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are still extant, ħut hardly any I think of fo early a date as the Legende. I will let them down here as they stand in the editt.
1. L'envoy de Chaucer à Bukton, beginning My Maister Bukton, zban of Chrif?, &c. So this little poem is entitled in mí. Fairf. 16. It has always been printed at the end of The booke of the Duchesse, with an &c. in the first line instead of the name of Bukton; and in Mr Urry's edit. the following most unaccountable note is prefixed to it, “This seems an envoy to “ the Duke of Lancaster after his loss of Blanch.”From the reference to The Wife of Bathè, ver. 29, 1 should suppose this to have been one of our Author's later compositions, and I find that there was a Peter de Buketon, the king's Eschcator for the county of York in 1397, [pat. 20 R. II. p. 2, m. 3, ap. Rymer,] to whom this poem, from the familiar style of it, is much more likely to have been addrefled than to the Duke of Lancaster.
2. Balade sent to King Richard, begion. Sometime the quorld, &C.So this poem is entitled in mf. Harl. E.: it is extant also in Fairf. 16, and in Cotton, Otho, A. xviii.
3. Balade, beginning-Fle fro the prefe, &c. In mf. Cotton, Otho, A. xviii, this balade is tiid to have been made by Chaucer upon his death-bed, lying in his anguiso; but of such a circumstance some further proof should be required: it is found without any fuch a note in ms. Arch. Seld. B. 24, and Fairf. 16.
4. Balade of the villageheginning, This wretched worldes, &c.—It is extantin mf. Fairf. 16, and Bodl. 638. In mf. Asomol. 59, it is said to have been translated from the French. Tanner, in v. Cbaucır.
5. L'envoy de Chaucer à Skogan-beginn. To brokin ben the statutes, &c.--So this poem is entitled in mf. Fairf. 16. Among a number of people of all forts who
had letters of protection to attend Richard II.'upon his expedition to Ireland in 1399 is Henricus Scogan Armiger. This jocose expostulation was probably ada dressed to him by our Author some years before, when Scogan's interest at court may be suppoted to have been better than his own.
6. Cbaucer to bis emptie purse,-beginn. To you, my, purse, &c.—This balade is extantin mf. Fairf. 16, and in Cotton, Otho, A. xviii. The envoy appears to be addressed to Henry IV.
7. Balade beginning, The firfte frock, &c.--These three stanzas have been preserved in A moral balade by Henry Scogan, of which fome notice will be taken below.
8. Proverbes by Chaucer-beginning, What fbal these clothes, &c.-So this little piece is entitled in mf. Harl
. 7578.: it evidently contains two distinct proverbs or moral admonitions.
9. Chaucer's quordes to his Scrivenere-beginn. Adam Scrivenere, &0.-A proof of his attention to the correctness of his writings. See also T. v. 1794, 5.
The Works of Chaucer in prose are,
I. A transation of Boethius De Confolatione Philofophiæ, which he has mentioned himself in L. W. ver. 425.
II. A treatise on the Aftrolabe, addrefled to his fon Lowis in 1391. It is plain from what is said at the beginning of this treatise that the printed copies do not contain more than two of the five parts of which it was intended to consist.
III. The Testament of Love is evidently an imitation of Boethius De Confolatione Pbilofophiæ : it seems to have been begun by our Author after his troubles, in the middle part of the reign of Richard II.and to have been
finished about the time that Gower published his confolio Amantis, in the 16th year of that reign; at least
it must then have been far advanced, as Gower mentions it by its title, Conf. Am. 190, b.
The foregoing I consider as the genuine Works of Chaucer; of those which have been improperly intermixed with his in the editions the following are known to be the works of other authors.
1. The Teftament and Complaint of Creseide appears, from ver. 41, not to have been written by Chaucer; and Ivír. Urry was intormed by Sir James Ereskin, late Earl of Kelly, and diverse aged scholars of the Scottish nation, that the true author was Mr. Robert Henderson, chief schoolmaster of Dumferlin, a little time before Chaucer was first printed, and dedicated to King Henry VIII. bay Mr. Thynne. I suppose the fame person is mcant that is called Robert Henryfone in Ancient Scottiso Poems, where several of his compofitions may be feen, from p. 98 to p. 138.
