« PreviousContinue »
tied with white tape, evideutly, from "That is not all, caro signore," she alits shape, containing a boot.
most screamed, with a fresh flood of "Tell me the trouble, little one." Doug tears, and the terror as before staring las urged, as he looked at the snows through the tears. "There was my poor parting in the girl's black hair. "Has father lying like one dead on the floor he-that fellow-insulted you?"
upstairs. He, that accursed other, She glanced up then with an expres- found him so. I would not help him sion in her tear-charged blue eyes for to his senses at first, when I saw which a romantic artist might have for what purpose that other had come. paid a good price.
But it is enough, signorino: I must nou "Is the door shut, signorino" she talk. This is no house for so gracious whispered.
and kind-hearted a stranger as you, He shut it softly.
signorino. Would to heaven my poor *We are alone," he said.
father could escape from the city! That Then Maria Bassano burst forth. is what I have begged and begged. We "I wish he was dead, signorino," she are of Parma ourselves. There are (ried. “And I wish further that I was our blood-relatives, and there we might in Paradise with my dearest mother. live happy and peaceful lives, with perThis wicked earth! But no-I will not haps Marco, if God willed-if-if things do it. I will be true to my Marco." were otherwise. It is because of it **The ('ount--" suggested Douglas. weakness of mind in my poor father.
“Yes, signorino," she exclaimed, re- But come, I must be courageous and sponsive to his prompting. "He wipe my eyes, signore." threatens that unless I consent to sac- She stood up and jerked her thick rifice myself to him to-morrow he will black plait behind her, tried to smile, make a scandal of me. He is so enam- and used her handkerchief to her face. ored. I did not think he had such a Douglas himself was more perturbed heart of fire. I do not love him-no; but now than she seemed. I have taken his presents, many of "That is right. Courage! courage!" them, and he has twice kissed my lips, he said at a venture. “But you talk and I am a very unfortunate young of the man. Bolla, do you not-him with woman to have let him go so far. He the ears?" desires to carry me away to his country The girl's hands clenched into a tist house by Bologna. Do I say desires? by the side of the Count's parcel, and He insists. And he tells me that, if, her full rosy lips tightened grimly. when he comes for his miserable She drew breath before she replied. boot in the morning-there, behold it "No, signore, I talk not of him. And. by your hand-if I am still obstinate excuse me, but it is the hour when he will find out my poor Marco, Marco comes sometimes." She forced and-and-- Ah! but who shall another smile; without much difficulty say what will then come to us either, thanks to her blessed mercurial all? They will perhaps fight, and I at temperament. “Marco will not like it least shall be disgraced. Signorino, I if he finds you here with me--thus.” hate him worse, I think, than that "He will not come to-day," said Dougother. What a house is this!"
las thoughtlessly. "He was in the "Poor little girl!" murmured Douglas, street just now when that other-stroking the course black hair of her But for charity's sake don't glare at me head by the broad parting. "But, like that." you know, I told you before---"
The girl's temper had taken yet anShe shook off his hand.
other turn. No turkey-cock in Douglas's experience ever swelled out so iu- Without words!" she cried, as diguitied dignantly as she under the digestion of as a stone Juno. this trivial intelligence about her Marco. Hat in hand, Douglas obeyed. She seemed to put on inches of stat "Certainly," he said, “certainly. I ure, and the flashing of her eyes, the am sorry if I have said anything to scorn and wrath-he had never seen the annoy you; but, remember, I am your like on so pretty a young face. She friend.” said something first in dialect that “I want no such friend, signore," she Douglas missed. Then out shot her said, her eyes like lamp-lit blue diaarm as she pointed to the door.
monds. "Do me the favor to with"Go, signore! Have the kindness to draw." go from this room. I command it.
Charles Edwardes. (To he concluded.)
THE POWER OF SUGGESTION.
