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looked upon him as a man gifted by the Evil Spirit So saying, and commanding about twenty stout with supernatural means of defence, averred that men to follow him, he gave, with this small body, a they saw the bullets recoil from his jack-boots and charge so desperate and unexpected, that he drove buff-coat like hailstones from a rock of granite, as he the foremost of the pursuers back to some distance. galloped to and fro amid the storin of the battle. In the confusion of the assault he singled out Burley, Many a whig that day loaded his musket with a dol- and, desirous to strike terror into his followers, he lar cut into slugs, in order that a silver bullet (such dealt him so severe a blow on the head, as cut through was their belief) might briog down the persecutor of his steel head-piece, and threw him from his horse, the holy kirk, on whom lead had no power.

stunned for the moment, though unwounded. / " Try him with the cold steel," was the cry at every wonderful thing it was afterwards thought, that one renewed charge_"powder is wasted on him. Ye so powerful as Balfour should have sunk under the might as werl shoot at the Auld Enemy himsell."* blow of a man, to appearance so slightly made as

But thiough this was loudly shouted, yet the awe Claverhouse; and the vulgar, of course, set down to on the insurgents' minds was such, that they gave supernatural aid the effect of that energy, which a way before Claverhouse as before a supernatural determined spirit can give to a feebler arm Claverbeing, and few men ventured to cross swords with house had, in this last charge, however, involved him. Still, however, he was fighting in retreat, and himself too deeply among the insurgents, and was with all the disadvantages attending that movement. fairly surrounded.

The soldiers behind him, as they beheld the increas- Lord Evandale saw the danger of his commander, ing number of enemies who poured over the morass, his body of dragoons being then halted, while that became unsteady; and, at every successive move commanded by Allan was in the act of retreating ment, Major Allan and Lord Evandale found it more Regardless of Claverhouse's disinterested command and more difficult to bring them to halt and form to the contrary, he ordered the party which he

headed line regularly, while, on the other hand, their mo- to charge down hill and extricate their Colonet. tions in the act of retreating became, by degrees, Some advanced with him-most halted and stood much more rapid than was consistent with good uncertain--many ran away. With those who folorder. As the retiring soldiers approached nearer to lowed Evandale, he disengaged Claverhouse. His the top of the ridge, from which in so luckless an assistance just came in time, for a rustic had woundhour they had descended, the panic began to increase. ed his horse in a most ghastly manner by the blow Every one became impatient to place the brow of the of a scythe, and was about to repeat the stroke when hill between him and the continued fire of the pur- Lord Evandale cut him down. As they got out of suers; nor could any individual think it reasonable the press, they looked round them. Allan's division that he should be the last in the retreat, and thus had ridden clear over the hill, that officer's authority sacrifice his own safety for that of others. In this having proved altogether unequal to halt them. Evanmood, several troopers set spurs to their horses and dale's

troop was scattered and in total confusion. fled outright, and the others became so unsteady in "What is to be done, Colonel ?" said Lord Evantheir movements and formations, that their officers dale. every moment feared they would follow the same “We are the last men in the field, I think," said example.

Claverhouse; "and when men fight as long as they Amid this scene of blood and confusion, the tram- can, there is no shame in flying. Hector himself pling of the horses, the groans of the wounded, the would say, 'Devil take the hindmost, when there continued fire of the enemy, which fell in a succes are but twenty against a thousand.-Save yourselves, sion of unintermitted musketry, while lond shouts my lads, and rally as soon as you can.--Come, my accompanied each bullet which the fall of a trooper lord, we must e'en ride for it." showed to have been successfully aimed-amid all So saying, he put spurs to his wounded horse; and the terrors and disorders of such a scene, and when the generous animal, as if conscious that the hfe of it was dubious how soon they might be totally de- his rider depended on his exertions, pressed forward serted by their dispirited soldiery, Evandale could not with speed, unabated either by pain or loss of blood.* forbear remarking the composure of his commanding

* It appears, from the letter of Claverhouse afterwards quote 1, officer. Not at Lady Margaret's breakfast-table that that the horse on which he rode at Drumclog was not black, morning did his eye appear more lively, or his de- but sorrel. The author has been misled as to the colour by the meanour more composed. He had closed up to

many extraordinary traditions current in Scotland concerning

Claverhouse's famous black charger, which was generally be Evandale for the purpose of giving some orders, and lieved to have been a gift to its rider from the Author of Evil. picking out a few men to reinforce his rear-guard. who is said to have performed the Cæsareau operation upon its

" If this bout lasts five minutes longer," he said, in dam. This horse was so fleet, and its rider so expert, that Ger a whisper, “our rogues will leave you, my lord, old the Bran-Law, near the head of Moffat Water, where the Allan, and myself, the honour of fighting this battle scent is so precipitous, that no merely enrthly horse could be with our own hands. I must do something to dis- its feet, or merely mortal rider could keep the saddle. perse the musketeers who annoy them so hard, or we

There is a curious passage in the testimony of John Dick, the shall be all shamed. Don't attempt to succour me ing each of the persecutors, by their predominant qualities o

of the suffering Presbyterians, in which the author, by descak if you see me go down, but keep at the head of your passions, shows how little their best loved attributes seed men; get off as you can, in God's name, and tell the avail them in the grent day of judgment when he introdur's king and the council I died in my duty!"

