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Manufactures improper Subjects of Taxation,
mon preached by George Berkeley, D. L. at Canterbury, Jan.
Captain Oakes's Narrative of the Treatment of the English by Tips
Abercrombie's Propagation and Botanical Arrangements of Plants
E T Earl of Dundonald's Present State of the Manufacture of Salt exa plained,
370 Account of the Qualities and Uses of Tar and Coal Varnith,
375 Earl of Scair's Claims of the Public on the Miniter, ftated, Answer to the Reply to the supposed Treasury Pamphlet, 379 White's (Joseph) Sermons at Bampton's Lecture, second Edition,
Williams's Loose 'Thoughts on the very important Situation of Ire
land, Defence of the Opposition with respect to their Conduct on Irish Affairs,
ibid. Authentic Copy of Earl Mansfield's Judgment in the Case of the King against the Dean of St. Alaph,
389 Renwick's Address to Parliament on the Situation of the NavySurgeons,
ibid. The Wanderer ; or Edward to Eleonora,
ibid. Coll's Poet, a Poem,
390 Pi&ures from Nature,
ibid. Hyper-criticism on Miss Seward's Louisa,
391 Sonnets and Poems; with a Versification of the Six Bards of Onian,
393 Mrs. Watts's Chinese Maxims,
393 Ode on the Death of D.. Samuel Johnson,
394 Matilda ; or the Efforts of Virtue, a Novel,
395 Misfortunes of Love, a Novel,
ibid. The Nabob, a Novel,
ibid. Dr. Douglas's Observations on an extraordinary Care of a ruptured
Uterus, Dr. Fowler's Medical Reports of the Effects of Tobacco, ibid. Paterlon's British Itinerary,
397 An Asylum for Fugitive Pieces,
ibid. The Spartan Manual, La Triomphe de la Raison,
399 The Modern English Fruit gardener,
400 Boyd's Translation of the Inferno of Dante Alighieri,
401 Dr. Ferris's Dissertatlon on Milk,
417 Female Tuition; or, an Address to Mothers, on the Education of
their Daughters, Political Works of David Garrick, Esq.
430 M. Tulli Ciceronis Opera,
432 Reeves's History of the English Law, Vol. II.
435 Hervey's Letters from Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Germany, 440 Wraxall's History of France,
} 443 Anderlon's Translation of the Arenarius of Archimedes, 445 Jones's Treatise on the Art of Music,
449 An Ebay on Punctuation,
453 Holcroft's Follies of a Day; or the Marriage of Figaro, 458 Beaumarchais' La Fofle Journée ou Marriage de Figaro, ibid. Macnally's Fashionable Levities,
466 Boswell's Letter to the People of Scotland,
466 Cráufurd's Efray on the actual Resources for re-establihing the Fi. nances of Great Britain,
467 Taylor's proposed Reformation in Parliament considered, 468 Burnby's Thoughts on the Freedom of Election,
469 We have been all in the Wrong,
The l'arliamentary Guide,
469 A Key to the Parliamentary Debates,
ibid. The Commercial Regulations with Ireland explained and fidered,
ibid. Mr. Pict's Reply to Mr. Orde,
ibid. To guard against Misrepresentation, &c.
ibid. A Short View of the Proposals for a final Adjument of the Commercial System between Great Britain and Ireland,
470 The Arrangements with Ireland considered,
ibid. Report of the Lords of the Committee of Council appointed for tie
Consideration of all Matters relating to 'Trade and Foreign Plantations,
ibid. Box's Plans for reducing the extraordinary Expences of the Nation, and gradually paying off the National Debt,
ibid. Considerations on the Advantages of an improved System of Finance,
471 Original Papers relating to the Rights and Pretensions of the Nabob of Arcot, &c.
ibid. Report from the Select Committee appointed to examine the Reports of the Directors of the East India Company,
ibid. The Reporter ; or the Substance of the Debate in House of Commons,
ibid. Thoughts on the Merits of the Westminster Scrutiny, 472 Speech of Lieutenant-general Hale,
ibid. Dawesos Deformity of the Doctrine of Libels, &c.