We are living in the midst of a great ity of sin and sickness, and repudiates movement wbich seems destined to ex- academic medicine as an immense ilercise a revolutionary influence on hu- lusion, yet the valuable truth whicli man life. This movement is here fan- lies behind these irrational notions detastic and extravagant, there supersti- serves our recognition, and ought to tious and even disgusting, and there, receive practical application at our again, scientific, progressive, and hands. healthy. Speaking summarily, it may be The wise man will not be frightened said to be a revolt against the material. away from any beneficent principle by istic trend which till recent years dom- the bizarre and grotesque shapes with inated medical science, a revolt brought which credulity may have clothed it. about by a more vivid realization of Here, indeed, we may recall the Aristothe power of mind over bodily states. telian maxim, and say that the truth It is this fact which lies at the root lies midway between two extremes, of "Christian Science," "Mind Cure," between a hard, hide-bound materi"Faith Cure," "Metaphysical Healing," alism, and an airy, ungrounded, unand many other quasi-philosophical, reasoned spiritualism. One of the basic quasi-religious systems of Transat ideas of modern psychology is the mulantic origin. The point to be empha- tual influence of mind and body springsized is that these more or less elabo- ing out of their profound unity. Any rate doctrines, partly theological, partly doctrine that contradicts this scientitie psychological, ought to be kept distinct postulate must be deemed outside the from the fundamental fact to which boundaries of right reason. As to the they seek to give expression,-the fact, influence of the body upon the mind namely, that mind can, and does, affect there is no room for doubt. The witthe fortunes of the body, and that men ness of everyday life is reinforced by tal influence can be utilized in the sci- the detailed tests of the psychological entific treatment of disease. While it laboratory. Mental disease can be is true that "Christian Science," to take traced to brain degeneration; physical for illustration the most popular of injuries create psychical discomfort: these cults, rests upon a misinterpre- mental processes are deeply affected by tation of matter, a kind of ill-under- drugs, such as alcohol, opium. cocaine. stood Berkeleyism, teaches the unreal- morphine, and many others. But it is
equally true that inental states affect disease is beyond my practice ...... bodily processes. The famous saying more needs she the divine than the of Huxley that consciousness has no physician." What is really needed is more to do with physical conditions an alliance between the clergyman and than has a steam whistle with the driv- the doctor. The Church, in imitation of ing of a locomotive sounds like an ab- her Founder, ought to take compassion surdity in the light of recent investi. on these unhappy people, and come to gations. We are now informed that their aid with all the liberating and the emotion of fear may produce paral- recreating powers of genuine religion, ysis, jaundice, sudden decay of teeth, combined with the technical skill of erysipelas, eczema, and even death, the most adranced medical science of *The fact is," says Professor James, our time. And the clearer understand the American psychologist, “that there ing of the great law of suggestion is no sort of consciousness whatever, be is no mean help in this much-needed it sensation, feeling, or idea which does work. By suggestion as here used is pot directly and of itself tend to dis not meant anything of a compulsory charge into some motor effect. The character such as is characteristic of motor effect need not always be an hypnotism, but rather the holding beoutward stroke of behavior. It may fore the mind of the afflicted person be only an alteration of the heart-beats ideals of health and poise until they or breathing, or a modification of the become his own and gain outward physdistribution of the blood, such as blush- ical expression. ing or turning pale; or else a secretion E very human being is more or less of tears or what not. But, in any case, open to suggestion; indeed, a recent it is there in some shape when any writer proposes to define man as "a consciousness is there; and a belief as suggestible animal.” And the records fundamental as any in modern psy- of suggestive therapeutics as set forth chology is the belief at last attained in the pages of Professor Dubois's rethat conscious processes of any sort cently translated "Psychic Treatment must pass over into motion, open or of Nervous Diseases" (Funk and Wagconcealed."
nalls) prove that physical functions, as Now if one could pierce through the well as deeply rooted habits and desires, adverse physical conditions of a vic- can be altered permanently by suggestím of neurasthenia, or "nerve prostra- tion. tion," to the mind within, and by bright Probably the most momentous disand optimistic suggestions awaken the covery in mental science for a century idea of health, mental and spiritual is that of the part played by the “subpoise, one would have set the sufferer conscious" in our experience. Conon the road to recovery. Every clergy. sciousness is the wonderful candle of man is brought into contact with peo- the Lord, that reveals all marvels and ple who are nervous, fretful, forebod- makes all that we call knowledge. But ing. For them each day seems to por- the dominant light of consciousness is tend disaster; at night visionary phan- not all. Around the little flame lie toms murder sleep. These are the great fruitful fields of personality miserable victims of insomnia, by wrapped in darkness, and in God's pochondria, egotism, religious melan- economy the darkness is as necessary choly, remorse, and so forth. The fam- as the light. It has been compared to ily physician in the presence of such an iceberg floating on the sea.-only cases is tempted to echo the words of a relatively small portion rises above his famous professional brother: "This the water and is visible, but this small
LIVING AGE. VOL. XXXV. 1828
segment is supported by one much ment of the suggestive principle lies larger which remains submerged. Now at the root of many of the absurd cults this subconscious self is the portion of that to-day defy the reason of the our nature that is most closely related world. As a matter of fact, its genuine to the organs and functions of our phys- successes have been achieved only in ical body. It is this self which sees the treatment of functional nervous that the commands of the will are car disorders, of hypochondria, insomnia, ried out. It sets in motion all that dyspepsia, neurasthenia, the drug-babit, complicated machinery in the body in- hysteria, and the like. In spite of the volved, for example, in moving a limb, assertions of Christian Scientists, mindof which we know nothing or next to curists, metaphysical healers, esoteric nothing. This portion of the soul lies vibrationists, et id genus omne, there deeper than the ordinary, waking con- is no evidence worthy of the name that sciousness. It is nearer the underlying where an organic change has taken laws of Nature. The fret and fume place in the body any benefit can come of daily life disturb it not at all. It through suggestion whether in hypnotic contains within itself those healing, re- sleep or waking state. A cancer, for cuperative processes that take place in example, is not amenable to suggestive silence and darkness, usually in sleep. treatment. The surgeon's knife is at Through hypnotism it has been learned present the only fit remedy for such that this "subliminal self,” to use Mr. a disorder. F. W. H. Myers's phrase, is not usually Within the region, however, of the affected by the ordinary means of re- functional as distinguished from the ceiving knowledge,--reading, writing, organic, it is impossible to set any limit, conversation, etc. It can be influenced to the potency of suggestive therby suggestion; but to do this otherwise apeutics. Mind is the true magician. than through a hypnotic trance it is Through contact with a healthy, wellnecessary for one to brood more or less poised personality the children of melover a few simple ideas, to let these ancholy may learn to gain self-control, sink into the mind by silent meditation to banish fear, anxiety, and the senor frequent repetition, or by visual im- sations of the passing hour; above all, pression. There they are matured by to exorcise the demon of egotism by a process of "unconscious incubation," ideals of goodness and unselfishness. and create knowledge, faith, and dy. And as they do so, so thaumaturgle is namic energy for use in the conscious the soul that the nerves which a little region.
