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societies are more harmful than beneficial to the High-|| popular word in many parts of Scotland then; and it lands. The benefits conferred by them are excessively | was a wise boon for Mar to offer. “No Union,” expaltry. The payments to the benefit fund are a few cept for the hatred borne to the Stuart race by the shillings annually—a mere pennyworth of bread for a Scottish Whigs, who had trusted them and suffered gallon of sack and nonsense.

by them so often, would have been a successful quarrel. The utter extinction of all preconceived notions of Ireland now bears but a faint resemblance to Scotland Royalty in the minds of some of the ancient Highland then, in its opposition to the Union. The party of matrons and men, by the visit to Invercauld, was in: | rebels on Slievenamon were not weaker in personal intensely amusing. Forlorn links, between the eighteenth fluence compared to the chieftains of Lochnagar, than and nineteenth centuries, had all their great ideas ut- is the Irish Repeal cause when contrasted with the terly routed and put to flight. Intensely old and intense hatred to the Scottish Union in the first part venerable ladies, in caps and plaids—whose fathers mus- of the last century. Gradually that feeling died out. tered on Balmoral haugh to fight for Charles Stuart— Men learned to work the Union for their benefit. were utterly put out of all their calculations by the Absenteeism and entails fought against the interests appearance of the Queen and the Prince. A plain gentle- 1 of the nation—its representation was a chartered liemanly man, in a dark surtout, and a dark hat, without its local institutions were reduced—its commerce was any gold or diamonds glistening on his belt-because limited; but the comm

mmonalty set themselves to the belt he had none--and wearing nothing that would not improvement of their condition-beat down all the nahave become a parish minister, could not be a Prince.tural and artificial obstacles to its improvement, and The Queen, in their minds, had always carried a Gol- | achieved for themselves a standing place in the empire conda of diamonds on her brow, and appeared publicly -for their country a surer independence than it ever under ornaments of gold and silver like an oriental exchanged for incorporation. princess of the ancients; so that when a lady in a plain The Irish middle class must work out the same conwhite bonnet and a tartan shawl was declared to be clusion. They have advantages that the Scotch did their Queen, they were all indignant at the cheat which not possess. Their influence in the Legislature is nowas, as they believed, attempted to be palmed on them, minally greater, is real and efficient. They have come for they would not have considered the bonnet and into a richer copartnership; and they must labour to the shawl good enough for a Queen's scullery-maid- take their share of the proceeds for themselves and and, finally, one reasoning matron put the matter down their land. by exclaiming, “Hoo can she be the Queen, wha's nae The Bridge of Invercauld is built after the old sae braw's the lady o' Innercaul'?” At last their con fashion-narrow, and bent like a bow. It forms an victions and doubts were overcome, and they were as-important link in the great road from south to north, sured that the Monarch's claims were not to be invali- and crosses the river at a point where the hills on dated by reason of the white bonnet; and the Royal either side almost meet, and its channel is torn and Stuart shawl was rather in their favour. The bless- || rugged. The peace of the Dee is broken again; and, ings of old ladies, bowed with cild, and patriarchs, with for many miles, it never re-assumes the quiet placidity their grey straggling hair, whose ancestors lifted the of its course through this upland valley from the sword against her predecessors, were exhausted in Linn to Invercauld. favour of the sweet lady" of the land—a greater per- The view from this bridge is peculiarly fine and exsonage by unimaginable degrees than “the lady of tensive. The valuable forest of Ballochmore comes Invercauld,” and she had been the greatest in their down to the water's edge. On the north side, the esteem hitherto.