Claverhouse, it is to reproach him with his passion for hors

in general, and for that steed in particular, which was killed a * The belief of the Covenanters that their principal enemies, Drumclog, in the manner described in the text: and Claverhouse in particular, had obtained from the Devil a "As for that bloodthirsty wretch, Claverhouse, how thanks charm which rendered them proof against leaden bullets, led he to shelter himself that day? Is it possible the pitiful tuns them to pervert even the circumstances of his death. Howie can be so mad as to think to secure himself by the fleetness of Lochgoin, after giving some account of the battle of Killi- his horse, (a creature he has so much respect for, that be crankie, adds:

garded more the loss of his horse at Drumclog, then all the "The battle was very bloody, and by Mackay's third fire, men that fell there, and sure there fell prettier men on ett Claverhouse fell, of whom historians

give little account; but it side than himself) No, sure--could he fall upon a chysist has been said for certain, that his own waiting-servant, taking that could extract the spirit out of all the horses in the world, a resolution to rid the world of this truculent bloody monster,

and infuse them into his one, though he were on that hope and knowing he had proof of lead, shot him with a silver but

never so well mounted, he need not dream of escaping. "-T ton he had before taken off his own coat for that purpose.

T'estimony to the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Gomerasest However, he fell, and with him Popery, and King James's inte

the Church of Scotland, G-c. as it was left in terite by a rest in Scotland."--God's Judgmont on Persocutors, p. xxxix. plous and eminently faithful, and now glorified Martet, Nr. At

Original note. Perhaps some may think this anent proof Dick. To which is added, his last Speech and Bekartour de of a shot a paradox, and be ready to object here, as formerly, Scaffold, on 5th March, 1684, which day he sesied this testice concerning Bishop Sharpe and Dalziel - How can the Devil 57 pp. 4to. No year or place of publication. have or give a power to save life?' &c. Without entering upon The reader may perhaps receive some farther information as the thing in its reality, I shall only observe, Ist, That it is nei. the subject of Cornet Grahame's death and the flight of Clever ther in his power, or of his nature, to be'a saviour of men's house, from the following Latin lines, a part of a poern entitled lives; he is called Apollyon the destroyer., 2d, That even in Bellum Bothuellianum, by Andrew Guild, which existe in me this case he is said only to give enchantment against one kind script in the Advocates' Library: of metal, and this does not save life ; for the lead would not

"Mons est occiduus, surgit qui celsus in oris, take Sharpe or Claverhouse's lives, yet steel and silver would do it; and for Dalziel, though he died not on the field, he did

(Nomine Loudunum) fossis puteisque profundis not oncape the arrows of the Almighty."-Ibidem.

Quot scatet hic tellus, et aprico gramine tecbus:
Hue collecta (ait,) numeroso milite cincta,


A few officers and soldiers followed him, but in a wherewith I wrestle. --But of -a verity the shooting

very irregular and tumultuary manner. The flight of the foemen doth begin to increase! peradventure. of Claverhouse was the signal for all the stragglers, some pellet may attain unto

us even here. Lo! I will who yet offered desultory resistance, to fly as fast as ensconce me behind the cairn, as behind a strong wall they could, and yield up the field of battle to the vic-of defence." torious insurgents.

"He's but a coward body after a'," said Cuddie, who was himself by no means deficient in that sort

of courage which consists in insensibility to danger; CHAPTER XVII.

"he's but a daidling coward body. He'll never fill But see! through the fast flashing lightnings of war, Rumbleberry's bonnet.-Odd! Rumbleberry fought What steed to the desert flios frantic and far ?

and flyted like a fleeing dragon. It was a great pity,

puir man, he couldna cheat the woodie. But ihey DURING the severe skirmish of which we have given say he gaed singing and rejoicing tillit, just as I wad the details, Morton, together with Cuddie and his gang to a bicker o brose, supposing me hungry, as I mother, and the Reverend Gabriel Kettledrummle, stand a gude chance to be.-Eh, sirs! yon's an awfu' remained on the brow of the hill, near to the small sight, and yet ane canna keep their een aff frue it!" cairn, or barrow, beside which Claverhouse had held Accordingly, strong curiosity, on the part of More his preliminary council of war, so that they had a ton and Cuddie, together with the heated enthusiasm commanding view of the action which took place in of old Mause, detained them on the spot from which the bottom. They were guarded by Corporal Inglis they could best hear and see the issue of the action, and four soldiers, who, as may readily be supposed, leaving to Kettledrummle to occupy alone his place of were much more intent on watching the fluctuating security. The vicissitudes of combat, which we have fortunes of the battle, than in attending to what pass- already described, were witnessed by our spectators ed among their prisoners.

