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Harbingers . . . . . . 184 The Sheraton Settee
Democracy . . . . . 435 Blackwoods . . . . 778
. . . . . . 130
693 Life's Little Difficulties: The
The Cry of the Russian Children 698
The Edition de Luxe . . . 820
The Prospects of Constitutional
Government in Russia . . 451
Old-Fashioned Flowers . 59
English Oral Tradition . . . 228
The Weaponed Man . . . 2
To Flavia Publicia, 247 A.D: . 66
. . .
lius . . .
PALL MALL MAGAZINE.
Saints and Their Times . . . 114
Stevenson's Poems . . . . 245
THE NEW SITUATION IN GERMANY.
Matters, however, lave practically One of the results of the elections for turned out just the other way. Perthe Reichstag, as regards the question sonally, I may be allowed to mention, of the defensive power of the country, I have not been astonished by this which has led to the last dissolution, issue. To a considerable extent I is, shortly speaking, this. Government predicted it in what I had written bewill be able to count, in matters of fore. Whilst uttering the parole: reasonable Army and Navy strength, “Down with the priestling Centre! and and its colonial policy connected there. up with the Rights of the People!" I with, on a probable majority of forty was quite aware of the difficulties or so, as against any possible renewed standing in the way of overcoming combination between the priestly, Ul. the Centre. At the same time I said tramontane party called the "Centre," that there was the greatest likelihood and the now greatly diminished party of the Social Democratic party losing of Social Democrats who on principle very many seats, if the so-called "Mitrefuse granting all such supplies. läufer" were for once to turn away This is one point of the new situation, from it, and if the mass of the lag
The other point is that, during the gards, who hitherto have never used manifestations of the electioneering their vote, could be made to enter into campaign, a public spirit, at once pa- the fray. triotic and Liberal, in the sense of This forecast has proved to be corclaiming greater parliamentary privi- rect. "Mitläufer"-men who inerely lege, has shown itself, with which the run for a time with a party without Imperial Crown will have to reckon sharing all its doctrines—those are benceforth. It is the spirit that marked called who at the previous election bad the years shortly before 1848. Because gradually swelled the number of the unsatisfied then by timely concession, Socialist vote to so vast an extent. it led finally to sanguinary street bat- At one time the chief Socialist leader ties, when crowned heads were deeply himself avowed that the majority of bumiliated so much so that Frederick those voters for his party were merely William the Fourth of Prussia after- "Mitläufer"; their object mainly was, wards said: "In those days we all lay to make things hot for Government flat on our bellies."
from various motives of political When the last Reichstag was dis- and social dissatisfaction, as well as solved on account of what has been from a Democratic wish of givcalled the "Unholy Alliance" between ing a needed lesson to “personal the Papist party and the Socialists, Government." Among these men, it who would leave the struggling troops is well known, there are even a conin South Africa in the lurch, the Kaiser siderable number of minor Government and the Chancellor evidently hoped officials who have a grudge against that it would be possible to lay a their superiors, or who detest the presstrong breach into the "Tower of the ent system. Centre," as that party boastfully calls The Socialists in Parliament, barring itself. A noteworthy diminution of a few personal exceptions, have always the forces of Social Democracy, Gov. refused to Government the means for ernment scarcely expected or boped military and naval armament. They
do it, as already mentioned, contin
ually on principle. Their aspirations Knowing well how matters stood, I are certainly of a Democratic charac- warned my French friend who had ter, and therefore they are naturally shown me the letter. Meanwhile Lasopposed to that personal government salle, in a speech, came out with a which prevailed under Bismarck, and declaration that the House of Hohenwhich has been continued under the zollern, "as the representative of true present Kaiser, who, as soon as he popular kingship (Volks-Königthum), came to the throne, wanted to be "his must, with a firm grip of the hand on own Bismarck.” Now, were there any the sword, drive the middle class from possibility of replacing Imperial rule the stage, with a proclamation of manby a Republican one, the tactics of the hood suffrage!" party in Parliament could be under- It is too well known how that Constood, if adopted on the eve of a likely stitutional struggle ended with the trifinal decision. But such a prospectumph of Bismarck and his master who, does not exist. For twenty-five years in 1849, after being victorious in the their prominent speakers have often battles against the popular armies that prophesied “a great Kladderadatsch," fought in Rhenish Bavaria and Baden as a Socialist revolution was called in for German freedom and union, had common parlance. But nothing even court-martialled a number of his prisdistantly approaching to it has ever oners during a three months' reign of happened.
terror. As to Prussian affairs in the There was once a considerable chance 'sixties, universal suffrage was not proof the Prussian House of Commons, claimed in the least. The Prussian before the constitution of the present House of Commons remains until toEmpire-coming into revolutionary con- day constituted in the same way as beflict with the Crown. It was in the fore. early days of Bismarck's and his Louis Blanc afterwards thanked me King's "budgetless" government. The heartily for having prevented him from Liberal and Radical middle class, and falling into a trap. Later on, Lassalle many men of the working classes, was shot in a duel. The conflict arose were deeply moved against despotic with a Rumanian rival for the hand kingship. But what happened? Las- of a young German lady of aristocratic salle, the professed Socialist leader, en- connection, whom Lassalle wanted to tered into underhand intrigues with marry in order to give himself a higher Bismarck, promising to rouse the social standing, but who had already masses against the burgher party, so been very much cooled by his semias to get the latter between two fires. diplomatic behavior. In this affair The royal army in front, a demagog - General Klapka, the heroic defender of cally misled populace in the rear, of Komorn during the Hungarian war of the champions of parliamentary privi- independence, played a part as a friend lege were to play the monarchical of Lassalle. Klapka, who was also a game!
friend of mine, later on told me that I can give here some proofs from the Countess Hatzfeld (the well-known personal knowledge. In order to for- protectress of Lassalle) had said to tify himself with the working class in bim: "If Lassalle had lived six months Germany, Lassalle wrote to Louis longer, he ould have entered the serBlanc, then an exile in London, in a vice of the Prussian Government!" general Socialistic way, for the object Y et Lassalle's portrait still figures at of getting from him a kind of testimo- Social Democratic party meetings! nial for sincere doctrinal comradeship. I refer to these facts to show how a