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this sentence, "The capacity of the committed. According to one plausihuman mind for wonder naturally dis- ble theory their senses are aware, poses the uninformed to superstition, though their intelligence is not, of the and for every unusual occurrence for smell of blood. The brain itself has which no explanation is perceivable on probably a very wide debatable ground the surface, they look to the supernat- -Wider, it may be, than the senses of ural as the only possible cause of hearing and smelling. We have what that they do not understand.” When Mr. Myers called a subliminal conbe wrote this did he know that Aris- sciousness, and the brain may possibly totle begins his Metaphysics with much have the capacity to register sensations the same sentiment? He, too, started which do not come by way of the from the maxim that “the world be senses. The facts of mesmerism, susgins in wonder," but the world seems piciously near to clairvoyance, are not to end in wonder too: omnia exeunt in disputed. No doubt the world will be mysterium. No amount of exposure will more foolishly credulous than usual if, ever persuade the world against a be in the light of these precise revelalief in the forces which, for want of a tions, it does not enjoy a laugh at its better word, we call supernatural. own gullibility. But the new revelaNothing, of course, is supernatural; iftions only half reveal. Let us by all it is here at all, it is natural. But the means apply what the ancients called world is in its way right. We are be- Occam's razor and cut off as superfluset by forces of which we have no per- ous all unnecessary causes, but the ception. On either side of each con- codes and the conjuring skill of Mr. scious sense is a sense that perceives Maskelyne are no more an "open without knowing it perceives. Sensi. sesame" to the doors of mystery than tive people are said to have been filled were the sortes Vergilianae which the with an unreasonable terror on enter- Middle Ages took as a short cut across ing a room where a crime had been the roundabout roads of reasou.

The Outlook.


Messrs. Macmillan are preparing a Under the title "Aims and Ideals in cheap edition of Mr. Winston Church- Art” E. P. Dutton & Co. publish eight ill's biography of his father. It will lectures which were given in 1903 and be in a single volume of over nine hun 1906 by George Clausen, Professor of dred pages, and will be issued at 7s. 6d. Painting, to the students of the Royal net.

Academy. At the same time, in a uni

form volume, they publish a new ediThree short stories for very young tion, the third, of Mr. Clausen's "Six readers are included in Nina Rhoades's Lectures on Painting" which were deliv"Priscilla of the Doll Shop" (Lothrop- ered before the same audience in 1904. Lee & Shepard Co.). The book be Both volumes are fully illustrated, and longs in the category of the Prudy and they are an important and interesting Dotty Dimple Books of the lamented contribution to the discussion both of "Sophie May" and seems well calcu. the theory and the practice of art. lated to minister to the pleasure of small girls of to-day as those did to No doubt curious readers will attheir mothers.

tempt to identify the “Felicity" of Clara E. Laughlin's new novel with a East” none too soon for those who read certain popular actress, as well as to the earlier work. Since its appearance. point out the resemblance between the the Portsmouth treaty and the Anglo"prince of vagabond players" to whom Japanese alliance have changed the face the gifted child owes her career and a of affairs, producing the condition sigfavorite comedian. Portraits or fancy nificantly named the "truce," by Mr. pictures, Miss Laughlin has drawn Weale, and treated as such by the more them with a clever pencil. Stage ex- astute nations. “Japan and the New periences, types, ambitions and ro- Position," "China and the Chinese,” mances furnish a lavish store of ma- "The Powers and their Influence" are terial, and the selection and combina- the three parts into which the book is tion has been admirably made. But divided, but to these are added some tifthe dominant interest is human, not teen appendices containing treaties, professional, and Felicity herself and trade statements, and miscellaneous the man who catches her girlish fancy matter of value in estimating the exwould be striking character studies in act nature of the present situation. In any setting. The story is clean, bright, the first division, three chapters, "The and attractive, and is sure to be in Japanese Government and the Japanese demand for summer reading. Charles People," "Rail Power and the Japanese Scribner's Sons.

Front," and "Why Japan Made Peace"

are of especial value. The two chapters "John Glynn," the hero of Arthur called "China for the Chinese” are of Paterson's new novel, is a shrewd, the most consequence in the second (alsturdy young Englishman whose fron- though it contains few words not truly tier experiences in the States have golden.) In the third, “The United given him a training that stands him States and the New Responsibility" alin good stead when he returns to take though brief, and so guarded that its up philanthropic work in one of the manner might almost be called gingerly, worst districts in London. The ener- gently states some noteworthy truths. getic and strong-willed young woman May Jonathan, inasmuch as by way who acts as secretary of the organiza- of placating his vanity the new Amertion plays the part of heroine, and the ican officials coming to the east are defivillain is the outwardly-respectable nitely praised, be persuaded to note and landlord to whom the saloons and profit by these truths, and at least to gambling dens of the quarter pay rent keep his powder dry between peace and toll. Prize-fights, robberies, riots conferences. The more widely Mr. and attempted murders follow each Weale's book is read, the better both other thick and fast through some for the Mongolian and for the white three hundred and fifty closely-printed man. The United States have not yet pages, but whether the writer's evident paid the full price for the sins of their familiarity with the problems of ap- slave-holding days, and still suffer for plied philanthropy will suffice to make harboring the old error that all men his story as acceptable to the social who dwell on the face of the earth not student as to the lover of sensational only have equal rights to certain things fiction is an open question. Henry but are equal and similar. Perhaps it Holt & Co.

would do no harm to consider the hy

pothesis that some of them are or may Mr. B. L. Putnam Weale's “The come to be superior to the white man. Truce in the East and its Aftermath" (The Macmillan Co.) follows his "The Reshaping of the Far

SECENTE BERK: No. 3281 May 26, 1907.




