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an Opinion fice Mansa id to have pent.
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nious, and seems likely to be effectual. The instrument is
The work is dedicated to the apothecaries, whom Dr. Berkenhout styles the physicians de facto, while the title de jure belongs to a different class. The world would, he thinks, be benefited by trusting to old women only; fince. more injury is done by the pretenders to the science, than by the judicious practitioners. În acute diseases, the whole time, in which any thing of consequence can be done, is consumed in the triflings, perhaps in the mistaken efforts of the apothecary. This indeed is generally true, and requires the severeft reprehenfion. The apothecary should be more or less skilful than he is generally found to be : he should be more so, for the important period ia which he is allowed to direct ; or less, if he is only to act in his original destination, as a compounder.
If there be no misrepresentation in what I have written, it appears that the life of every individual in England is in thę hands of some apothecary. You see, fir, the important, che awful truft reposed in you by the whole nation, and you can: not avoid perceiving your high consequence in the community, - Members of parliament and ministers of state are the guardians of the people's property only:'
We have selected this specimen of the lively manner of our author, whom we always wait on with pleasure. We feldom diftruft his judgment; but his vivacity and quickness sometimes will not wait for its cooler dictates.
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An Ejay on the Medical Character, with a liety to define it. By
Robert Bath.. 8:20. 25. 6d. Laidler. The author has adapted his work to the dull, and to the asthmatic: for the former, he enforces his sentiments by tautology; for the latter, he has so plentifully interspersed his stops, that the shortest breath can reach from the one to the other. ' A fl.ort extract will more clearly exemplify his manner than the longest description.
• Medical policy, in adopting a system of diet, so far, as it goes, to the exclusion of the common and general supports of life, is the most acclive and contemptible, as well, as nugatory, in itself. The general irritability, induced by disease, will cer. rainly, be increased, and not diminijhed, by a haity, or, injudicious abridgment, of the common neceffaries and comforts of life ; and, hence, great regard, muít be had, to the means of keeping up, and supporting the patient, so that nature's intentions, may be foon, got at, or, pointed out, to us; and her powers must neither be obstructed, nor interfered with : in this case, the disease will more readily come to its crisis, and termination.'
As to his observations, they are good, bad, and indifferent ; but much the greater number may be arranged in the two laft classes. In some instances, the observations are extremely er
Some Confiderations on the different lays of remoting confined and
infectious Air; and the Means adopted, with Rrmarks on the Contagion in Maidstone Gaul. By Tbomas Day. Svo. Wilkie.
Mr. Day has collected what different authors have written on this fubject, and related in perspicuous, but not always exact language, the methods employed to correct the noxious air in Maidstone gaol. He chiefly used showers of lime-water, which seemed very refreshing, and, with changes of cloaths, bedding, &c. soon rendered the gaol more healthy. We are sorry to observe, that our knowledge on this fubject is not very accurate. · Miasınata and contagion exist in the air; but we know not whether they are capable of a chemical combination with it, or are only mechanicaily diffused : we know not whether they occupy the lower, or higher parts of the room : whether they have a greater affinity to fixed, or to intlammable air. So far as we can ascertain, they seem only diffused in the air, some. times combined with inflammable air, and generally in the loftier parts ;, though, if we can depend on M. Maret's expe, riments, of which we have many doubts, contagion, in its specific gravity, more strongly resembles fixed air. In this uncertainty, we are greatly comforted, by finding, that we can casily disarm this formidable enemy by ventilation only. Free air either dilutes the poison, or powerfully corrects it. The fumes of vinegar with aromatics, have very little effect ; while the thower of lime-water, at the same time that it affifted ventidefine it. By
1, and to the ents by tautoersed his ftops,
the other. A nner than the
so far, as it pports of life, nugatory, in ase, will cer. y, or, injudid comforts of
the means of - nature's in
us; and her with : in this risis, and ter
dindifferent ; n the two left extremely er
lation, cooled the air, and absorbed the fixed air floating in it: from these effects it feemed fo refreihing. In short, conftant supplies of fresh air are only necessary; they will supersede every fumigation, and the use of every corrective: without them, nothing will be completely effectual.
The active benevolence of the inhabitants of Maidstone, and the attention of Mr. Day ought, however, to be mentioned with the warmest commendations.
DI VI N J T Y.
Saurin. By Robert Robinson. Vol. V. 8vo. 55. 35. Dilly.
Saurin's Sermons, in the original, are twelve octavo volumes, eleven of which are miscellaneous, and one contains a regular set of discourses for Lent. The four English volumes comprehend a selection of sermons from the whole, ranged in fome fort of order; the first being intended to convey proper ideas of God, the second to establish revelation, and so on. The present volume is miscellaneous, and consists of fourteen fermons, on the fatal Consequences of a bad Education, General Miftakes, the Advantages of Piety, the Repentance of the un. chafte Woman, the Vanity of attempting to oppofe God, imaginary Schemes of Happiness, Disguit with Life, the Passions, transient Devotions, the different Methods of Preachers, the deep Things of God, the Sentence passed upon Judas by Jesus Christ, the Cause of the Destruction of impenitent Sinners, and the Grief of the Righteous for the Misconduct of the Wicked.
Though Saurin's views of religion are not always such as a sational defender of Christianity can approve, yet the vivacity of his sentiments, the importance of his observations, the weight of his arguments, and the energy and animation with which he treats his subjects, entitle him to a place anong the most useful and distinguished preachers of his age.
