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certain of drawing to themselves all the inmates of the third camp. We question, however, whether they have any right to feel assured on this point. There are Devolutionists, no doubt, who will argue that they have done all in their power for Ireland, and that the Nationalist rejection of their overtures leaves them no choice but to become Unionists. But there are others who may be more likely to treat the rejection of Devolution as the destruction of the one hope they had of staving off Home Rule, and to argue that in view of this it will be prudent to ally themselves with the Home Rulers as the only way of exerting any influence over their action in the hour of victory. If there are many of this The Economist.

mind, the Home Rule party will only gain in strength by the decision of Tuesday, and that is hardly a matter for Unionist rejoicing. It may be, indeed, that the conviction of the “predominant parties” remains so entirely what it was in 1895 that we can afford to disregard any accidental accession to the strength of our opponents. But when we remember the present disposition of the Liberal party to try experiments in all directions, we do not feel SO certain as we could wish that Liberals will always treat Home Rule as done with, or that it will never reappear in a King's Speech at the suggestion of a Liberal Cabinet. If it does so reappear, it will be largely due to the failure of the alternative project.


As far as the results at present known indicate—and yesterday's returns of the second ballots confirm the earlier indications—the Austrian elections, based on the principle of universal suffrage, have ended in the triumph of the Social democrats and the Christian socialists, and the utter rout of the pan-German fraction. To judge by the accounts received in this country, the outcome of the elections has excited some consternation in Hungary. The triumph of social democracy will be welcomed by a country which, ever since the days of Count Stephen Széchenyi and Louis IKossuth, has been making rapid strides itself in the direction of democracy; the rout of the pan-German fraction will be greeted by all true Magyars with unequivocal pleasure, for Hungary has, in the past. suffered to no small extent from the excesses of pan-Germanism. But the triumph of Lueger and Jingoism is a decided blow to the Hungarians. The famous Bürgermeister, who arranged

the unsavory welcome afforded to the Hungarian delegations a year ago in Vienna, is the sworn foe of Hungary and the Hungarians. The two watchwords of his Party, which is only “Christian” in name (never was a better misnomer chosen), are “Down with the Jews” and “Los von Ungarn.” Their weapons are billingsgate and high-sounding phrases; their banner, nominally that of clericalism, is one of anti-semitic rancor and intolerance. The Christian socialists have declared war against Hungary because they aver that the country of the Magyars is in the hands of Jews. Any one who has been in Hungary knows the absurdity of such a statement; but it forms an excellent starting-point for a bitter crusade against the legal claims of the sister State. The Jews have done much, in fact nearly all, for the commerce and industry of Hungary; many of them have acquired wealth and influence, just as in Austria; but the Government of the country is in the hands of the Magyars, whose aspirations to create a national State Lueger's Party have always done their best to frustrate. The triumph of Christian socialism is a menace to peace between the two sister States of the Dual Monarchy; for the principle of the Party is not, as its name suggests, to “live at peace with their neighbors,” but to use every weapon at their command to foster feelings of rancorous and bitter hatred of their Magyar brethren.

The strength of Austria-Hungary depends upon the maintenance of internal peace between the two sister States, and it remains with Lueger and his comrades—who, for the time being, will be in the ascendant—to change their tactics and to come to an understanding with men who are, and always have been, ready to bury the hatchet and throw a veil over the injuries of the past. The dangers of pan-Germanism Seem, for the present at least, to be evanescent; the complications that might have ensued by the return of a large number of nationalistic deputies are, to-day at least, nonexistent, though the Polish fraction may give some trouble; and the time is ripe for the Austrian Parliament to show its political maturity by bidding good-bye to ranting speeches and inkpot-throwing and resolving to live at unity with that State which, while always showing consideration for the interests of her neighbor, is determined to vindicate her own.

The Outlook.

Speaking generally, the results of the first Austrian General Election based on universal suffrage must be satisfactory to Hungary by virtue of the failure of the new system, the perfection of which, from the point of view of universal justice, has so often been thrown in the teeth of the Magyars. The comparatively small proportion of nationalistic deputies returned, despite the overwhelming percentage of nonGerman races, must be a blow to those who are never tired of upbraiding the Magyars with unfair treatment of the non-Magyar races. Even under the present system, which is shortly to be exchanged for universal suffrage, the non-Magyar races are, in proportion quite as well treated in Hungary as the Slavs, who compose more than half the population, have been treated in Austria under the much boasted system of universal suffrage. From the Austrian point of view, the result of the elections is bitterly disappointing. In well-informed quarters it is considered probable—though we scarcely think it is likely—that the Emperor will dissolve the new Reichsrath as soon as it assembles, for never has a new system proved a greater failure. Among the defeated candidates are the Minister for Public Instruction and Count Byland-Rheidt, Minister of the Interior, who himself introduced the new Suffrage Bill into Parliament. Such is the irony of fate!