ibid. Humphries's Poem addressed to the Armies of the United States of America,
ibid. A Rhodomontade of Politics,
474 Billy Brass, a political Hudibraltic,
ibid. An heroic Epistle to Major Scott,
ibid. The Demoniad, or the Pests of a Day,
ibid, Whitechurch's Bath Lovers,
ibid, Words of the Songs, &c. in the Nunnery, a Comic Opera, ibid. Pilon's Barataria, or Sancho turned Governor, a Farce, ibid. The Governess, or the Boarding School detected,
ibid. Belmont Grove; or, the Discovery,
475 The Fatal Marriage,
ibid. Camilla ; or the Correspondence of a deceased Friend, ibid. Mrs. Boys's Coalition; or, Family Anecdotes,
ibid. Anna, or the Memoirs of a Welsh Heiress,
476 Dr. Motherby's Medical Dictionary, 2d Edition,
ibid, Coley's Account of the late Epidemic Ague in the neighbourhood
of Bridgnorth, Wathen's Differtation on the Theory and Cure of the Cataract, ib. Willett's Letters addressed to Mrs. Bellamy,
ibid. Advice to the Officers of the Britiih Navy,
jbid, Appendix to the Thoughts on Executive Justice,
ibid. The Magistrates Afiftant,
479 The Farmer's Magazine,
480 Cooke's Drill Husbandry perfected,
For JANUARY;: 1785;
Obfervations on the Animal Oeconomy, and on the Causes and Cure
of Diseases. By John Gardiner, M. D. Prefident of the Royal College of Physicians, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 8vo. . 6s. Longman.
Uthors have different objects in view, when they publish either their sentiments or observations. The young
are impelled by a defire of fame; the elder are pleased with affuming the oracular dignity, and claiming the attention due to age, rank, or character. The diffident, in a modest form, propose their doubts and difficulties, in hopes of instruction; the vain and the confident to filence impertinent pretenders, by a display of their own amazing acquisitions. But these, and the vą. rious other causes which are either slightly, hinted at, or oftentatiously explained, by different writers, seem to have had little effect on our author, whose rank; as president : of a respectable college, leads us to form considerable expectations. The little novelty in some parts of his work, the obscure and imperfect explanations in others, are neither consistent with the usual ambition of an author, nor worthy of Dr. Gardiner's character and situation. If he thinks his observations generally new, we lament the limited extent of his knowlege ; if he has aimed at rendering them highly useful, we regret his disappointment. In his preface, the president seems to think, that one cause of the flow progress of knowlege arises from a luxuriancy of fancy, and a liveliness of imagination, which induces authors to build fyftems on superficial and unstable foundations.' Indeed, from various expressions, ' misleading the inexperienced student,'
acute, but false manner' of reasoning,' theoretical disquifitions of novelty and ingenuity,' he seems to aim his hafts at the present professor of the practice of phyfic. Is it not otherwise strange that, in discussions on the living principle, and in condemning the conduct of former nosologists, he thould not have once mentioned Dr. Cullen, except as the author of Voc. LIX. Jan. 1785.
some experiments on the cold produced by evaporation? It is much more so, if it be found that he had scarcely considered the professor's works on these subjects. His theory of fevers, and his remarks on the arrangement of the bilious remittents, are striking proofs of Dr. Gardiner's inattention, either to the First Lines, or the Synopsis Nosologiæ. But it is not our business to ascertain the respective property of each author : we must give an account of the contents, and our opinion of the execution of the work before us; but, as we fall have occasion to mention our author's mistakes, we could not avoid this instance of his want of candour.
Dr. Gardiner introduces this volume with some remarks on the vital principle, and the organs by which it is conveyed. In the relation of facts, he is generally exact; but his reason-ing is generally defetive; and through the whole, the liye ing principle, the principle of life, and life itself, are so frequently confounded, that the plainest subject is obscured.
From the living principle,' he tells us, in one passage, dif. fused through the solids and fluids, that principle of life, which is coeval with the animalcula in semine, arises. But, though as many exceptions may be made to this sentence as it contains words, yet, in another place our author tells us, that the action of the heart is the first vital motion; and that heat, which is inseparable from animal life, is not found in an egg, previous to incubation, or soon loft. In this part, we have not observed a single new fact, or any remark, which we can transcribe, with a view either to the entertainment or advantage of the reader. The observations on Dr. Crawford's Theory of Animal Heat have been again and again printed; and our author's own fyftem is so imperfect, as scarcely to deserve the name.
In fact, it confifts chiefly of fome of the circumitances which influence the heat of animals, and refers the 'whole to the living principle. The intelligent reader will recollect various authors, who have already made equal advances ; and, in most of them, he will find the several fa&ts more perfe&lly and advantageously detailed.
Dr. Gardiner's language is rendered very obscure by the frequent use of the term stimulus. We understand the word when applied to foud, heat, aromatics, and some kind of medicine ; but, when applied to opium, and to cold, we expected a nice distinction, and began to apprehend a poison concealed under the apparently wholesome aliment; to fear, from this enemy to theoretical disquisions, of novelty and ingenuity, something which resembled a direct and an indirect itimulus. But, after wandering in uncertainty, without the smalleit glimmering of a meaning, through two-thirds of his nervous physiology, we find that itimulus is only a change