young wood is kept with all the tact and precision of There was more interest, certainly, in the remarks of an English park, and the lodges are specimens of neatthe two thousand old and young representatives of the But to the east, the mountain tops break out Highland population, than in their games. Factors, from masses of dark pines—grey and cold, except the under-factors, keepers, and keepers’-men, were quite a blue summits of Lochnagar, that seem to bend over treat to see and hear. The importance of the factorage the valley; and, to the west, far away, the long ridges was raised enormously in their own esteem, and utterly of Bennavon, spotted with snow in summer time, and obliterated in that of their neighbours—who believed the “grisly cliffs that guard the Dee,” look down into that, in the presence of the highest authority in the this beautiful recess amongst the mountains. land, all the injunctions of subordinate authorities The road on the north side of the river runs from might be despised—and so it came to pass that the this point to Aberdeen uninterruptedly; and a road is lawn was forsaken, and the terrace occupied by patri- || also carried down the south side of the river, for the cians and plebeians in one body, the Monarch seem- greater part of its course. The north road is generally ingly quite as much amused with her curious subjects as followed, but the south to Ballater is most interesting. they were corrected in all their notions of sovereignty. The first object of interest on the south side is the

Still back, back, ever pressing on the mind, came burn of the Garrawalt, which falls into the Dee nearly the Countess of Mar's standard, with The Independ- ||two miles east from the Bridge of Invercauld. The ence of Scotland and “No Union” sewed into its || Garrawalt has some of the finest falls on the river. Its heavy folds by her own hands; and welcomed with a whole course resembles more closely one continued shout that startled cagles on the rocks, and rung far fall than the progress of an orderly composed Lowland up the Cluny into Perthshire, was echoed and re-echoed | burn; but this Garrawalt is a wild, thoughtless stream from Lochnagar to Mount Kean, down the ladder to from its infancy, ever sacrificing its peace and rest to the valleys of the Esks and Forfarshire, and raised the the production of a noise in the world, which few come war-cry through all the Highlands to Argyle against near it to hear; for in the deep solitudes of this forest the dynasty of the Revolution. No Union" was a we remember only one house, on the south side of the


river, from the Erskine's Stane to the Invergelder, asja sportsman. At that period, the late Lord Kennedy, distance of six to eight miles. The Garrawalt is a the son of the Earl of Cassilis, subsequently the first considerable stream, but it lives so fast, hurrying al- || Marquis of Ailsa, led the squirearchy of the northways sheer down a little precipice, or over a rock at a eastern counties a complete round of sporting feats, sharp angle, as if it had to drive a dozen of cotton mills, that terminated in the embarrassment of many prothat it hardly obtains credit for its real magnitude. || prietors. His Lordship was a gay, open, generousA path has been cut for some distance up its steep hearted man, the possessor of a large fortune, and banks, a bridge erected, and a small fog-house built in the heir of immense cstates. His personal energy the neighbourhood of the principal fall, by the late was almost indomitable, and, if it had been directed Mrs. Farquharson, of Invercauld; who was fond of the into a better channel, might have been productive of huge trees in her forests, and the wild scenery of the great and good achievements, for he was endowed with Garrawalt. The banks above the channel of the water very considerable talent; but the country was at peace; are often steep and high, covered with thriving trees the political world was apathetic and dead; the Whig hanging over the cascades and whirlpools of the little party, to whom he belonged, were out of office and stream, and thickly carpeted with long forest grass, || hopeless; even India was in a state of torpor; and agrior the small berry-bushes of the hills, interspersed with cultural interests were deemed beneath the attention many curious wild flowers, and in some quarters with of the nobility and gentry, whose means were entirely the richest heath. The Garrawalt is certainly a beau- dependent upon agriculture. Those noble enterprises, tiful stream, but the ascent is steep, and the forest journeyings, and yachtings to foreign and distant scene is dark and lonely.