“The Story of the Amulet,” Mrs. E. Nesbit's new book, is not “Puck of Pook's Hill,” but if one be too young to feel the magical ingenuity of that wonderful book it is not a bad substitute, and happy the child who reads of the

Psammead, (pronounced Sammy-ad), and Anthea, Robert, Cyril and Jane. These young folk found an amulet through which they could walk into the past, and they visited Babylon and prehistoric Egypt, and Britain, and

Gaul, and learned many things and saw many wonders. The story is admirable fooling, and entirely to the taste of those excellent children who perceive that mythology and history are as good as fairy stories. E. P. Dutton & Co.

Decidedly one of the most brilliant novels of the season is John Galsworthy's “The Country House.” A story of the present day, the scene shifts from the country house, where the opening chapters find a party gathered for the week-end, to the races, and to London; the plot follows the infatuation of the Squire's oldest son for the wife of one of his neighbors; current conditions of divorce furnish the “problem”; the satire is serious and sharp, often painful, and the portraiture is remarkably well done, not only in the case of robust types like the Rector and the Squire, “whose essential likeness was as though a single spirit seeking for a body had met with those two shapes, and becoming confused, decided to inhabit both,” but equally with Mrs. Pendyce herself, “that timid, and like a rose, but a lady every hinch, the love,” as the old nurse describes her. G. P. Putnam's Sons.

Signore Fogazzaro's “The Woman” is neither political nor religious, but almost purely fantastic, although one suspects the author of malicious designs upon the self-complacency of those women who regard themselves as mystics when they are really nothing more intellectual than victims of hysteria. The heroine of “The Woman” having read more French pseudo science than her brain can bear, fancies herself the reincarnation of a woman who has loved unhappily and after astonishing and puzzling everybody about her, murders a man whom she chooses to fancy is the reincarnation of her former

lover. There are many humorous figures among the minor personages of the story, and they are surprisingly like the minor persons of English fiction, chatterboxes, queerly dressed old ladies, and a recluse count, absolute governor of his castle and its domain, but the woman rules them all. In feeling and treatment, the book alternately suggests Mrs. Radcliffe and the theosophists, but its prolonged conversations would be impossible among Englishspeaking persons. J. B. Lippincott Co.

It was intimated, when the first volumes of Everyman's Library made their appearance, that, sooner or later, the complete works of several of the authors represented in the first instalment would be reprinted in the series. The agreeable promise has already been made good as regards the Waverley novels. Twenty-five of the charming scarlet-covered books, with their clear open page and decorative titles, contain Scott's prose writings complete. At a time when ephemeral and trashy fiction constitutes so large a portion of the output of the publishers' presses, it is an occasion for gratification that the stories of the prince of romancers can be bought in so attractive and enduring a form at the low price of fifty cents a volume. It is a happy circumstance also that they are not sold only by sets, as is the case with most editions of Scott, but may be bought one at a time, the purchaser being thus enabled either to select his favorites, or to watch the row gradually lengthen until it is complete. Jane Austen also is already complete in this edition, and lovers of Thackeray, Trollope, Dickens, George Eliot and other of the Victorian novelists look forward with pleasant anticipations to the appearance of volume after volume of their favorite authors,


No. 3285 June 22, 1907.



CONTENTS. 1. The Control of the Public Purse. By Michael Mac Donagh .

MONTHLY REVIEW 707 II. The Arab in Architecture. By L. March Phillips

CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 719 III. The Enemy's Camp. Chapter XIX. MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE (To be Continued) ..

728 IV. Positivism By C. F. Keary . . . ALBANY REVIEW 734

v. Idle Reading. By Herbert Paul NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 740 VI. The Bridge-Warden. By Owen Oliver CHAMBERS'S JOURNAL 744 VII. Aesculapius in Ireland. By Sheila Desmond

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 762 VIII. The Nemesis of Imperialism. . . . . . NATION 759 IX. The Art of Being Poor.

. . . . . SPECTATOR 762 X. The Mystery of the Cuckoo. . . . . . OUTLOOK 764

A PAGE OF VERSE XI. A Memory. By Gwendolen Lally .. PALL MALL MAGAZINE 706 XII, The Fellowship of the Foil : A Toast. By James Knight-Adkins

SPECTATOR 706 XIII. A Song of the Road. By Fred G. Bowles . . . . .

BOOKS AND AUTHORS . . . . . . . . . 767

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