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Etymology and meaning of scarlet ? galleries ? audience ? excited ? emulation? orator? enlightened? prosperous ? realm? loveliness ? representatives ? science ? art ? Determine inflections and emphases as before.
Fourth Paragraph. What house was the “house of Brunswick”? Why so called? Why “fair-haired”? Were the “young daughters related to the queen ? Whose queen was this and what was her name? What is meant by the “ambassadors of great kings and commonwealths ” ? What is a “commonwealth”? Name some of the commonwealths that were here represented. Were the United States one of them? Why should they “ gaze with admiration ”? What was there to admire ? What is a spectacle”? Why could no other nation present such a one ? Show why such a scene might not have been presented in France. In Russia. In the United States. Who was “Siddons”? For what famous ? About what must have been her age? What is it to be “in the prime of beauty”? Why should the stage be alluded to here? In what respect did this scene “surpass all the imitations of the stage”? How does the author know that the “ historian of the Roman empire thought of” Cicero and Tacitus ? What was there in this case to remind them of those cases ?
Give some account of the affairs of Verres; of "the oppressor of Africa." What senate is meant here, and what is meant by its retaining some show of froedom”? Give some account of Cicero; of Tacitus. What is meant by saying that he “ thundered”?
Etymology and meaning of ambassador ? commonwealth ? admiration? spectacle ? country? present? majestic ? beauty ? emotion ? surpassing ? imitation ? historian ? empire? senate ? retained ? oppressor ?
*? as the “greatest painter "'? What is meant by “the age”? Meaning of the expression, “the spectacle had allured "? What Reynolds is meant ? Give some account of him. What “ has preserved to us the thoughtful foreheads”? How has it been done? What kind of painting was Reynolds famous for ? Give some account of Parr ? What - dark mine” is meant here? Why called a 66 mine" Why
"dark"? Is the figure consistently carried out to the end of the paragraph ? What is obtained from a mine? What is here spoken of as “precious”? “massive ”? “splendid”? To what are these terms most appropriately applied ? Meaning of “hid in the earth”? of “paraded with injudicious and inelegant ostentation"?
Etymology and meaning of scholar ? painter ? allured ? easel ? preserved ? statesmen? matrons ? induced ? suspend ? labors ? profound ? extracted ? erudition ? treasure? paraded ? injudicious ? inelegant? ostentation? precious ? massive ? splendid ?
Seventh Paragraph. What is meant by the "sergeants"? What "proclamation" did they make? Why should Hastings “bend his knee"? Who and what is meant by “the culprit”? Meaning of the expression, was not unworthy”? What is meant by “ that great presence"? Why called " presence"? What country “had he ruled”? Is it often in the power of a single man to do all here attributed to Hastings? How came he to possess such unusual power? What is meant by “princes”? by “setting them up,” and “pulling them down ”? Meaning of the expression, "had so borne himself"? Was it a merit in him that “all had feared him ” ? What does this fact indicate? Why is it said that “ hatred could deny him no title, &c.”? Why not "love" instead of "hatred”? Meaning of "title" here? What other " titles to glory” are there besides “virtue"? What is “glory”?
Etymology and meaning of sergeants? proclamation ? advanced ? culprit ? extensive ? populous ? treaties ? princes ? glory? except? virtue?
[ Inflections such as in previous paragraphs. But in the clause, “all had feared him," a positive affirmation is made of “all,” but “feared him” is conditional or limiting. The statement is equivalent to this: All go so far as to fear him, but the implication is, “ many go no further.” Adjust the inflections accordingly.]
Eighth Paragraph Meaning of "person” here? of carriage"? Compare with “ so borne himself," in the last paragraph, and point out the difference in meaning. Meaning of the expression, "indi cated deference to the court”? Meaning of “habitual self possession ”? Think of each lineament as here described, and form a picture of the face of Hastings. Why is he called a “proconsul” ?
Etymology and meaning of emaciated ? deriving? dignity? carriage ? deference ? indicated ? court? habitual ? selfpossession ? self-respect? intellectual ? forehead ? pensive? inflexible ? decision ? serene ? aspect ? proconsul ? judges ?
[Sometimes a doubt may arise as to the proper inflection, and, indeed, different inflections may express the thought equally well. This is because the idea conveyed by the words to one mind may differ by some shades from that conveyed to another; and yet the two may be equally correct. Perhaps it will be best to regard the divisions of this paragraph as connected, and each one as incomplete by itself
, thus requiring a suspension of the voice until the close of the paragraph.]
What were the “charges "? Who made them? The 6 answers”? Who made them? What is a “silver voice”? Of what court was Cowper the clerk? Give some account of the poet?
Etymology and meaning of charges? ceremony ? occupied ? rendered ? tedious ? emphasis ? clerk ? relation ? amiable ?
Tenth Paragraph. What is meant by a “sitting”? By“ an exuberance of thought”? “a splendor of diction”? What portion of India is here referred to? What company is meant ? What remarkable and unusual power did this company possess ? Does it still possess the same power? What are the “English presidencies," and how many of them? When and where did the “ Asiatic empire of Britain” originate? Who beside Hastings was very efficient in building it up? What great power in India did the British power succeed? Who was The Grand Mogul ? Does the dignity still exist ?
Etymology and meaning of intended ? general ? introduce tion ? exuberance ? diction? satisfied ? expectation ? audience ? described ? character ? institutions ? natives ? recounted ? circumstances? originated? constitution? company! presidencies?
Eleventh Paragraph. How well did Mr. Burke understand “eastern society”? What is meant by eastern society ? Meaning of the word “vivid” as here used ? What is meant by the expression, “to arraign the administration of Hastings”? Meaning of the word “systematically"? What is meant by
energy and pathos”? What is it to "extort expressions of unwonted admiration ” ? What are the duties of the “ chancellor”? Was this one a friend of Mr. Burke ? What sort of man was he? Who was the “ defendant”? What is meant by“ taste and sensibility”? Does the author intend to say that the ladies might have controlled themselves ? Who was Mrs. Sheridan ?
Etymology and meaning of attempted ? communicate ? eastern ? society ? vivid ? existed ? proceeded ? arraign? administration ? systematically ? conducted ? defiance? morality ? energy? pathos? orator? extorted ? expression admiration? hostile ? chancellor ? resolute ? defendant ? unaccustomed ? occasion ? sensibility ? emotion ? taste?
Twelfth Paragraph. Meaning of the reference to “old arches of Irish oak” ? By whom does this impeachment seem to have been conducted ? Meaning of “ impeach”? of “high crimes and misdemeanors ” ? Wherein had Hastings "betrayed the trust” of the House of Commons ? What is the “ House of Commons”? Wherein had he “sullied the ancient honor" of England ? What country had he turned into a desert”?
Etymology and meaning of confidence ? impeach? crime? misdemeanor ? Parliament ? betrayed ? nation? ancient ? people ? desert ? nature ? enemy? sexes ?
['The words enclosed in quotation marks should be read with more force than what precedes them. Let the voice rise into a full, sonorous, ringing utterance, and pass over the periods with a stately and impressive movement.] :
XLVII.-INVOCATION TO LIGHT.
2. Thee I revisit now with bolder wing,
3. Yet, not the more