lands, in strange and almost unknown seas, which have The trade of the district takes the north side of the recently and happily become an outlet for the activity river, and some distance further on the small burn of of many of the young aristocracy, and have produced Inver falls into the Dee. A considerable population some of the most popular, successful, and useful litoskirts its north bank, from the inn of Inver down to rary efforts in our language, had not then commenced. Crathie bridge; and that side has a broad strip of cul- || The new crusades of the Normans in search of knowtivated land often stretching well up on the hills, with ledge had not been preached. The world, to rich a sharp and early soil. The harvest, in this part of young Whigs especially, was the abode of ennui and the country, was, in the past year, earlier than in some idleness; and we can scarcely wonder that they were of the districts nearer the sea; and considerably earlier drawn into the pursuit of costly pleasures that embar. than in the medium tracts in some of our southern rassed many old and noble houses. We are not the counties. There is a remarkable cairn a short distance || advocates of a predominant aristocracy, or of the ex. from the road, and closer to the river, which was once clusive privileges of any caste or class; yet, as honest the rendezvous of the Farquharsons—Cairn-a-quheen gossipers and tale bearers, we are bound to say that, is its name, and was their slogan, or war-cry. Peace in the character of their pursuits, and in the cultivation has been long established in the land, and the plaided || of their opportunities and talents of usefulness, no class warrior's steps are never turned now to Cairn-a-quhcen, of the community have improved more within the last which has been more profitably covered by young quarter of a century than the British aristocracy. There timber. The little village of Monaltrie, belonging once are many blotches on the body still—too many ; but it to the same powerful sept, is a short distance from the has also many ornaments, whose energy and genius Cairn-a-quheen; and as the mansion of Monaltrie once would honour any class of society. stood near the village, the presumption is not unnatural The late nobleman, whose name we have mentioned, that the Farquharsons of Monaltrie were deemed the || as for a time, now long past, the leader of the northhead of the clan, which is now represented by the Far-eastern sportsmen, in some respects resembled the dequharsons of Invercauld, who bear the name by per- ceased, and very justly lamented, leader of the country Inission, and not of right, instead of Ross, their family || party in the House of Commons, Lord George Benname. The mansion-house of Monaltrie was long ago tinck. The resemblance was very incomplete; but built at the mouth of the pass of Ballater, ten miles there is no reason to doubt that both of these noblemen beneath the street or village of Monaltrie; and that entered sporting circles from want of a better occupabranch of the family is now also extinct. Monaltrie || tion. The superior talent of the one was strikingly exestate, as we mentioned previously, is in the possession || hibited before he died; and the latent talent of the of Mrs. Farquharson, for her life. Mr. Farquharson other wanted only opportunities, which it failed to of Monaltrie died in Switzerland many years ago; and make. A truly great mind makes its opportunities, the monument erected to his memory on a hill near the but many influential men require to have the first river, beneath the present mansion, by his lady, serves step taken for them. to perpetuate the remembrance of a family who must The connection of the western noble with the eastern have exercised, for good or evil, a paramount influence district of the country was formed in a manner someover an immense range of country, and, at one time, what singular, and of links not altogether unconnected over a numerous population. The estate of Monaltrie | with the Dee. falls into the family of Invercauld. The estates of Towards the middle of the last century, a young Finzean and Lumphanan, many miles lower on the river and clever artisan left Deeside for one of the colonies. than Monaltrie, were long held by a branch of the In-His determination to go thus forward in the world was verey Farquharsons. The late Mr. Farquharson of Fin- | at the time more remarkable, because emigration to the zean was one of the largest proprietors on Deeside, and colonies was deemed disreputable. Devices were then had acquired the valuable estate of Blackhall, in addition pursued at Aberdeen to obtain emigrants for the planto his multitude of old paternal acres. He was at one | tations, that differed little in their nature from those now time, twenty or twenty-five years since, celebrated as || adopted in Africa to gain slaves for the Brazils or Cuba.


Young boys were undoubtedly kidnapped and trepan- || are more mischievous, or more abundant, a few miles ned from their homes, and shipped to the plantations beneath this part of the river; and the tenants of the as a speculation, even by wary and money-making Dee have often reason to doubt the gentleness of bailies, whose interest, as merchants, overcame their ladies' hearts. Some of the lady visitors at Ballater duties as magistrates and men.

