Page images


and now she utterly deserted me at a most unfortu- || stoppage of the wheels, and then, for a few brief nate moment, for I stumbled every instant against moments, no sound, no movement came.

All was a grave-stone or mound. I traversed with the still as death! Then, amid the hushed silence, swiftness of lightning those habitations of the dead, arose a sound like that of a man's feet among the not heeding in my terror the little respect I showed grass; I felt he was near ! He was searching them,

low on the ground. I even heard his breathing But soon his heavy hand seized me again by the above mo. It struck me he was searching for his shoulder, and dragged me back. My despair lent medal ; and, grasping the treasure more closely in me strength. We closed and struggled. I forgot my hand, I listened with exulting triumph to his his superior power, and determined to resist death prolonged search. At last it seemed as if despair to the last. Upon his breast he wore the medal had come over him. Ile rose ereet, and stood with his number engraved upon it. Without any quite still, to detect, if possible, the slightest move. object in view but that of avenging myself at the ment in that solitude. Then, at first slowand hesitatmoment, I seized firmly hold of it, and in the struggle ingly, he spoke. The echo of his voice came back I tore it off. This circumstance he did not at the to him from all sides. Taking courage, he called time seem to notice, but, in spite of my resistance, he again, this time more loudly, and with a tremulous muttered between his teeth that he would soon end voice besought me to discover myself, and for God's it; and, as I sunk almost exhausted on the ground sake to restore him the medal, the loss of which in that lonely spot, I heard him unclasp a knife. With would be his ruin in St. Petersburg. * He altera startled bound I was on my feet again, and the nately tried now threats, now persuasions. Somerace for life began in earnest. I flew, rather than times, in the most piteous manner, he begged me to ran, with the medal still in my hand. I cared not answer him, appealing to my feelings of humanity; where I trod. Now I went straight before him, but, as he had had none for me, I heard even his now aroided him by passing in and out the graves. sobs with relentless stoicism. I heard his curses behind every time he missed me. Gradually he ceased his threats entirely, and had I was now a little in advance of him, but I knew recourse only to persuasions. I was deaf, however, that my strength was failing me. The darkness to all his entreaties, having chosen rather to run Was thickening, and all the horrors of my position the risk of death by starvation in my retreat than seemed to increase.

to trust myself again in his power. It seemed as There would be nothing left me but to succumb though I must in some way that night find my grave, to my fate, and suffer the villain behind to take for I could not hide from myself the fact, that the the life ho sought. Every earthly interest lost its place in which I had sought refuge was a new-made attraction in those moments of despair. I felt my receptacle for the tenement of some departed spirit. knees failing, my steps slackened in speed, a dizzi- | As I crouched there what thoughts of eternity filled ness came over me, and the consciousness that he my soul! The question came across me, What is that was close behind me became eertain, when sud-state into which I perhaps this night shall enter? denly a false step on my part precipitated me with Never did it come with such force upon my mind as a shoek several feet down into a chasm, whence when hiding in that little place from the revengeful the mould had been lately withdrawn. The pain cruelty of a man I had never injured. Deep thoughts I suffered was acute.

I thought I had injured of regret, undefined hopes of the unknown future, myself beyond hope, but I had sense enough not to flashed across me. Death seemed my companion. cry out. In the midst of the horrible torture I was I felt his presence around. Within a few yards, suffering, from what afterwards proved to be a se- perhaps a few feet of me, the marrowless bones Ferely-sprained ancle, I listened with a kind of and decaying form of many a ghastly corpse were Farage joy, mingled with fear, to the curses of my mouldering away minute by minute, until in the pursuer, as, stumbling at every step, he went about process they became blended utterly with the earth from spot to spot, calling to me for God's sake to out of which they sprung. I pictured to myself discover myself, for that he meant no harm. every horror conuected with death from the mo

The sounds of his footsteps became fainter and ment when the shrouded body feels the first touch more faint, and I thought that, tired of the chase, || of the cold earth to the last, when all trace, savo he had left me altogether. In a few moments the a few bleached bones, is lost of the image once sounds of wheels on the road fell on my ear. Imoving upon the face of the universo, made gloheard them proceed rapidly in the direction we|rious by the soul God gave it, but now shrunken had come, and, with a feeling akin to happiness, | to an atom by the withdrawal of the pervading and I felt myself alone. I knew not how long I con- sustaining essence of life. tinued listening to the receding wheels, but at last The numbing cold of the air, the dark atmosphere, the sound ceased altogether. "And then, just as I the offensive efluvia of the mould, did not conspire was about to abandon myself to a kind of security, to raise my spirits. A pang of acute pain every now I fancied I again heard them rolling in my direc- and then sent a thrill through my frame. At length tion. The fear of discovery now possessed me.