2. The Floure of Courtepe is faid in the title to have been made by John Lydgate.
3. La belle Dame fans Mercie, a translation from Alain Chartier, is attributed, in mf. Harl, 372, to Sir Richard Ros.See App.totbe Pref.(C.) n.(n.) pon looking further into Alain's works I find a balade upon the taking of Fougieres by the English in 1448, [Ocuvres d'Al. Chartier, p. 717,] so that he was certainly living near fifty years after Chaucer's death, which makes it quite incredible that the latter should have transiated any thing of his.
4. The Letter of Cupide is dated in 1402, two years after Chaucer's death. It was written by Thomas Occleve, who mentions it himself as one of his own compositions in a Dialogue which follows his Complaint, mf. Bodl, 1504.;
Yes, Thomas, yes, in The Epistle of Cupide
5. Jubn Gower unto the noble King Henry the IV. with fome Latin verses of the same author.
6. Sayings of Dan John [Lydgate.] 7. Scogan unto the lordes and gentlemen oftbekyngeshouse. Sothe title of this poem is expressed in the old editt. but, according to Mr.Speght, in the written copies it is thus ;“ Here followeth a moral balade to the Prince, “ the DukeofClarence, the Dukeof Bedford, the Duke "s of Glocester, the King's sonnes, by Henry Scogan, at “s a supper.among the marchants in the vintry at Lon“don in the house of Lewis John.” This cannot be quite accurate, as neither of the two younger sons of H. IV. had the title of Duke while their eldest brother was prince; but I find that there was about that time a Lewis John,aWellman, who was naturalized by act of parl. 2 H. V.and who was concerned with Tho:nas Chaucer in the execution of the office of Chief Butler, Rot. Parl. 2 H. V. n. 18. The same person, probably, was appointed remitter of all monies that should be fent to Rome for three years, ap. Rymer, an. eodem.“ The article concerning Skogan in Tanner's Bibl. Brit. is a heap of confusion. He is there called John, is faid to have been a Master of Arts of Oxford, and Jester to K. Edward VI. (perhaps a misprint for IV.) to have been contemporary with Chaucer, and famous in the year 1480. In a collection of foolish stories which is supposed to have been first published by Dr. Andrew Borde in the time of Henry VIII. under the title of Scogan's As, he is called Thomas, and there too he is represented as a graduate, I think of Oxford, and as jester to some king, but without any circumstances sufficient to determine what king is meant.--I am inclined to believe that the Scogan who wrote this poem is rightly named Henry in Mr. Speght's ní. Asto the
two circumstances of his having been a Master of Arts of Oxford and jefter to a king, I can find no older authority for eitherthan Dr. Borde's book: that he was contemporary with Chaucer, but fo as to furvive him for feveral ycars, perhaps till the reign of Henry V.is fufficiently clear from this poem.--Shakespeare seems to have followedthe jet-book in considering Scoganas a mere buffoon, when he mentions as one of Falstaff's boyish exploits that he broke Scogan's head at the court-gate, [2d Part of Henry IV. act iii.] But Jonfon has given a more dignified and probably a juster account of his situation and character, Masque of the Fortunate Isles, vol. vi. p. 192. ;
Mere-fool. Skogan! what was he?
Fobphiel. O! a fine gentleman, and Master of Arts,
Mere-fool. But wrote he like a gentleman? [verse,
Fobpbiel. In rhime, fine tinkling rhiine, and flowand With now and then some sense ; and he was paid for't, Regarded and rewarded, which few poets
Are now-a-days. This description of Skogan corresponds very well with the ideas which would naturally be fuggested by the perufal of the poem before us, and of that addressed to him by Chaucer. See above, p. 15.; and indeed I question whether Jonson had any other good foundation for what he has faid of him.
8. Abalade of yoo de counseil, translated out of Latin verfes into Englifs, by Dan John Lydgate.
9. A balade made in the preise or rather difpreife of women for their doubleness, by Lydgate, according to mf. Ajbmo!. 6943.