As in similar cases, are successful followers of Izaak Walton, and several the dread of these practices was more annoying than allege broadly that the art belongs properly to them; the extent to which they were really carried; but for gentlemen have the heath, the hill, and their guns. there is distinct evidence that we are not quite a cen- The south side of the river, in this part of its course, tury yet removed from a small slave trade of our own. | has no greater variety of scenery than is afforded in The young tradesman was, however, determined to push the sweep of a very fine forest, and the high hills his own way in the world; and he succeeded. After reared tothe south-Craigspanie and Craigstrone. These many years he returned home immensely rich- mountains make those regular cups in the river's course miniature, and yet by no means a small, Hudson. He that we have already mentioned as so remarkable, and purchased a very fine estate, married, and had one so long continued, for they may be very easily traced daughter, the heiress of his fortune, who, remarkable for until within 20 miles of its entrance into the ocean. her beauty, accomplishments, and wealth, married into At every gorge through which the Dee passes out one of the most aristocratic families in Scotland, and of one of these great bowls into its successor, the hills was the link that connected the western noble with plant their feet close upon or into its waters, and it the east. Years came and went, bringing with them becomes chafed and irritated with the interruption. many changes ; and the estate of the old West Indian The forest scenery, though monotonous to many, has merchant has passed long since into the hands of an- its own charms and its claims to magnificence. From other family.

the north side of the river, the appearance of the trees, This little history is not very intimately connected rising in regular terraces up the steepest sides of the with Monaltrie; but when people become garrulous, mountains, and sometimes, when the wind is wild and the lengths they can run on is wonderful. Farquharson high, shaking their strong arms as if in triumph that of Finzean was one of the leading liberals of the dis- they had gained and crowned the summit of the rock, trict. Unlike many of the landowners, he was under-is singularly striking. The forest road itself is so stood to be, in his latter years, friendly to the princi- marvellously still and quiet, that for once or twice one ples of the Non-Intrusion party in the Established || likes it well; but the prospect on each side is bounded Church; and, like Farquharson of Monaltrie, he died by a few yards of great trunks of trees and long lank childless. His large estates fell to an aged gentle-herbage, with now and then some bushes of heather, man, a distant relative, and it seems not improbable and on the banks some very sweet wild flowers, growthat those old chiefs who occupied so large a portioning beneath the shadow of a great rock, or the wild on the Dee, will soon have no direct representative in cranberry bushes, planted there to feed the ravens all their old possessions. Many old families have met when the autumn gatherings have been finished; except a similar fate, and, like the Erskines and the Farquhar- || at times when a low murmur to the north turns the sons, have no representative in those possessions that cye in that direction, and there the Dee is gleaming are still connected with their name.

and glimmering almost at one's feet, through the screen The old house of Monaltrie was burned in 1745. of pretty green leaves thrown over it by the birks, Its site, and that of the village, is supposed to have which fringe its waters everywhere in this country. been inhabited since the days of the Druids, on ac- There is but one house in the forest—the lonely house count of some remains which were believed to be the of the keepers--neat and pretty enough, if there were ruins of a Druidical temple upon very slender evidence, any one to see it, for nine months of the year; but it although there can be no doubt that this district was is alone--all alone from friendly neighbourhood and peopled at the distant period when the worship of the kindly sympathy-with its trophies of the woods--the Druids was common in the land. The study of the wild birds of the crags and the antlers of the forest faith and observances of the Druids is calculated to monarch-- nailed to every tree. But the forest is throw a considerable light, not merely on the condi- || broken at last; opposite Monaltrie a rapid stream tion, but the origin of the ancient Britons. The ele- enters the Dee from the south. This stream, the ments for forming a judgment on the subject are scanty Gelder, drains the west side of Lochnagar, which at and disjointed, but they warrant the opinion that the this point is six miles from the river. The farm of original inhabitants of Britain travelled westward at a Invergelder breaks the monotony of forest land which time when the east had degenerated from the faith of has extended over so many miles on the south side. the patriarchs, but not so widely as in the classic The Gelder is a small, rapid stream, which enjoys only period of poets and fables.

