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To it Bright added airy graces of ora- single one could not produce the varied tory. He kept himself well in hand tones in which Bright suited his voice throughout his speech, never losing his to his theme. hold upon his audience. His gestures On the whole, the dominant note was were of the fewest. Unlike Disraeli's, one of pathos. Probably because all they were appropriate because natural. his great speeches pleaded for the A simple wave of the right hand and cause of the oppressed or denounced the point of his sentence was empha- an accomplished wrong, a tone of melsized. Nature gifted him with a fine ancholy ran through all. For the expresence and a voice the like of which pression of pathos there were marvelhas rarely rung through the classic Tously touching vibrations in his voice, chamber, "Like a bell" was the illus- carrying to the listener's heart the tentration commonly employed in endeavor der thoughts that came glowing from to convey an impression of its music. the speaker's, clad in simple words as I should say like a peal of bells, for a they passed his tongue. The Albany Review.

Henry W. Lury.

A TRANSFORMED LONDON.

London, which the late Grant Allen start, as Sir Walter Besant believed; described in a warm moment as "a but it certainly did not help the cause squalid village," has never yielded any of beauty. The twentieth century delight to the admirers of the classic however, which seems destined to see in cities. It has sprawled about the the first awakening of our nation to banks of the Thames in formless so many things, is already determined fashion ever since the first bridge to hand on to the twenty-first a London thrown across determined the site of that our fathers would not recognize, our capital. Its appeal has always been a London poor in the quaint, the to the humanity in us. As a city, as an gloomy, tbe mysterious, having none of arrangement of buildings, it cannot those dark arches leading to unsuseven enter into competition, they tell pected courts or riverside spaces that us, with Vienna or with Paris. It is, moved the young imagination of David they declare, put to shame by Brussels, Copperfield, none of those ancient, narAntwerp, Turin, Milan, Venice, Munich, row, and grimy thoroughfares of which and Boston (Mass.). Bath and Edin- the departed Booksellers' Row was the burgh can look down upon it. In modo type, none of the old homely squalor; a ern times the desire to produce a beau- London rich in broad streets and tall tiful city did not touch us while it was buildings, with cleaner air and many stirring other communities. As for the trees and no “associations" to speak splendid remains of mediæval building of. What will happen when the time that we might have boasted, as Brus- comes for the posthumous honoring of sels or Nürnberg boast them now, there the twentieth-century great? It is imwas the Great Fire, which, what with possible to believe that the pleasant burnings down and blowings up, swept and inexpensive flats in Battersea, most of Gothic London off the map. overlooking the Park, where A is writThat calamity may have had the com- ing his immortal songs at this moment pensating advantage of cleansing the and B creating the novel of our era, will soil of the town of the bacteria of ages, ever gain any grace from antiquity. It and giving London a fresh sanitary is a fine, lofty block of building, quite worthy to contribute to the general ef- Austin Brereton's Literary History of fect of a modern capital, but it is hard the Adelphi and Its Neighborhood. to see how it can ever become anything There is no quarter of London that is more than a detail in a street-plan, or richer in the records of the heroes of contain for the pious tourist of the fu- London, no part that has arrested and ture any of that quaintness and dear kept more of the memory of that great absurdity that makes the homes and tide of opulent human nature that has haunts of the great men of the past flowed through the English capital genworth the trouble of hunting them out. eration after generation. To name but London is to become like Paris, where a few of those who have honored the you have to seek scientifically at the Adelphi is to call up a pageant of vari. backs of great white buildings for the ous splendors. In Durham House, which little that is left of the old town. The stood where now the buildings of the County Council knows what it wants, Adam brothers stand, dwelt Cranmer and has given us in the noble thorough- for a little. Anne Boleyn's father held it fares out of the Strand an earnest of of the King after it had become part of the things to come. What is wanted, it the spoil of the Roman Church in Engis true, is not always the same as what land, and Elizabeth lived there in early is obtained. A siege, for instance, un- days. A part of Philip Sidney's boy. der modern conditions of bombard hood was passed there, and it was ment, would affect the architectural Walter Raleigh's London house for the character of a new London in a very twenty years preceding his melancholy marked manner.

