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from sunrise to set and from year's man wants. Perhaps in time to come end to year's end, till at length in old the white man's needs will grow deage they sink to sleep, having for the sirable in his eyes also, and then most part lacked nothing except, it doubtless he will strive for them and may be, the delights of war. Their become a new man, having eaten of life is one long, animal joy, which, the tree of knowledge. That must be however much it may shock us, suits our part, to raise his ideals to our own, them extremely well.

and the rest will follow That this does shock the white man S ir Theophilus Shepstone, who knew there is no doubt, the missionary for the natives better perhaps than any certain obvious reasons, and the colo other Englishman ever has or ever will nist for others, while all are perhaps again, used to say to me that they unconsciously irritated by the specta- must learn by the creation of new cle of such complete content in a world wants and new desires to work as we that for most is honeycombed with do for several generations, before we sorrows. Moreover, the white man could hope really to civilize or still wants labor and understands very more to Christianize them. It seems clearly that this state of affairs pre- probable that he was right. As a Budvents the Kaffir from working and dhist would say they are several forces him, the superior being, to im- “Rounds" behind the highly developed port Chinamen to do what, in South European. Africa, it is not in accordance with Perhaps the most interesting porhis custom or his dignity to do him- tions of Mr. Kidd's book are those in self. So he declares, and by no which he treats of the superstitions means beneath his breath, that the connected with childbirth and childKaffir is a worthless, idle fellow. On hood, some of which, or their counterthe first point the Kaffir differs from parts, are not unknown in our own enbim and the two races may be left lightened land. It appears, to take an to argue the matter out, which in the instance, although for this we have no future they will doubtless do at the parallel, that among the Kaffirs women muzzles of guns and the points of think that if they eat the flesh of spears, as to a small extent they have porcupines their children will be very already done in the past. As to the ugly. The native doctor, however, is second-and this Mr. Kidd demon- equal to the occasion. He gives to the strates very well-the Kaffir is not expectant lady porcupine to eat that has really idle; only he objects to work been treated with his medicine and the of a sort that does not interest him evil is averted. What is this but a at all. What to him are railways and primitive application of our novel distelephones and holes in the ground out covery of anti-toxins? Another strange of which it amuses a mad race to dig prejudice is that which the Kaffirs engold? He has his own equivalents for tertain against twins, that are held all such things, and to procure them to be most unlucky, although oddly he will work hard enough. See him enough a twin is always expected to hunting for his food or raising his be clever. So pronounced is this discorn for the winter store, or building like that in the old days a woman a hut for a new wife, or engaged in who produced twins for the second the labors of battle at the bidding of his time was put to death. Its origin apchief. Then the Kaffir works as bard pears to be that to produce more than as any European, for be works for one offspring at a birth like a dog or what he wants, not for what the white a pig is supposed to be bestial, an odd idea indeed to enter the head of a peo- were devoured by fur-bearing animals, ple with such strong animal pro- and may not many little Kaffirs in the clivities.

past have been eaten by eagles and vulFormerly one twin was killed, gen- tures, which are very hungry fowl? erally by its grandmother, or some- Doubtless all these things come down times the father would choke it with with the blood, perhaps even from that a lump of earth, or it was exposed, or dim time when man was something thrown into a river. Once a friend of else. my own, attracted by a sound of feeble I have said already that it would wailing, found such an unfortunate appear that on the whole, although infant lying beneath a bush, and saved their minds may move a little more its life. On the other hand, the sur- slowly at first, there is but a small viving twin, if looked upon with a difference between the Kaffir and the doubtful eye, is treated with great re- European infant. Afterwards heredispect as a person of most unnatural tary influences may count for much, abilities, such as a foreknowledge of but it is a question whether environthe weather and a power of averting ment does not count for more. Mr. sickness. To strike or otherwise in Kidd says:jure a twin is very ill-omened, and in “Our main aim in the education of the case of war he has the honor of backward races should be to draw out, being placed in the forefront of the discipline, and strengthen the various battle, as a wild and fearless person. faculties and especially the imaginaThe twin's own views upon the sub- tion) of the children, so that when the ject are not recorded, nor does Mr. age of puberty arrives these faculties Kidd tell us what happens among the may be able to resist the degenerative Bantu peoples when one of their and blighting tendencies that must women produces triplets. Probably soon arise. The politician in South the whole tribe is convulsed.

