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An Account of the Works of Chaucer to which this Glossary
is adapted, and of those other pieces which have been ima properly intermixed with his in the editions: Of The Canterbury Tales, the greatest work of Chaucer, it is needless to repeat what has been said in different parts of this edition, particularly in the App.to the Preface,(A.) and in the Introductory Discourse,vol.I. One of the earliest of his other Works was probably,
I. The Romaunt of the Rose. He speaks of it himself in L. W. 329 and 441.; it is professedly a translation of the French Roman de la Rose, and many gross blunders in the printed text may be corrected by comparing it with the original. Dr. Hunter was so obliging as to lend me a mí, of this poem, (the only one that I have ever heard of) which has occasionally been confulted to good advantage, but it does not supply any of the most material defects of the printed editions.
II. Troilus and Creseide, in five books. 'This poem is also mentioned by our Author in L.W.332 and 441.; it is for the most part a translation of the Filoftrato of Boccace, but with many variations, and such large additions, that it contains above 2700 lines more than its original. See the Eljay, &c. n. 62. There are feveral mís. of this poem in the Bodleian library and in the Museum which have been occasionally consulted.
III. The Court of Love was first printed among the additions made to Chaucer's Works by John Stowe in the edition of 1561. One might reasonably have expected to find it mentioned in L. W. loc. cit. but notwithstanding the want of that testimony in its favour I am induced by the internal evidence to consider it as one of Chaucer's genuine productions. I have never heard of any ms. of this poeni.
IV. The Complaint of Pitee. So this poem is entitled
in mf. Harl. 78.; it is extant also in mf. Bodl. Fairf. 16. 'The subject is alluded to in The Court of Love, ver. 700, feq.
V. Of Quene Annelida and false Arcite, with The Come plaint of Annelida. 'The story of this poem is faid, in ver. 10, to have been originally in Latin, and in ver. 21 Chaucer names the authors whom he professes to follow;
First folwe I Stace, and after him Corinne. As the opening only is taken from Starius, [l.iv. ver. 519,) we must suppose that Corinne furnished the remainder; but who Corinne was is not easy to guess. -One can hardly fuppofe that Chaucer had met with that poem of the ancient Corinna, the contemporary of Pindar, which was entitled 'Exla eri OnCars,[Fragm. ex Apollonio Dyscolo,ap. Maittair.de DialeEl. p.429,1.4,] nor do I know that any fictitious work upon the war of Thebes has ever been set forth under her name. She is mentioned by Propertius, [II, el. iii. v. 21,) and by Statius, [Sylv. V. carm. iii. v. 158,] but neither of them takes notice of her having written on the affairs of Thebes. -It Mould be observed that the Arcite, whose infidelity is here complained of is quite a different person from the Arcite of The Knightes 'Tale; from which circumstance we may perhaps be allowed to infer that this poem was written before Chaucer had met with The Theseida. It is extant in mss. Harl. 372, and Bodl. Fairf. 16.
VI. The Assemblee of Foules is mentioned by Chaucer himself in L.W.419, under the title of The Parlement of Foules. In mf. Bodl. Fairf. 16, it is entitled The ParLement of Brildes.The opening of this poem is built upon the Somnum Scipionis of Cicero, as it appears at the head of Macrobius' Commentary. The deferia
tion of a garden and temple, from ver. 183 to ver. 287, is almost entirely taken from Boccace's description of the temple of Venus in the 7th book of The Theseida. Sec the n. on ver. 1920. I have found no reason to retract the fufpicion there intimated as to the date of this poem, nor can I confirm it by any external evidence.
VII. The Complaint of the Black Knight, in mfl. Bodl. Fairf. 16, and Bodl. 638, is entitled Complaint of a Lover's Life. I do not wish much confidence to be given to the conjecture in App. to the Pref. (C.) n. (e) that this poem relates to John of Gaunt.
VIII. Cbaucer's A, B, C, was first printed in Mr. Spoght's second edit. in 1602. It is faid in the title to have been composed at the request of the Duchesse Blanche: if that be true it ought to be placed before
IX. The Booke of the Duchesje, which Chaucer himself has mentioned by the title of The Deth of Blaunche the Duchele, L. W.418. See an account of this poem in the n. on ver. 4467.
