of Baldoon now went forward, the bride showing no repugnance, talent, eivil and military, and of literary, political, and profes- but being absolutely passive in every thing her mother com Hopal eminence, as any house in Scotland, first rose into dis-manded or adviser. On the day of the marriage, which, as tinction in the person of James Dalrymple, one of the most was then usual, was celebrated by a great assemblage of friends eminent lawyers that cver lived, though the labours of his and relntions, she was the same-sad, silent, and resigned, as powerful mind were unhappily exercised on a subject so limited it seemed to her destiny. A lady, very nearly connected with an Scottish Jurisprudenca, on which he has composed an ad the family, told the author that she had conversed on the sub. mirable work.
ject with one of the brothers of the bride, a mere lad at the He marned Margaret, daughter to Ross of Balniel, with whom time, who had ridden before his sister to church. He said her he obtained a considerable estate. She was an able, politic, hand, which lay on his as she held her arm round his waist, and high-minded woman, so successful in what she undertook, was as cold and damp as marble. But, full of his new dress, that the vulgar, no way partial to her husband or her family, and the part he acted in the procession, the circumstance, imvuted her success to necromancy. According to the popular which he loog afterwards remembered with bitter sorrow and belief this Dame Margaret purchased the temporal prosperity compunction, made no impression on him at the time. of her family from the lastor whom she served, under a sin The bridal' feast was followed by dancing; the bride and Fular condition, which is thus narrated by the historian of her bridegroom retired as usual, when of a sudden the most wild grandson, the great Earl of Stair. " She lived to a great age, and picrcing cries were heard from the nuptial chamber. It and at her death desired that she might not be put under was then the custom, to prevent any coarse pleasantry which ground, but that her coffin should be placed upright on one old times perhaps admitted, that the key of the nuptial cham. end of it, promising, that while she remained in that situation, ber should be intrusted to the brideman. He was called upon, the Dalrymples should continue in prosperity.
What was the but refused at first to give it up, till the shrieks became so hideold lady's motive for such a request, or whether she really made ous that he was compelled to hasten with others to leam the such a promise, I cannot take upon me to determine ; but it is cause. On opening the door, they found the bridegroom lying certain her coffin stands upright in the aisle of the church of acrogs the threshold, dreadfully wounded, and streaming with Kirkliston, the burial place of the family.": Tho talents of blood. The bride was then sought for : She was found in the this accomplished race were sufficient to have accounted for corner of the large chimney, having no covering sare hier shuft, the dimities which many members of the family attained, and that dabbled in gore. There she sat grinning at them, without any supernatural assistance. But their extraordinary mopping and mowing, as I heard the expression used; in a prosperity was attended by some equally singular family mis word, absolutely insane. The only words she spoke were, fortunes, of which that which befell their eldest daughter was “Tak up your bonny bridegroom." She survived this horrible at once unaccountable and melancholy.
scene little more than a fortnight, having been married on the Miss Janet Dalrymple, daughter of the first Lord Stair, and 24th of August, and dying on the 12th of September, 1669. Dame Margaret Ross, had engaged herself without the know The unfortunate Paldoon recovered from his wounds, but ledge of her parents to the Lord Rutherford, who was not ac sternly prohibited all inquiries respecting the manner in which ceptable to them either on account of his political principles, or he had received them. If a lady, he said, asked him any quesbis want of fortune. The young couple broke a piece of gold tion upon the subject, he would neither answer her nor speak together, and pledged their troth in the most solemn manner; to her again while he lived ; if a gentleman, he would consider and it is said the young lady imprecated dreadful evils on her? it as a mortal affront, and demand satisfaction as having resell should she break her plighted faith, Shortly after, a sui ceived such He did not rery long survive the dreadful catastor who was favoured by Lord Stair, and still more so by his trophie, having met with a fatal injury by a fall from bis borse, lady, paid his addresses to Miss Dalrymple. The young lady as he rode between Leith and Holyrood-house, of which he refused the proposal, and being pressed on the subject, confess died the next day, 28th March, 1682. Thus a few years removed ed hier secret engagement. Lady Stair, a woman accustomed all the principal actors in this frightful tragedy: to universal submission, (for even her husband did not dare to Various reports went abroad on this mysterious affair, many contradict her.) treated this objection as a trifle, and insisted of them very inaccurate, though they could liardly be said to upon her daughter yielding her consent to marry the new suit. be exaggerated. It was difficult at that time !o become ac. or, David Dunbar, son and heir to David Dunbar of Baldoon, quainted with the history of a Scottish family above the lower in Wigwnshire. The first lover, a man of very high spirit, rank ; and strange things sometimes took place there, into then interfered by letter, and insisted on the right he had ac which even the law did not scrupulously inquire. quired by his troth plighted with the young lady. Lady Stair The credulous Mr. Law says, generally, that the Lord Presisent him for answer, that her daughter, sensible of her undu dent Stair had a daughter, who being married, the night she tiful behaviour in entering into a contract unsanctioned by her was bride in, (that is bedded bride,) was taken frou bor bride. parents, had retracted her unlawful vow, and now refused to groom and harled (dragged) through the house, (by spirits, we fulfil her engagement with him.
