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most optimistic student of British af- plement their number. Students of fairs will hardly maintain that our science do not need to be reminded of universities and colleges can show the intimate connection between cause progress and development at all com- and effect, but it behooves them to mensurate with that the report of the take every opportunity to convince Commissioner of Education reveals statesmen and the public that indusas true of the United States. It is trial supremacy is, in the long run, clear that patriotic men of science one of the effects of an adequately among us cannot afford to relax their equipped and generously endowed sys. efforts to increase the efficiency of our tem of higher education. universities and colleges, and to sup

A. T. s. Natore.


When Britain rose from out the azure main
With guardian flood her happy coasts that laves,
She loosed the soul enthralled by error's chain,
She smote the shackles from the hands of slaves
And spake unto the nations: "He who saves
His selfish life shall lose it. They who cast
The bread of liberty beside all waves
Shall surely reap a thousandfold at last."
She cried: "Go forth, my children, fill the vast
Unpeopled continents of north and south
'Neath freedom's banner streaming down the blast,
Its praise re-echoing from each patriot mouth

Prophetic of an empire of the free.
For Britain's boast shall still be liberty."


Throned in the West our Lady of the Snow
Welcomes the advent of these toiling bands,
The island mother's teeming overflow,
Who sow with smiling farms her prairie lands.
Fain would each settler wield a hundred hands
To win the golden harvest for his store,
Where Nature far surpassing all demands
Of greed, to those who covet most, gives more.
Still therefore, mother, still thy myriads pour
Eager yet sad, thou art so dear to them,
From the three kingdoms to thy daughter's shore,
Whose brow is crowned with tenfold diadem.
Rose, thistle, shamrock, ne'er from you they'll sever!
Your posy's twined with maple leaf for ever.


The Southern ('ross with favor contemplates
Sons of its house whose fathers dwelt afar,
The constellation of six sister-states,
And yet another, still a single star,

Whose destiny no envious fate shall mar
Or quench the light of their imperial flame,
Full-orbed, rolled onward in immortal car,
But yearning toward the sun from whence they came,
Inheritors of Britain's lofty name.
The pride of self is nobler in the thought
Of high-born parentage whose worth and fame
Are priceless treasure neither sold nor bought.
Be proud, Australia, knowing well that she,
The heart that bare thee, is as proud of thee!

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Peace cancels bate and freedom foes disarms.
Where now amid the peaceful and the free
Is need of swords and trumps and war's alarms
And guns with horse and chariot? Time shall be
When from the page of Afric's history
Rancor shall pass as mountain snows that melt
In springtime; fruit of friendly rivalry
Plenty shall crown the illimitable veld
And all the bloodless swords at wrong be dealt
For justice. War of race, an idle name,
Shall be like feuds of Saxon and of Kelt,
A dream forgotten and a schoolboys' game.

Still Boer and Briton, fated to remain
Unvanquished, shall their equal league maintain.

Among earth's mighty ones the mightiest
Masters his fellows with a gentle sway,
And he who would command all others best
Let him the law of government obey,
Which saith that who would rule must serve alway
The voice of Nature and the weal of man.
And thou, O Empire of our later day,
Those thy distinctive lineaments who scan
Note no divergence from the primal plan
Coëval with the dawn of Paradise.
A mother queen, as only mothers can,
Acclaims the queen in every daughter's eyes
And bids each royal sister share her throne.

The queen of freedom could not reign alone. • The Saturday Review.

H. W. Just.


There seems to be a certain kinship One of the books of note about to between Marryatt and Herman Mel- appear will be Mr. T. E. Kebbell's recolville, and lovers of stirring sea tales lections, Lord Beaconsfield and other will be glad that Melville's "Moby Tory Memories, which Messrs. Cassell Dick" and "Typee" appear in Every are issuing. The contents will be of a man's Library as companions to Mar- miscellaneous interest, including remryat's "Mr. Midshipman Easy." "Little iniscences of editors and literary men. Savage" and "Masterman Ready." sportsmen and agriculturists, and some chapters giving a picture of rural life age takes him to Hong Kong, and his sixty years ago.