I heard the retreating footsteps of my pursuer, as * Surely, if he returns, he will murder me." I he still groped about the cemetery in search of his listened, with a trembling terror which I can victim, become fainter and fainter, until I lost them scarcely express, to the sounds as they became gra- altogether. I dared not mure. I suspected he was

more and more distinct. Nearer and nearer they came, until my agitation almost rendered me

* On pain of severe punishment, the Russian droshki driver delicious. I hold my breath as I heard the fatal || is commanded never to appear without his medu,


lying in wait for me somewhere, hoping to lull me to the cemetery to complete a grave commenced the into security by his absence. But a strange sensa- || previous day, had discovered me there. The villa tion I never before experienced came over me. A K-being the nearest house, they had borne me confusion of thoughts rushed over my brain. My thither; and when I told my story to the kind mowhole lifetime swam before me in uneasy motion. ther of my pupils, she expressed the greatest comNow one event reappeared, now another washed itmisseration for me. Though I had suffered great away, and it sank in the great ocean of remem- bodily pain, and much mental anxiety, I never had brauce. My mother, my sisters, my father even, || any reason to regret the circumstance by which my stood around me. I gazed up into heaven; I fancied | acquaintance with the P— family was brought it illumined brilliantly. Then a mist came over my | about. I was really in a new home, and the atteneyes, and I knew no more what had happened. tion with which I was treated soon restored the

bloom to my cheeks. In the joy of being restored When I again awoke to consciousness, I felt my. to safety, I forgot all thoughts of revenge, and reself borne along as dead, and opening my eyes I || fused to aid in bringing to justice my enemy. The found several persons carrying me up what appeared | younger P is now my husband. How he bethe avenue leading to a mansion. I cared not what came so can only be explained by a chain of cir. became of me. I was conscious of intense pain, and cumstances upon which it is needless now to enter. I fainted away immediately. When I was again re- Years after I recognised, in the face of one of the stored to consciousness it was to find myself on a exiles on their way to Siberia, the repulsive counsumptuous bed, and with a kind nurse tending my||tenance of the Russian droshki-driver. Thither he wants. My ancle was comparatively free from pain, was proceeding to expiate a multitude of crimes he and I afterwardslearnt that some labourers, in going had committed.


One of the most singular incidents in the history || phy and the spirit of Grecian politics had rendered of Alexander the Great is his visit to the temple of it so difficult to inspire. Jupiter Ammon. What it was undertaken for There seems to us to have been yet another moeverybody knows. Dissatisfied with being reputed | tive for Alexander's visit to the Oasis, which pone the son of Philip, the great leader of the Macedo- of his historians, ancient or modern, has yet, so nians resolved to discover for himself a greater far as we are aware, discovered. He knew that a father; and fixed, for this purpose, on no less a per- great part of the prosperity of Egypt depended upon sonage than the Ammon of the Egyptians. In commerce; and as his ambition was not purely developing a great system of conquest, men have military, but embraced every form of civilization, employed different instruments, according to the he was desirous of laying open the route to the character of the age in which they lived. Alexan- | interior of Africa, and probably of extending his der placed much reliance on superstition; and had | dominion over the whole of that continent. But his lot been cast in earlier times, when the primitive as in antiquity an intense dread of the dangers to faiths of nations had as yet received no wound from be encountered in the desert already prevailed, he scepticism, there can scarcely be a doubt that not wished to make an experimental march through a only would the story of his celestial parentage have | portion of the wilderness, that, with his own eyes, obtained credit, but he himself would have been he might ascertain the real state of the case, and raised to the rank of a divinity, and received the afterwards abandon or carry out his design, accordadoration of the whole Pagan world.