Africa pays attention chiefly to the The natives seem to think it aston- question of the franchise of the native; ishing that infants should be afraid the statesman is profoundly interested of feathers, nor does Mr. Kidd advance in the education of the children." any explanation of this fact. Yet Few will differ from this opinion; one suggests itself. Many European only is the South African "statesman" parents must have noticed how ter- so profoundly interested in the matter rified their babies are of fur. Is not as Mr. Kidd seems to think? If so, the reason to be found in the circum- it is of good augury for the future of stance that without doubt countless the Bantu people. numbers of their remote forefathers

A. Rider Haggard. The Saturday Review.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

Mrs. Sellar, widow of the well- Messrs. Blackwood will be the pubknown Edinburgh professor, has util- lishers. ized her personal knowledge of the great literary lights of the Victorian Mr. George Allen has nearly ready era in a volume entitled “A Book a new volume of essays by Maurice of Recollections and Impressions." Maeterlinck, entitled “Life and Flow

ers." The English rendering is by A. the aim of which is to give selections Teixeira de Mattos.

from the works of the foremost writ

ers on spiritual life and practice, with Mr. Francis Griffiths of London will biographical and critical introductions. issue soon a volume of theological

Among the twelve volumes arranged essays on the Person of Christ as in- for are—“Augustine of Hippo,” edited fluencing the life of the present day, by the Bishop of Southampton; to which Professors Adeney, Peaks, "Thomas à Kempis,” edited by the Allan Menzies and several other writ

Bishop of Ripon; "St. Francis de ers have contributed. The volume will Sales," by the Rev. S. Baring-Gould; appear under the title “Lux Hominum." and "Savonarola.” by Canon Benham.

Messrs. Brown, Langham of London Mr. Andrew Lang is editing an inannounce a work in two volumes en- teresting book entitled “Poet's Countitled "England and America: The try.” The contributors include ProHistory of a reaction," by Mrs. Mary fessor Churton Collins, Mr. W. J. A. M. Marks. “The History of the Loftie, Mr. E. H. Coleridge, and others, Loss of America,” says Mrs. Marks in and the book will deal with the variher opening chapter, “is the history of ous places in Britain associated with a Tory reaction”; and her work is con- the poets, tracing their indebtedness tinued on those lines.

to nature and their own immediate

environment. One feature of this Two more of Balzac's novels "Old book, which will be issued in May, will Goriot" and "Eugenie Grandet" appear be its fine series of reproductions in Everyman's Library. Both are in from colored drawings by Mr. F. 8. the translation made by Miss Ellen Walker. Marriage for the 40-volume edition of Balzac which Professor George Saints. The prospectus is out of "The Letbury edited; and both are furnished ters of Queen Victoria, 1837-61," to be with prefaces by Professor Saintsbury. edited by Mr. A. C. Benson and VisThere seems to be a suggestion here count Esher, and published by Mr. that the complete Comédie Humaine is John Murray, probably in October. to find a place, in due course of time. The first volume covers the correspondin this series.

ence of the Queen till the age of

twenty-five; the second, the repeal of At the recent sale at London of the the Corn Laws, the disruption of the rare books collected by W. C. Van old Whig party, and Chartism; the Antwerp of New York several record- third, the Eastern Question and varimaking prices were reached. A copy ous struggles in Europe and Asia. of the Kilmarnock Burns brought There will be a large number of il$3,500; a copy of the Caxton “Treatise lustrations. of Cicero" was sold for $3,000, and "A Narrative of the Troubles with the

Yet another anthology! Mr. Edward Indians in New England," by William

Thomas has prepared an anthology of Hubbard, which was the property of

songs and ballads which will be issued

shortly under the title of the Hawthorne family of Salem, Mass.,

“The for more than 225 years, was sold for

Pocket Book of Poems and Songs for $2,250.

the Open Air.” The book is on en

tirely new lines; not only is it intended “The Library of the Soul” is the title to serve as a country wayfarer's book, of a new series of devotional books, but in many cases the airs are given

as well as the words. There will be paper is opaque and of good quality, love songs, drinking songs, marching and the binding is as dainty as if the songs, hunting songs, folk songs-for volumes were meant to be sold for the greater part old songs to tradi- three times their actual price. The tional airs.

