Page images
PDF
EPUB

Scirpus palustris.

lacustris.

caespitosus.

acicularis.

» setaceus. Eriophorum polystachion.—Of the pappus of this plant the natives make wicks for their lamps.

———— vaginatum.

capitatum. Hoppe. (vol.i. p. 178.)

alpinum.

Nardus stricta.

II. DIGYNIA.

Phleum pratense.

nodosum.

alpinum.
Alopecurus geniculatus.
Milium effusum.
Agrostis rubra. stolonifera.

i canina.

■ vulgaris. 0. pumila.

■ alba.

i arundinacea.

■ caerulea.

Aira caespitosa.

flexuosa.

montana.

subspicata.

alpina.

i aquatica. praecox.

Holcus odoratus.—Said to be used by the Icelanders to perfume their apartments and their clothes.

Sesleria caerulea.

Poa pratensis.

— trivialis.

— compressa.

— annua.

— angustifolia.

— alpina.

— maritima.

glauca.—Both this and the following

species are far from uncommon in Iceland.

>— ccesia. Festuca ovina.

rubra.

elatior.

fluitans. . _ .

duriuscula. . .

Festucdt^ vivipara. (vol. i. p. 320.)
Arundo Phragmites.

Epigejos.

arenaria.

Elymus arenarius.—(vol. II. p. 226.) The seeds are occasionally made into a sort of bread. Triticum caninum.

repens.

III. TRYGINA. Montia fontana. Koenigia islandica. (vol. i. p. 152 and 191.) IV. TETRANDRIA.

I. MONOGYNIA.

Scabiosa succisa.—The Icelandic names for this plant, Pukabit and Dievelsbid, have both the same signification as our Devil's bit.

Galium verum.

palustre.

Mollugo.

pusillum.

— boreale.

Plantago major.

Plantago lanceolata. maritima.

alpina.—This I recollect seeing, in

some plenty, at Thingevalle, and I have since received specimens from Sir George Mackenzie and Mr. Paulsen.

Coronopus.

Sanguisorba officinalis.
Alchemilla vulgaris.

alpina.

III. TETRAGYNIA. Potamogeton natans.

marinum.

compressum.

lucens.

crispum.

— perfoliatum.

! .— pectinatum.

—- 1—— pusilhitti.

Sagina procumbens.
Tillaea aquatica.

V. PENTANDRIA.

I. MONOGYNIA. Myosotis scorpioides. a and P. Pulmonaria maritima.

Echium vulgare.
Primula farinosa.

Menyanthes trifoliata.—This plant is important to travellers who are not acquainted with the route in the morasses; for they are well aware that wheresoever it grows they may safely pass; its closely woven roots making a firm bed upon the soft subsoil. The Icelanders call it Reidinga, and employ the matted tufts to prevent the saddle or any load from chafing the horses' backs.

Azalea procumbens.

Campanula rotundifolia.

patula.

Viola canina.

r- tricolor.

palustris.

Glaux maritima.

II. DIGYNIA

Gentiana campestris.
——— amarella.
■ - nivalis.

« PreviousContinue »