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harder, to make life more difficult for scure. Is this to be the type of all civhis children. The man of forty bas ilization when the whole Western already sounding in his ears the noise world is to become comfortable and of the clamor of the coming genera- tranquil, and progress finds its grave tions. And these coming generations, in an unrural suburb? Or is the old who are going to push him roughly shaggy and untamed earth of ours goout of his occupation, and bring his ing to shake itself suddenly once again little castle in ruins to the ground, are and bring the whole edifice tumbling being provided with an equipment for to the ground? It has no clear reason the struggle out of the funds which he of its own worth, or its own universe, himself is compelled to supply. He is or the scheme of the life of the world. paying for his own children's start in It is losing its old religions. It still life, and he is having extorted from builds churches and chapels of a twenhim the price of providing other peo- tieth century Gothic architecture: St. ple's children with as good a start in Aloysius, reputed to be dangerously life, or a better. He has had enough "High," because its curates wear colof it. He is turning in desperation to ored scarves; the Baptist Chapel, where any kind of protection held out to him. the minister maintains the old docIlis ideals are all towards the top of trines of hell and heaven, and wrestles the scale. He is proud when he is with the sinner for his immortal soul; identifying bis interests with those of the Congregational Church, where the Kensington, and indignant when his in- minister is abreast with modern culterests are identified with those of Pop- ture, and proclaims an easier gospel, lar. He possesses in full those Progres- and faintly trusts the larger hope. But sive desires which are said to be the the whole apparatus of worship seems secret of advance. He wants a little archaic and unreal to those who have more than he can afford, and is almost never seen the shaking of the solid always living beyond his income. He ground beneath their feet, or the wonhas been harassed with debts and der and terror of its central tires. monetary complications; and the de. There are possibilities of havoc in this mands of rent and the rate collector ex- ordered and comfortable society which cite in him a kind of impotent fury. In cannot lightly be put by. The old that fury he has turned round suddenly lights have fallen from the sky, and and struck down the party in power, existence has become too complex and glad to vote against the working man, crowded for the influences of wide whom he fears; and for a change, space reaching to a far horizon. Sumwhich he hopes may lighten his present mer and winter pass over these little burden; and against a Socialism which lamplit streets, to-day the lilac and he cannot understand. The sudden up- syringa, to-morrow the scattered aurising of these populous and hitherto tumn leaves, in an experience of tranindifferent streets has swept the Pro- quillity and repose. But with the ear gressive Party into disaster. The gen- to the ground there is audible the noise eral effect is that of being suddenly of stranger echoes in the labyrinthine butted by a sheep.
ways which stretch beyond the bounIt is no despicable life which has thus daries of these pleasant places, full of silently developed in suburban London. restlessness and disappointment, and It is full of family affection, of cheer- fierce longing, with a note of menace fulness, of an almost unlimited pa- in it; not without foreboding to those tience. Its full meaning to-day and who desire, in the security of the subthe courses of its future still remain obs. urbs, an unending end of the world.
THE CHRIST OF EXPERIENCE.
A volume of religious and social es- matic, even though it bore the imsays has lately been published by the primatur of an accredited spokesman Rev. William T. Herridge, D.D., min representing the conclusions of a Counister of St. Andrew's Church, Ottawa cil composed of the most renowned sci("The Orbit of Life"; Fleming H. Rev. entists of Europe, can explain away ell Company, 2s.6d. net). The book this sentence of Christ: "Lo, I am with abounds in common-sense, and is full you alway, even unto the end of the at the same time of religious and eth- world." ical suggestion. The most modern The first generation of Christians reader could not say that Dr. Herridge plainly put absolute faith in these was behind the time; but, unlike so words, and all through the ages there many men of wide sympathy and wide have never been wanting men and contemporary reading, he has man women of every denomination who have aged to steer clear of that fog-belt of witnessed to their truth. Some of these religious and moral confusion wherein have made a great mark in the world, so many writers of to-day lose their have been the true "world-shapers"; way. “Right and wrong," he is sure, but for the most part they have been “are not to be heaped together in very ordinary people. The declaraindiscriminate confusion." There is, tions of these latter upon the subject he maintains, “a right way of being would fill many books, and perhaps *worldly," and those honorable sue if they were written, and the educated cesses which are truly worth having people of to-day were condemned to depend upon "a well-trained and ath- read them, they should cry out with letic resolution." These three sen- St. Paul that "not many wise men aftences give, we think, a key to the sec- ter the flesh, not many mighty, not ular side of the book. It is with the many noble, are called"; but no experireligious side that we propose to deal ence can be put aside as without imin the present article.
