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Think 'not that this offends me; for I will give you a reason why I wear a chin like a goat, instead of making it smooch and bare like those of beautiful boys, and of all wonnen by nature lovely. You, such is the delicacy, and perhaps fimplicity, of your manners, even when old, imitate your fons and daughters by studiously saving your chins, thus displaying the man by the forehead only, and not, like me, by the cheeks. But not contented with this length of beard, my head is also nally and feidom combed, my nails are unpared, and my fingers are ulually black with ink. And, to tell you a secret, my bolom too is sough and hairy, like the mane of the lion, king of beasis, nor have I ever made it smooth, such is my meaaness and illiberality. If I had any wart, I would readily disclose it, as Cimon did, but at present in truth I have none.
• Another circumstance, well known to you, I will also mention. Not satisfied with such an uncomely person, I lead a very rigid life. I abfent myself from the theatres, through mere stupidity ; nor do I allow a play at court, such a dolt am I, except on the calends of the year, when I refemble a poor, farmer bringing his rent, or taxes, to a rapacious landiord; and when I am there, I seem as solemn as at a sacrifice. As it is not long since you saw him, you may recollect the youth, the genius, and understanding of my predecessor; my way of 'life, so different from his, is a sufficient proof of my froward, ness,'
The author's purple seems to have contributed, more than any thing else, to give importance and reputation to this production. If it thewed his wit, it leffened his dignity; and was more suitable to the character of such a writer as Paul Scaron, than a Roman emperor.
Besides these pieces, the frit volume comprehends a collection of epifties from Libanius to Julian. The second volume contains, 1. Epifles of Julian. 2. The Life of Libanius the Sophist, by Fabricius. 3. A Monody by Libanius on Nicomedia, destroyed by an Earthquake. 4. A Monody by Libanius, on the Daphnæan Temple of Apollo, destroyed by Fire. 5. The History of the Emperor Jovian (Julian's sucčesfor) by the Abbé de la Bleterie.
6. An Abstract of an Essay on the Rank and
Power of the Roman Emperors, in the Senate, by the same. And, lastly, some additional Notes.
Though Julian's wit is often frivolous and insipid, and many
of his observations trite and unintereiting, yet the pub. lication before us may be considered as a valuable addition to our translations of the Greek and Roman clasics. It gives us a true idea of this emperor's very fingular character, and 2 good account of his much wiser successor, Jovian. It prefents us with a general view of the customs and manners which pre. vailed in several parts of Europe and Afia, in the fourth cene,
tury; and it throws a light on several important transactions in an obscure period of history. The comments of the learned abbé Bleterie, aod those of the ingenious tranflator, contain such a fund of critical and historical knowlege, as cannot but be acceptable to every curious and inquisitive reader.
Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica. No. XVIII. 4to. 55.
Nichols. Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica. No. XIX. 410. 6d.
Nichols. THE HE eighteenth number contains the history and antiquities
of the two parishes of Reculver and Herne, in the county of Kent. By John Duncombe, M. A. vicar of Herne. Enlarged by subsequent communications.
The Latin name of Reculver is Regulbium *, and the Saxon, Raculf.cefter, or Raculf-minster. The castle (the building of which is ascribed by Kilburne to the emperor Severus) commanded a view, not only of the German ocean, þut of the mouths of the Thames and the Medway; on which account it was used as a watch-tower, to discover the approaches of an enemy, and also as a light-house, to guide mariners, by fires kindled every night ; and this purpose used to be answered by the two steeples of the church, called the filters, or the Reculvers, which formerly served as a fea mark for avoiding the flats or Mallows in the mouth of the Thames
s; but by the Shifting of the sands, they are now said to be no longer useful, and mariners rather depend on St. Nicholas church, or Monkton mill.
The great antiquity of this place is apparent from the vast number of Roman coins, chiefly of the lower empire, medals, vases, &c. thạt have been, and still continue to be found here ; for Reculver, or Regulbium, was, no doubt, one of the five watch-towers or forts, as Richborough calle or Rutupiæ was another, each of them commanding one of the mouths of the river Genlade, or Wantfume, which, as Bede says, then divided the isle of Thanet from the continent of Kent. This caftie, which guarded the north mouth, was the Roman station of the Vetalii, and was certainly on the hill, where now stands the church, and where formerly stood the monastery t, though between the time of
Regulbium, quafi reculsom, a verbo recello, particip. reculsus; quod hic maximus fuerit flu&uum recursus. Twinus de Rebus Albionicis, p. 26.
+ Anno 669, Egbyrhtus rex dedit Basso presbytero Racull, in quo no. pasterium edificaret. Sax, Chron.
the Romans and its monastic kate, it was also the site of a royal palace, not only for Ethelbert I. but for all his fucceffors, kings of Keat.
