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idea indeed to enter the head of a people with such strong auimal proclivities.

Formerly one twin was killed, generally by its grandmother, or sometimes the father would choke it with a lump of earth, or it was exposed, or thrown into a river. Once a friend of my own, attracted by a sound of feeble walling, found such an unfortunate infant lying beneath a bush, and saved its life. On the other hand, the surviving twin, if looked upon with a doubtful eye, is treated with great respect as a person of most unnatural abilities, such as a foreknowledge of the weather and a power of averting sickness. To strike or otherwise injure a twin is very ill-omened, and in the case of war he has the honor of being placed in the forefront of the battle, as a wild and fearless person. The twin's own views upon the subject are not recorded, nor does Mr. Kldd tell us what happens among the Bantu peoples when one of their women produces triplets. Probably the whole tribe is convulsed.

The natives seem to think it astonishing that infants should be afraid of feathers, nor does Mr. Kidd advance any explanation of this fact. Yet one suggests itself. Many European parents must have noticed how terrified their babies are of fur. is not the reason to be found in the circumstance that without doubt countless numbers of their remote forefathers

Tbe Saturday Review.

were devoured by fur-bearing animals, and may not many little Kaffirs in the past have been eaten by eagles and vultures, which are very hungry fowl? Doubtless all these things come down with the blood, perhaps even from that dim time when man was something else.

i have said already that it would appear that on the whole, although their minds may move a little more slowly at first, there is but a small difference between the Kaffir and the European infant. Afterwards hereditary influences may count for much, but it is a question whether environment does not count for more. Mr. Kidd says:— v

"Our main aim in the education of backward races should be to draw out, discipline, and strengthen the various faculties (and especially the imagination) of the children, so that when the age of puberty arrives these faculties may be able to resist the degenerative and blighting tendencies that must soon arise. The politician in South Africa pays attention chiefly to the question of the franchise of the native; the statesman is profoundly interested in the education of the children."

Few will differ from this opinion; only is the South African "statesman" so profoundly interested in the matter as Mr. Kidd seems to think? if so. it is of good augury for the future of the Bantu people.

H. Rider Haggard.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

Mrs. Sellar, widow of the wellknown Edinburgh professor, has utilized her personal knowledge of the great literary lights of the Victorian

Messrs. Blackwood will be the publishers.

Mr. George Allen has nearly ready

era in a volume entitled "A Book a new volume of essays by Maurice of Recollections and impressions." Maeterlinck, entitled "Life and Flow

'ers." The English rendering is by A. Teixeira de Mattos.

Mr. Francis Griffiths of Loudon will issue soon a volume of theological essays on the Person of Christ as influencing the life of the present day, to which Professors Adeney, Peaks, Allan Menzles and several other writers have contributed. The volume will appear under the title "Lux Hominum."

Messrs. Brown, Langham of London announce a work in two volumes entitled "England and America: The History of a reaction," by Mrs. Mary A. M. Marks. "The History of the ix>ss of America," says Mrs. Marks in her opening chapter, "Is the history of a Tory reaction"; and her work is continued on those lines.

Two more of Balzac's novels "Old Gorlot" and "Eugenie Grandet" appear in Everyman's Library. Both are in the translation made by Miss Ellen Marriage for the 40-volume edition of Balzac which Professor George Saintsbury edited: and both are furnished with prefaces by Professor Saintsbury. There seems to be a suggestion here that the complete Coruedle Humaine is to find a place, in due course of time, in this series.

At the recent sale at London of the rare books collected by W. C. Van Antwerp of New York several recordmaking prices were reached. A copy of the Kilmarnock Burns brought $3,500; a copy of the Caxton "Treatise of Cicero" was sold for $3,000, and "A Narrative of the Troubles with the indians in New England," by William Hubbard, which was the property of the Hawthorne family of Salem, Mass., for more than 225 years, was sold for $2,250.

"The Library of the Soul" is the title of a new series of devotional books.

the aim of which is to give selections from the works of the foremost writers on spiritual life and practice, with biographical and critical introductions. Among the twelve volumes arranged for are—"Augustine of Hippo," edited by the Bishop of Southampton; "Thomas & Kempis," edited by the Bishop of Ripon; "St. Francis de Sales," by the Rev. S. Baring-Gould; and "Savonarola," by Canon Benham.