fall. In those precincts the figures of A proper and natural accompaniment Pepys and Johnson and Voltaire were of the recent changes has been a flood well known in their days—the Frenchof London books from the press. It man lodged but a few yards from the is a time for haste if any record is to Adelphi during his three years in Eng. remain of the old London, and the pity land. At the end of that great century is that the work is done in so scat- the Adam brothers replaced the tottertered, unequal, and haphazard a waying remains of Durham House by the by so many individual bands, according well-planned streets, the fine terrace to no plan. Sir Walter Besant's Survey above the river, and the house for the was left incomplete, and cannot be Society of Arts that still remind us in taken seriously in the form in which the name of "Adelphi" of their frait has come into the hands of the pub- ternal labors. Garrick lived in a house lic. The older works of comprehensive on the Terrace, and died there-nor is character are out of date in the matters that all the connection of the Adelphi of history, of antiquarian knowledge, with our theatre, for Othello was first and especially in the all-important mat published on its site, "at the Eagle ter of illustration. The old London and Childe in Brittan's Bursse" in that is vanishing ought to be the sub- 1622; and nowadays (let us remind our ject of as fine a series of photographic author) Mr. Bernard Shaw lives a few pictures as the art of the camera can doors from Garrick's house. In that produce. But in default of any such same Terrace the famous charlatan Dr. organized effort to preserve the mem- Graham set up his Temple of Health, ories enshrined in that brick and stone, to which all the quality came; and we must welcome the small books and there Emma Lyon, with whose name wish posterity joy of the task of col- the country was afterwards to ring so lecting and digesting them.

long as it rang with Nelson's, imperThe latest of these to appear is Mr. i London : Troherne 109. 60. not.

sonated in Graham's service “Vestina, in the sixties, and drew caricatures in the Rosy Goddess of Health.” In the pencil on the marble of the fine Adam's Adelphi “Coutts'" stood for a hundred mantelpiece in his room. These are and sixty years, and there the greatest but few of the glories that Mr. Brere. of British bankers, Thomas Coutts, ton's book has brought together. It is made himself "the richest man in Lon- a useful contribution to the vast and don." There, too, was founded the scattered literature of our capital, and Savage Club; and there the "Savages" it will live in the libraries beyond the meet to-day-Laman Blanchard, who period of the favor that it will find performed the superhuman feat of with the public to-day; for the worthy writing the Drury Lane pantomime for work of the Scottish brothers must also thirty-seven consecutive years, had to go in time, and the little casket that turn out of his house to make room they prepared for the housing of so for them. Thomas Hardy, then busy much treasure of the spirit will be a with architecture, lived on the Terrace memory like the rest.

The Outlook.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

riters of may be hoped book re

Mrs. Roger A. Pryor's "The Birth that perfect acceptance of things as of the Nation-Jamestown, 1607" (The they are by which Browning made Macmillan Co.) is written, of course, himself master of the Italian charac. apropos of the Jamestown Exposition. ter, and also made himself dear to Probably it would not have been Italians, and a mystery to those desirwritten and published at this time, ex- ous of finding something in his work cept for the observance of the ter- which is not there; viz., their own centenary. But it is as far as possi- mysticism. Now that this book re. ble from being a mere hack work, pro appears it may be hoped that the duced for an occasion. It is written writers of "papers" and of "notes" in a charming style, after a sufficiency will be content with silence for a time. of research but without superfluous An opening paper on “General Characdetail, and would have been an accept- teristics," a summary of each poem, able contribution to American history long or short, a Bibliography of Eng. at any time. When history is told in lish editions, and an index of poems this fashion, it becomes as engaging compose the volume. E. P. Dutton & as fiction to readers young or old, and Co. far more profitable.