• The Roman town has been long covered by the fea, which lately threw down the remains of the north fide of the old Roman wall, which surrounded the caitie, and makes fuch rapid inroads on the cliff, that it has long been apprehended, that this noble tiructure and sea-inark, with all the level below it, notwithitanding the great attention and expence beltowed in planking and piling by the commissioners of fewers, will in a few years share the fate of the Roman town above mentioned. The remaining walls of Reculver castle skirt a hill of pit-rand, which is higher in every part than the ground without the walls. The earth has falien, perhaps has been washed away from the base of the hill, and the foundation of that wall is thereby exposed to view in many places, which corresponds exactly with that of Richborough, being laid on small smooth pebbles in the natural foil. In Leland's time, between 1530 and 1537, the village of Reculver stood
withyn a quarter of a myle, or a little more, of the se fyde ;” and Leland's miles were none of the shortest.
• The castle, when entire, occupied above eight acres. The church stands on the highest part of the cliff, within a little of the sea, and at a distance is a striking object from the two spires at its west end. The cliff is continually crunbling away, particularly in the winter time, and falling on the beach, where the children of the neiglıbourhood pick up several Roman coins. The crumbling away of the cliff, on which the church stands, is become very alarming ; but some ingenious methods have been lately proposed by fir Thomas Page, to prevent the farther encroachment of the waves.'
The beautiful spires of Reculver have furnished Mr. Keate with an ingenious legendary tale in his Sketches from Nature, and they are also introduced in two poems included in this publication; the one by Mrs. Duncombe, the other by Mr. Jackson of Canterbury.
The remaining part of this number contains the history of Herne ; Ford-House, an ancient seat belonging to the fee of Canterbury; and Daundelion, a fashionable place of resort in the parish of St. John the Baptist, in Thanet, a feat once belonging to a family of that name. Some original records are annexed.
This work is adorned with several elegant copper-plates; delineated by Mrs. Duncombe, Mrs. Highmore, and others.
No. XIX. consists of additions to the memoirs of fir John Hawkwood, extracted from Villani, and from Ritsaiti & Elogii di Capitani illustri, publifhed at Rome in 1635 ; with fome corrections of a preceding account of this celebrated warsior, communicated to the editor by Mr. D. Dalrymple.
A Narrative of the Conduct of the Tea-dealers, during the late
Sale of Teas at the India Houf. 8vo. 14. Cadell, THE purport of this narrative is to vindicate the conduct of
the tea-dealers, and to throw upon the directors of the Eat-India company the odium resulting from the general clamour relative to the price and quality of teas. One of the principal charges against the directors is, that they did not communicate to the tea-dealers the information which the latter desired, with regard to three points, at the commencement of the December sale. The points alluded to are as follow :
' it. The tea-dealers wish to receive all the information which the court of Directors can with propriety give, relative to the quantity and quality of those teas which they have lately purchased in the different parts of Europe.
• 2d. The tea-dealers hope to receive the most explicit information, relative to any teas which may be exposed to fale before the next quarterly or March sale.
• 3d. The dealers in tea expect that the directors will engage not to make, at any time whatever, any alteration in the putting-up prices, without giving to the dealers in tea notice of such intended alteration, at the commencement of that quarterly fale, which shall be prior to the fale at which the alteration is actually to take place.'
Whether these several requests were such as merited an explicit compliance, there is some room to question. The conduct of the dire&ors was governed by this opinion, and they returned the following answers :
. In the present state of that business the court cannot give them any information.
ift. But whenever the company import tea from the continent, declarations thereof shall be made public in the same manner as is done when teas arrive from China.
• 2d. That no tea will be sold previous to that time, excepting the tea declared for present fale, and the private trade,
• 3d. The company mult be guided as to prices at which the teas are to be put up at all future fales, by the ad of para jiament passed last Sessions, called the Tea Ad.'
The subsequent part of the pamphlet confifts chicfly of ob. servations on this transaction, too tedious and uninteresting to be submitted to the attention of our readers. But in one circumstance, which is also mentioned, the conduct of the direitors may seem liable to censure, unless indeed they can vindicate themselves, by establishing it as a fact, that the tea. dealers had formed a combination, either for diminishing the price of tea, at the public sales, below what it could be reasorably afforded by the East India company; or for extorting from the public a higher price than they ought. The circumstance at which we have hinted, is the interference of a clerk belonging to the East India house, in offering as a purchaser at the public fale.
We are, however, of opinion, that, unless the quantity purchased by the clerk was so great as to af. ford a presumption of his acting under the influence of the directors, which we do not find to have been the case, the affair was not worth mentioning.
The tea-dealers appear not a little solicitous to convince
Henry Downės. 2 Vols. 8vo. 1os. im Boards. Robinson.
a learned and judicious divine, free from bigotry and enthufiasm. His congregation confifted of plain, country people, and his instructions were adapted to their taste and capacities. He has therefore avoided all speculative and controversial difquisitions, except, perhaps, where he endeavoured to suggest some useful cautions against the abfurd notions of the methodifts. His style is perspicuous, and, in general, plain and unaffected. In some passages we meet with light inaccuracies,