Mr. Andrew Lang is editing an interesting book entitled "Poet's Country." The contributors include Professor Churton Collins, Mr. W. J. Loftie, Mr. E. H. Coleridge, and others, and the book will deal with the various places in Britain associated with the poets, tracing their indebtedness to nature and their own immediate environment. One feature of this book, which will be issued in May, will be its fine series of reproductions from colored drawings by Mr. F. S. Walker.

The prospectus is out of "The Letters of Queen Victoria, 1837-61," to be edited by Mr. A. C. Benson and Viscount Esher, and published by Mr. John Murray, probably in October. The first volume covers the correspondence of the Queen till the age of twenty-five; the second, the repeal of the Corn Laws, the disruption of the old Whig party, and Chartism; the third, the Eastern Question and various struggles in Europe and Asia. There will be a large number of illustrations.

Yet another anthology! Mr. Edward Thomas has prepared an anthology of songs and ballads which will be issued shortly under the title of "The Pocket Book of Poems and Songs for the Open Air." The book is on entirely new lines; not only is it intended to serve as a country wayfarer's book, but in many cases the airs are given as well as the words. There will be love soogB, drinking songs, marching songs, hunting songs, folk songs—for the greater part old songs to traditional airs.

Mr. Ambrose White Vernou, professor of Biblical literature at Dartmouth college, is the author of a little volume on "The Religious Value of the Old Testament'.' which essays to show what there is left of the Old Testament, after the higher critics have had their will with it. The author's intention is excellent but be does not wholly avoid the infirmity of many writers in sympathy with the higher criticism in accepting as established some points which are yet in dispute and some which are purely conjectural. T. Y. Crowell & Co.

Tbe dainty First Folio Edition of Shakespeare's plays, which T. Y. Crowell & Co. are publishing, reaches a round dozen of volumes with the publication of "Much Adoe About Nothing." Miss Charlotte Porter, one of the editors of the series, furnishes the introduction; there are nearly one hundred pages of literary illustrations; and footnotes, a glossary, and some bits of selected criticism help the reader to a clearer understanding of the play. The text reproduces the First Folio of 1623, with the original spelling and punctuation.

Bach new addition to "Everyman's library" (E. P. Dutton & Co.) confirms the favorable impression made by the earlier issues. The little volumes are astonishingly cheap, but the cheapness is not purchased at the cost of type, paper or binding. The typography is attractive, and is set off by decorative titles and end-pieces. Tbe

paper is opaque and of good quality. and the binding is as dainty an if the volumes were meant to be sold for three times their actual price. The library covers a wide range of books in the departments of philosophy and theology, poetry and drama, romance. science, travel, essays, biography, fiction, history ami oratory, and young people's books, and by the happy device of a different color of cover for the different departments each group of books is easily distinguished, while general uniformity is preserved. The publishers have been fortunate in the writers whom they have secured to provide introductions for the several volumes. Some of the best-known ami most brilliant of contemporary writers are in the list. What could have been better, for example, than the choice of Mr. Bryce to introduce the volume of Abraham Lincoin's Speeches? Or what could be more delightful than Mr. Chesterton's introductions to The Old Curiosity Shop and others of Dickens's stories? Headers who are familiar with the various series of reprints, whose name has come to be legion, will be interested to notice at how many points this series diverges from the well-worn paths of previous selections and presents works which, although of enduring value and interest have not been reproduced before in inexpensive form. Here, for instance, is the whole of The Spectator, beautifully printed, in four volumes, with an introduction and notes by Professor Gregory Smith; and here is Grote's History of Greece, a work of commanding importance and value, hitherto accessible only in expensive editions, complete in twelve volumes which make a pleasing row upon the shelf and tempt to perusal by their convenient size and clear typography.