ing as this attempt should prove fortunate or But the son of Philip found himself cramped, in otherwise. the development of his genius, by the sarcastic in- The ancients, though not quite so ignorant as we credulity of the times. The philosophers had been suppose them, were yet far from being acquainted so long and so successfully engaged in a war with with the geography of Africa. Unknown regions, Olympus, that the gods and godesses, once so in-| as well as unknown powers, are apt to inspire dread; genuously believed in, had been obliterated almost and their imagination cousequently peopled the entirely from the thoughts of men, and come to be wastes of Lybia with monsters, and chimeras, and regarded as mere poetical creations, pleasant to invisible influences destructive of human life. Poets read about, but nothing else. Alexander, however, do not always invent. They often only give expresdetermined upon making trial of whether weresion to popular opinion. We mayjudge, therefore, possible to revive a decayed superstition. He pre-i of the degree of awe with which the African wiltended devoutly to believe in his own divine origin;derness had inspired the civilised natures of those and, after the battle of Issus, and the conquest of ages by the fabulous horrors which the fancy of Syria and Egypt, while the whole civilised world | poets spread like a cloud over the whole interior

. was resounding with his name, and illuminated, as Alexander himself, though the disciple of Aristotle, it were, by the glory of his victories, he seized on and nurtured to a certain extent in scepticism, was what appeared to him the auspicious moment for not altogether proof against the spirit of his age, consulting the greatest oracle in Africa, in order Incredulity by no means implies the absence of to impress his troops and subjects generally with | superstition. 'A man may, by study, uproot from that profound reverence for his person which philoso- I his mind the religious creed of his contemporaries; but, while engaged in this process, may suffer his|| which, being received in water-tight tanks, may, imagination to be impregnated by other principles by artificial means, be preserved from evaporation, no less at variance with philosophy. Paganism, and distributed over the country, so as to convert the in its loftier and more poetical forms, died out with otherwise fleeting dust into a prolific soil. At the the republies; but there still remained in Macedo- present hour the southern and eastern skirts of the nian times an invincible faith in terrestrial wonders, || Lybian desert are in many places fringed with in miracles of physical nature, and whatever ap- || vegetation, where the peasants retain sufficient peared to lie beyond the boundaries of mere na- courage to develop their industrial instincts. Water tional traditions.

is conveyed from the Nile through small channels, For this reason, Alexander's army could scarcely, and distributed over the sand, which, while moist, by any authority, have been induced to undertake || is sowed with the seed of cucerbitaceous plants, an expedition to the desert for political purposes. which, creeping, and spreading around their large But over these rude men, though not over their thick leaves, assist in retaining moisture in the soil. leaders, Paganism exerted an irresistible sway. It was the same plan, doubtless, which was followed What religion commanded, they would cheerfully in this part of Marmarica. Melons, water-melons, undertake; so that, when their general gave outgourds, cucumbers, pumpkins, prepared the way that his design was to consult the oracle, a lively || for vineyards and palm groves.

Gardens were enthusiasm was kindled among his followers, whoun-| everywhere formed in the hollows, vineyards on the murmuringly prepared to accompany bim. Unfortu- || slopes, until cultivation had imparted a second life nately, the historians of antiquity, with the excep-| to the soil, which was further enriched by the contion, perhaps, of Herodotus, are little apt to indulge | gregation and presence of men and animals. in explanations; so that events and circumstances No historical record remains of the manner in which would be perfectly intelligible if we knew in which these wastes of sand were rendered prolific; what they originated, and how they were brought but, by studying the processes elsewhere followed, about, now, at this distance of time, appear mar- and carefully considering the remains of civilization vellous, or altogether past belief. We are told, still existing, we may form what will probably be a however, that the escort—for it seems to have been tolerably correct idea of the extent to which tillage nothing more--which accompanied Alexander to was carried, as well as of the manner in which it was Ammonium, carried a supply of water and pro- || pursued. Mr. Bayle St. John is a very able and visions on camels; and that, through accident or careful observer, and, while following in the track negligence, they were, at the end of four days, of Alexander the Great, was not so dazzled by the nearly perishing with thirst, and would in all like- glory of his military exploits as to neglect the relihood have been cut off but for the timely occur- lics of the less showy but more valuable arts of rence of a storm of rain.

