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This end is sought to be accomplished by a careful analysis of the selections by means of questions. Thes questions may be considered as of three kinds :

1. Questions on the general scope of the piece and on the meaning of clauses and sentences;

2. Questions on the etymology and meaning of words ;

3. Questions on the emphases, inflections, quality of voice, &c., required to express the ascertained thought and emotion.

For the purpose of illustrating this, six of the selections, representing as many different classes of composition, are analyzed at length in the book. The questions in these analyses, although somewhat minute, are yet by no means exhaustive. They are intended to indicate the kind, rather than the extent, of the work which the teacher is to do.

The selections in the book have been made with great care, and are believed to be well adapted to their purpose. Many of them are marked by high excellence as literary productions; many breathe a spirit of lofty patriotism; many are fitted to charm by their beauty; some are calculated to amuse while they instruct; and all, it is thought, are within the pale of good taste. Some are well known, and are inserted on account of their unwaning merit; many are new and not at all inferior to the older and better known.

Copious notes are appended, which will be found useful in the explanation of biographical, historical, and other allusions. They have been written with care, and aim to give, in a small compass, as much as possible of what is worth remembering. Where access can be had to reference books, these notes may be extended by the pupil. Or the teacher may impart additional information on the subjects of them, - provided the pupils are required to remember and reproduce what is thus imparted.

The article on the phonic analysis of the language is believed to be more thorough, accurate, and philosophical than articles on that subject usually are. And the compiler takes pleasure in accrediting it to Professor Thomas Metcalf, of the Illinois Normal University, whose assistance, in the preparation of that article and in a careful reading of the proof-sheets, has been of great value in imparting to the book whatever of merit it has.

The compiler desire to express his acknowledgments to various authors and publishing firms for the permission, kindly granted, to make selections from their works. Among these there is especial reason for mentioning William Cullen Bryant, G. P. Putnam and Charles Scribner, of New York; George W. Childs, of Philadelphia ; 0. D. Case & Co., of Hartford ; Mrs. Mary Mann, of Cambridge; and Ticknor & Fields, Crosby & Ainsworth, and Gould & Lincoln, of Boston.

Extract from Patrick Henry's Address,

Douglas and Marmion,.

Vindication of Northern Laborers,

Marco Bozzaris,

Character of Cæsar,

General Warren's Address, .

Ode to the Passions,





1. The Gray Old Man of the Mountain,..

Analysis of the same, .

2. Adventure with a Buffalo,

3. The Children's Hour,.

4. Oliver Cromwell,..

5. England under Charles II.,

6. The Boys,..

7. The Spread of Christianity,.

8. The Heritage,.

Analysis of the same,

9. Irritability, .....

10. The Same Subject Continued,

11. The Same Subject Concluded,...

12. Our Oldest Friend,.

13. A Cheerful Temper,.

14. Over the River, .

15. The Village Preacher,

16. Character of Abraham Lincoln,

17. Washington...

Analysis of the same,.

18. Sympathy for Greece,...

19. The Stripes and The Stars,

20. Eli Whitney,..

21. The Deacon's Masterpiece..

22. Travel,..

23. The Lyre,

24. The Social Meeting,

25. Reply to Hayne,..


.. Henry Clay...


Miss Edna Dean Proctor. 129

Horace Greeley..


..0. W. Holmes..


...J. H. Siddons..


Milton Ward.


.O. W. Holmes..


...Daniel Webster...

.... 147


Analysis of the same,.


26. The Goblet of Life,...

.H. W. Longfellow....... 155

27. Unfinished Problems of the Universe,...0. M. Mitchel..... 158

28. The Comet,....

Thomas Hood.


Analysis of the same,


29. The Irish Famine,.....

Archbishop Hughes...... 166

30. Military Insubordination,..

.H. Clay...


31. God's Judgment on a Wicked Bishop,... Robert Southey...

32. We Cherish the Memory of our Honored


. Edward Everett .... 177

33. The Veto Power,...

..H. Clay....


34.. The Poor Voter on Election day,........J. G. Whittier..


35. Responsibility of a Representative,. Edmund Burke..


36. The Same Subject Continued,..


37. Tbe Eve of Election,

.J. G. Whittier.


38. An Oration on La Fayette,.

Charles Sumner.


39. The Battle of Bunker Hill,..

.F. S. Cozzens ..


40. Proclamation on Nullification,

Andrew Jackson..


41. The Same Subject Continued,...


42. Last Inaugural of Lincoln,.


43. The Inchcape Rock,...

. Robert Southey.


44. Doleful Evils" of the Press,

. Andrew Marvell... 213

45. Barbara Frietchie,.....

..J. G. Whittier..


46. Trial of Warren Hastings,.

T. B. Macaulay.


Analysis of the same,


47. Invocation to Light,..

.John Milton.


48. The Pretext of Rebellion,.

.S. A. Douglas..


49. No Neutrals: Only Patriots and Traitors, S. A. Douglas'..


50. The Roman Twins,..

.A. J. H. Duganne.. 233

61. A Tribute to Abraham Lincoln,.

..J. R. Lowell.......


52. The Main Truck: or, a Leap for Life,....G. P. Morris.... 237

53. Passage of the Potomac through the

Blue Ridge,...

. Thomas Jefferson.. 238

54. Influence of Slavery,...

.. Thomas Jefferson... 239

55. Christian in Doubting Castle, ..John Bunyan..


56. The Same Subject Continued,


57. Rock Me to Sleep, ......

. Anonymous..


58. We should not Despise Small Begin-


· Anonymous ..... 249

59. Farewell Address,

George Washington..... 251

60. War Better than a False Peace, Mrs. E. B. Browning.... 255

61. Our Heroes, Living and Dead,

George Putnam.. 257

62. Through Death to Life,..

..Henry Harbaugh. 260

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