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pect to see it repeated. As to the sec- When the effective synthesis is obond question, we do not know what to tained, it will have no surprises in it

and answer, unless it be that the steriliza

new knowledge acquired by science, tion was inadequate, or that the prepa

the enlightened mind no longer needs rations were contaminated before the

to see the fabrication of protoplasm in photographs were taken. At the same order to be convinced of the absence of time, recent physiochemical discor- all essential difference and all absolute eries centred around the fact of radio- discontinuity between living and potactivity warn us that dogmatism as living matter, to possibilities is far from being con- Prof. Le Dantec's book-which dissistent with the truly scientific mood. cusses the nature of life-ranges over

Harking back to heterogenesis, per the whole field of biology from bachaps it may be useful to say that Dr. teria to the nervous system, from karBastian was good enough to show us yokinesis to mutations, from tropisms the mummy of an Otostoma reposing to natural selection, and he leaves one within the egg-case of Hydatina. with the general impression that even There can be no doubt about it. But in the light of new knowledge" the what remains unproved is that the or- riddle of "life" remains very obscure. ganization of a Hydatina ovum gives in a popular elusive manner, with rise by heterogenesis to the organiza- abundant concrete illustrations, the tion of the infusorian Otostoma. We author seeks to show that the liv. suspected parasitism, and we watched ing creature is a mechanism and nothmany ova of Hydatina. But neither ing more, and that "the study of life the expected nor the unexpected hap- belongs to chemical physics." "A pened. On one occasion, however, Dr. higher animal such as man is a mechanJohn Rennie, lecturer on parasitology ism of mechanisms of mechanisms." in the University of Aberdeen, an ex- This rather cryptic conclusion is expert investigator who was good enough panded into the statement that man is to assist in watching for the advent of an anatomical mechanism of colloid Otostoma, observed two (not identified) mechanisms of chemical mechanisms. infusorians moving inside the rotifer's The wonder is that they all hold toegg, but he did not regard the phenom- gether. “More and more the living enon as a proof of heterogenesis. As being appears to us a superposition of a matter of fact, the egg-envelope dead things." But it is a fell supershowed a small split, through which position. "A rat trap would be alive the infusorians soon passed out, doubt if, while exercising its normal function less following the path by which they of loosing its spring, it should impress formerly entered.

on its constitutent substances a chemi(2) Prof. Felix Le Dantec has en- cal activity whose result would be a titled his book "The Nature and Ori- tension of the spring tighter than begin of Life," but with a humor which fore." This seems to us rather a clapwe appreciate he has entirely shirked trap theory of life. We mean that the question of origin, only referring the author gives the problem a false to it in a casual, half-hearted sort of simplicity; he conveys the impression way on the last page, where he tells that we can readily give a mechanical us that "the time will come when me- re-description of the development, the thodic analysis will allow of a rea- growth, the reproduction, the behavior, soned synthesis” of protoplasm. It is the evolution—the life of living creaproblable that the solution will be tures. But he does not go thoroughly found in the study of diastases.

enough into any single instance to win

conviction, and he is continually re- by means of its male poles the female treating into the mystery of colloids. Joles of the ovule's eleigents, which Some of his utterances strike us as are incomplete." "Assimilation is a birather intemperate, as when he tells us polar phenomenon," and "alternating that "life is an aquatic phenomenon," generation is also related with the bior that "Life is only a surface accident polarity of the living elements." All in the history of the thermic evolution this is "in the light of new knowlof the globe," or that “The fact of being edge," as is also the conclusion that conscious does not intervene in the "strictly speaking there is never any slightest degree in directing vital hereditary transmission except of acmovements." Yet when we were con- quired characters.” The author corscious of this sentence we turned back rects some of the errors of Claude Berseveral pages and re-read the preface, nard, Darwin, and Weismann. where the editor takes an optimistic The book has been translated by view of mechanistic theories.

Stoddard Dewey, and it is just possiThe author has full faith in the the ble that the original may have suffered ory of epiphenomenal consciousness; it a little. "If the hen fabricates the is a negligible shadow. He prefers to egg, the egg in its turn will fabricate keep to the purely objective, e.g. the the hen. We shall not therefore be mechanism of colloids and the polari astonished when we come to verify the ties of the cell. He is very strong on marvellous phenomenon which governs bipolarity. "The living cell is bi- the entire evolution of living beings: polar apparatus, since it needs a cyto- the heredity of acquired characters." plasm and a nucleus." "In each bipo- "Lichens result from the association of lar element of protoplasm there is a seaweed and mushrooms.” This lacks male pole and a female pole." "Matu- precision, "The embryology of an anration is explained by the disappear inal reproduces its genealogy." This ance in cytoplasm and nucleus of all lacks elegance. Speaking of crabs elements of the ser opposed to that of and lobsters, he says, “All variation, the mature element finally obtained.” all modification is limited in such ani"Fecundation is the operation in which mals to this phenomenon of moulting." the spermatozooid, introduced by sex- This lacks clearness. ual attraction into the ovule, completes

J. A. T.

Nature.