^SSS X!syt, ~ No. 3276 April 20, 1907. {"%i?S%SKm

CONTENTS.
I. Women and Politics: A Reply. By Eva Gore-Booth

Nineteenth Century And After 131
II. Electric Waves and Wireless Telegraphy. By II'. A. Hhenstone

Cornhill Magazine 134

III. The Enemy's Camp. Chapter III. (To be continued)

Macmillan's Magazine 146

IV. The First Earl of Lytton. By O. L. Strachey .

Independent Review 158 V. The Speech from the Throne. By Michael MocDonayh

Monthly Review 168 VI. A Milanese Mystery. Chapters I and II. By Charles Edwardi*.

(To be concluded) .... Cbambers's Journal 168

VII. The Power of Suggestion Spectator 176

VIII. The Parting of the Ways. By Godfrey Burchett ....

Gentleman's Magazine 178

IX. The Soul of our Suburb. By II H. Bashford

Macmii.lan's Magazine 181

X. Harbingers Nation 184

XI. The Medical Practice of Savages. By Frederick Boyle Outlook 186

XII. The American Railway Position Kconomist 18!)

A PAGE OF VERSE

XIII. Limerick Punch 130

XIV. Marcus Aurelius and Epictetus. By Frederic Rowland Marvin 13(1 XV. Madonna Laura. By Francesco Petrarcha. Rn,<ler(d into English

by Agnes Tobin "130

XVI. A Flattering Illusion. By Geoffrey Clark 130

BOOKS AND AUTHORS IflO

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.

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Postage to foreign countries In U. P. U. is 3 cents per copy or fi.56 per annum.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office or express money order, d possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, express and money orders should be made payable to the order of The Living Agr Co. Single Copies of The Living Age, 15 cents.

LIMERICK.

Here goes my love to Limerick! 'Tis

there that I would be, In the rare town, the fair town that

lies beyond the sea. Myself and darling Limerick we've

been too far apart, But the easy town, the breezy town.

she always had my heart.

Of all the towns I ever saw, wherever

I was set, There's only one beneath the sun I

never could forget. I've shut my eyes in distant lands,

and, oh, my mind was torn, For I saw the streets of Limerick, the

place where I was born.

But I was far away from her, the city

of my Joy, Where once I wandered light as air, a

little barefoot boy. Since then I've worn the leather out,

but never trod so free As long ago in Limerick, the only place

for me.

There's few to know the face of me on all the Shannon shore

To grip my hand and call my name when I return once more;

But I will rest in Limerick, the dearest place I know.

Until, please God. I'm called at last and get the word to go.

Punch.

And the ascending dawn
Of an immortal Christ
Filled the blue heavens with light.
Frederic Rowland Marvin.

.MADONNA LAURA.

When all her golden beatity did unclose In Love's great noon and glory of

desire, Slipping her sheath, and yearning higher, higher, Laura, my life, did leave me to my

foes, And living, lovely, disembodied, rose To the white wicket and the shimmering choir. Ah, why does not that "last day" come and tire My soul for Heaven?—that last day

one knows But as the first in Heaven. The same way That all my thoughts go, and as feather light, My soul would rise, a pilgrim clean

and gay. Why must I wait, dear Christ? Why must I stay? Bitter and ever bitterer grows the fight. Had I but died three years ago to-day! Franceaoo Petrarcha. Rendered into English by Agnes Tobin.

A FLATTERING ILLUSION.

MARCUS AURELIUS AND EPICTE-
TU8.

Twin stars, serene and pure.
In the fear-haunted gloom
Of the wild pagan night.—
So long, so long ago!
In royal purple one,
Philosopher and saint,
With words divinely wise;
The other but a slave,
Yet monarch still who ruled
The godlike minds of men.
Alone, undlmmed, they burned
Above a world of doom,
Until the morning-red
Flamed crimson in the East,

I thank you for the flowers you sent.

she said. And then she pouted, blush'd, and

droop'd her head. Forgive me for the words I spoke last

night: The flowers have sweetly proved that

you are right. Then I forgave her, took her hand In

mine, SeaI'd her forgiveness with the old, old

sign; And as we wander'd through the dimlit bowers, I wonder'd who had really sent the

flowers.

Oeofrtv Clark.

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