are given to understand,) and soon afterwards died. Another The lorer, in return, declined positively to receive such an danghter," he says, " was possessed by an evil spirit." &oster from any one but his mistress in person ; and as she My friend, Mr. Sharpe, gives another edition of the tale. had to deal with a man who was both of a most determined According to bis information, it was the bridegroom who character, and of too high condition to be trified with, Lady wounded the bride. The marriage, according to this account, Blair was obliged to consent to an interview between Lord had been against her mother's inclination, who had given her Rotherford and her daughter. But she look care to be present consent in these ominous words: "You may marry him, but in person, and argued the point with the disappointed and in soon shall you repent it." cerised loser with pertinacity equal to his own. She particu I find still another account darkly insinuated in some highly larly insisted on the Levitical law, which declares, that a wo scurrilous and abusive verses, of which I have an original copy. man shall be free of a vow which her parents dissent from. They are docketed as being written "Upon tho late Viscount 'Thuis is the passage of Scripture she founded on :
Stair and his family, by Sir William Hamilton of Whitelaw. *!a man vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear an oath to the marginals by Williain Dunlop, writer in Edinburgh, a son bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he of the Laird of Househill, and nephew to the said Sir William shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth. Hamilton." There was a bitter and personal quarrel and rivalry
"If a woman also row a vow unto the Lord, and bind her. betwixt the author of this libel, a name which it richly de. self by a bond, being in her father's house in her fouth;. serves, and Lord President Stair; and the lampoon, which is
And her father hear her vow, and lier bond wherewith she written with much more malice than art, bears the following hath bound her soul, and her father shall hold his peace at her: motto :then all her rows shall bland, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.
" Stair's neck, mind, wife, sons, grandson, and the rest, “But it her father disallow her in the day that he heareth ;
Are wry, false, witch, pests, parricide, possessed." pot any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall 'stand: and the Lord shall forgive her,
This malignant satirist, who calls up all the misfortunes of because her father di-allowed her."--Numbers, xxx, 2, 3, 4, 5.
the family, does not forget the fatal bridal of Baldoon. He While the mother insisted on these topics, the lover 'in vain
seems, though his verses are as obscure as unpoetical, to inticonjured the daughter to declare her own opinion and feelings.
mate that the violence done to the bridegroom was by the inter
vention of the foul fiend to whom the young lady had resigned • Sexe Introduction to the Chronicles of the Cannongate.
herself, in case she should break her contract with her first + Lar's Memorials, p. 26
lover. His hypothesis is inconsistent with the account given priated iot C Cobbel, p 7. ; Memoir of John Earl of Stair, by an Impartial Hand. London, in the note upon Law's Memorials, but easily reconcileable to
the family tradition.
INTRODUCTION TO THE BRIDE OF LAMMERMOOR.
A tear! said I 7 ah ! that's n petit thing
Would be too few for me to shed for him.”
" So that my Mase 'gainst Priscian avers,
Yea, and my only bearers."