peace. His researches in this part of the desert Those whose experience of the desert has been throw great light on Alexander's movements. acquired much further inland are surprised to hear || Travelling much more slowly than the Macedoof rain, and almost inclined to treat it as a fable. nians, he and his companions had leisure to observe, But Jr. Bayle St. John,* the latest traveller who and would appear to have been particularly attenhas visited the Oasis, and, with the exception of|tive in studying, every circumstance which could Browne, the only Englishman who has ever been at throw light on this the wildest of all the expeditions Siwah, speaks, in his highly interesting and in- of the conqueror of Darius. Historians in the lator structive work, of vast cisterns, tanks, and reservoirs || ages of Grecian literature had relinquished the syscat in the solid rock, which in old tiines retained tem of Herodotus and Thucydides ; they no longer the produce of the showers for the purpose, chiefly, || judged it necessary to visit the regions they deof irrigation. But this system would not appear to scribed, to converse with and live among the people have been adopted so early as the age of Alexander whose manners and institutions they undertook to of Macedon. It was apparently at a much later pe- illustrate, but, like the mere literateurs of the preriod, when the Greek colonies of Cyrenaica had been sent day, contemplated mankind through their filled with a hardy and enterprising population, that libraries; and, when they had arranged a few pothe idea suggested itself of extending the domains lished periods, and connected together the ideas of agriculture over these seemingly sterile wastes. | supplied by others, imagined they had written Experience had taught them that,in Africa, wherever history. there is moisture there is fertility; and that, conse- For this reason, it is impossible to institute a quently, by the aid of irrigation, the desert may comparison between the condition of Marmarica, be made to bloom like the rose. They also discovered or even of Ammonium itself, in those days, with the that, for at least one hundred and fifty miles from state in which we now find them. But then, as the Mediterranean, rain falls constantly at certain now, there were Bedawins in the desert. Further seasons of the year in Jessor or greater quantities, to the west, there were Mogrebins and Berbers,

with other tribes now extirpated by war or lost by “ Adventures in the Lybian Desert and the Oasis of Jupiter the admixture of races. War also, it would Ammon.” By Bayle St. John. London : Murray. 1849. "The seem, formed the favourite amusement of these instyle of this volume is easy, polished, and elegant, and its dependent tribes, though they would appear to descriptions full of freshness and poetry. There is no redundancy. || have applied themselves with much diligence to Every word used is introduced for a special purpose; and the reader, when arrived at the end, wishes it were twice as long.

trade and commerce, and all the processes of inThis is praise which can be bestowed on very few books indeed;| Austry practicable in such climates and under such but the * Adventures in the Lybian Desert” highly deserve it, governments as they enjoyed. As from the eastern,

[ocr errors]

so from the western desert, the Bedawins came || whole island into a desert, had we not discovered down every year to buy corn in Egypt, or rather, our error in time, and endeavoured, as far as posperhaps, to barter their dates, antelope skins,sible, to repair the mischief already done, by makcharcoal, precious stones, and odoriferous gums and || ing fresh plantations on the mountains, which, as spices, for that great staple of human subsistence. they grew, effected their purpose as before. Alexander followed the traces of these caravans, In the Oases, the ignorance of modern times, acwhich, having been marked out by the nature companied by more than corresponding idleness, of the ground, continue to be the very same to|| has effected a still more deplorable metamorphosis. the present hour. We may imagine the Mace- The ancients knew no other way of expressing the donians, therefore, drinking at the well of Emrum extreme beauty and fertility of these spots, than by and Jemäima, passing through the gates of the comparing them to the Amenti of the EgypMilky Mountains, traversing the wild and terrific tians, those happy and fortunate islands, blessed pass of the Crow, lingering awhile at the little with everlasting sunshine, in which the sonls of the oasis of Garah, and ultimately arriving at that virtuous, when emancipated from their tabernacles parapes moos, or island of the blessed, which the of clay, enjoy eternal felicity. The oldest of the god Ammon had selected as the seat of his greatest epic poets of Greece speaks in the following terms oracle.

of these fabulous isles :The future editors of Arrian and Quintus Curtius, “Stern winter smiles on that auspicious clime, Plutarch and Diodorus Siculus, will find many of

The fields are florid with unfading prime; their perplexities removed by the assistance of Mr.

From the bleak pole no winds inclement blow,

Mould the round hail, or flake the fleecy snow; Bayle St. John's little volume, which is learned

But from the breezy deep the blest inhale without pedantry, and breathes a healthful air of

The fragrant murmurs of the western gale." enthusiasm without the slightest affectation of it.