a small portion of the business of Lochnagar. Its The Dee, while we have been slowly winding down namesake, the Geldie, some miles further on, has its the northern road, has been more rapidly making its origin in the same mountain; and a considerable part way-here, in a broad channel, brawling amongst small of the Muick is gathered from Lochnagar. rocks; and there, in a deep, narrow, and dark course, The river at this point makes a slight curve to the with high banks, fringed with birks hanging over the northward, and the grounds of Balmoral Castle occupy stream, and the pines of the dark southern forest the space thus rounded off by the Dee, when it again throwing dancing shadows over the clear waters, || turns to the south and east. Immediately west of putting the poor trouts out of all their calculations, the Balmoral gates, there is a mountain view unequalled and exposing them in a very dangerous way to the on the Dee, or probably in any other quarter of this delusive temptations, and the dangerous machinations country. Looking westward, the eye grasps at once, of amateur fishing men and fishing ladies. The latterland in nearly a circle, many of the largest mountains in Aberdeenshire. We counted thirteen different moun- || visits to Scotland have turned out to be annual and tain peaks, all of considerable altitude, and forming, effective demonstrations of attachment and respect to apparently, a ring around Balmoral. The Castle itself her person and her throne. The Queen is strictly and is a conglomeration of additions and supplements to adeservedly popular in all parts of her dominions, and house that had once been of very contracted dimen- || in none more so than in her ancient kingdom of Scotsions. It belonged to the Earl of Fyfe, and was held || land. Taking, however, all matters into account, we on lease from his trustees by the late Sir Robert Gor-|| doubt whether she had ever met a more hearty recepdon, a brother of the present Earl of Aberdeen. Like tion than in Aberdeenshire; and, at the period when the late Foreign Secretary, Sir Robert Gordon was an insane attempt to copy France had been made in employed in the foreign department and diplomacy of Ireland, perhaps this matter was not deemed altothe country. He was for a considerable period the gether useless by Statesmen. The vast multitudes ambassador from Britain at the Court of Vienna ; and who hailed her arrival in the city of Aberdeen, the contrast was complete, from the bustle and gaities | appeared to have been drawn from a considerable of the then dissipated and frivolous capital of the distance. There could be no doubt that in the Austrian Empire, to the lonely quiet of his Highland || principal street of that city—which has a most imcastle. He held the place as more a permanent than posing effect, from its length in one straight line, a shooting residence, and made additions to the house, its breadth, and the uniform regularity of its white and improvements on the grounds, without dreaming granite buildings—there were assembled on that that they were to be appropriated for the purposes of a morning double the number of all its inhabitants; royal residence. He did the best with an unpromising and many of the parties present must have, therebusiness that could have been accomplished. Bal- || fore, travelled far. The journey onwards to Balmoral Castle looks southward. The river sweeps moral was one continued triumphal progress through round the grounds at the back of the residence in a an endless series of flower-formed arches, and amidst rapid current. Young shrubberies and trees cover the most sincere expressions of attachment from a almost entirely the grounds that strictly belong to the very independent class of her Majesty's people. The Castle, with the exception of the lawn and gardens | splendour of the scenery, and the earnest good-will between the front entrance and the public road. Im- manifested everywhere in the journey, contributed, promediately at the road the ground rises rapidly to the bably enough, to put the Royal party in good humour south, forming a high hill

, Cairn Gowan, which is very with their new home; and Balmoral Castle gained well wooded. The road having been run in the front their approval. The matrons of the district, honest, of the hill, at a small elevation, completely overlooks the hardworking housewives themselves, tell many little grounds of Balmoral, and the trees planted on the bank stories of her Majesty's activity. They will assure have not yet formed an efficient screen; but their ser- any person, who may inquire into these matters, that vices in that respect are unnecessary, as the Castle is within an hour after her arrival, the Queen was perat a considerable distance from the road, which cannot fectly acquainted with every nook and pantry in the be much frequented, unless from motives of curiosity. Castle; and from its singular three-cornered, angular The northern road is better adapted for, and more turnings and windings, the picking up of that acquaintfollowed by, travellers. The current of business runs ance must have been a work of difficulty. Others in that direction, and the great north road from Perth who approve more of out of door exercise, say to Spey-side, then through Morayshire and Nairn to that before sunset her Majesty had reached the top Fort-George, on the Moray Frith, at a short distance of Cairn Gowan, and enjoyed, certainly, a prospect from Inverness, falls into Dee-side, from one to two | not to be often realized. The habits of the suite were miles west of Balmoral, and of course on the northern | necessarily regulated somewhat by the activity and banks of the river.

