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Deliberate pause: Diseases, desperate grown, ..
By desperate appliance are relieved,

Or not at all.—How now? what hath befallen?

Ros. Where the dead body is bestow'd, my lord,
We cannot get from him.

But where is he? Ros. Without, my lord; guarded, to know your

King. Bring him before us.
Ros. Ho, Guildenstern! bring in my lord.

King. Now, Hamlet, where's Polonius ?
Ham. At supper.
King. At supper? Where?

Ham. Not where he eats, but where be is eaten : a certain convocation of politick worms are e’en at him. Your worm is your only emperor for diet: we fat all creatures else, to fat us; and we fat ourselves for maggots; Your fat king, and your lean beggar, is but variable service; two dishes, but to one table; that's the end.

[King. Alas, alas!

Ham. A man may fish with the worm that hath eat of a king; and eat of the fish that hath fed of that worm..]

King. What dost thou mean by this ?

Ham. Nothing, but to show you how a king may go a progress? through the guts of a beggar.

1 Alas, Alas! This speech, and the following one of Hamlet, are omitted in the folio.

2 A progress is a journey. Steevens says 'it alludes to the royal journies of state, always styled progresses. This was probably in Shakspeare's mind; for the word was certainly ap- . plied to those periodical journeys of the sovereign to visit their

King. Where is Polonius?

Ham. In heaven; send thither to see: if your messenger find him not there, seek him i’the other place yourself. But, indeed, if you find him not within this month, you shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby.

King. Go seek him there. [To some Attendants.
Ham. He will stay till you come.

[Exeunt Attendants. King. Hamlet, this deed, for thine especial safe

ty,Which we do tender, as we dearly grieve For that which thou hast done,-must send thee

With fiery quickness : Therefore prepare thyself;
The bark is ready, and the wind at help?,
The associates tend 4, and every thing is bent
For England.

Ham. For England ?

Ay, Hamlet.

King. So is it, if thou knew'st our purposes.

Ham. I see a cherub, that sees them.-But, come; for England !-Farewell, dear mother. King. Thy loving father, Hamlet.

Ham. My mother : Father and mother is man and wife; man and wife is one flesh; and so, my mother. Come, for England.


noble subjects, but by no means exclusively. Sir William Drury, in a Letter to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, among the Conway papers, tells him he is going ' a little progresse to be merry with his neighbours. And that popular book of John Bunyan's, The Pilgrim's Progress, is surely not the account of a regal predatory excursion.'

3 i. e. in modern phrase 'the wind serves,' or is right to aid or help you on your way.

ii. e. attend.

King Fu... HAMLET,


ACT iv. King. Follow him at foot; tempt him with speed

aboard; Delay it not, I'll have him hence to-night; Away; for every thing is seald and done That else leans on the affair: 'Pray you, make haste.

(Exeunt Ros. and GUIL. And, England, if my love thou hold'st at aught, (As my great power thereof may give thee sense; Since yet thy cicatrice looks raw and red After the Danish sword, and thy free awe Pays homage to us,) thou may’st not coldly set5 Our sovereign process; which imports at full, By letters cónjuring to that effect, The present death of Hamlet. Do it, England;

For like the hectick in my blood he rages , · And thou must cure me: Till I know 'tis done, Howe'er my haps, my joys will ne'er begin ?. .

[Exit. SCENE IV. A Plain in Denmark. Enter FORTINBRAS, and Forces, marching. For. Go, captain, from me greet the Danish king; Tell him, that, by his licence, Fortinbras Claims 1 the conveyance of a promis'd march Over his kingdom. You know the rendezvous. If that his majesty would aught with us, We shall express our duty in his eye 2. And let him know so.

5 To set formerly meant to estimate. There is no ellipsis, as Malone supposed. • To sette, or tell the pryce; æstimare. To set much or little by a thing, is to estimate it much or little. 6 I would forget her, but a fever she Reigns in my blood.

Love's Labour's Lost. 7 The folio reads :

Howe'er my haps, my joys were ne'er begun.' | The quarto reads---craves. 2 Eye for presence. In the Regulations for the establishment Cap.

I will do't, my lord. For. Go softly on.

(Exeunt FORTINBRAS and Forces.


STERN, 8c. [Ham. Good sir, whose powers are these? Cap. They are of Norway, sir. Ham.

How purpos’d, sir, I pray you ?

Cap. Against some part of Poland.

Who Commands them, sir?

Cap. The nephew to old Norway, Fortinbras.

Ham. Goes it against the main of Poland, sir, Or for some frontier ?

Cap. Truly to speak, sir, and with no addition,
We go to gain a little patch of ground,
That hath in it no profit but the name.
To pay five ducats, five, I would not farm it;
Nor will it yield to Norway, or the Pole,
A ranker rate, should it be sold in fee.

Ham. Why, then the Polack never will defend it.
Cap. Yes, 'tis already garrison'd. .
Ham. Two thousand souls, and twenty thousand

Will not debate the question of this straw:
This is the imposthume of much wealth and peace;
That inward breaks, and shows no cause without
Why the man dies.—I humbly thank you, sir.

Cap. God be wi' you, sir. (Exit Captain.

of the Queen's Household, 1627 :—All such as doe service in the queen's eye. And in The Establishment of Prince Henry's Household, 1610:– All such as doe service in the prince's eye.' It was the formulary for the royal presence.

3 The remainder of this scene is omitted in the folio.


Will't please you go, my lord ? Ham. I will be with you straight. Go a little before.

[Exeunt Ros. and Guil. How all occasions do inform against me, And spur my dull revenge! What is a man, If his chief good, and market * of his time, Be but to sleep, and feed ? a beast, no more. Sure, he, that made us with such large discourse", Looking before, and after, gave us not That capability and godlike reason To fust in us unus'd. Now, whether it be Bestial oblivion, or some craven 6 scruple Of thinking too precisely on the event,A thought, which, quarter'd, hath but one part

wisdom, And, ever, three parts coward,—I do not know Why yet I live to say, This thing's to do: Sith I have cause, and will, and strength, and means, To do't. Examples, gross as earth, exhort me: Witness, this army of such mass, and charge, Led by a delicate and tender prince; Whose spirit, with divine ambition puff’d, Makes mouths at the invisible event;

4 i. e. profit.

5 See note on Act i. Sc. 2, p. 174. It is evident that discursive powers of mind are meant; or, as Johnson explains it, • such latitude of comprehension, such power of reviewing the past, and anticipating the future. Since I wrote the former note, I find that Bishop Wilkins makes ratiocination and discourse convertible terms.

6 Craven is recreant, cowardly. It may be satisfactorily traced from crant, creant, the old French word for an act of submission. It is so written in the old metrical romance of Ywaine and Gawaine (Ritson, vol. i. p. 133):

Or yelde the til us als creant.'
And in Richard Cour de Lion (Weber, vol. ii. p. 208):

On knees he fel down, and cryde, “ Créaunt." It then became cravant, cravent, and at length craven. It is superfluous to add that recreant is from the same source.

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