The Baotian bard, also, who possessed an imagi. Many persons who still continue to read ancient authors, consider it necessary to defend themselves nation of singular vigour and fertility, speaks of against the charge of pedantry, by yielding but a

these happy abodes with equal enthusiasm :mitigated belief to anything they read; as the “But in the happy fields of light, common failing once was to adopt, without doubt or

Where Phæbus, with an equal ray,

Iluminates the balmy night, reasoning, whatever antiquity had left us, so it is

And gilds the cloudless day, at present the fashion to look down upon the

In peaceful, unmolested joy, writers of those times as little better than bar

The good their smiling hours employ. barians. But judgment is shown, not by indiscri

There no uncasy wants restrain, minately rejecting everything, but by knowing

To vex th' ungrateful soil, when to believe, and when to call in question.

To tempt the dangers of the billowy main,

And waste their strength with upabating toil, For example, the ancients tell us that certain re

A frail, disastrous being to maintain ; gions with which they were familiar exhibited in

But in their joyous, calm abodes, their day signs of immense fertility, whereas they

The recompense of justice they receive, have now for ages been smitten with the curse of bar

And in the fellowship of gods, renness. What, in this case, are we to do? Shall

Without a tear, eternal ages live;

While, banished by the Fates from joy and rest, we, with many critics, altogether set aside the testi.

Intolerable woes the impious soul infest. mony of the old historians, and maintain that such

But they who, in true virtue strong, as the world is now it has always been? Or shall

The third purgation can endure, we investigate, and endeavour to discover whether

And keep their minds from fraudful wrong there may not have been causes in operation which

And guilt's contagion pure

They through the starry paths of Jove would sufficiently account for the changes that

To Saturn's blissful seat remove, have taken place ? Greece, before it was dis

Where fragrant breezes, vernal airs, forested, possessed many large rivers, and innumer

Sweet children of the main, able small streams and brooks. The former have

Purge the blest island from corroding cares, now dwindled into rivulets, while the latter have

And fan the bosom of each verdant plain;

Whose fertile soil immortal fruitage bears ; ceased to exist. The explanation is easy. The

Trees, from whose flaming branches flow, sources of rivers are not in the earth, but in the

Arrayed in golden bloom, refulgent beams; heavens ; and forests are the channels through

And flowers of golden hue that blow which Jove pours his moisture into the bosom of

On the fresh borders of their parent streams: the earth. As these in Greece have been swept

These, by the blest in solemn triumph worn, away, the clouds now pass over the mountains

Their unpolluted heads and clustering locks adorn." without resting there, and exhaust their treasures All the other poets, and some prose writers of antiin the unproductive sea. This truth was well un- | quity, whose subject would permit them to digress to derstood in antiquity, and has been strikingly ex- the paragwv mnooi, delighted to indulge their fancies emplified in our own day by what has occurred in with pictures of these verdant paradises. There the Mauritius. When we took that island from rose the fane of Ammon—there welled forth in the French, we found the summit of nearly all the sparkling brilliancy the Fountain of the Sun---there hills and mountains clothed with woods, which, || the palm groves yielded an inexhaustible supply of with more enterprise than wisdom, we forth with white, yellow, and blue dates. There was tasted in proceeded to cut down. The immediate conse- || perfection the fruit of the lotus tree—not that symquence was, the shrinking or drying up of the bolical lotus which maddened the senses in the streams; and we should soon have converted the Nilotic valley—but the real fruit of the earth, in

taste like a mangustene, and in colour like gold || driven past, laden with dried “aghoul;" files of capainted with streaks of red. Side by side with mels move along in the distance on the borders of these grew also the banana's most luscious fruit, the desert. From some points the castellated caand the cooling water-melon, and the refreshingpital is descried down a long vista; or the village pomegranate with its crimson seeds, with a thousand of Gharmy rises aloft on its inaccessible rock; or smaller luxuries, not the least of which are fragrant the majestic fragment of the sanctuary of Ammon, flowers, the most etherial of all earth's children. which ha so bravely sto

the brunt of ages, may When Mr. Bayle St. John stood on the summitbe seen still standing erect in the midst of its silent of the Mount of Tombs, after having visited the glade. rains of Ammon's Temple, and cooled his lips at the The reader of imagination will easily be able to Fountain of the Sun, he discovered on all sides represent the Macedonian conqueror and his folenough to justify the most glowing descriptions of lowers proceeding between these garden walls, beantiquity. In the story of the phantom camel, the neath the shade of pomegranates, fig-trees, and gardens of Irem are compared to an emerald set bananas, to learn the response of the oracle. In in a golden ring. The Oasis of Siwah or Jupiter those days the Ammonians were not unaccustomed Ammon might easily be made to rival the paradise to magnificence. Princes and ambassadors from of Sultan Shedad.