Baldoon, his nevoy, and her inother was the cause of her breach the composition of a fine gentleman in ancient than modern 4
"In al Stair's cffspring we no difference know,
His bruised boues ne'er were cured but by the fall."
" She had betrothed herself to Lord
times : The same tragedy is alluded to in the following couplet and
" His body, though not very large or tall,
Was sprightly, active, yea and strong withal. note :
His constitution was, if right I've guesa'd,
Blood mixt with choler, said to be the best.
In's Eesture, converse, speech, discourse, attire,
He praclis'd that which wise men sull adoire,
Commend, and recommend ford, who should have married the Lady Baldoon, was Bal
'Tis this: He ever choos'd the middle way
What's tha; ? you'l say: doon's uncle." The poetry of this satire on Lord Stair and
Twixt both th'extremes. his family was, as already noticed, written by Sir William
He did the like, 'tis worth our noticing :
Ainoat in ev'ry thing Hamilton of Whitelaw, a rival of Lord Stair for the situation
Sparing, yet not a niggard ; liberal, of President of the Court of Session; a person much inferior
And yet not lavish or a prodigal, to that great lawyer in talents, and equally ill-treated by the
As knowing when to spend and when to spare ; calumny or just satire of his contemporaries, as an unjusi and
And that's a lesson which not many are partial judge. Some of the potes are by that curious and la
He bashful was, yet daring borious antiquary Robert Miine, who, as a virulent Jacobite,
When he saw cause, and yet therein but sparing : willingly lent a hand to blacken the family of Stair.
Familiar, yet not common, for he knew Another poet of the period, with a very different purpose,
To condescend, and keep his distance too. has left an elegy, in which he darkly hints at and bemoans the
He us'd, and that most commonly, to go fate of the ill starred young person), whose very uncommon
On foot; I wish that he had still lone so.
Th' affairs of court were unto him well known: calamity Whitolaw, Dunlop, and Milne, thought a fitting sub ject for butloonery and nbaldry. This bard of milder mood
And yet mean while he slighted not his own.
He knew full well how to behave at court, was Andrew Symson, before the Revolution minister of Kir
And yet but seldome did thereto resort : kinner, in Galloway, and after his expulsion as an Episcopalian,
But lov'd the country life, choos'd to inure following the humble occupation of a printer in Edinburgh
Himself to past'rage and agriculture; He furnished the family of Baldoon, with which he appears to
Proving, improving, ditching, trenching, draining, have been intimate, with an elegy on the tragic event in their
Viewing, reviewing, and by theee menns gaining ; family. In this piece he treats the mournful occasion of the
Planting, transplanting, levelling, erecting bride's death with mysterious solemnity.
Walls, chambers, houses, terraces ; projecting The verses bear this title-" On the unexpected death of the
Now this, now thut desice, this draughi, that measure, virtuous Lady Mrs. Janet Dalrymple, Lady Baldoon, younger,"
That might advance his profit with his pleasure. and afford us the precise dates of the catastrophe, which could
Quick in his bargains, honest in commerce, " Nupta August
Just in his dealings, being much a verse not otherwise have been easily ascertained. 12. Domum Ducta August 24. Obiit September 12. Sepult.
From quirks of law, still ready to refer
His cause t' an honest country arbiter. September 30, 1669." The form of the elegy is a dialogue betwixt a passenger and a domestic servant. The first, recollect
He was acquainted with costography
Arithmetic, and modern history ; ing that he had passed that way lately, and seen all uround
With architecture and such arts as these, enlivened by the appearances of mirth and feativity, is desirous
We to know what had changed so gay a scene into mourning.
Which I may call Apecific sciences
Fit for a gentleman; and surely he preserve the reply of the servant as a specimen of Mr. Symson's
That knowe them not, at least in some degree, verses, which are not of the first quality :
May brook the title, but he wants the thing,
Is but a shadow scarce worth noticing
He learned the French, be 't spoken to his praise,
In very little more than fourty days."
