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ficks; every alternate pillar being formed entirely of teedsat The rooms contain twenty pillars, diftant from each other about the space of a yard. The arches of reeds and rafters


top of the pillars. The floors are laid with mats, which, when any person goes in to at, drink coffee, and smoke their pipes or nargils, have carpets spread on them, and a hole made near the entrance for the fire, at which the coffee, according to the Arab cuftoin, was roasted and boiled.

The subsequent extract merits also the attention of those who have any view of performing this journey.

• About two o'clock this morning we got into a mussock, to go, as we supposed, to Dewançe Hulkar, and from thence to Mulhat, but soon perceived we were taking a bye way into anocher part of Sebya, where we were to wait till night, for an opportunity to flip away by water. Accordingly we got into a small hut, where we remained till dusk, when iwo ill-looking Arabs came in and sat with us. In a Mhort time our fciad, with the master of the house, went out, to concert measures for our departure, and gave out that we intended to proceed by land, The Arabs now eyed us with particular attention, and asked many impertinent questions, which we did not deign to answer as they wilhed, for; by some significant gestures, they seemed highly displeased; they got up, and one, who had a mukket in his hand, had båt just got out of the door, when he squatted on his haunches, and prefented the piece at us. From the nature of the place, we were fenfible such behaviour could not be resented, we therefore submitted to the insulo; the man, however, did not fire. A gentleman of our party was much agitated, and could not refrain from calling out for allistance, for the impropriety of which we feverely rebuked him. This the other Arab observing, seemed inclined to take advantage of, by clapping his hand on his sword; but a by-ttander, flopping him, by dint of persuasion prevailed on them to quit the hat; at which time our fciad returned, from whom we learned, that he kad likewise spoken to them, and that all was quiet again. Shortly after we had eaten supper, eight armed Arabs came ini, took up our little baggage, and conveyed it into two mussooks, on board of which we also got, and, at an amazing rate, pasied an extensive town built on each side of the river ; and were tracked and paddled during the night, at least at the rate of five miles an hour, passing tometimes through creeks much ob. structed by reeds and weeds, at other times on the river, bisa which means we happily escaped many of the thieves that infeit 'those parts, and avoided Lemloon, where they generally refori. This route I would wish to recommend to all travellers, in preference to the nearer one by Lemloon, those parts being infected by a lawless banditti, who sublift chiefly by plunder and rapine. Those that travel this way, aud should they fee these few remarks I have made, and think them worth remembering, VOL. LIX. Jan, 1785

I would

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I would advise, on their arrival at Semowha, to apply imme. diately to some sciad, to forward them in a muffook, supposing them to be encumbered with but little baggage, and only two servants, through the way before directed by which they will escape, in all probability, the robbers, and arrive in three days at Hilla; they will likewise avoid the iin positions of the goverhor of Semowha, and his custom-master: but, whenever you propose to put yourself under the direction of any sciad, at Semowha, it must be done without the privity of the governor, or any one else ; and if you bind the sciad, under his hand, to conduct you, every trust may be reposed in him ; and in every transaction with any Arab, it is absolutely necessary to bind him under a written obligation.'

One of the most beautiful places described by this journalift is Latichea, a small sea-port town in Syria, with the country between it and Aleppo. This country, we are informed, contains some scenes the most romantic that can be imagined : such as high hills covered with myrtles, steep precipices, natural cascades, well cultivated vallies, crowned with the gifts of Ceres, beautiful fruit gardens, and plantations of mulberry trees, with several pleasant villages interspersed.

On quitting the continent of Asia, the travellers visited the island of Cyprus, which is represented as extremely unhealthy, though affording an excellent species of wine, and great quantities of cotton. The air of Rhodes, where they next arrived, is reckoned very salubrious, and the country is exceedingly pleasant, cloathed with trees and herbage almoft perpe. tually green. Paffing by Scarponto, Candia, and the Venetian islands, they arrived on the sixth of October, at Otranto, of their reception at which place we meet with the following 'account.

• Our boats coming to anchor, information was immediately given to the deputies of the health office, who in about half an hour attended, with a doctor to examine us, and desired us to come on fhore to the office, which stands close to the beach. On our arrival, we we were conducted into a room so full of smoak, occafioned by a fire made with straw, that we were almost suffocated, which we were informed, was to take off any infectious smell that might issue either from our perfons or clothes ; a man was likewise placed between us and the people, with a long stick to prevent our too near apo proach. The bills of health, and letters for this place, were then demanded of us, which we placed at 'the end of a cleft fick, held by one of the deputies for that purpose, who conveyed them by that means over the fire, where they were sus. .pended a considerable time, and afterwards examined ; they chen interrogated the boatmen, as to the ports we had touched ar ialt, swearing them to the truth on a stick made in the form


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of a cross, the usual way, in those places, of administering an oath to a Greek, as they will not suffer them to touch a book, for fear of infection. The next ceremony was the doctor's examining the people, by ordering them to beat themselves in different parts of the body, which being done, our parole of honour was demanded to the following queries :

* Firstly, whether we had touched at any ports in Turkey since we left Corfu ?

. Secondly, whether we laboured under any pestilential diso order, ? and,

• Thirdly, if we were in perfect health ?