The Dickensian observes that lovers Mr. Arthur Symons serves Browning of the works of Charles Dickens are and all Browning readers not already

continually finding opinions in them possessors of the book by republishing

which are most applicable to presenthis “An Introduction to the Study of

day circumstances; and it cites this inBrowning." Long out of print, its

stance: place has been usurped by a flock of quite unnecessary “studies," and "ap

In "Bleak House," readers learn that

Mrs. Jellyby neglected her husband, preciations," each one more "precious”

her children, and household duties, in than the last, and nearly all entirely order to attend to the subject of unaware of that solid common sense, Africa, "with a view to the general cultivation of the coffee berry—and tepid souls and well-fed bodies. The the natives—and the happy settlement, letters of General Lowell himself are on the banks of the African rivers, of

supplemented by many others written our superabundant home population." Mr. Jarndyce, on requesting Esther

to him or about him by his friends, the Summerson to inform him what she fine flower of the State in their day, and Ada Clare thought of Mrs. Jel- but his own show a wonderfully tine lyby, received a reply which may in character, and give the reader a posterest those who are wondering what session forever, a vision of young became of husband and children dur

knighthood. Houghton, Miffin & Co. ing the time the Suffragette was engaged at Westminster "fighting" for her vote. The following is the reply

Under the apt and alluring title of Mr. Jarndyce received to his question: "Nature's Craftsmen" Dr. Henry C. “We thought that perhaps it is right McCook groups in one delightful volto begin with the obligations of home, ume the fruits of long study of those sir; and that, perhaps, while those are

tiny creatures of the insect world, -overlooked and neglected, no other

ants, bees, wasps, spiders, etc. whose duties can possibly be substituted for them."

busy lives and diverting traits escape the ordinary observation and are

known to comparatively few even of The "sorrowful splendid past" of the Nature lovers and students. The book civil war has few names of young men is scientific, in the sense of being an on its death-list more worthy of eulogy accurate record of close and affectiouthan Charles Russell Lowell's, and his ate study; and it is popular, in the “Life and Letters" of which Mr. Ed sense of being written in a style so ward W. Emerson has made a vol- pleasing and so free from technical deume, must, even now, forty years after tail as to be easily understood by the his death, be counted among the mem- unscientific reader. If it is true that orable books of the season. In his the undevout astronomer is mad, it is great kinsman's poetry his figure is scarcely less true of the entomologist: forever enshrined as it seemed in its for from the almost infinitely little as last great moment of sacrifice, but well as from the infinitely great lesthe story of the ways which brought sons on the Divine wisdom and benefihim to that noble end has not attained cence are to be drawn. Dr. McCook's the importality of a book until now. work is not less valuable because he is Mr. Emerson guards himself against not blind to this aspect of his subject. undue enthusiasm with caution almost Some chapters of the book have apunique among American biographers, peared in Harper's Magazine and other and hardly equalled by any one ex- periodicals, but a large part is new cept Mr. Charles Francis Adams, but and so much as is old has been reperhaps wise in these days when new written and rearranged. One hundred men have arisen who knew not Joseph. or more illustrations from nature add and find it brilliantly clever to dispar- to the interest and attractiveness of age the deeds of arms that would these charming nature-studies. Harnever have tempted them to part their per & Bros.

SEVENTH SERIES)
VOLUME XXXV.

No. 3284 June 15, 1907.

FROM BEGINNING

Vol. COLIII.

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CONTENTS.
I. A Colonial Study of London Civilization. By Edith Searle

Grossmann . . NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 643 II. A Poet's wife. By Florence MacCunn GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 852 III. The Enemy's Camp. Chapters XVII and XVIII. (To be continued)

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 662 IV. The Last O'Hara By Andrew James BLACKWOOD's MAGAZINE

V. Go to Skellig! By H. Kingsmill Moore MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 681 VI. Culture in the Crucible. By T. H. S. Escott

LONDON QUARTERLY REVIEW 688 VII. Worry.

. . .

. . . . NATION 693 VIII,

The Mind of Christ.
The Mind of Christ .

. . . . . . SPECTATOR 696 The Cry of the Russian Children. By R. C. Lehmann PUNCH 898 X. The Nationalist Decision,

. . . ECONOMIST 700 XI, Hungary and the Austrian Elections. . . . OUTLOOK 702

A PAGE OF VERSE
XII.
Sea Roses. J. E. Healy . .

642

. . XIII. The Touchstone. E. Nesbit

Tum NATION 842

. . . . . THE NATION xiv. Gift-Flowers, A. Hugh Fisher . . . . . .

. 642 BOOKS AND AUTHORS . . . . . . . . . 703

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