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ueutly on the soldiers, and it has, therefore, before it only two alternatives. One is to fly as the French nobles did— and it is this which is being generally adopted—and the other is to submit to low permanent quit-rents imposed from above, and accepted by the losers with the sense of insufferable injustice. if King Charles, who is thoroughly aware of the dangers of the situation, and who bitterly reproaches the statesmen who have just resigned for their want of prevision and energy, can suggest a <-ompromise other than this, he will

Tbe Spectator.

show himself the first statesman, as be has long since been accepted as the first soldier, in Eastern Europe. in Russia, in Austria, in parts of italy, and in most of the Balkan States the Roumanian jacquerie, whether successful or defeated, will immensely increase the excitability of the peasantry and the perplexities of statesmen, already overloaded by problems which as yet no man of genins has arisen with sufficient mental power and sufficient daring to attempt to solve.

VACATiON CHRiSTIANITY.*

We have felt from time to time a not inconsiderable respect for Mr. Camp bell. We have known him on several occasions to refuse either to toe a political line or to kiss the foot of some sectarian pope. We have heard of his telling the impeccable working men of London what he thinks of them, and of his arranging to repeat the information iii their presence. All this argues pluck, but it is all compatible with an absolute want of humor and of a sense of the fitness of things. Let us admit for a moment that the times require a new message; Mr. Campbell is a young man to have acquired the certainty that he has the particular new message that the times require. He will answer that, if he waits till he gets old, the now message will probably have become once more the old one:—

But at the last, why, i seemed left alive Like a sea-jelly weak on Patmos

strand, Tx• tell dry sea-beach gazers how i fared

* "The New Theology-." By E. J. Campbell, M.A., Minister of the City Temple. London: Chapman and Hall. Bs

When there was m id-sea, and the

mighty things; i.eft to repeat, "i saw, i beard, i

knew," Am! go all over the old ground again.

But such an answer does not excuse the two faults which must always be associated with Mr. Campbell's pronouncement upon the so-called New Theology, which he must by this time be rather tired of hearing described as not '•theological," and still less "new."

First, it is absurd to ask us to give serious consideration to a book which in its introduction purports to deal with its subject "in some comprehensive and systematic way," and in its concluding chapter is described as "the task which has occupied the greater part of my winter resting-tlme." Any one who walks along Holborn Viaduct in February knows the duration of Mr. Campbell's resting-time; it stares you in the face and makes you see in a moment the absurdity of an effort at recasting Christianity in the course of three weeks. We could imagine that at the end of years of steady reading and dillgent gymnastic a theologian migltt be in good blood to write current? caUtmo a statement of what has been slowly and laboriously revealed to him:— Oh. euch a life as he resolved to live.

When he had learned it, When he had gathered all books had to give!

Sooner, he spurned it.

But here is a man who puts pen to paper during a holiday at St. lves; writes, as he says, "before a window overlooking the heaving waste of waters on a rock-bound Cornish coast," and. though he has but three weeks in which to re-state his faith, can stay to notice that "it is a stormy day." What is the result? A slipshod, slangy, often quite grotesque explanation of what we have no doubt are the sincerely entertained ideas of his heart and his mind. By consequence he allows himself to describe the God of "ordinary churchgoing Christians" as One who is 'greatly bothered and thwarted" by human depravity and who "takes the whole thing very seriously." Also he patronizes the author of the fourth Gospel as an "exceedingly able writer.''

The Outlook.

Secondly, Mr. Campbell makes the hopeless mistake of expounding his creed as if his own personality had any importance in connection with it. We have no patience with those who attack him on the ground of his unfaithfuiness to the trust deed of the City Temple, unless they are at the same time members of that congregation, but equally we have no patience with Mr. Campbell's insistence on the fact that "chapter and verse" for all that he here avows "can be produced from my published sermons," That is a purely domestic matter, like his reference to "the controversial methods of the editor of the British Weekly." The public have no concern with either. When we have a more laborious, a more conscientious exposition of what Mr. Campbell would have his generation believe, we shall consider it with the respect that is its due. Meantime we can only express our regret that a sympathetic preacher of many gifts and graces should have essayed so lightly a task which years of toil may yet enable him to perform with credit.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

"The Warden" and "Framiey Parsonage" follow "Barchester Towers" in the new group of books in Everyman's Library; and although "Doctor Thorne" should come between them in the reg alar order, it is probably safe to assume that both that and the remaining two volumes of the Barsetshire Series will be added so that the reader may have the most charming group of Trollope's stories complete in this edition.