portance because it is common, and In an interesting paper upon the consequently witnessed to by persons Resurrection, which he calls “an without literary judgment, power of Easter study," the following passage clear expression, or that concomitance occurs: "Christ views resurrection not of small perceptions too fine for analy. as a mere physical process, but rather sis which we call "taste.” Nor is their as a moral achievement, and His own evidence impaired by the fact that the Resurrection is the most unique and experience they enjoy seems somememorable instance of it. If any one times altogether to obsess them. They proposes to make a successful assault believe it, in contradiction to the whole upon the belief of Christendom, he tone of our Lord's teaching, to be the must not be content simply to storm most important part of the Christian the outposts of historical testimony, revelation, and they deny the Chrisnor maintain a guerilla warfare of sci- tianity of all those who can boast of entific nescience. He must attack the no such consolation. The matter has very citadel and stronghold which is nothing to do with the resurrection of Christ's own character." Dr. Herridge the flesh. The men who first believed speaks profoundly, and cannot but set and repeated the promise were agreed his readers thinking. No denial of the that even though they had known possibility of miracle, howerer dog. Christ "after the fiesh," whether before or after His resurrection, they now sweeping. Yet it is in the main just.. knew Him in that sense no more. It is useless to deceive ourselves by The benefit promised was spiritual; the words. To do so is to remain upon benefit alleged to have been received the surface of things. When we talk was spiritual also.
of the support men derive from a high St. Paul's experience of this divine ideal, we do not mean what Paul companionship is typical. When he meant. There can be no doubt that was tried for his life, he tells us, "no men are upheld in moments of storm man stood with me. ... Nothwith- and stress by dwelling on an ideal. standing the Lord stood with me.” But St. Paul was always an idealist,What did he mean? He clearly does a man with hopes and aims outside the not allude to another incident like that region ruled by reason. He had ideals on the road to Damascus. No vision long before he became a Christian. and no supernatural occurrence is even Yet he certainly thought his experience hinted at. He does not suggest that was new. Again, there can be no his answers at the time of his exami- doubt that an ideal pointed by a splennation were prompted by Christ. He did recollection may concentrate itself does not say that he saw Him. He into something which, in the vague makes an assertion, which he takes it language of poetry, might be alluded for granted his readers will under- to as a person. But the passage in stand, to the effect that the fearful which St. Paul's words occur is not mental and moral strain through which poetry at all; it is a plain record of he had lately gone was made bearable, sad facts. His work has not been sucin spite of the desertion of his friends, ceeding, his friends have left him, his by the presence of Christ. When we converts have turned away, nothing is consider these things, we do, as Dr. left but the hope of better things after Herridge says, storm the outposts of death. He is in no exultant mood. historical testimony to no purpose. He draws no word-picture to impress Nevertheless, it must be admitted that upon his friends the glorious atmossince the storming of these outposts, phere of a higher ideal than the world since the breaking of swords between before knew, for the sake of which it materialists and spiritualists, a gener- is conceivable such a one as Paul might ation of Christians has arisen among have worked and agonized "in jeopardy whom such experiences as Paul de- every hour," though he himself asserts scribed are rare. Most of us, espe. that he would not have done it. Again, cially if we belong to those who have the book we have imagined which to think for their living, have small might be written by simple people hope of ever receiving any such di- would contain, we suppose, very little vinely authoritative confirmation of poetry indeed,-prosaic, sometimes perour faith. It is impossible, in consid- haps sordid, accounts of illnesses, ering the matter of the spiritual resur- deaths, perplexities, anxieties, which rection of our Lord, to shirk this fact. the writers were convinced they did "If one does not take the trouble to not witness or endure alone. exercise that noble rationality which Those who stand where they can searches into the depths of things, see the signs of the times must often though he may have no innate vicious feel themselves strangers in the midst ness, the mère slumber of thought is of a new heaven and a new earth, and sure to degrade him.” Dr. Herridge's it is impossible but that sometimes condemnation of the man who can they should be seized with dread lest think and will not is perhaps too in the passing away of the old certainties the words of Christ may pass ever before. Is it not possible that away too. The depression which re- in the future the shaking of public ligious changes bring to many minds is faith in verbal inspiration and in sacnot, however, a clear medium through ramental grace may be seen to be but which to look at facts. For those who the misread results of a revived power can cast this depression away the to grasp the reality of the Christian character of Christ still remains the revelation? His Spirit is with Chrisstronghold of the doctrine of the Res- tendom while Christendom recognizes urrection. The eyes of the world are the divine side of human nature, and turned upon the Gospels. Perhaps it can still find consolation in the eterthere was never a time when the nal words of the Son of Man, “Bethought of the character of Christ pre cause I live, ye shall live also," implyoccupied the mind of Christendom as ing as they do that the inheritance of it does now. Christianity is more the life is consequent upon the Fatherhood test of public and private action than of God.
