Commoners: Common Right, Enclosure and Social Change in England, 1700-1820
This is a paperback edition of one of the most important and original contributions to English rural history published in the past generation. Winner of the Whitfield Prize of the Royal Historical Society in 1994, Commoners challenges the view that England had no peasantry or that it had disappeared before industrialization: rather it shows that common right and petty landholding shaped social relations in English villages, and that their loss at enclosure sharpened social antagonisms and imprinted on popular culture a pervasive sense of loss.
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The question of value
Who had common right?
Threats before enclosure
Ordering the commons
Enforcing the orders
The uses of waste
Making freeman of the slave
Using the Land Tax
Correcting and editing the Land Tax
acreage equivalent agistment animals arable argued Buckinghamshire Burton Latimer cattle cent Chambers and Mingay Chapter common land common pasture common right common waste common-field cottage commoners cottage rights counter-petition court critics of commons decline disappearance E. P. Thompson economy eighteenth century enclosing parishes Enclosure Awards enclosure Bills England fallow farms fences field orders fieldsmen forest fuel furze grazing H(BL Helpston holdings horses House of Commons hundred acres John Clare jury labourers Land Tax returns landholders landless commoners landlords landowners less Lord manors Maxey Midland moners Moreton Pinkney Northampton Northampton Mercury Northamptonshire Northants open parishes open-field overstocking owner-occupiers Oxfordshire Parliament Parliamentary Enclosure peasant petition poor Raunds rented Ringstead rural sheep Shutlanger small farmers small occupiers small owners smallholders stints Stoke Bruerne survival Sutton Bassett tenants Thirsk Thomas trespass value of common wage Warwicks Warwickshire West Haddon Weston by Welland Whitfield Whittlebury Wilbarston wood
Page 5 - These paths are stopt — the rude philistines thrall Is laid upon them and destroyed them all Each little tyrant with his little sign Shows where man claims earth glows no more divine On paths to freedom and to childhood dear A board sticks up to notice 'no road here...