from the top of the eminence, but without their being "If yon lads stand to their tackle,” said Cuddie, able positively to determine to what they tended. "we'll hae some chance o' getting our necks out o That the presbyterians defended themselves stoutly the brecham again; but I misdoubt them-they hae was evident from the heavy smoke, which, illumined little skeel o' arms.

by frequent flashes of fire, now eddied along the val“Much is not necessary, Cuddie,” answered Morley, and hid the contending parties in its sulphureous ion; "they have a strong position, and weapons in shade. On the other hand, the continued firing from their hands, and are more than three times the number the nearer side of the morass indicated that the enemy of their assailants. If they cannot fight for their free- persevered in their attack, that the atlair was fiercely dom now, they and theirs deserve to lose it for ever." disputed, and that every thing was to be apprehended

“O, sirs, exclaimed Mause, “here's a goodly from a continued contest in which undisciplined spectacle indeed! My spirit is like that of the blessed | rusties had to repel the assaulis of regular troops, so Elihu, it burns within me-my bowels are as wine completely officered and amed. which lacketh vent-they are ready to burst like new Al length horses, whose caparisons showed that bottles. O, that He may look after His ain people in they belonged to the Life-Guards, began to fly masthis day of judgment and deliverance ! And now, terless out of the confusion. Dismounted soldiers what ailest thou, precious Mr. Gabriel Kettledrummle? next appeared, forsaking the conflict, and straggling I say, what ailest thou, that wert a Nazarite purer over the side of the hill, in order to escape from the than snow, whiter than milk, more ruddy, than scene of action. As the numbers of these fugitives sulphur," (meaning, perhaps, sapphires,)-" I say, increased, the fate of the day seemned no longer doubtwhat ails thee now, that thou art blacker than a coal

, ful. A large body was then seen emerging from the that thy beauty is departed, and thy loveliness wither smoke, forming irregularly on the hill-side, and with ed like a dry potsherd ? Surely is time to be up and difficulty kept stationary by their officers, until Evanbe doing, to cry loudly and to spare not, and to wrestle dale's corps also appeared in full retreat. The result for the puir lads that are yonder testifying with their of the conflict was then apparent, and the joy of the ain blude and that of their enemies."

prisoners was corresponding to their approaching This expostulation implied a reproach on Mr. Keto deliverance. tledrummle, who, though an absolute Boanerges, or • They hae dune the job for anes," said Cuddie, son of thunder, in the pulpit

, when the enemy were an they ne'er do't again. afar, and indeed sufficiently contumacious, as we have "They flee!--they flee!" exclaimed Mause, in seen, when in their power, had been struck dumb by ecstasy. "O, the truculent tyrants! they are riding the firing, shouts, and shrieks, which now arose from now as they never rode before. O, the false Egypthe valley, and-as many an honest man might have tians--the proud Assyrians--the Philistines- the been, in a situation where he could neither tight nor Moabites--the Edomites-the Ishmaelites !--Tne fly-was too much dismayed to take so favourable an Lord has brought sharp swords upon them, to make opportunity to preach the terrors of presbytery, as the them food for the fowls of heaven and the beasts of courageous Mause had expected at his hand, or even the field. See how the clouds roll, and the fire flashes to pray for the successful event of the battle. His ahint them, and goes forth before the chosen of the presence of mind was not, however, entirely lost, any Covenant, c'en like the pillar o' cloud and the pillar o' more than his jealous respect for his reputation as a name that led the people of Israel ont o' the land of pure and powerful preacher of the word.

Egypt! This is indeed a day of deliverance to the “Hold your peace, woman!” he said, "and do not righteous, a day of pouring out of wrath to the perseperturb my inward meditations and the wrestlings cutors and the ungodly! Turba ferox, matres, pueri, innuptæque puellæ,

* Lord save us, míther," said Cuddie, "haùd the Quam parat egregia Grærmus dispersere turma.

clavering tongue oye, and lie down ahint the cairn, Venit et primo campo discedere cogit;

like Kettledrummle honest man! The whigamore Post hos et alios, cono provolvit inerti ;

bullets ken unco little discretion, and will just as sune At numerosa cohors, campum dispersa per omnem, Circumfusa, ruit; turmasque, indagine captas,

knock out the harns o' a psalm-singing auld wife as a Aggreditur ; virtus non hic, nec profuit ensis

swearing dragoon." Corripuere fugam, viridi sed gramine tectis,

* Fear naething for me, Cuddie," said the old dame Precipitata perit, fossis, pare ultima, quorum Cornípedes bæsere luto, sessore rejecto:

transported to ecstasy by the success of her party; Tum rabiosa cohors, misereri nescia stratos