Then comes the full burst of wo, in which, instead of ray.
ing much himself, the poet informs us what the ancients would
have said on such an occasion :
" A heathen poet, at the news, no doubt,
Would huve exetained, and furiously cry'd out
Against the fates, the destinies and starts,
What ! this the effect of planetarie warra!
We might have seen hini rage and rave, yea worse,
'Tis very like we might base heard him curse
The year, the month, the day, the hour, the place, 'Tis then the Saints enjoy their full perfection.''!
The company, the tager, and the race;
Decry all recreations, with the nomes Mr. Symson also poured forth his elegiac straing upon the
Of Isthmiau, Pythian, und Olyırpick games; fate of the widowed bridegroom, on which subject, after a long
Exclaim against them all both old and new, and querulous etrusion, the poet arrives at the sound conclu
Both the Nemcean and the Lethan 100 : sion, that if Baldoon had walked on foot, which it seems was
Adjudge all persons under highest pain, his general custom, he would have escaped perishing by a fall
Always to walk on foot, and then again from horseback. As the work in which it occurs is so scarce
Order all horses to be hough'd, that we as almost to be unique, and as it gives us the most full account
Might never more the like adventure see." of one of the actors in this tragic tale which we have rehears
Supposing our readers have had enough of Mr. Symson's ed, we will, at the risk of being tedious, insert some short spe versem, and finding nothing more in his poem worthy of trancimens of Mr. Symson's composition. It is entitled,
scription, we return to the tragic story. "A Funeral Elegie, occasioned by the sad and much la. It is needless to point out to the intelligent reader, that the mented death of that worthily respected, and very much ac witchcraft of the mother consisted only in the ascendency of complished gentleman, David Duobar, younger of Baldoon, a powerral mind over a weak and melancholy one, and that only son and apparent heir to the right worshipful Sir David the barshness with which she exercised her superiority in a Dunbar of Baldoon, Knight Baronet. He departed this life on case of delicacy, lad driven her daughter first to despair, then March 28, 1687, aving receiver a bruise by a fall, as he was to frenzy. Accordingly, the author has endeavoured to exriding the day preceding betwixt Leith and Holy-Rood House;
plain the tragic inle on this principle. Whatever resemblance and was honourably interred in the Abbey church of Holy: Lady Ashton may be supposed to possess to the celebrated Rood House, on April 4, 1682."
Dame Margaret Ross, the render must not suppose that there Men might, and very fortly too, conclude
was any idea of tracing the portrait of the first Lord Viscount Me guilty of the worst ingratitude,
Stair in the tricky and mcau spirited Sir William Ashton. Should I be silent, or should I forbear
Lord Stair, whatever night be his moral qualities, was certain. At this sad accident to shed a tear;
ly one of the first stalesmen and lawyers of his age.
The imaginary castle of Wolf's Crag has been identified by • The fall from his horse, by which he was killed
some lover of locality with that of Fast Castle. The author I have compared the satire, which occurs in the first volume of the curious lille collection called 'a Book of Scottish Pezquile, 1827, with and imaginary scene having never seen Fast Castle except from
is not competent to judge of the resemblance betwixt the real that which has a more full text, and more extended notes, and which is
the sea. in my own possession, by gift or Thomas Thomson, Esq. Register-De
But fortalices of this description are found occupying, pute to the second Book of Pasquils, p. 72, is a must abisive epitaph like ospreys' nexts, projeciing rocks, or promontories, in many on Sir James Hamilton of Whiclaw.
purts of the eastern coast of Scotland, and the position of Fast 1 This elegy is reprinted iu the appendix to a topographical work by Castle seems certainly to resemble that of Wolf's Crag as much the same author, entived, "A Large Description of Galloway, by An as any other, while its vicinity to the inountain ridge of Lamdrew Symoon, Minister of Kirkinner," 80, Taits, Edinburgh, 7823. mermoor, renders the assimilation a probable one. The reverend gentlena n's elegies are extremely rare, nor did the author We have only to add, that the death of the unfortunate brideever see a copy but his own, which is bound up with the Tripatriarchis groom by a fall from horseback has been in the novel transferon a religious poem from the Biblical History, by the same author. red to the no less unfortunate lover.