X. The House of Fame is mentioned by Chaucer himfelfin L.W.417. : it was probably written while he was Comptroller of the Custom of Wools, and confequently not earlier than 1374. See the passage from b. ii. quoted in the App. to the Pref. (C.) n. (e.) It is extant in mit. Bodl. Fairf. 16, and Bodl. 638.
XI. Chaucer's Dreme was first printed in Mr.Speght's edit. of his works in 1597. Bayle teems to speak of it under the title De Cofieiio Dominarum, lib. i. The fuppoied plan of this poem, prefixed to it by Mr. Speght, is a mere fancy, but there is no ground for doubting the authenticity of the poem itself. When I imagined that a pallage in this Dreme (ver. 1820–1926,1 was probably copied from the lay of Elidus, [Difcourse, c. n. 24,] I did not recollect that the incident there related is very similar to one in the Grecian fa
bulous history, [See Hyginus, fab. 136, de Polyido,]and therefore might easily have come to Chaucer through some other channel.
XII. The Flour and the Lefe was also printed for the first time in the edit. of 1597, but I do not think its authenticity so clear as that of the preceding poem ; the subject at least is alluded to by Chaucer in L.W. 188-194.
XIII. The Legende of Goode Women is extant in mfl. Bodl. Arch. Seld. B. 24, and Fairf. 16. For the time of its composition see the Discourse, çoc.n. 3. See also the n.on ver. 4481. An additional argument for believing that the number intended was nineteen may be drawn from The Court of Love, ver. 108, where, speaking of Alceste, Chaucer says
To whom obeyed the Ladies gode ninetene. XIV. The Complaint of Mars and Venus is faid, in the conclusion, to have been translated from the French of Graunfon, probably that OthodeGraunson who was. retained in the military service of Richard II. with an annuity of 200 marks, (Pat. 17 R. II. p. I, m. 6, ap. Rymer.] Mr. Speght mentions a tradition (if I understand him right) that this poem was originally made of the Lady Elizabeth, daughter to John of Gaunt, (whom he calls King of Spaine) and her husband the Lord John Holland, half-brother to Richard II. I cannot see any thing in the poem itself that countenances this particular notion, though I have little doubt that it was intended to describe the situation of some two lovers under a veil of mystical allegory.—This poem is extant in mís. Bodl. Arch. Seld. B. 24, and Fairf. 16.; in mf. Harl. 7333 it is entitled The Broche of Thebes as of the Love of Mars and Venus, which inclines me to believe that it is the poem mentioned by Lydgate, and from him by Bayle, which has of late been supposed to be loft. Lydgate's words arc
OF Annelida and of false Arcite
Prol. 10 Trag. sign. A ii. b. From this passage Bayle, as I suppose, deceived by the ambiguous fenfe of the word broche, has attributed to Chaucer a poem De Vulcani veru, of Vulcan's spit; he should have said De Vulcani gemma, or monili.It seems to have signified originally the tongue of a buckle or clafp, and from thence the buckle or clasp itself, 3265, 8131. T. v. 1660. But see ver. 160.-It probably came by degreesto signify any sort of jewel. Broche. Fuell. Monile. Armilla. Prompt. Parv. See Nouche.This broche of Thebes, from which the whole poem is here?upposed to have taken its title, is described at large in the Complaint of Mars, ver.93–109. The first idea of it seems to have been derived from what Statius has iaid of the fatal necklace made by Vulcan for Harmnonia, Tbeb.ii. 365-305.Lydgate refers us to Ovide, but I cannot find any thing in him upon the subject.
XV. TbeCuckow and the Nightingale, in mf. Fairf. 16, is entitled The loke of Cupide god of Love: it is extant also in mi. Bodl. 638, and as far as ver. 235 in Arch. Suld. B. 24, and might be much improved and augmented with fome lines from those msl. The ballade of three stanzas with an envoye, which seems to belong to this poem in the editt. does not appear at all in mf. Bodl. 638.; in ml. Fairf. 16, it is at the end of The booke of the Duchesse. I cannot believe that it was written by Chaucer.
Beside these more considerable works, it appears from L. W.422,430, that our Author had composed many Balades, Roundels, Virelayos ; that he had made many a Lay and many a Tbing. A few pieces of this sort