"fear naething for me! I will stand, like Deborah, Invadit laceratque viros : hic signifer, eheu!

on the tap o' the cairn, and tak up my sang o' reproach. Trajectus globulo, Græmus, quo fortior alter,

against these men of Harosheth of the Gentiles, Inter Scotigenas fuerat, nec justior ullus :

whose horse-hoofs are broken by their prancing." Hunc manibus rapuere feris, faciemque virilem Fredarunt, Jingua, auriculis, manibusque resectis,

The enthusiastic old woman would, in fact, have
Aspera diffuso spargentea saxa cerebro :

accomplished her purpose, of mounting on the cairn,
Vix dux ipso fuga salvo, namque exta trahebat and becoming, as she said, a sign and a banner to
Vulnere tardatus sonipes generosus hiante :
Insequitur clamore cohors fanatica, namque

the people, had not Cuddie, with more filial tenderCrudolis semper timidus, si vicerit unquam."

ness than respect, detained her by such force as his MS. Bcllum Bothwellianum. shackled arms would permit him to exert.


"Eh, sirs!" he said, having accomplished this task, I he shall die the death? We must smite them hipand "look out yonder, Milnwood; saw ye ever mortal thigh,

even from the rising to the going down of the fight like the deevil Claver'se?-Yonder he's been sun. It is our commission to slay them like Amalek thrice doun amang them, and thrice cam free afl. and utterly destroy all they have, and spare neita But I think we'll soon be free oursells, Milnwood. man nor woman, infant nor suckling; therefore, tin Inglis and his troopers look ower their shouthers very der me not," he continued, endeavouring again a aften, as if they liked the road ahint them better than cut down Lord Evandale, " for this work must not the road afore.

be wrought negligently." Cuddie was not mistaken; for, when the main tide "You must not, and you shall not, slay him, mon of fugitives passed at a little distance from the spot especially while incapable of defence," said Morton where they were stationed, the corporal and his party planting himself before Lord Evandale so as to ine. fired their carabines at random upon the advancing cept any blow that should be aimed at him; “I OWE insurgents, and, abandoning, all charge of their pri- my life to him this morning-my life, which was tosoners, joined the retreat of their comrades. Morton dangered solely by my having sheltered you, and o and the old woman, whose hands were at liberty, shed his blood when he can offer no effectual resie lost no time in undoing the bonds of Cuddie and of ance, were not only a cruelty abhorrent tr God and the clergyman, both of whom had been secured by a man, but detestable ingratitude both to him and u cord tied round their arms above the elbows. By the me. time this was accomplished, the rear-guard of the Burley pansed. -"Thou art yet," he said, "in the dragoons, which still preserved some order, passed court of the Gentiles, and I compassionate thy human beneath the hillock or rising ground which was sur- blindness and frailty. Strong meat is not fit in mounted by the cairn already repeatedly mentioned. babes, nor the mighty and grinding dispensation on They exhibited all the hurry and confusion incident der which I draw my sword, for those whose hearts to a forced retreat, but still continued in a body. are yet dwelling in huts of clay, whose footsteps are Claverhouse led the van, his naked sword deeply tangled in the mesh of mortal sympathies, and whe dyed with blood, as were his face and clothes. His clothe themselves in the righteousness that is as filtby horse was all covered with gore, and now reeled with rags. But to gain a soul to the truth is better than to weakness. Lord Evandale, in not much better plight, send one to Tophet; therefore, I give quarter to his brought up the rear, still exhorting the soldiers to youth, providing the grant is confirmed by the general keep together and fear nothing. Several of the men council of God's army, whom he hath this day blessed were wounded, and one or two dropped from their with so signal a deliverance.--Thou art unarmedhorses as they surmounted the hill.