all parts of the Pagan world, thronged thither to Gardens more luxuriant than those of Rosetta, consult the Jupiter of the Nile; and, therefore, large palm groves, thickets of banana, pomegranate, | when Alexander, with the hereditary pomp of his olives, and fig-trees; fields of bright green Egyptian nation, and more than its hereditary pride, proelover, intersected in all directions by pebbly streams ceeded towards Om-beydah, he displayed perhaps and fringed brooks, and encompassed by the desert, scarcely a shade of grandeur beyond what the naand ranges of salt-lakes with margins as white as tives of the Oasis had witnessed before. sor—these are some of the features which impart When he arrived at the temple, and entered within beauty to the Oasis. But there are others. The the Temenos, or sacred enclosure, the chief priest, desert itself is replete with savage beauty. Rolling advancing, addressed him in the name of Ammon, as its wild waves towards this small valley, as if to the son of that god; to which Alexander replied, that engulph it in torrents of sand, the power of nature he accepted the title and acknowledged it. The stops it at a given spot, while the salt-lakes inter- first question ho put-for, in regard to his being the pose between the ever-restless ocean and the sweet son of Ammon, the priests had anticipated his wishes green isle which it encompasses. The spaces covered 1-was, whether he should be able to achieve the conwith dazzling salt are compared by our traveller quest of the whole earth? to which the ready reply himself to glaciers just beginning to melt; and was, that his father had destined him to become when he descends from his lofty point of view, and universal lord of mankind. Then, forgetting his comes to speak of the beauties of the country in de- || divine parentage, and obeying the natural impulse tail, he dilates with much pleasure on the many of the affections, he demanded whether all the peragreeable walks he took during his stay. There is sons concerned in his father's murder had been generally a garden wall or a fence on either hand punished? To this the priest replied, that it was of the lanes, with pomegranate trees bursting over not in the power of mortal man to injure his father, it in redundant luxuriance, and hanging their rich, but that the individuals engaged in the assassinatempting purple fruit within reach of the hand, or tion of Philip had already paid the penalty of their the deep green fig-tree, or the apricot, or the huge crime. He then went on to say that Alexander ragged leaf of the banana, or the olive, or the vine. I should prove invincible till raised in due time to his The spaces between them are not left idle, being place among the gods. His followers then came carpeted with a copious growth of bursim and lu- forward and put no other question than this, whecerne, that loads the air with its fragrance, and is ther it were lawful for them to pay divine honour often chequered with spots of a green light that to their victorious king? To which the priest, with steals in through the branchy canopy above. Some- | ready flattery, replied that Ammon willingly contiines a tiny brook shoots its fleet waters along by || sented they should adore his son. the way-side, or lapses slowly with eddying surface, The history of this transaction shows that, alnestling gently between grassy banks, or babbling though mankind still consulted oracles, they put over a pebbly bed. Here and there a wide bridge but very little faith in them; for it could not but be of palm-trunks is thrown across, but the glassy cur- evident to all observing men present, that the whole rent frequently glides at will athwart the road. At affair was a theatrical exhibition got up to impose one place there is a meadow, at another a copse; | upon the vulgar. In the earlier ages it was dif. but on all sides the date-trees fling up their colum- ferent; oracles were not then organised impostures, har forms, and wave aloft their leafy capitals. Oc. || though they were, of course, always based on the

a huge blue crane sails by on flagging unfounded supposition that heaven, when consulted wing to alight on the margin of some neighbouring in a particular manner, deigned to give audible repool; the hawk or the falcon soars or wheels far up | sponses to the inquiries of man. Whoever is acin the air; the dove sinks fluttering on the bough; || quainted with the natives of the East

, must be the quail starts up with its short, strong, whirring aware how prone they still are to superstition, and fight; and sparrows, with numerous other smali | how easy it is to excite their enthusiasm and impose predatory birds, go sweeping across the fields. upon their credulity. They believe, and never affect Sometimes you may observe the hard-working black to deny, that the world is filled with several orders turning up huge clods with his mattock; asses are of spirits, whose business or whose pleasure it is to


« PreviousContinue »