energy of the movements of their superiors, and they The garden or pleasure-grounds in front of and were occasionally more laborious and rapid than many around the Castle, were laid out with considerable care|| ladies would care to pursue. For some days after their and taste by Sir Robert Gordon. The approaches to arrival at Balmoral, a number of policemen, some of the Castle from the east and west gates sweep down them, we believe, from London, were stationed at the the bank in a semicircle, and meet together in the gates and on the grounds. The precaution against hollow below, from which, through the shrubberies and over-curious intruders was, however, found to be altowalks, there is a slight ascent to the house itself. The gether unnecessary. The only persons who approached latter is almost indescribable. The additions were the place were on business. The policemen were the made evidently at different periods, upon no fixed plan; only idle people to be seen, and they gradually disapand an architect must say of it, as political historianspeared. Mr. Punch, we believe, in his zeal for the say of the Constitution, that though the various parts || comfort of his Queen, scolded the Scotch very seriously, taken separately might not suit well

, yet altogether it for a professional wit, on their inquisitiveness; and, in forms an imposing edifice. Balmoral is said to have proof thereof, quoted the title at least of a sheet pubits name as the seat of the great Earl,” and deserves lished daily-fifty miles from the Castle, under the amit now better than at any former period of its history; || bitious name of the Balmoral Guide. Mr. Punch was although we presume that a residence of some descrip- || misinformed, for we rather think that this literary tion occupied its place for a long period. Her Majesty | speculation originated with, and was conducted by, an and suite arrived at Balmoral from Aberdeen on the Englishman. The people of the district discriminated, 8th of September last. The distance is forty-eight || we must say, with very nice tact, between the periods miles, and therefore little more than a pleasant drive. | when, without impropriety, they might manifest their All that could be done by the population to render it feelings of loyalty, or indulge a natural curiosity to see thoroughly pleasant was accomplished. Her Majesty's || the Queen, the Prince, and all the other great folks, personal

but particularly the small folks—for it seemed always as the bridge at the same time. The proceeding is comsettled point that the Royal children were the greatest || plimentary to the literature of Highland carters, for it objects of curiosity—and those when it would have makes the risk of life a penalty of incapacity to read been annoying and disrespectful to intrude on the pri-notices of traps suspended by the road trustees. Upon vacy and retirement which the Monarch has surely an the proposed visit of the Court to that quarter being equal right to expect with her subjects. So at nomade known, the bridge was tested with a view to astime could a stranger have supposed, from anything certain its capacity to bear the Royal carriages. It was visible at Balmoral, or for miles on either side, that pronounced safe, but the party crossed the river at any more remarkable person was resident there than Ballater, and declined the experiment. “the great Earl,” or the laird and his family, for whose Crathie church stands high on one of the hills that accommodation the original mansion had been built. border Dee. The view from the church is very fine, Mr. Punch himself could not have been more courte- and stretches a considerable distance westward. The ously dealt with in that respect, if he had received and church itself is a large and unpretending building, with followed the good advice to take summer lodgings at a small clump of trees surrounding it on the little Ballater, and drink the waters of Pannanich, which are platform selected for its site. The services are coneminently antibilious; or submitted his person to the ducted in two languages by the same minister. Engheaviest shower-bath of the wells—which we take to lish is used for the first, and Gaelic for the second serbe a cooling process of ablution; and one in favour with vice. The Queen and Prince Albert regularly attended cripples, who say they derive great advantage from the the first service during their residence at Balmoral. waters, discovered in a series of dreams to an old bed- || This circumstance considerably increased the congreridden female some hundred years ago—for the effectual gation on the first Sabbath forenoon; but the differcure and removal of all her maladies.