Abide my return here. I must yet pursue these sunMause's zeal broke forth once more at this specta- ners, the Amalekites, and destroy them till they be cle, while she stood on the heath with her head un- utterly consumed from the face of the land, even from covered, and her gray hairs streaming in the wind, no Havilah unto Shur." bad representation of a superannuated bacchante, or So saying, he set spurs to his horse, and continued Thessalian witch in the agonies of incantation. She to pursue the chase. soon discovered Claverhouse at the head of the fugi- Cuddie,” said Morton, "for God's sake catch a tive party, and exclaimed with bitter irony,, " Tarry, horse as quickly as you can. I will not trust Lord tarry, ye wha were aye sae blithe to be at the meet- Evandale's life with these obdurate men.-You are ings of the saints, and wad ride every muir in Scot-wounded, my lord.--Are you able to continue your land to find a conventicle ! Wilt thou not tarry, now retreat ?" he continued, addressing himself to his thou hast found ane? Wilt thou not stay for one prisoner, who, half-stunned by the fall, was but beword mair? Wilt thou na bide the afternoon preach- ginning to recover himself. ing?-Wae betide ye !" she said, suddenly changing "I think so," replied Lord Evandale. “But is it her tone, "and cụt the houghs of the creature whase possible?-Do I owe my life to Mr. Morton ?" fleetness ye trust in !-Sheugh-sheugh!-awa wi'ye, My interference would have been the same from that hae spilled sae muckle blude, and now wad save common humanity," replied Morton ;, " to your lordyour ain-awa wi ye for a railing Rabshakeh, a curs- ship it was a sacred debi of gratitude. ing Shimei, a bloodthirsty Doeg! -The sword's drawn Cuddie at this instant returned with a horse. now that winna be lang o' o'ertaking ye, ride as fast God-sake, munt--munt, and ride like a fleeing

hawk, my lord,” said the good-natured fellow, "for Claverhouse, it may be easily supposed, was too ne'er be in me, if they arena killing every ane o' the busy to attend to her reproaches, but hastened over wounded and prisoners !" the hill, anxious to get the remnant of his men out Lord Evandale mounted the horse, while Cuddie of gun-shot, in hopes of again collecting the fugitives officiously held the stirrup. round his standard. But as the rear of his followers “Stand off, good fellow, thy courtesy may cost thiy rode over the ridge, a shot struck Lord Evandale's life.--Mr. Morton,” he continued, addressing Henry horse, which instantly sunk down dead beneath him. "this makes us more than even-rely on it, I will Two of the whig horsemen, who were the foremost never forget your generosity-Farewell." in the pursuit, hastened up with the purpose of killing He turned his horse, and rode swiftly away in the him, for hitherto there had been no quarter, given. | direction which seemed least exposed to pursuit. Morton, on the other hand, rushed forward to save Lord Evandale had just rode off, when several a his life, if possible, in order at once to indulge his na- the insurgents, who were in the front of the pursuit, țural generosity, and to requite the obligation which came up, denonncing vengeance on Henry Horron Lord Evandale ha conferred on him that morning, and Cuddie for having aided the escape of a Philie and under which circumstances had made him wince tine, as they called the young nobleman. 80 acutely. Just as he had assisted Evândale, who “What wad ye hae had us to do ?" cried Cuddie. was much wounded, to extricate himself from his “Had we aughi to stop a man wi' that had twa pisdying horse, and to gain his feet, the two horsemen tols and a sword? Sudna ye hae come faster up came up, and one of them exclaiming, "Have at the yoursells, instead of Ayting at huz?" red-coated tyrant !" made a blow at the young noble- This excuse would hardly have passed current; but man, which Morton parried with difficulty, exclaim- Kettledrummle, who now awoke from his trance of ing to the rider, who was no other than Burley him- | terror, and was known to, and reverenced by, most self

, “Give quarter to this gentleman, for my sake of the wanderers, together with Mause, who possessed for the sake," he added, observing that Burley did not their appropriate language as well as the preacher immediately recognise him, of Henry Morton, who himself, proved active and effectual intercessors. so lately sheltered you."

"Touch them not, harm them not," exclaimed "Henry Morton?", replied Burley, wiping his Kettledrummle, in his very best double-bass tones ; bloody brow with his bloodier hand; "did I not say “this is the son of the famous Silas Morton, by whom that the son of Silas Morton would come forth out the Lord wrought great things in this land at the of the land of bondage, nor be long an indweller in breaking forth of the reformation from prelacy, when tae tents of Ham? Thou art a brand snatched out there was a plentiful pouring fourth of the Word and i the burning-But for this booted apostle of prelacy, a renewing of the Covenant; a hero and champion

as ye will."

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blessed ye.”

of those blessed days, when there was power and

CHAPTER XVIII. efficacy, and convincing and converting of sinners, and heart-exercises, and fellowships of saints, and a

When pulpit, drum ecclesiastic,

Was beat with fist instead of a stick. plentiful flowing forth of the spices of the garden of

Hud ibras. Eden."