• Having answered these questions in the negative, we were : permitted to perform the accustomed quarantine at this port, which we were told would be twenty-eight days. The fees of office were now demanded by the deputies, which amounted to five Venetian fequins; and, there being no Lazaretto here, a house was ordered for us at the distance of a mile from the city, to which place we were conducted by the deputies, attended, by two men as guards, to prevent us from itirring out before: the expiration of the quarantine, unless attended by one of the deputies, which is a fayour very seldom granted, without they are very well paid for it; but as we came prepared for every thing of this kind, we had not the least doubt but we mould prevail on them to grant us every indulgence in their power; but fo severe are their laws againit a breach of the rules of quarantine, that any person so offending, is liable to be put to death by the first person who meets him; and, indeed, this feverity is not to be wondered at, when it is considered how much Italy has suffered by that dreadful malady the plague. The several letters of recommendation we had brought with us, to some of the principal inhabitants, having been properly smoaked by the deputies and delivered, we were presently waited on by the gentlemen to whom they were addressed, who very civilly offered us their services; and in fignor Fedelle Massari, a merchant of this place, we found a friend, who kindly undertook to tranfact all our affairs, and to supply us with every necessary we might want during our confinement; and, through this friend's interest with the governot, we were ordered to be removed to a larger house, which had a tolerable garden, and was pleasantly situated close to the sea; this undoubtedly rendered our situation much more comfortable, farticularly the having a place to walk about in. His excellency. the archbishop of Otranto, to whom we were well recommended, being ablent on a visit at Lece, a city within his diocese, about thirty miles from hence, we were, the day after our arrival, visited by his reverend vicar general, who, in his name, welcomed us to Otranto, and politely offered to supply us with every thing from the palace of the archbihop, to whom he had {ent the letters we brought. The same day we received a letter from his excellency, informing us of the receipt of ours, and


expressing much at his absence from Otranto ; but hoped he should be able to return by the expiration of our quarantine, that he might have the pleasure of receiving us at his palace; and in the mean time, desired us to make no ceremony of lending for every thing we might want from thence, he having ordered the steward of his houshold to attend us daily. to receive our orders. Such a piece of condescenfion, from a znan of his rank and quality, was of the most infinite service to us, as it made the deputies, who were a needy marquis and a citizen of Otranto, and likewise the guards, pay no small attention to our requests, and, in some measure, prevented their extorting money from us for their indulgencies.'

The whole of this journey is distinctly related ; and how far fuch a narrative of the manners of barbarous countries may be found useful to travellers, will appear from the following remarkable anecdote, extracted from the preface.

The celebrated Aaron Hill, when in Egypt, had the curiofity to examine a catacomb; he was accompanied in his expedition by two other gentlemen, and conducted by a guide, (one of the natives of the country.) They at length arrived at the spot, and without taking notice of fome fellows who were faun-' tering about the place, they descended by ropes into the vault. No sooner were they let down, than they were presented with a (pectacle which struck them with terror: two gentlemen, apparently starved to death, lay before them. One of these unhappy victims had a tablet in his hand, on which was written, in pathetic language, the story of their lamentable fate : it seems they were brothers of rank and family in Venice, and having, in the course of their travels, entrusted themselves with one of the natives, for the purpose of visiting the inside of the catacomb, the perfidious villain had left them there to perith. The danger to which Mr. Hill and his friends were exposed, instantly alarmed them; they had scarce read the shocking tale, when looking up, they beheld their inhuman guide, afifted by zivo others whom they had seen near the spot, clofing the entrance into the vault. They were now reduced to the utmott distress, however they drew their swords, and were determined to make some desperate effort to rescue themselves from a leene to truly dreadful. With this resolution, they were groping about at random in the dark, when they were fartled at the groans of some one seemingly in the agonies of death; they attended to the dismal found, and at length, by means of a glimmering light from the top of the catacomb, they saw a man juft murdered ; and a little beyond they discovered his inhuman murderers, flying with the utmoft precipitation. They pursued them immediately, and though they were not able to come up with them, they however had che good fortune to reach the opening through which these wretches escaped out of the Cavern, before they had time to roll the tone on the top of it. 'I hus Mr. Hill and his friends were by a miracle faved.".

Observations on the Tea and Window Ad, and on the Tea Trade.

By Richard Twining. Svo. 15. 6d. Cadell. IN N this pamphlet Mr. Twining first considers the cause and

the intent of the Commutation-bill; and afterwards endeavours to show, not only in what respects it has hitherto Failed, but the causes of that failure. With regard to the important object, the suppression of smuggling, he observes that it is yet too soon to judge. The unlawful tea which was in the kingdom when this bill passed into a law, was not, by that law, to be annihilated : and the tea which was upon the continent, and which had been imported thither for the exfress purpose of supplying this isand, was not likely to be diverted, even by that reduction of price at which the bill aimed, from its original destination. Besides, if the diligente of smugglers was capable of being increased, it would naturally be fo for a time, in consequence of an act which threatened their final destruction. Mr. Twining therefore very judiciously declares, that he is neither alarmed by the temporary increase of smuggling, nor elevated by its temporary ceffation. But he looks forward to the establishment of such moderate prices of tea in this country, as fhall prevent any foreign nation from importing that commodity from China, for our use ; perhaps for its own.

We have the fatisfaction to learn from this well-informed writer, that smuggling has already received a very materiál check ; notwithstanding large quantities of tea are occasionally landed on the coast. It is however his opinion, that if the high price of congou and fouchong teas continue, smuggling will contipue in the same proportion.

The causes of the present failure, in the reduciion of the price of tea, have been repeatedly afcribed to the minister, the Eat India company, and the tea-dealers ; but Mr. Twining imputes them to the artifices of smugglers, and the fcar'city of tea throughout the kingdom ; and he is at much pains to establish this opinion by a narrative of facts, particularly of such as tend to exculpate the tea-dealers. He afterwards confiders (wo other charges, of a different nacure, which have been brought againit the same body of men, viz. the mixing and adulterating of teas. The former of these practices he vindicates as an act of expediency; and as his arguments' may afford our readers fome information relative to the mysteries of the tea-trade, we fhall extract what is advanced on this fubject.

• If the mixing of tea is a crime, and an imposition upon the public, I readily confess that I have a multitude of crimes D 3


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