library covers a wide range of books

in the departments of philosophy and Mr. Ambrose White Vernon, profes- theology, poetry and drama, romance, sor of Biblical literature at Dartmouth science, travel, essays, biography, ficcollege, is the author of a little volume tion, history and oratory, and young on "The Religious Value of the Old people's books, and by the happy deTestament which essays to show vice of a different color of cover for what there is left of the Old Testa- the different departments each group of ment, after the higher critics have had books is easily distinguished, while their will with it. The author's inten- general uniformity is preserved. The tion is excellent but he does not publishers have been fortunate in the wholly avoid the infirmity of many writers whom they have secured to writers in sympathy with the higher provide introductions for the several criticism in accepting as established volumes. Some of the best-known and some points which are yet in dispute most brilliant of contemporary writers and some which are purely conjectural. are in the list. What could have been T. Y. Crowell & Co.

better, for example, than the choice of

Mr. Bryce to introduce the volume of Tbe dainty First Folio Edition of Abraham Lincoln's Speeches? Or what Shakespeare's plays, which T. y. could be more delightful than Mr. ChesCrowell & Co. are publishing, reaches terton's introductions to The Old Curia round dozen of volumes with the osity Shop and others of Dickens's stopublication of "Much Adoe About Noth- ries? Readers who are familiar with ing." Miss Charlotte Porter, one of the various series of reprints, whose the editors of the series, furnishes the name has come to be legion, will be Introduction; there are nearly one hun interested to notice at how many points dred pages of literary illustrations; this series diverges from the well-worn and footnotes, a glossary, and some paths of previous selections and presbits of selected criticism help the ents works which, although of enduring reader to a clearer understanding of value and interest have not been rethe play. The text reproduces the produced before in inexpensive form. First Folio of 1623, with the original Here, for instance, is the whole of The spelling and punctuation.

Spectator, beautifully printed, in four

volumes, with an introduction and Each new addition to “Everyman's notes by Professor Gregory Smith; and Library” (E. P. Dutton & Co.) con- here is Grote's History of Greece, a firms the favorable impression made work of commanding importance and by the earlier issues. The little vol value, hitherto accessible only in exumes are astonishingly cheap, but the pensive editions, complete in twelve cheapness is not purchased at the cost volumes which make a pleasing row of type, paper or binding. The typog- upon the shelf and tempt to perusal by raphy is attractive, and is set off by their convenient size and clear tydecorative titles and end-pieces. The pography.

SEVENTH SERIER
VOLUME XXXV.)

No. 3276 A pril 20, 1907.

FROM BEGINNIN@

Vol. COLIII.

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CONTENTS.
Women and Politics : A Reply. By Eva Gore-Booth . . .

NINETEENTI CENTURY AND AFTER 131
Electric Waves and Wireless Telegraphy. By W. A. Shenstone

CORNHILL MAGAZINE 134 The Enemy's Camp. Chapter III. (To be continued) . . .

MACMILLAN's MAGAZINE 148 The First Earl of Lytton. By G. L. Strachey . . . .

INDEPENDENT REVIEW 153 The Speech from the Throne. By Michael MacDonagh

MONTHLY REVIEW 156 A Milanese Mystery. Chapters I and ÍI. By Charles Edwardes.

(To be concluded). . . . CBAMBERS's JOURNAL 168 The Power of Suggestion .

. . . SPECTATOR 176 The Parting of the Ways. By Godfrey Burchett.

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 178 The Soul of our Suburb. By H. H. Bashford . . . .

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 181 Harbingers

. . . NATION 184 The Medical Practice of Savages. By Frederick Boyle OUTLOOK 186 The American Railway Position . . . . . ECONOMIST 189

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A PAGE OF VERSE
Limerick . .

. . Punch 1:30 Marcus Aurelius and Epictetus. By Frederic Rowland Martin . 130 Madonna Laura. By Francesco Petrarcha. Rendered into English

by Agnes Tobin . . . . . . . . . . 130 A Flattering Illusion. By Geoffrey Clark . . . . . . 130 BOOKS AND AUTHORS . . . . . . . . . .

XVI.

190

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