In the mean time, the insurgent cavalry returned "And this is my son Cuddie," exclaimed Mause, in from the pursuit, jaded and worn out with their unher turn,

"the son of his father, Judden Headrigg, wonted efforts, and the infantry assembled on the wha was a douce honest man, and of me, Mause ground which they had won, fatigued with toil and Middlemas, an unworthy professor and follower of hunger. Their success, however, was a cordial to the pure gospel, and ane o' your ain folk. Is it not every bosom, and seemed even to serve in the stead written, Cut ye not off the tribe of the families of of food and refreshment. It was, indeed, much more the Kohathites from among the Levites ? Numbers, brilliant than they durst have ventured to anticipate; fourth and aughtee h-0! sirs! dinna be standing for, with no great loss on their part, they had totally here pratiling wi' honest folk, when ye suld be fol- routed a regiment of picked men, commanded by the lowing forth your victory with which Providence has first officer in Scotland, and one whose very name

had long been a terror to them. Their success seemed This party having passed on, they were immedi- even to have upon their spirits the effect of a sudden ately beset by another, to whom it was necessary to and violent surprise, so much had their taking up give the same explanation. Kettledrummle, whose arms been a measure of desperation rather than of fear was much dissipated since the firing had ceased, hope. Their meeting was also casual, and they had again took upon him to be intercessor, and grown hastily arranged themselves under such commanders bold, as he felt his good word necessary for the pro- as were remarkable for zeal and courage, without tection of his late fellow-captives, he laid claim to no much respect to any other qualities. It followed, small share of the merit of the victory, appealing to from this state of disorganization, that the whole Morton and Cuddie, whether the side of battle had army appeared at once to resolve itself into a general not turned while he prayed on the Mount of Jehovah committee for considering what steps were to be Nissi, like Moses, that Israel might prevail over Ama- taken in consequence of their success, and no opinion lek; but granting them, at the same time, the credit could he started so wild that it had not some favourof holding up his hands when they waxed heavy, as ers and advocates. Some proposed they should march those of the prophet were supported by Aaron and to Glasgow, some to Hamilton, some to Edinburgh, Hur. It seems probable that Kettledrummle allotted some to London. Some were for sending a deputathis part in the success to his companions in adver- tion of their number to London to convert Charles sity, lest they should be tempted to disclose his carnal II. to a sense of the error of his ways; and others, self-seeking and falling away, in regarding too closely less charitable, proposed either to call a new successor his own personal safety. These strong testimonies to the crown, or to declare Scotland a free republic. in favour of the liberated captives quickly flew abroad, A free parliament of the nation, and a free assembly with many exaggerations, among the victorious army, of the Kirk, were the objects of the more sensible and The reports on the subject were various; but it was moderate of the party. In the mean while, a clamour universally agreed, that young Morton of Milnwood, arose among the soldiers for bread and other necessathe son of the stout soldier of the Covenant, Silas ries, and while all complained of hardship and hunMorton, together with the precious Gabriel Kettle-ger, none took the necessary measures to procure drummle, and a singular devout Christian woman, supplies. In short, the camp of the covenanters, whom many thought as good as himself at extracting even in the very moment of success, seemed about to a dortrine or a use, whether of terror or consolation, dissolve like a rope of sand, from want of the original had arrived to support the good old cause, with a rein- principles of combination and union. forcement of a hundred well-armed men from the Burley, who had now returned from the pursuit, Middle Ward.*

found his followers in this distracted state. With the * This affair, the only one in which Claverhouse was defeated, Scotland, their being in arms, and defeated at Botkueu Brigg, ta or the insurgent Cameronians successful, was fought pretty 1679, by William Wilson, late Schoolmaster in the parisk of Douglas. much in the manner mentioned in the text. The Royalists lost the reader who would authenticate the quotation, must not about thirty or forty men, The commander of the Presbyte consult any other edition than that of 1697 ; for somehow or rian, or rather Covenanting party, was Mr. Robert Hamilton, other the publisher of the last edition has omitted this remark of the honourable House of Preston, brother of Sir William able part of the narrative. Hamilton, to whose title and estate he afterwards succeeded; Sir Robert Hamilton himself felt neither remorse nor shame but, according to his biographer, Howie of Lochgoin, he never for having put to death one of the prisoners after the battle took possession of either, as he could not do so without acknow with his own hand, which appears to have been a charge ledging the right of King William (an uncovenanted monarch) against him, by some whose fanaticism was less exalted than to the crown. Hamilton had been bred by Bishop Burnet, while his own. the latter lived at Glasgow ; his brother, Sir Thomas, having * As for that accusation they bring against me of killing that married a sister of that historian. “He was then," says the poor man (as they call him) at Drumclog, I may easily guess Bishon. "a lively hopeful young man; but getting into that ihat my accusers can be no other but some of the house of Saul company, and into their notions, he became a crack-brained or Shimei, or some such risen again to espouse that poor gentleenthusiast."

man (Sanl) his quarrel against honest Samuel, for his offering Several well-meaning persons have been much scandalizedet to kill that poor man Agag, after the king's giving him quartor. the manner in which the victors are said to have conducted But I, being to command that day, gave out the word that no themselves towards the prisoners at Drurelog. But the prin- quarter should be given ; and returning from pursuing Claverciple of these poor fanatics, (I mean the high flying, or Came-honse, one or two of these fellows were standing in the midst ronian party,) Was to obtain not merely toleration for their of a company of our friends, and some were debating for quarchurch, but the same supremacy which Presbytery had ac. ter, others against it. None could blame me to decide the con quired in Scotland after the treaty of Rippon, betwixt Charles troversy, and I bless the Lord for it to this day. There were I and his scottish subjects, in 1610.