LIFE'S LITTLE DIFFICULTIES.

THE SHADE OF BLUE. Mrs. Vincent Olly to Mrs. Leonard two yards-and blow the expense, as Sprake.

Vinny says. Don't say you are busy or (With enclosure.)

anything, or I shall have to ask Olive My Dear Vera,-Do be an angel and

Shackle; and Heaven knows I don't go off at once to Ell's or Naval's and want to be beholden to her any more.

Your frantic see if you can match the enclosed shade in velvet. I want the dress for Friday week, and there isn't a minute

Mrs. Leonard Sprake to Mrs. Vincent

to lose. It is for Mrs. Ashley Carbonel's

Olly. At Home, and you know my reasons Doarest Mildred, I have been every. for wishing to look well there. I want where and it can't be done. I went

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first to Ell's, then to Navals, then to Mrs. Leonard Sprake to Mrs. Vincent Silkand's and Worcester Nicoll's, and

Olly. then back to Bond Street to Bedfort

(Telegram.) and Handbury's. But all in vain. I Dav's no good. Do have silk. saw nothing that would match. Tell me what to do next. Why must you Mrs. Vincent Olly to Mrs. Leonard Sprake. have velvet? I am glad you asked me

(Telegram.) and not the Shackle girl. After your Silk useless. Try Orange's. last experience of her "limpetude,” as Len calls it, you should be very shy. Mrs. Leonard Sprake to Mrs. Vincent How long was it she stayed? Two

Olly (with enclosure). months? Some people are beyond any My Dear Mildred,,I tried Orange's thing.

without avail. I should have gone Yours,

Vera.

there sooner, but knew it would be use

less. I now return the pattern with Mrs. Vincent Olly to Mrs. Leonard many regrets. I would have still made Sprake.

one or two other efforts, but I must My Dear Vera,-I must have velvet. go down to Chislehurst to-morrow to There is no way out of it; nothing else see mother, and after that it will be will do. Try Licence's, or one of those too late. I still think you would have Kensington places, Irving and Queen's been wiser to try some other material or Biter's. Only you must go at once. less difficult to match than velvet. I would not trouble you only I cannot

Yours with regret, Vera. trust any one else's eyes. Yours never makes a mistake. When we meet re- Mrs. Vincent Olly to Mrs. Leonard mind me to tell you about Mrs. Glen

Sprake. denning and the Scripture Reader. It D ear Vera.-I think you are very is too delicious; but much too long to selfish and inconsiderate. Your visit write.

to your mother cannot be so fearfully Yours in despair,

M. important, and I seem to remember

important and

other occasions when she had to stand Alrs. Leonard Sprake to Mrs. Vincent over for lots of more attractive enOlly.

gagements. Still, you must, of course, Dearest Mildred,-I have been to all do what you want to do. I am sending and not one has it. The nearest thing the pattern to Olive Shackle, who, in was at Licence's, but they had only a spite of her faults, is, at any rate, zealpattern. The material itself is out of ous and true. stock and cannot be replaced. I even Yours disappointedly and utterly tried the wilds of Oxford Street, but tired out,

M. all in vain too. You really must give up the idea of matching, or try silk. Miss Olive Shackle to Mrs. Vincent Olly. The great joke here is that at Lady My Sweet Mildred,,I am sending you Bassett's last week Canon Coss found the velvet by special messenger; which a glass eye in the spinach. It turns out is a luxury to which I am sure you will to have been the new cook's.

not mind my treating myself. I got Yours,

Vera. it at once at Ell's, from my own spe

cial counter-man there. He had put it Mrs. Vincent Olly to Mrs. Leonard Sprake. on one side for another old customer, (Telegram.)

but made an exception for me. How I Try Daw's.

should love to see you in your beauti

ful dress throwing every one else at itonitis, and she has had to put off all Mrs. Ashley Carbonel's into the shade! her guests. I was to have been with the Rutters Yours ever, Olive Shackle. at Church Stretton for the week-end, but poor dear Mrs. Rutter has just writ Miss Olite Shackle to Mrs. Vincent Olly. ten to say that her sister is dangerously

(Telegram.) ill at Woodhall Spa with something Will come with pleasure. that may very likely develop into per