third to Calcutta. Besides an abun

dance of realistic detail relating to the The London Outlook is of the opinion routine of a sailor's life, there is a sucthat "in the two respects of screaming cession of stirring incidents, including vulgarity of mind and what can only be a fire in the hold, an East Indian cycalled drunkenness of imagination, clone, a collision and the overhauling Mr. Lawson's 'Friday the 13th' is prob- of a derelict. In spite of Mr. Bulably the most remarkable novel that len's well-known enthusiasm for the was ever offered to the public above sea and his belief in its possibilities the level of those who read the Police for the development of a robust and News.”

manly character, he describes the hard

ships of the life with candor and his The Longmans are about to publish book is a thoroughly wholesome one Mr. G. Macaulay Trevelyan's book on to put into a boy's hands. There is “Garibaldi's Defence of the Roman no question about the boy's enjoying Republic.” It is a history of the po- it. E. P. Dutton & Co. litical and military events in 1849 which caused the final breach between the The "Three Phi Beta Kappa AdPapacy and the Italian national aspira- dresses” which give the title and furtions, and raised Garibaldi to the zenith nish most of the material for a small of his popularity. It contains a full volume by Charles Francis Adams account of the siege of Rome by the were given in the years 1883, 1902 and French, and of Garibaldi's retreat.

1906; and the first and third of them,

"A College Fetich” and “Some ModFor young readers the latest group ern College Tendencies” have a cerof books in Everyman's Library pro- tain relation to each other in theme, vides two delightful volumes: Mrs. though widely separated in time. The Gatty's “Parables from Nature"; and “fetich” dwelt upon in the first is an “Fairy Gold," a book of old English excessive devotion to the classics and fairy tales compiled from many sources especially to Greek. Concerning this in prose and verse by Ernest Rhys, who it is to be remarked that Greek, at is the general editor of the series. least, is not the fetich that it was. Robin Goodfellow, Tom Thumb, Fortu- The modern college tendencies which natus, Chicken-Little and other old Mr. Adams describes and criticises are favorites are to be found here, in com the great increase in the number of pany with many others not so familiar students at the universities, and the but not less diverting.

extension of the elective system. Re

garding these he speaks with force and In the preface to his new story, candor. With these three addresses "Frank Brown, Sea Apprentice," are included several shorter papers Frank T. Bullen vouches for the ac- which are the fruit of Mr. Adams's curacy of all the incidents, though the long identification with the interests hero-the fourteen-year-old son of an of Harvard, as student, alumnus and English counting-house clerk--is of overseer,--extending over a period of course fictitious. The boy's appren- more than fifty years. Houghton, ticeship begins on a barque bound for Mifflin & Co. the South Sea Islands, his second voy


No. 3279 May 11, 1907.



CONTENTS. 1. Some Reflections on the Colonial Conference. By Viscount

Milner, G.C.B. . . . . . NATIONAL REVIEW 323 11. Leisurely America. By H. W. Horwill . MONTHLY REVIEW 333 III. The Enemy's Camp. Chapters VIII, and IX. (To be continued).

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 341 IV. A Plea for the Popular in Literature. By J. A. Spender . .

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 348 v. The Modern Attitude Towards Belief in a Future Life. By

Samuel McComb, M.A., D.D. LONDON QUARTERLY REVIEW 358 VI. The Peacemakers. By Captain Frank 1. Shaw, F.R.A.8. . .

CHAMBERS'S JOURNAL 368 vni. The Montagnini Disclosures . . . . . . SPECTATOR 375 VIII. The Kindling of the Flame . . . . . . . NATION 378 IX. The Parish Clerk

. . . ACADEMY 381

X. A Tiller of the Soil. By Christian Burke . .

PALL MALL MAGAZINE 322 XI. Spring in the Dale, By Augusta Hancock . .

322 XII. The Hammers. By Ralph Hodgson . . . XIII. The Calm. By George Ives . . . . SATURDAY REVIEW 322

BOOKS AND AUTHORS . . . . . . . . . 383

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