THE CARELESS CHILDREN.*
The general impression left upon a male dolls, and with such married pupreader's, or at any rate on this read- pets a lad may play although it is beer's, mind after a study of Mr. Kidd's neath his dignity to amuse himself examples and deductions is that Pondo with an unwed maiden doll. or Zulu children are in most particu- So it is with everything else. They Jars exceedingly like any other chil. have their parties which last all night, dren who chance to arrive in this world and their clans that play with or more with white instead of black skins. generally fight other clans belonging They play the same games, or, if girls, to the next kraal or tribe. The sense love the same dolls, as for the matter of honor is very fully developed in of that the old Egyptians did long ago. them, and the sense of greediness still Indeed the doll make-believe appears more, so much so indeed that they will to be carried further than is common stuff themselves with half-cooked and in Europe. Thus the small Kaffirs unplucked birds caught in the veld. build actual huts for them in place of which, did they bring them home, they the Dutch houses that here are pro- fear would be taken from them and vided ready made from the toyshop. eaten by their elders. They manuThey give them stones to grind their facture excellent traps to catch these corn, mats for sleeping, pots for cook- birds and other wild things, such as ing, and so forth. They provide them mice, which they also eat. They poswith a cattle-kraal stocked with clay sess an elaborate system of fagging, and oxen, goats and fowls. They marry a good fight with sticks, not fists, is them in a realistic manner, singing the the joy of their hearts. As at home appropriate songs. The owner of a boy- the boys look down upon the girls, exdoll will manufacture and pay away cept on certain occasions, when for inten clay cattle in order to supply it stance a pair of them will share the with a wife or wives in the shape of same pempe, or bird-scaring but, in properly-or improperly-dressed fe which they play at being sweethearts, “Savage Childhood.” By Dudley Kidd.
the head boy choosing the best-favored London: Black. 1906. 78. 6d. net.
girl, or sometimes the prettiest girl selecting her own boy. They have ance in the world being desired and their vices, of which the missionaries brought about under the most sane and can tell much, but of course in a work sanitary conditions, they seem to suffer of this nature these are slurred over. but little from ill-health. Their cheerAlso they have their virtues, such as fulness is amazing, and unless they politeness, obedience, and family af- happen to be Christians they have no fection, although Mr. Kidd says that school or prospective examinations to when the boys become adult they care trouble them, nor are they ever overno more for their mothers, being worked in other ways. Lastly they are henceforth almost entirely taken up not called upon to shrink from the spirwith the pleasures of life. Upon this itual fears and shadows which are point I may add that the author's ex- more or less inseparable from religion, perience does not altogether tally with os we understand the word. No inmy own recollection. I have known visible, almighty Power is waiting to grown-up Kaffirs to be extremely fond punish them, should they do wrong, or not only of their own mothers but of ultimately to drag them to some dreadall their father's other wives, though ful place, although it is true that in doubtless, being nearer to the animal such circumstances the tribal spirit, as a race, they are apt like animals or Itongo, may make itself disagreeto forget those who bore and nurtured able in various ways. Death and its them when they no longer need their terrors are far from them; in fact even protecting care. But the parents do as grown men they do not, or used not forget, or even the grandparents, not to. fear death, which it would seem uncles, and other relatives; indeed the they look on as a painless sleep, notaffection which they show for young withstanding their belief in ghosts. people is often very beautiful and In short, like their elders they live a touching. I never remember hearing life of ideal physical happiness. What of such atrocities happening among has the Kaffir to fear who dwells unnatives as the Society for the Preven- der the shadow of the British flag? tion of Cruelty to Children bring to He can no longer be killed at the light annually by the thousand in our whim of some chief or enemy. He highly civilized and Christian land, and is not pestered by our gnawing amI believe that the father or relation bitions and ever-increasing needs; his who was guilty of such deeds would nerves and his bodily state are perfect; be killed or at least driven out of the he has food, wives, children to his tribe. Often it is far otherwise. Thus heart's desire, and he can generally I recall that during the Matabele war win wealth, that is, cattle, if he wishes a native soldier was seen running for them and chooses to work. Inaway with a bundle on his back. As deed as he goes on in years the giving the chase of him went on, in his wild of his numerous daughters in marriage effort to save his life, he threw away provides him with these automatically, everything he carried, his pots, his and in so large a country they increase blanket, even his assegal, all except without cost or trouble to himself. the bundle. At length he was run Perhaps the only unhappy creatures in down, and this bundle was found to an average kraal are the poor old contain his sister's heavy two-year-old women, who being “finished” and of child.