The translator appears to have performed his part with fide. lity and spirit, Tbe Doctrine of a Providence, illustrated and applied in a Sermon,
freached to a Congregation of Pritefiant Diljenters, at Nottingbam, July 29, 1784 ; being the Day appointed for a General Thanksgiving, on the Conclusion of the late defiruttive War. By the Rev. George Walker, F.R.S. 8vo. 15. Johnson,
The topics, on which this writer infifts, are, a due acknowlegement of God as the great ruler of the world, a submission to his will, the consolation which the wisdom and rectitude of his providence inspires, and a thankfulnefs for the mercies which, in the midit of his chastisements, he is still pleafed to leave in our poffeflion.
In treating of Providence, the author takes notice of several phenomena, which, he thinks, cannot be accounted for upon
ve written on
always exact oxious air in -water, which ths, bedding, e sorry to obery accurate. ve know not tion with it, whether they whether they
air. So far e air, fomeerally in the Varet's expe gion, in its
In this unthat we can only. Free Ets it. The effect; while eflisted venti
natural or mechanical principles. This is a common, but, we presume, an erroncous notion. First, because there are many natural causes, which we cannot at present either see or ex. plain ; and, secondly, because we cannot poslibly set any bounds to the energy of mechanical causes ; fince it must be universally allowed, that the mechanitt is God. The Sum of Chriftianity, in Four Books ; containing the Faith, the
Temper, the Duty, and Happiness of a true Chriflian, as held forth in the Scriptures. By William Dalglivsl. In T wo l'olumes. Sve. 16s, in Boards. Dilly.
In this work the author undertakes to delineate Chriftianity in all its eflential parts, and these in their proper order and connection : that is, first, the religious truths which Christianity reveals for our instruction, and which every man, who would be a Christian, must know and believe : 2dly, the reJigious principles and teniper of mind which it requires in all men, and produces in all who fincerely believe and embrace it ; 3dly, the various duties towards God, our neighbour, and our. selves, which it enjoins to all who embrace it, and which every true Christian must be careful to perform : and, 4thly, the fal. vation and happiness which it promises to all who truly believe and obcy it, and which every lincere Chriltian Mall obtain.
These are the eflential parts of the Chrillian religion, and this is the order in which this pious and respectable writer has carefully arranged and explained them. But, as the logicians fay, ' quicquid recipitur, recipitur ad modum recipientis,' the fyltem of Christianity, which is here presented to the reader's view, is that which has been usually called Calvinistic. The practical part is unexceptionable.
MISCELLANEOUS. Esprit de Meilleurs Ecrivains Francais.
5. Dilly, Our present collector is diffatisfied with the labours of his predeceffors, and presents us with a different compilation. The great end is to collect froin such authors as have written detached pieces, that the selected part may be one entire whole ; and afford means to form the judgment, while the pupil acquires the language. Some moral reflections and maxins are consequently borrowed from Rochefoucault : Saint Real furnilhes reflections on the use of history, sciences, &c. Saint Evremond and Pascal their several thoughts ;' the penetrating Boubours, and the exact Rapin, their critical reflections. From Bruyere, the collector has borrowed general remarks on life and manners, without any particular characters; from Boileau, the beit fatires and epistles; and from Corneille, the Cid. The views of this compiler, though exact, are imperfect. While he attempts to form the judgment, he neglects the style of his pupil; though some of these authors are valuable for their energy, yet they are not proper models for a modern Frenchman. Perhaps the collector and ourselves are too fastidious, fince che pupil can never be wholly confined to the compilation
Ery al. eve
and - has cians - the der's The
of a school-book; and, if it affiit in teaching him the words
ing a rhapsodical Hodge-podge, containing, among other Things
This good. humoured author is rapt into future times. He looks up to Merlin and Noftredamus as his great predeceffors; while Mesmer and Deflon only follow the reveries of Paracelsus, or the fancies of fir Kenelm- Digby: This rhapsody' is indeed neither offensive to the laws, religion, or politics of this kingdom :' if it contains not the smallest sprig of science, it abounds with novel, innocent, mirth.' The intro. duction is unsuitable to the work itself; and, though we állow with the author, that it is of no consequence in what part of a book a good thing may be, yet it contains too much of the depravity of mankind, to suit with the harmless humour of the relt; and, in one or two places, it seems to lean towards personal satire. He examines mankind, and finds in the human heart a great deal of avarice, prodigality, and oftentation ; consequently the prodigal, the oftentatious, the avaritious, the fraudulent, and deceitful, will turn balloons to their own use.
Quorsum hæc tam putida tendunt?' These are the foundations of his prophecy; on these hinges turn the events, which are fupposed to happen; and the conjurer, as usual, only applies general rules to particular cases.
We have already given our opinion on this fubject; but whether balloons are the popular amusement of the day, or a philosophical invention, capable of improvements, and pro. bably of the greatest utility, our author's humour is agreeable, and his fancy copiuus. We shall extract an article of intelliģence from each year, as we think that the fucceflive ones are well adapted to a science supposed to admit of confiderable additions
• We are happy to affore our readers, that the air-carriages are found to be of such utility, that they are daily increasing in number throughout the kingdom: no less than fifty balloons were at their moorings in the various inns in Reading, in their way from Bath to London. It is computed that not less than 100,000 horses were formerly employed in conveying people from place to place on account of business, exclusive of those employed in the transportation of goods, and this number will appear exaggerated only to those who are unskilled in political arithmetic; the reduction of horfes for this purpose cannot but produce a reduction in the price of grain.--A confummation devoutly to be wished.' In the year 1786, the following advertisement appears':
s of his on. The tren dee whole i oupil ace axims are Real fur. &c. Saint enetrating ons. From rks on life
m Boileau, - Cid. The cct. While
style of his ble for their Fern Frenchoo fastidious, compilation