ence was not, we believc, remarkable on any other day. A number of cottages have been erected in the In this revolutionary year, when emperors and monarchs vicinity of Balmoral, and a considerable population have been flying hither and thither, in the utmost congathered together on the river for two miles eastward, fusion and consternation, from their subjects, the visits both on the north and south banks of the Dee. The of our Sovereign to Crathic church attested clearly cottages are generally remarkable for their neatness, the strength of constitutional priuciples. The their little gardens, and the apparent attention of the popularity of the Queen is unquestionably an element people to floriculture. All their windows are profusely not to be overlooked; but we doubt the possibility of decorated with roses and fuschiæ, and the ncighbour- an absolute monarch, or an intriguing monarch, ever hood wears a satisfactory air of comfort. A mile be being again popular in any European country. The neath the castle, at a spot where the Dee labours Emperor Nicholas is feared; but he is not a person roughly over a rocky bed, a suspension bridge has been likely to be loved. Even Nicholas might have envied thrown over the river, communicating with the church the simplicity apparent in all the British Monarch's and school of Crathie on the north bank. Towards proceedings in the Highlands. The Queen and the the bridge, on the south side, a few cottages in the old Prince occupied one of the front seats in the gallery. style of clachans still remain. Their inmates were, They were not surrounded by guards or courtiers; but we believe, repeatedly visited by their Royal neigh- a farmer's family were scated to the right and another bours, who evinced considerable interest in their wel to the left of their pew, and the seats behind were fare. We have heard that her Majesty intends to occupied by persons of the same class. A country establish a new school, neither at Balmoral nor Crathie, squireen and his wife would have made more bustle but at Ballater, six or seven miles eastward. There are than Prince Albert and the highest lady of the land, few districts of country in which elementary education in their attendance on public worship. Their route to is better conducted than in Aberdeenshire, and one or and from church lay by a narrow lane between the two more of the eastern counties, where the school-church and the ricketty chain-bridge; and the same masters may participate in the Dick Bequest; which, line is followed by three-fourths of the congregation. originating with a private gentleman, secured for the Down this narrow lane walked together prince and teachers, in the numerous parishes to which it applies, peasant-the Queen and the plaided Highland matrons, all those reasonable advantages many years ago, that in their white caps, with their little bibles carefully are now generally sought for the profession. Still wrapped in a snow-white 'kerchief, and a sprig of thyine, there is room for new and improved schools in several southern-wood, or of rosemary, placed between the of these terrible parishes, where a minister may live leaves. The blue bonnet and the jewelled crown met once habitually forty miles from some of his parishioners, more, in better times, perhaps, than when the ancestors but without passing over his ecclesiastical domain. of that Royal lady—daring, fierce, and gallant men—

The chain-bridge of Crathie is a pretty toy. Its hunted, amongst the wide forests of the Dee, the wolf slender wires and chains have an advantage, in giving and the wild boar, surrounded by the numerous serfs, something like an electric shock to passengers who who were slaves, affixed to the soil of the district, and look down to the angry current, and the fierce rocks the property of the nobles. And yet the Queen of with the black pools between them, streaked occasion-England was safer there than even her rude, bold ally with white; and begin then to contemplate the predecessor, Malcolm Canmore, guarded by his nuquantity of iron between them and a dangerous calamity. merous vassals, and the strength of an arm never felt The trustees of this aerial structure have taken the pre- and then forgotten. The lady had no guard. There caution of affixing boards at each end of the bridge, were no policemen near the spot. The soldiers who whereon, in very large letters, of size commensurate were supposed to have been sent as a guard to Balwith the importance of the announcement, the public moral passed onwards to the Castle of Braemar, eight arc warned against allowing two loaded carts to be on || miles above the Royal residence. The conduct of the

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