lt is sixty years or more since George Dennis completed the stndies and ob nervations which found fruit in his

work on "The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria"; and the mystery of the origin, the language, the religion and the institutions of the Etruscans remains nearly or quite as complete as when he wrote. in spite of researches and discoveries in the interval. Mr. Dennis's work is now reprinted in Everyman's Library, in two volumes, with a map and plans and a hundred or more illustrations,

Among the works of solid and enduring value inclnded in the latest volumes of Everyman's Library are Samuel Coleridge's essays, notes and lectures 0n Shakespeare and some other old poets and dramatists: Augustine Thierry's history of The Conquest of England by the Normans, in two volumes,—one of the most brilliant histories of that great event; Professor Alexander Fraser Tytler's Essay on the Principles of Translation; George Flulay's history of Greece Under the Romans; .Mungo Park's Travels in the interior of Africa,—travels now a century old, but still full of vivid interest; Virgil's Aeneid, in a uew translation into English verse, by Mr. E. Fairfax Taylor, who beguiled his leisure through many years in turning the great epic into limpid Spenserian verse; and that classic among classics, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, with an introduction by Rev. H. Blvet Lewis.

Mr. Henry Cecil Wyld's "The Historical Study of the Mother Tongue" is not meant for those dwelling in the lower air in which spelling reform and similar questions are discussed, but for those seriously intent upou learning through what changes and by what influences English has become what it is. not only to the ear and eye. but also to the understanding mind. "To give some indications of the point of view from which a language should be studied, and of the principal points of method in such a study." is the author's modest summary of its object; and his hope, as he states it, is to prepare the way for the study of some of the great pioneers of our knowledge, and the chief framers of contemporary philological theory. The opening chapters on phonetics may be read with profit by all teachers of orthoepy and elocution, and students of easy etymology may gain from later passages something of that wider view of their work which will give zest and energy to its pursuit. but the proper readers of the work

are those who have taken philology for their subject, who have something of the enthusiasm of Trench although their way is charted by those who have traversed it in the years intervening between this happy day and his. (E. P. Dutton & Co.)

Mrs. Colquhoun Grant's "Queen and Cardinal" is such a history of Anne of Austria and of Mazarin as may be gleaned not only from the kindly, respectful pages of De Motteville but from the less good-natured persons who according to a fashion not yet ban ished from courts saw the better ami decided that others had followed the worse. The story, like all stories of its time, one is tempted to say, is sad. Tranquillity was nowhere: faith hardly existed; intrigue was universal: simplicity hardly possible, and, interesting although the story of the period maybe, too often it is almost too painful. The only advantage possessed by royalty in Anne's day seems to have been an opportunity to try all the discomforts and misadventures possible in every one of the lower ranks, with the added torture of enduring everything in the glare of publicity, and the occasional outhursts of splendor and luxury are poor compensation for intervening troubles. Anne's story has not hitherto been made the chief subject of a book written in English, and, although the author disclaims any historical pretensions, she has made the two Cardinals. Madame de Chevreuse, and the Queen herself living figures, not easily forgotten. Portraits of both Queen and Cardinal at various ages have been added by the publisher, but inscrutability was the royal merit of those days, and the pictured faces furnish no key to the characters of tin" originals. <E. P. Dutton & Co.)

Seventh Series i fn- Qowq Iff-,, A 1001 (t'rom Beginning

Volume XXXV. ) flIO. OZYO BL&J 4, 1MU7. j Vol.COL1il.

CONTENTS.
I. Henry Fielding and His Writings. By Harry Christopher Minchin

Fortnightly Review 259 II. Women and Politics: Two Rejoinders. By Caroline E. Stephen

and Theo. Chapman Nineteenth Century And After 270

III. Fakumen. By David Praser . . Blackwood's Magazine 276

IV. The Enemy's Camp. Chapter Vil. (To be continued)

Macmh.I.an's Magazine 286 V. "Eugenics" and Descent. By R. Brudenell Carter

Cornhill Magazine 291

VI. Tembo's intercession. By Ralph A. Dvrand

Macmillan's Magazine 301

VII. The Poetry of Bridges Outlook 808

VIII. The Literary Coiner. By J. Churton Collins . Nation 310

IX. The Speed of Travel Spectator 314

X. Higher Education in the United States. By A. T. 8. Nature 316

XI. Britannia: Omnes. By H. W. Just Saturday Review 318

A PAOE OF VERSE
XII. The Primrose Path. By Rosamund Marriott Watson

Athenaeum 268

XIII. The Storm. By Olive Douglas Academy 268

XIV. Facts. By William H. Davies 268

BOOKS AND AUTHORS 318

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