five more that without my knowledge got quarter, who were The fact is, that they conceived themselves a chosen people, brought to me after we were a mile from the place as having sent forth to extirpate the heathen, like the Jews of old, and got quarter, which I reckoned among the first steppings aside: under a similar charge to show no quarter.

and seeing that spirit amongst uis at that time, I then told it to The historian of the Insurrection of Bothwell makes the fol- some that were with me, (to my best remembrance, it was jowing explicit avowal of the principles on which their General honest old John Nisbet,) that I leared the Lord would not acted:

honour us to do much more for him. I shall only say this ** Mr. Hamilton discovered a great deal of bravery and valour, -1 desire to bless his holy name, that since ever he helped me both in the conflict with, and pursuit of, the enemy; but when to set my face to his work, I never had, nor would take, n he and some other were pursuing the enemy, others flew too favour from enemies, either op right or leit hand, and desires greedily upon the spoil, small as it was, instead of pursuing the to give as few." victory; and some, without Mr. Hamilton's knowledge, and The preceding passage is extracted from a long vindication of directly contrary to is express command, gave five of those his own conduct, sent by Sir Robert Hamilton, 7th December, Woody enemies quarter, and then let them. eo: this greatly 1685, addressed to the anti-Popish, anti. Prelatic, anti-Erastian, prieved Mr. Hamilton when he saw some of Babel's brats spared, anti-sectarian true Presbyterian remnant of the Church of Scot! after that the Lord had delivered them into their hands, that land; and the substance is to be found in the work or collection, they might dash them against the stones. Psalm cxxxvij. 9. called, " Faithful Contendings Displayed, collected and transIn his own account of this, he reckons the sparing of these ene- cribed by John Howie." mies, and letting them go, to be among their first steppings aside, As the skirmish of Drumclog has been of late the subject of for which he feared that the Lord would not honour them to

some inquiry, the reader may be curious to see Claverhouse's do much more for him, and says that he was neither for taking own account of the affair, in a letter to the Earl of Linlithgow,

true and imparttal Account at the persecuted Presbyterians to be called, occurs in the volume called Dundee's Letters, printed

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ready talent of one accustomed to encounter exigen- 1 solation, two of terror, two declaring the causes of cies, he proposed, that one hundred of the freshest backsliding and of wrath, and one announcing the men should be drawn out for duty--that a small num- promised and expected deliverance. The first

part ber of those who had hitherto acted as leaders should of his text he applied to his own deliverance and that constitute a committee of direction until officers of his companions; and took occasion to speak a few should be regularly chosen--and that, to crown the words in praise of young Milnwood, of whoin, as of a victory, Gabriel Kettledrummle should be called upon champion of the Covenant, he augured great things to improve the providential success which they had The second part he applied to the punishments which obtainod, by a word in season addressed to the army. were about to fall upon the persecuting government He reckoned very much, and not without reason, on

At times he was familiar and colloquial; now he was this last expedient, as a means of engaging the atten- loud, energetic, and boisterous ;--some parts of his tion of the bulk of the insurgents, while he himself, discourse might be called sublime, and others sunk and two or three of their leaders, held a private coun- below burlesque. Occasionally he vindicated with cil of war, undisturbed by the discordant opinions, or great animation the right of every freeman to worship senseless clamour, of the general body.

God according to his own conscience; and present Kettledrummle more than answered the expecta- he charged the guilt and misery of the people on the tions of Burley. Two mortal hours did he preach at awful negligence of their rulers, who had not only a breathing; and certainly no lungs, or doctrine, ex- failed to establish presbytery as the national religica cepting his own, could have kept up, for so long

a but had tolerated sectaries of various descriptions time, the attention of men in such precarious circum- Papists, Prelatists, Erastians, assuming the name of stances. But he possessed in perfection a sort of Presbyterians, Independents, Socinians, and Quakes, rude and familiar eloquence peculiar to the preachers all of whom Kettledrummle proposed, by one sweep of that period, which, though it would have been fas- ing act, to expel from the land, and thus re-edify in tidionsly rejected by an audience which possessed its integrity the beauty of the sanctuary. He next any portion of taste, was a cake of the right leaven handled very pithily the doctrine of defensive arme for the palates of those whom he now addressed. and of resistance to Charles II. observing, that His text was from the forty-ninth chapter of Isaiah, instead of a nursing father to the Kirk, that monarch "Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken had been a nursing father to none but his own basaway, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered : tards. He went at some length through the life and for i will contend with him that contendeth with conversation of that joyous prince, few parts of which, thee, and I will save thy children.