Punch.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

"The Dickens Concordance," by Mary one who has experienced all its deWilliams, which is to contain a com- lights. Boy readers will find it divertplete list of characters and places men- ing; and boys of yesterday who buy tioned in Dickens, and also a full it for their boys of to-day may find alphabetical list, is shortly to be pub- reminders of their own lost youth if lished by Mr. Francis Griffiths.

they turn over its pages before relin

quishing it to the younger generation. The trend of prices for new novels The story is illustrated by L. J. in England appears to be downwards. Bridgman. Messrs. Sisley, Messrs. Chatto, and Messrs. Routledge are issuing them at Richard L. Metcalfe, author of “Of half-a-crown instead of bs.; Mr. Heine- Such is the Kingdom" and other mann is starting 4s. novels; and now stories from life, is a Nebraska newsMessrs. Blackwood are issuing Mrs. paper man; and the thirty or forty Cecil Thurston's newest work, "The sketches contained in the volume are Mystics," at 38. 6d, instead of 6s. apparently reprinted from the news

paper in which they first appeared. "The Traveller's Joy" is a quaint, Many of them are comments upon little English inn, where a young liter- current happenings. What gives them ary man of some reputation in London value and a certain unity is the simple hopes to find leisure and inspiration faith, the love for children, and the for his work. 'Upon the scene appears sympathy with goodness and truth the pretty niece of a neighboring pro which pervade them. There is no atprietor and complications follow. In tempt at fine writing; still less is there spite of some promising bits of de any mere playing with sentiment. All scription in the opening chapters, the of the stories are simple and genuine; story soon drops to the commonplace, and some of them have an indefinable Ernest Frederick Pierce is the author. though homely charm. The book is E, P. Dutton & Co.

published from the Woodruff-Collins

Press, Lincoln, Nebraska. In "Raymond Benson at Krampton," the second volume in Clarence B. Bur- Professor Kuno Francke's "German leigh's Raymond Benson series, life at Ideals of To-day,” is written with the a New England country academy is intention of arousing sympathy with described with the spirit and vigor of German views of education, public life, literature and art, and in German “If you lose faith in my story," writes achievements in criticism, literature, Dr. Van Eeden, at the very beginning of sculpture, and the drama. All but one "The Quest,” “read no further, for then of the papers contained in it have been it was not written for you." The caupublished before, and in the exception tion is not necessary, for of the three will be found an exposition of the pres- parts composing the book, the first, alent state of German literature and a though an allegory is concealed behopeful presage of its future. Those neath its deceptively simple fairy tale, who do not read German will find the is so thoroughly attractive that few. volume an excellent guide to some cur- readers will find themselves able to rerent translations concerning which sist its charm, still less able to forego American criticism has little definite exploration of the two parts continuing to say. The courteous frankness of it. The book is a compound of truths, the book is noteworthy and should half-truths, paradoxes, heresy, and mysmake friends for it, and accomplish ticism, through which the hero, Little its author's intention. Houghton, Johannes, moves, himself involved in a Mifflin & Co.

mist concealing both his age and his

stature. This confusion apparently repMr. Basil King's 'The Giant's resents that riddle of the painful earth Strength" is concerned entirely with of which man always seeks and never the difficulties besetting a rich man's finds the solution, before which his endeavors to make reparation to the soul, be he gray beard or babe whose victims on whose ruin his early suc- first conscious thought has but just cesses were founded, to win their swam into his vision is but an impalforgiveness, and to be justified in pable, airy, infinitesimal atom, of itthe eyes of his own children and self helpless, hopeless, without duration friends. The vanity and futility of his or abiding place. Hither and thither efforts reveal the true way to him, the wanders the Little Johannes, following way declared by the Master to the now one and now another guide, good young man of great possessions, and death, dark devil, gnome, happy fairy, he is left to the task of following it mischievous elf, careless children, faswhile happiness comes to those who cinating woman, man assuming the have suffered through him. Mr. airs of one superior to religion, or a King's vivid sense of humor, hardly mysterious laboring man professing to felt in the talk or in the incidents of teach a religion transcending Christianthis story, has preserved him both ity in its present form. Upon one's from hysterical denunciations of the agreement with the statements of this capitalist, and from the presentation last guide, bunted to death by the mob, of quack remedies for diseases of the laid by curious science on his last body politic, and he treats both the re- couch, the dissecting table, depends ligious problem of repentance and the one's acceptance of the book as an eneconomic problem of the huge, unman- lightener or as a clever darkener of ageable fortune, so gravely, logically counsel. Evidently, he speaks the auand impressively, that he is really in thor's last word, and it may content structive. Nevertheless, “The Giant's those who know naught better; to othStrength" is a good love story and to ers the book will still contain an abuneffect such a combination is no small dant treasury of fancy, wit, and clever feat. Harper & Brothers.

allegory. John W. Luce & Co.

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