CONTENTS. 1. The Prospects of Constitutional Government in Russia.

QUARTERLY REVIEW 451 II. What it Feels Like to Be in Prison. By Sylvia Pankhurst . .

Pali MALL MAGAZINE 467 III. The Enemy's Camp. Chapters XII and XIII. (To be continued).

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 472 IV. The Curé. By S. G. Tallentyre . . . CORNHILL MAGAZINE 476 Some Recent Developments in Plant-Growing. By G. Clarke Nuttall.

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 483 vi. "I Cannot Love a Coward, By my Faith!” By F. G. Aflalo . .

CHAMBERS'S JOURNAL 491 VII. A Romance of 1821. By E. S. P. Haynes ALBANY REVIEW 496 VIII. The Raven at Home. By John Walpole-Bond . . . . .

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 499 IX. Commerce in War and the Hague Conference. By Sir John Macdonnell.

: : : : : : . NATION 501 X. The Poet of “ Les Habitants " . . . . . SPECTATOR 504 XI. The Winter Sleep of Animals . . . . . OUTLOOK 506 XII. Letters Without Answers . . . . . . . Punch 509

XIII. A Song of Spring. By R. E. Black . . . .
XIV, The Golden Book of Marcus Aurelius. By Reginald Haines

SPECTATOR 450 XV. Fear. By St. John Lucas . . . . . . ACADEMY 450 xvi. At Dawn. By J. Travers . . . . . . . .


. . . . . . . . . 510



. 450



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Single Copies of THE LIVING AGE, 15 cents.


They show us how the wise man stands There's never a Queen hath treasures

stands so fine

Above the loud world's stress and As these of mine,

strife, Where the blue sea stretches as far And holds in his own ample hands away

The master keys of fate and life. As ever my roving glance can stray, And the gallant ships ride up in the O soldier, statesman, stoic, king, bay

The flower and crown of heathenesse, On the strong toss of the brine.

From thy deep thoughts what echoes

ring There's never a Princess hath treasure Of solace, strength, and saintliness

in store
Of gold galore

For us, who follow that high code Like this, where the falling gorse Which thou in ignorance didst ban, flowers sweet

Thou, from whose lips true wisdom Spread over my head and under my

flowed, feet

As from thy life pure love to man! Till the narrowing sides of the path

Reginald Haines. way meet

The Spectator. In a beautiful golden floor.

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That there is no salvation for Russia ticular, had made it clear to tbe Stolywithout a democratic Parliament and il pin Cabinet that, if the Duma were Cabinet responsible to the people's rep- dissolved, Russia's financial condition resentatives, and that a governing would become unbearable. The Tsar's Duma will right the nation's wrongs Government had been frightened into and inaugurate an era of material pros- fair play. And now the Russian pubperity, is an axiom accepted by al- lic, knowing its catechism by heart, is most every newspaper-reader on the aware that the second Duma would globe. Everybody thinks himself fa- have already fallen a victim to an inmiliar with the ills that infect the body. famous Government had it not been for politic of Russia; and everybody is the enlightened sympathy and timely therefore curious to see whether the support of republican France. That infallible remedy, which is so simple being the current theory in Russia, is and obvious, will be applied in time it to be wondered at that the general to ward off the catastrophe. Yet Rus- public in Central and Western Europe sians themselves behave as though they still shrugs its shoulders scornfully at had no knowledge of this panacea or the mention of M. Stolypin and his collacked faith in its efficacy. Some of leagues, to whose tender mercies the them are clamoring for a republic; Tsar has delivered over his people? others demand a socialist State; many Every competent observer approachare working for anarchy; while a large ing the subject in a fair spirit will number yearn for the old régime and probably see that, however estimable the good things that came in its train. the personal character and however

Last summer few Russians put any statesmanlike the political designs of trust in M. Stolypin's promise that a M. Stolypin were, he gave his enemies a second Duma would assemble on the convenient handle against the Govern5th March, and that a series of Re- ment and a strong argument against form Bills would be laid before it. The the régime by adopting a plan of camelaborate preparations made for the paign with two fronts. This may have meeting of the second Parliament were been a necessity, in which case it is set down as a hollow mockery; and his misfortune, not his fault. Against the present Prime Minister was dubbed the reactionaries he was leagued with a mealy-mouthed shuffier. This theory the Liberals; against the revolutionists was disseminated with such persever- he relied upon the army; and, like all ance and supported by means of such persons who have to struggle against plausible fiction that only critical two opposing tendencies, he went too minds could shake it off. Before the far now in this direction now in that. elections were over, however, it be- Thus, during the period which began came evident, even to the simple- with the dissolution of the first Duma minded, that the Tsar's Ministers were last summer and ended with the openplaying fair. Had they, then, been ca- ing session of the present Parliament lumniated by the patriots? By no in March, his line of action, as marked means. The righteously indignant by repressive measures, and his line of journalists informed their readers that thought, as indicated by liberal promcertain foreign States, France in par- ises, far from running parallel. were

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