before were harassed and jarred by Of course the principle of suggestion suffering will experience an unaccusis available only within certain limits. tomed calm, as though a heavy load had It is not a panacea or cure-all. The been lifted from the heart, and life once extravagant and pretentious misstate more seemed worth living.
THE PARTING OF THE WAYS.
The democracy of Great Britain is Individualistic conditions which have at a point where it bas to make its hitherto prevailed in the land. As it choice between a form of Socialism, sci. is not the babit of the British, and esentific or unscientific, thorough or par- pecially the English, people to face tial, and continuance under the quasi- changes of social creed or ideal in the
form of an accepted statement of prin- vidualists, as a school, are not prepared ciples or corpus of doctrine, or in any to offer any humane system as an abstract shape whatever, it is possi- alternative to it. Many do little more ble that they may pass into practical than denounce the creed of Marx and Socialism sans le savoir, by a series of his successors with equal vehemence lapses, just as it is possible that they and bonesty; but mere denunciation, in may maintain an Individualistic sys- the end, strengthens a plausible case tem without recognition of that fact or by arousing interest in it and some symits consequences.
pathy for it, and invective is a weapon The drift has for some time tended which grows weaker the oftener it is towards Socialism: that is, to minor used against the same opponent. What measures of empirical Socialism which is wanted, at least for people who precommend themselves to sentiment or to fer to hold their opinions in a logical the sense of expediency. For instance, form, is a system for the amelioration there has been a strong inclination to of social conditions which will satisfy relieve the poorer parents in the com- the human conscience as it exists in munity of a part of the burden of their Western lands to-day without destroyduty to their children, and to help the ing the sound foundations of society in more indigent class generally to avoid accordance with socialistic incitements; the full results of their economic dis- in a word, construction instead of deadvantages. This, being done by a struction, or healthy evolution instead common effort of the other members of of a revolution prompted by visionaries the State, is a step within the bounds of and carried out in despair. Socialism.
It is well to admit that the IndividualHere one comes at once upon a criti- ist pur sang has failed as a social philos. cism which applies to the arguments of opher and will fail, precisely because convinced Individualists, at least as to be ignores the human conscience and their practical bearing, and when fails to realize that sympathy is as nattheir practical bearing is disregarded ural and inherent a force in human nathey have only an academic value. To ture as selfishness itself; indeed, it is ask people to permit the unrestricted re- one of the basal laws of life, long ansults of Individualist methods to ope- tecedent to the appearance of man upon rate among the poorest is to ask them the earth, and one of the primary facto repudiate all the dictates of com- tors of the individual. And, in face of passion, and to deny the fundamental this fact, in order to criticise Socialism principles of the religion which most of effectively, it is expedient to give due them profess. It is absurd to teach a recognition to some of its strongest posistudent on one day of the week in a tions and not to advance against the lecture-room that Free Competition, un whole line without making due allowhampered and unmitigated, is the es.. ance for them. sential condition of the progress of the It is often urged that all progress in race and the nation, and to teach him evolution from the protozoa to man has on another day of the week, in a church been accomplished by the aid of unreor chapel, that he should love his neigh- stricted competition in the struggle for bor as himself and do to his neighbor life. And if this be granted, the Inas he would that his neighbor should dividualist says, "How will you ensure do to him.
further progress if this mainspring of And this leads to another criticism evolution be taken away?" But the arwhich strengthens the hands of those gument is fallacious. Considering the who seek to promote Socialism. Indi- matter from the biological point of