it must be owned, were qualified to stand the rough And I will feed them that oppress thee with their handling of so uncourtly an orator, who conferred on own Hesh; and they shall be drunken with their own him the hard names of Jeroboam, Omri, Ahab, Shalblood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know lum, Pekah, and every other evil monarch recorded that

I the Lord am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, in the Chronicles, and concluded with a round applithe Mighty One of Jacob."

cation of the Scripture, " Tophet is ordained of olu; The discourse which he pronounced upon this sub-yea, for the King it is provided : he hath made it deep ject was divided into fifteen heads, each of which was and large; the pile thereof is fire and much wood. garnished with seven uses of application, two of con- the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone,

doth kindle it." by Mf. Smythe of Methven, as a contribution to the Bannatyne Club. The original is in the library of the Duke of Buckingham and descended from the huge rock which had served

Kettledrummle had no sooner ended his sermon, Claverhouse, it may be observed, spells like a chambermaid. “FOR THE EARLE OF LINLITHGOW.

him for a pulpit, than his post was occupied by a pas

tor of a very different description. The reverend Ga(COMMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF KING CHARLES IL'S FORCES IN briel was advanced in years, somewhat corpulent,

Glaskow, Jun. the 1, 1679.

with a loud voice, a square face, and a set of stupid "My LORD, -- Upon Saturday's night, when my Lord Rosse and unanimated features, in which the body seemed came into this place, I marched out, and because of the inso- more to predominate over the spirit that was seernly rency that had been done tue nights before at Ruglen, I went in a sound divine. The youth who succeeded him in went our partys to sease on them, and

found not only three of exhorting this extraordinary, convocation, Ephram those roques, but also ane intercomiend minister called King: Macbriar by name, was hardly twenty years old; ye: We had them at Strevan, about six in the morning yesterday, his thin features already indicated, that a constituand resolving to convey them to this, I thought that we might tion naturally hectic, was worn out

by vigils, by fasta, make a little tour to see if we could fall upon a conventiele; by the rigour of imprisonment, and the fatigue incident which we did, little to our advantage ; for when we came in sight of them, we found them drawn up in batell, upor a most to a fugitive life. Young as he was, he had been adventageous ground, to which there was no cominz þut twice imprisoned for several months, and suffered out away all thore women and shildring. They consisted of many severities, which gave him great influence with four battaillons of foot, and all well armed with fusils and pitch those of his own sect. He threw his faded eyes over forks, and three squadrons of horse. We sent both partys to the multitude and over

the scene

of battle; and a skirmish, they of foot and we of dragoons; they

run for it, and light of triumph aroge in his glance, his pale yet striksent down a battaillon of foot against them: we sent three, ling features were coloured with a transient and hectic end they percaiving that we had the better of them in Skirmish, blush of joy. He folded his hands, raised his face to with there foot, the horse folowing; they came throght the giving ere he addressed the people. When he spoke, they resolved a generall engadgment, and imediatly advanced heaven, and seemed lost in mental prayer and thanks lotche; the greatest body of all made up agninst my troupe ; we his faint and broken voice seemed at first inadequata our fyr, and advanced to shok ; the first they gave us broght to express his conceptions. But the deep silence of down the Coronet Mr. Crafford and Captain Bleith, besides that the assembly, the eagerness with which the ear gs. with

a pitchfork they made such an openeing in my rone horse's thered every word, as the famished Israelites collected belly, that his guts hung out half an elle, and yet he carryed me the heavenly manna, had a corresponding effect upon not the shok, but fell into disorder. There horse took the oc the preacher himself. His words became more dis casion of this and purseued us so hotly that we had no tym to tinct, bis manner more earnest and energetic; it rayly. I saved the standarts, but lost on the place about aight seemed as if religious zeal was triumphing over bodily They ar not com exilyar on the other side, som lost we severali weakness and infirmity. His natural eloquence was of them fall befor we cam to the shok. I mad the

best retraite not altogether untainted with the coarseness of his the confusion of our people would suffer, and I am now laying sect; and yet, by the influence of a good natural with my Lord Rosse. The tour of Streven drew up as we was taste, it was freed from the grosser and more Indinaking our retrait, and thoght of a pass to cut us off, but we took courage and fell to them, made them run, leaving a dou

crous errors of his contemporaries; and the language main on the place. What these rogues will dou yet I know not

, of Scripture, which, in their mouths, was sometimes but the contry was flocking to them from all hands. This may degraded by misapplication, gave, in Macbris ex be counted the begining of the rebellion, in my opinion. “I am, my lord,

hortation, a rich and solemn effect, like that whic! Your lordship's most humble servant,

is produced by the beams of the sun street " J. GRAHAME

through the storied representation of saints this very confusedly." My.ord, I am so wearied, and so sleapy, that I have wrylon tyrs on the Gothic window of some ancient cathe

He painted the desolation of the church,

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